JHARKHAND PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION (PRE)
The paper on General Studies will
include questions covering the following
fields of knowledge :
Current events of
national and International
History of India and
Indian National Movement
Indian and World
Indian Polity and
Question on General
Science Will cover general appreciation
and understanding of science including,
matters, of everyday observation and
experience, as may be expected from a
well educated person who has not made a
special study of any particular
scientific discipline. In current
events; knowledge of significant
national and international events will
be tested . In History of India,
emphasis will be on broad general
understanding of the subject in its
social economic and political aspects.
Questions on the Indian National
Movement will relate to the nature and
character of the nineteenth century
resurgence, growth of nationalism and
attainment of Independence. In Geography
emphasis will be on Geography of India.
Questions on the Geography of India will
relate to physical, social and economic
Geography of the country, including the
main features of Indian agricultural and
natural resources. Questions on Indian
Policy and Economy will test knowledge
of the countrys political system and
constitution of India. Panchayati Raj,
Social Systems and economic developments
in ,India. On general' mental ability
the, candidates will be tested on
reasoning and analytical abilities.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE
1.General- Role of
Livestock in Indian Economy and human
health, Mixed farming. Agro-climatic
zones and livestock distribution.
Socio-economic aspects of livestock
enterprise with special reference to
Genetics and Breeding
- Principle of genetics, chemical
nature of DNA and RNA and their models
and functions. Recombinant DNA
technology, transgenic animals, multiple
evaluation and embryo-transfer,
Cytogenetics, immunogenetics and
biochemical polymorphic and their
application in animal improvement. Gene
actions. Systems and strategies for
improvement. Gene action Systems and
strategies for improvement of livestock
for milk, meat, wool production and
drought and poultry for eggs and meat.
Breeding of animals for disease
resistance. Breeds of livestock, poultry
Nutrition - Role
of nutrition in animal health and
production. Classification of feeds.
Proximate composition of feeds, feeding
standards, computation of rations.
Ruminant nutrition. Concept of tptal
digestible nutrients and starch
equivalent systems. Significance of
energy determinations. Conservation of
feeds and fodder and utilization of agro
by-products. Feed supplements and
additives. Nutrition deficiencies and
System of housing and management of
livestock, poultry and rabbits. Farm
record. Economics of livestock, poultry
and rabbit farming, Clean milk
production. Veterinary hygiene with
reference to water, air and habitation.
Sources of water and standards of
potable water. Purification of water.
Air changes and thermal comfort.
Drainage systems and affluent disposal.
insemination, fertility and sterility,
Reproductive physiology, semen
characteristics' and preservation.
Sterility its causes and remedies.
(b) Meat eggs and wool
production. Methods of slaughter of meat
animals, meat inspection, judgment,
carcass characteristics, adulteration
and its detection processing and
preservation. Meat products, quality
control and nutritive valuem
By-products. Physiology of egg
production, nutritive value, grading of
eggs preservation and marketing. Types
of wool, Grading and marketing.
6. Veterinary Science
(i) Major contageous
diseases affecting cattle, buffaloes,
horses, sheep and goats, pig, poultry,
rabbits and pet animals - Etiology,
symptoms, pathogenicity, diagnosis,
treatment and control of major
bacterial, viral, rickettisial and
symptoms, diagnosis 'and treatment of
(a) Production diseases
of milch animals, pig and poultry.
(b) Deficiency diseases
of domestic livestock and birds.
(c) Poisonings due to
infected/contaminated foods and feeds,
chemicals and drugs.
7. Principles of
immunization and vaccination -
Different types of immunity antigens and
antibodies. Methods of immunization.
Brakedown of immunity, Vaccines and
their use in animals.
8. Zoonoses, Foodborne
infections and intoxications, occupation
(a) Poisons used for
killing animals euthanesia.
(b) Drugs used for
efficiency and their adverse effects.
(c) Drugs used to
tranquilize wild animals as well as
animals in captivity.
(d) Quarantine measures
in India and abroad. Act, Rules and
9. Dairy Science -
Physicochemical and nutritional
properties of milk. Quality assessment
of milk and milk products, Common tests
and legal standards. Cleaning and
sanitation of dairy equipment. Milk
collections, chilling, transportation
processing, packaging, storage and
distribution. Manufacture of market
milk, cream, butter, cheese, ice-cream,
condensed and dried milk, by products
and Indian Milk products. Unit
operations in dairy plant.
Role of micro organism in
quality of milk and products, physiology
of milk secretion.
1.Cell Biology - Structure and
function of cell wall (extra cellular
matrix or ECM), cell membrance and cell
organelles. Nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear
pore complex (NPC), chromosome and
nucleosome. Mitosis, meiosis, molecular
control involving check-points in cell
division cycle. Differentiation,
Biology and Biotechnology - Laws of
inheritance. Concept of gene and
allelomorph. Linkage crossing over and
gene mapping. Structural and numerical
changes in chromosomes and gene
mutations. Sex determination and
differentiation. Structure and synthesis
of nucleic acids and proteins. Genetic
code. Regulation of gene expression.
Genetic engineering and crop
improvement. Protoplast, cell, tissue
and ogran cultures. Somatic
hybridization, Biofertilizers and
biopesticides. Biotechnology in agri-horticulture,
medicine and industry.
3. Tissue Systems -
Origin, development, structure and
function of primary and secondary
4. Plant Diversity and
Systematics - Structure and function
of plants forms from evolutionary
aspects (viruses to Angiosperms
including fossils). Principles of
nomenclature, classification. and
identification of plants. Modern
approaches in plant taxonomy. Recent
classification of living organism into
three groups (bacteria, archaea and
5. Plant Physiology
Water relations, Mineral
nutrition, Photosynthesis, Respiration,
Nitrogen metabolism. Enzymes and
coenzymes. Dynamics of ~rowth, growth
movements, growth substances, photo-morphogenesIs.
Secondary metabolites. Isotopes in
biological studies. Physiology of
6. Methods of
Reproduction and Seed Biology -
Vegetative, asexual and sexual methods
of reproduction. Pollination and
fertilization. Sexual incompatibility;
Development, structure, dormancy and
germination of seed.
7. Plant Pathology
Diseases of rice, wheat sugarcane,
potato, mustard, groundnut and cotton
crops. Factors affecting infection (host
factors, pathogen factors, biotic
factors like rhizosphere and
phyllosphere organisms). Chemical,
biological and genetic methods and
disease control (including transgenic of
8. Plant and
Environment - Biotic and abiotic
components. Ecological adaptation. Types
of vegetational zones and forests of
India. Deforestation, social forestry
and plant introduction. Soil erosion,
wasteland, reclamation. Environmental
polution and its control (including
phytoremediation). Bioindicators. Global
9. Biodiversity -
Resourses - Methods of conservation
of plant genetic resources and its
importance. Convention of Biologic
Diversity (CBD). Endangered, threatened
and endemic taxa. Role of cellI tissue
culture in propagation and enrichment of
geneticdiversity. Plants as sources of
food, fodder, fibres, oils, drugs, wood
and timber, paper, rubber, beverages,
spices, essential oils and resins, gums,
dyes, insecticides, pesticides and
ornamentation. Biomass as a source of
10. Origin of Life and
Basic concept of origin
of earth and origin of life. theories of
organic evolution, molecular basis of
Section - A
1.1 Atomic Structure -
Schrodinger wave equation,
significance of abd *2 and quantum
numbers and their significance, radial
and angular probability, shapes of
orbitals, relative energies of atomic
orbitals as a function of atomic number,
Electronic configurations of elements;
Aufbau principle. Hun's multiplicity
rule, Pauli exclusion principle.
1.2 Chemical periodicity
classification of elements, salient
characteristics of s,p, d and f block
elements. Periodic trends of atomic
radii, ionic radii, ionisation
potential, electron affinity and
electronegativity in the periodic
1.3 Chemical bonding
Types of bonding, overlap of atomic
orbitals, sigma and pi bonds, hydrogen
and metallic bonds. Shapes of molecules,
bond order,bond length, V.S.E.P.R.
theory and bonds angles. The concept of
hybridization and shapes of molecules
1.4 Oxidation staes
and oxidation number Oxidation and
reduction, oxidation numbers, common
redox reactions, ionic equitions.
Balancing of equations for oxidation and
1.5 Acids and bases
Bronsted and Lewis theories of acids
and bases. Hard and soft acids and
bases. HSAB principle, relative
strengths of acids and bases and the
effect of substituents and solvents on
1.6 Chemistry of elements
(i) Hydrogen - Its
unique position in the peri, odic table,
isotopes, ortho and para hydrogen,
industrial production, heavy water.
(ii) Chemistry of sand p
general characteristics properties,
inert pair effect, allotropy and
catenation. Special emphasis on solution
of alkali and alkaline earth metals in
liquid ammonia. Preparation, properties
and structures .of boric acid, borates,
boron, nitrides, borohydride (diborane),
carboranes; oxides and oxyacids of
nitrogens, flurocarbons and basic
properties of halogens. Chemical
reactivity of noble gases, preparation,
structure and bonding of noble gas
(iii) Chemistry of d
block elements Transition metals
including lanthanides,. general
characteristic properties, oxidiation
states, magnetic behavious, colour.
First row transition metals and general
properties of their compounds (oxides,
halides and sulphides); lanthanide
contraction general properties of their
compounds (oxides, halides' and
sulphides); lanthanide contraction.
1.7 Extraction of metals
Principles of extraction
of metals as illustrated by sodium,
magnesium, aluminium, iron, nickel,
copper, silverand gold.
1.8 Nuclear chemistry
- Nuclear reactions; mass defect and
binding energy, nuclear fission and
fusio. Nuclear reactors; radioisotopes
and their applications.
compounds Nomenclature, isomerism
and theories of coordiahation compounds
and their role in nature and medicine.
1.10 Pollution and its
Air pollution, types of
air pollutants; control of air and water
pollution; radioactive pollution.
Section - B
2.1 Bonding and shapes of
electron displacements inductive,
mesomeric and hyperconjugative effects;
bond polarity and bond polarizability,
dipole moments of organic molecules;
hydrogen bond; effects of solvent and
structure on dissociation constants of
acids and bases; bond formation, fission
of covalent bonds: homolysis and
heterolysis; reaction intermediates-carbocations,
free radicals and carbenes; generation,
geometry and stability; nuclephiles and
2.2 Chemistry of
alkanessynthesis, reactions free radical
halogenation) reactivity and
alkanes and alkynes-synthesis,
electrohilic addition; reactions,
Markownikov's rule, peroxide effects,
1-3 dipolar additions, nucliphilic
addition to elctrondeficient alkeness;
polymerisation; relative acidity;
synthesis and reactions of alkyl
halides, alkanols, alkanals, alkanones,
alkanoic acids, esters, arnides,
nutriles, amines, acid anhydrides
unsaturated ketones, ethers and nitro
2.3 Stereochemistry of
carbon compounds Elements of
symmetry, chiral and achiral compounds
Fischer projection formulae; optical
isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids,
enantiomerism and diastereo-isomerism;
configuration (relative and absolue);
conformations of alkanes upto four
carbons, cyclohexane and dimethycyclo
hexances-their potential energy. 0, Land
R, S-notations of compounds containing
chiral centres; projection
formulae-Fischer, Newman and sawhorse-of
compounds containing two adjacent chilal
centres; meso and di-isomers, erythro
and threo isomers; recemization and
resolution; examples of homotopic,
entantiotopic and diasteretopic atoms
and groups in organic compounds,
geometrical isomers; E and Z notations.
Stereochemistry of SN1, SN2, E1 and E2
compounds Preparation and
synthetic uses of Grignard reagents,
2.5 Active methylene
compounds Diethyl malonate, ethyl
cyanoacetateapplications in organic
synthesis; tautomerism (ketoenol).
2.6 Chemistry of
aromatic compounds Aromaticity
Huckel's rule electrophillic aromatic
halogenation (nuclear and side chain),
Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation,
substituents effects; chemistry and
reactivity of aromatic halides, phenols,
nitro-, diazo, diazonium and sui phonic
acid derivatives, benzyne reac tions.
2.7 Chemistry of
Classification; reactions, structure-of
glucose, D, L-configuration, osazone
formation; fructose and sucrose; step-up
step down of aldoses and ketoses, and
(ii) Amino acids -
Essential amino acids; zwitteriol)s,
isoelectric point, polypeptides;
preoteins; methods of synthesis of ex
(iii) Elementary idea of
oils, fats soaps and detergents.
2.8 Basic principles of
applications of UV, visile, IR and NMR
spectoscopy of simple organic molecules.
Section - C
3.1 Gaseous state -
Deviation of real gases from the
equation of state for an ideal gas, van
der Waals and Viril equation of state,
critical phenomena, principle of
corresponding states, equation for
reduced state. Liquification of gases,
distribution of molecular speed,
collisions between molecules in a gas;
mean free path, specific heat of gases.
(i) First law and its
applications: Thermodynamic systems,
states and processes work, heat and
internal energy, zeroth law 'of
thermodynamics, various types of work
done on a system in reversible and
irreversible processes. Calorimetry and
thermo-chemistry, enthaply and enthalpy
changes in various physical and chemical
processes, Joule-Thomson effect,
inversion temperature. Heat capacities
and temperature dependence of enthalpy
and energy changes.
(ii) Second law and
its applications - Spontaneity of a
process, entropy and entropy changes in
various processes, free energy
functions, criteria for equilibriuim,
relation between equilibrium constant
and thermodynamic quantities.
3.3 Phase rule and its
applications - Equilibrium between
liquid, solid and vapours of a pure sob
stance, Clausius-Clapeyron equation and
its appIications. Number of components,
phases and degrees of freedom; phase
rule and its applications; simple
systems with one (water and sulphur) and
two components (Iead-silver, salt
hydrates). Distribution law, its
modifications, limitations and
3.4 Solutions Solubility
and its temperature dependence,
partially miscible liquides, upper and
lower critical solution temperatures,
vapour pressures of liquds over their
mixtures, Raoult's and Henry's Iws,
fractional and steam distillations.
Properties Dilute solutions and
colligative properties, determination of
molecular weights using colligative
Ions in solutions, ionic
equilibria, dissociation constants of
acids and bases, hydrolysis, pH and
buffers, theory of indicators and
acid-base titrations. Conductivity of
ionic solutions, its variation with
concentration, Ostwald's diluion law,
kohlraush law and its application.
Transport number and its determination.
Faraday's laws of electrolysis, galvanic
cells and measurements of their e.m.f.,
cell reactions standard cell, standard
reduction potential, Nernst equation,
relation between thermodynamic
quantities and cell e.m.i., fuel cells,
3.7 Chemical kinetics-
Rate of chemical reaction
and its dependence on concentrations of
thr reactants, rate constant and order
of reaction and their experimental
determination; differential and integral
rate equations for first and second
order reaction, half-life
periods,temperature dependence of rate
constant and Arrhenius parameters;
elementary ideas regarding collision and
transition state theory.
Absorption of light, laws
of photochemistry, quantum yield, he
excited state and its decay by radiative
and chemical pathways simple
Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis
and their charachteristics, mechanism of
heterogeneous catalysis; enzyme
catalysed reactions (Michaelis Menten
3.10 The collio idal
state, preparation and purification of
colloids and their characteristics
properties; lyophilic and lyophobic
colloids and coagulation; protection of
colloids; gels, emulsions, surfactants
and Dimensions, Sl Units, Vectors,
Concept of Force, Concept of particle
and rigid body, Concurrent, non
concurrent, and parallel forces in a
plane, moment of force and Varignon's
theorem, free body diagram, conditions
of equilibrium, principle of virtual
work, equivalent force system.
First and second moments
of area, mass moment of inetia. Static
friction inclined plane and bearings.
Kinematics and kinetics-
Kinematics in Cartesian and polar
coordinates,. motion under uniform and
non uniform acceleration, motion under
gravity. Kinetics of particle: momentum
and energyprincioles, D'Alembert's
principle, collision of elastic bodies,
rotation of rigid bodies, simple
2. Strength of
materials - simple stress and
Strain, Elastic constants, axially
loaded comparision members, shearforce
and bending moment, theory of simple
bending, Shear Stress distribution
across cross sections, Beams of uniform
strength. Leafspring Strain Energy in
direct stress, bending and shear.
Deflection of beams -
Macaulay's method, Mohr's
moment area method, conjugate beam
method, unit load method. Torsion of
Sharfts, transmission of power, close
coiled helical springs,. elastic
stability of columns Euler's rankine's
and secant formulae. Principal Stresses
and Strains in two dimensions, Mohr's
circle. Theories of Elastic Failure,
thin and thick cylinders: sStresses due
to internal and external pressures -Lame's
Analysis of pin joined plan trusses,
deflection in trusses. Free hinged and
to hinged arches, rib sortening,
temperature effects, influence lines in
arches. Analysis of propped cantilevers,
fixed beams, continuous beams and rigid
frames. Slope deflection, moment
distribution kani's method and matrix
method; Force and Displacement methods.
Rolling loads and influence lines for
determinate beams and pin joined
engineering - Types of soil, field
identification and classification, phase
relationship, cinsistency limits,
particle size distribution,
classification of soil, structure and
clay mineralogy. Capillary water and
structural water, Effective stress and
pore water pressure, darcy's Law,
factors affecting permeability,
determination of permeability,
permeability of stratified soil
Seepage pressure, quick
sand condition, compressibility and
consolidation, Terzaghi's theory of on
dimensional consolidation, consolidation
test. Comaction of soil, optimum
moisture content,Procter density.sub
surface ex ploration, methods of boring,
sampling, types of sampler, field tests.
Shear strength of soils,
Mohr -C6lumb failure theory, shear tests
Earth pressure at rest, active and
passive pressures, Rankin's theory,
Coloumb'swedge theory, earth pressure on
Terzaghi and other importent theories,
net and gross bearing pressure,
immediate and consolidation settlement.
Stability of slope -
Conventional method of slices,
stability numbers. Transportation
Engineering - Highway alignment, choice
of layout and capacity of highways,
location survey, geometric design of
highways- various elements, curves,
grade separation and segregation of
traffic, intersection design, highway
materials and testing subgrades and
pavement components, types of pavements,
road drainage, elements of airport
Elements of permanent
track - Rails, sleepers , ballast and
rail fastenings, tractive resistance,
elements of geometric design- gradients
and ,grade compensation on curves, Cant
transition curves and vertical curves,
stresses in railway tracks, points and
crossings, signalling and interlocking,
maintenance of railway track.Culverts
and small bridges.
Fluids mechanics -
Fluid properties, fluide statics, forces
on plan and curved surfaces, stabilit
floating submerged bodies.
velocity streamlines, continuity
equation, accelerations irrotational and
rotational flow, velocity potential and
stream functions, flownet , sepatation.
Dynamics - Euler's
equation along streamline, control
volume equation, continuity,momentum
energy and moment of momentum equation
from control volume equation,
applications to pipe flow, moving vanes,
moment 'of momentum, Dimensional
Boundary layer on a flat
plate, drag and lift on bodies. Laminar
and Turbulent Flows. Laminar and
turbulent .flow through pipes, friction
factor variation,pipe networks, water
hammer and surge tanks.
Open Channel Flow -
Energy and momentym correction
factors, uniform and non uniform flows,
specific energy and specific force,
critical depth, Friction factors and
roughness coefficients, flow in
transitions, free overfall, weirs,
hydraulic jump, surges, gradually varied
flow equations, surface profiles, movng
Estimation of surface and
sumsurface water resourfaces predicting
demand for water, impurities of water
and their significance, physical,
cheminal and bacteriological analysis,
water borne diseases, standarqs for
Intake of Water -
pumping and gravity schemes, water
treatment: principles of coagulation,
floculation and sedimentation; slow,
rapid, pressure, filters; chlorination,
softening removal of taste odour and
Water storage and
storage and balancing
reservoir types, location and capacity.
layout, hydraulics .of pipe Iines, pipe
fittings, values including check and
pressure reducing valves meters,
analysis of distribution systems, leak
detection, maintenance of distribution
systems, pumping stations and their
operations. Sewerage systems- Domestic
and industrial wastage, storm sewage-
separate and combined systems. flow
through sewers , design of sewers, sewer
appurtenance. manholes, inlets,
junctions, siphon. Plumbing and in
Sewage characterisation -
BOD. COD, solids.
dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC.
Standards of disposal in normal water
course and on land.
Sewage treatement -
Working Principles, Units, Chambers,
Sedimentation tank, Trickling filters
oxidation ponds, activated sludge
process. sceptic tank, disposal of
sludge, recycling of waste water.
Construction Management -
Elements and principles
of Activity on Arrow (AOA) networks and
work breakdown structure. Interfaces.
Activity time -
Time computations and floats. ATC and
PTC tradeoff. Work study and sampling.
Scheduling principles materials
schedules. ABC and EOQanalysis of
inventory. Budgeting with barcharts.
Working capital. PART, probability of
Elements of engineering
economics, methods of appraisal, present
worth, annual cost, benifit cost,
incremental analysis. Economy of scale
and size. Choos.ing between alternatives
including levels of investments.Project
ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING -
Nature, Scope and objectives of
accounting- accounting as an information
Users of Acounting
Principles of Accounting-The Accounting
Equation-Accrual Concept-Other concepts
and conventions. Distinction between
capital and revenue expenditure.
Accounting Standards and treat
appreation. Accounting Standards
relating to fixed assests, depreciation,
inventory, recognition of revenue.
Final Accounts of Sole
Proprietors, Partnership Firms and
Provisions-Reserves, Provisions and
Final Accounts of not-for
profit organisation. Accounting
debentures. Analysis and
Interpretation of Financial Statements
Ratio analysis and interpretation. Ratio
relation to short term liquidity, long
term solverncy and
profitability-Importance of the rate of
return on investment (ROI) in evaluating
the overall performance of a business
entity-Cash-flow statement and Statement
of Source and Application of Funds.
Auditing - Nature,
objectives and basic principles of
auditing. Techniques of Auditing -
physical 'verification, examination of
documents and vouching, direct
confirmation, analytical review.
Planning an audit, audit programmes,
working papers, audit process. Test
checking and sampling.
Broad out lines of
Audit of non-corporate
Internal and management
- Distinctive features of different
forms of business organization.
Registration, Partner-ship deed, Rights
and duties, Retirement, Dissolution.
Joint Stock Company -
Concept, Characteristics, types
cooperative and State ownership forms of
types of securities and
methods of their issue.
Economic functions of the
capital market, stock exchanges, Mutural
Funds. Control and regulation of capital
control of Monopolies. Problems of
modernisation of industrial enterprises.
Social Responsibility of business.
Principles and practice of Life, Fire,
Marine and General insurance.
Organising levels of authority Staffing,
Line function and staff function,
Leadership. Communication, Motivation,
Concept, types, methods.
standards, corrective action. Salaryand
wage administration Job evaluation.
Structure Structure - Centralization
and decentralization-Delegation of
authority-span of control-Management by
Objectives' and Management by Exception.
Management of change;
Office Management -
scope and principles; systems and
routines;handling of records-modern aids
to Office management; office equipment
and machines; Automation and Personal
companies-incorporation; documents and
formalities-Doctrine of indoor
management and constructive notice.
Duties and powers of the board of
directoes of a company. Accounts and
audit of companies
and functions-qualifications for
1. Micro economics-
(a) Production : Agents
of Production Costs and Supply;
(b) Consumption and
Demand: Elasticity concept
(c) Market structure and
concepts of equilibrium
(d) Determination of
(e) Components and.
Theories of Distribution
(f) Elementary concepts
of Welfae economics
and social products consumes surplus.
2, Macro Economics
(a) National Income
of National Income
(c) Determinants of
consumption, savings and investment
(d) Rate of Interest and
(e) Interest and profit.
3. Money, Banking and
(a) Concepts of Money and
measures of money supply; Velocity of
(b) Banks and credit
creation; banks and portfolio
(c) Central Bank and
control over money supply
(d) Determination of the
(e) Inflation, its causes
Finance-Budget-Taxes and non tax
revenues Types of Budget deficits.
(a) Therories of
International Trade-comparative costs-Hecksher-ohlin-Gains
from Trade-Terms of Trade.
(b) Free Trade
(c) Balance of
Payments accounts and Adjustment
rate under the exchange markets.
(e) Evolution of
the international Monetary System and
World Trading order Gold Standard - the
IMF and the World Bank
and their associates.
Floating rates GATT and
5. Growth and
(1) meaning and
measurement of growth Growth,
distribution and Welfare
(2) Characteristics of
(3) Stages of Development
(4) Sources of
growth-capital, Human capital,
population, productivity, Trade and aid,
non-economic factors growth Strategies
(5) Planning in a mixed
economy-Indicative planning -Planning
(6) Economic Statistics
- Types of averages-measures of
types, uses and limitation.
1. Main features;
Geographic size - Endowment of
natural resources, Population; size,
composition quality and growth
of British Rule with reference to Drain
theory and Laissez Faire policy.
2. Major problems,
their dimensions, nature and broad
causes; Mass poverty - Unemployment
and its types-Economics effects of
population pressure-Inequality and types
thereof Low productivity and low per
capita income, Rural-urban
disparities-Foreign Trade and payments
imbalances. Balance of Payments and
External Debt-Inflation, and pralled
economy and its effects-Fiscal deficit.
3. Growth income
and employment since independence -
Rate, Pattern, Sectoral
Planning in India: Major controversies
on planning in India Alternative
strategies - goals and achievements,
shortfalls of different plans-planning
and the Market.
5. Broad Fiscal,
monetary, industrial trade and
rationale, constraints and effects.
Electrical Circuits -
Applications - Circuit components,
network graphs, KCL, KVL; circuit
analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits;
sinusoidal steady state analysis;
resonant circuits and application;
coupled circuits and applications;
balanced 3-phase circuits. Two port
networks, driving point and transfer
functions; poles and zeros of network
Signals & Systems
continuous - time and discretetime
signals & system's; LTI
systems;convolution;1 impulse response
response . time-domin analysis of LTI
systems based on convolution and
Fourier transform, Lapalce transform,
Z-transform, Transfer function, Sampling
and recovery of signals.
Elements of control
systems; block-diagram representations;
open-loop & closed-loop systems;
principles and applications of feed-back
LTI systems: time domain and transform
domian anaysis. Stability:
Routh Hurwitz criterion,
root-loci, Nyquist's criterion.
Bode-plots, Design of lead-lag
compensators; Proportional, PI, P)D
E. M. Theory
magneto-static fields; Maxwell's
equations; e.m. waves and wave
equations; wave propagation and
antennas; transmission lines; micro-wave
resonators, cavities and wave guides.
behaviour of meterials conductivity free
electrons and band-theory; intrinsic
solar cells, super-conductivity.
Dielectric behaviour of materials:
polarization phenomena; piezo-electric
phenomena. Magnetic materials: behaviour
rectifiers filters, clipping and
clamping, zener diode and voltage
regualtion, Bipolar and field effect
transistors (BJT, JFET and MOSFET) :
Characteristics, biasing and small
signal equivalent circuits; differential
amplifier circuits. Amplifiers :
analysis, frequency response, Principles
of feedback; OPAMP circuits; filters;
BooIean algebra; minimiation of Boolean
function; logic gates, dital llC
families (DTC, TIL, ECL, MOS, CMOS).
Combinational circuits: arithmetic
circuits, code converters, multiplexers
and docoder's Sequential circuits :
latches and flip-flops, counters and
shipt-registers. Comparators, timers,
multivibrators. Sample and hold
circuits; ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor
Fourier analysis of
signals amplitude, phase and power
spectrum, auto-correlation and
cross-correlation and their Fourier
transforms. Analog modulation systems:
amplitude and angle modulation and
demodulation systems, spectral analysis;
super heterodyne receivers. Pulse code
modulation (PCM), differential PCM,
delta modulation. Digital modulation
schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency
shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK).
Multiplexing time-division, frequency
division Additive Gaussain noise
characterization using correlation,
probability density function, power
spectral density, Signal to-noise ratio
calculations for AM and FM. Elements of
digital communication systems: source
coding, channel coding digital
modulation & demolution. Elements of
information theory, channel capacity.
Elements of satellite and mobile
communication principles, of television
engineering; radar engineering and radio
aids to navigation.
Microprocessors - Computer
organization number representation and
arithmetic, functional organization,
machine instructions, addressing modes
ALU, hardwired and microprogrammed
control, memory organization. Elements
of microprocessors: B-bit
instruction set, assembly level
programming. memory, I/O interracing,
microcontrollers and applications.
measurement of current voltage, power
energy, power-factor, resistance,
inductance, capacitance and frequency;
bridge measurements. Electronic
measuring instruments : multimeter, CRO,
digital voltmeter, frequency counter,
Q-meter spectrum analyser,
thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain
guages, piezo-electric-crystaL use of
transducers in measurement of
non-electrical quantities. Data-acquision
equivalent circuit, phasor-diagram,
tests, regulation and efficiency,
three-phase transformer auto
transformer. Principles of energy
conversion d. c. generators and motors.
Performers characteristics, starting and
speed control armature reaction and
commutation; three-phase induction
motor; performance characteristics,
starting and speed control. Single-phase
induction motor Synbchronous generators:
performance characteristics, regualtion,
para lied operation. Synchronous motors:
starting characteristics, applications;
synchronous condensor. FHP motors,
permanent maganet and stepper motors,
brush less d.c. motors, singale phase
generation: thermal, hydro nuclear.
parameters steady-state performance of
overhead transmission lines and cables.
Distribution systems ; insulators,
bundle conductors corona and radio
interference effects; voltage control
and power factor correction, Economic
operation. Principles of over-current,
differential and distance protection
solid state relays, circuit brakers,
concept of system stability., HVDC
Transmission.' . .
Power Electronics and
devices:diode, transistor, thyristor,
triac, GTO and mosft, static
characteristics, principles of operation
triggeringcircuits phase. controlled
rectifiers bridge Converters- fully
controlled and half controlled
;principles of thyristor chopper and
inverter. basic concept of speed control
of dc and ac motor drives:
Elements of ic
fabrication technology -
overview of ic
technology. unit steps used in ic
fabrication wafer cleaning,
photo-lithography, wet and dry etching
oxidation, diffusion, ion- implanatation,
cvd and lpcvd techniques for deposition
of poly-silicon silicon, silicon-
pnitride and Silicon dioxide
metallisation and passivation.
(i) Geomorphology -
Origin of the earth; Geological Time
Scale Interior of the earth Types and
characteristics of rocks; Folding and
Faulting Volcanoes; Earth Quakes;
Wealthering Landforms caused by fluvial
aeolian and glacial actions.
(ii) Climatology -
Structure arid composition of atmosphere
Temperature Pressure belts and Wind
systems Clouds and rainfall types
Cyclones and anti-cyclones Major
(iii) Oceanography -
Ocean relief Temperature Salinity
Ocean deposits Ocean currents EI Nino
and L Nino; Waves and tides.
(iv) Biogeography -
Origin and types of soils Major
biomes of the world Ecosystem and food
chain Environmental degradation and
Section - B
(i) Man and Environment
Relationship Growth. and development of
Human Geography; Concepts of Determinism
(ii) Population-Races of
mankind and tribes growth and
distribution of world population;
migration population problems of
developed and developing Countries.
(iii) Economic Activities
Food gathering and hunting-pastoral
herding . and forestry Types of
commercial and plantation Mining, Power
Manufacturinglocational factors of
textile, iron and steel, sugar and
communication and services.
(iv) Settlements Origin,
types and patterns of rural settlements
Processess of urbanisation morphology
and functional classification of towns;
million-cities, and mega-cites.
GEOGRAPHY OF THE
(i) Major Natural
Regions Characteristics, economic base
and human adaptation.
(ii) Regional Geography
of Developed Countries Canada U.S.A.
Western Europe , Russia , Japan ,
Australia and New Zealand .
(iii) Regional Geography
of Developing Countries S .E. Asia,
S.W. Asia, China, Southern Africa and
Section - D
GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
(i) Physical setting -
Landforms, drainage, climate, soils and
(ii) Economic Base -
Minerals & energy resources, aquatic
resources, forest resources; irrigation,
agriculture and industries; trade and
(iii) Population -
Growth, distribution and density
problems, developmental issues and
Section - E
(i) Ancient Period -
Contributions of Indians, Greeks, Romans
(ii) Pre-Modern Period
- Contribution of Verenius, Kant,
Humboldt and Ritter.
(iii) Modern Period -
Dichotomy of determinism and possibilism
contributions of Ratzel, Semple,
Huntington and La Blache.
(iv) Recent Period -
Quantitive Revolution; Readicalism,
Behavour-alism and Humanism.
Section - F
(i) Maps - Scale ,and
(ii) Diagrams - types
(iii) Projections -
Types, characteristics and uses.
(iv) Remote sensing and
grographical information system (GIS)-
Aerial photographs and imagery, GIS
(a) General Geology -
Solar System. The Earth : its origin,
age and internal constitution.
Volcanoes-types, distribution geological
effects and products.
distribution, causes and effects,
Elementary ideas about isostasy,
geosynclines, mountain building.
continental drift, sea floor speading
and plate tectonics.
(b) Geomorphology -
Basic concepts, Extemal and internal
processess. Rock weathering, Cycle of
erosiop. Fluvial landforms and drainage
patterns. Land-forms of aeolian, marine,
glacial and 'karst' landscapes ..
Elements of Remote Sensing.
(c) Structural and
Field Geology - Primary and
secondary structures. Dip and strike of
beds. Unconformities. Study of folds,
joints, faults, foliation and line
actions. Overthrusts and nappe
structures. Stages of rock .
deformation. Construction of block
diagrams. Stereographic and equalarea
nets. Solutions of simple problems by
Topographic maps and
their interpretation. Use of clinometer
compass ,in the field Measurements of
bed, foliation, folds joints, faults and
line action in the field. Principles of
geological mapping .. Effects of
topography on outcrops. drawing of
(a) Crystallography -
Elements of crystal. Laws of
crystallography. Symmetry elements of
normal classes of seven crystal systems,
interaction of light and crystalline
matter Petrological microscope and
accessories. Construction and use of
Nicole prism, Pleochroism, double
refraction, extinction angle,
birefringence and twinning in crystals,
Isotropic, uniaxial and biaxial
(b) Mineralogy -
Physical, chemical and optical
properties of the following common rock
forming minerals: quartz, feldspar,
mica, pyroxene, amphibole, olivine,
gamet, chlorite, carbonates,
aluminosilicates. Structure of silicates
and crystal chemistry of minerals.
(c) Economic Geology -
Or, ore mineral and gangue.
Classification of ore deposits.
lmportant processes of their formation.
Occurrence, origin and distribution in
India of the ores of aluminuium,
chromium, copper, gold, lead, zinc,
iron, manganese and radioactive
elements. Deposits of minerals use ad
abrasives, refractories and in ceramics,
deposits of coal and petroleum. Elements
of prospecting for mineral deposits.
(a) Igneous Petrology
- Origin of magma and formation of
igneous rocks. Bowen's reaction
principle. Crystallisation of binary
systems. Classification of igneous
rocks. Textures and structures of
igneous rocks. Composition, origin and
mode of occurrence of granite, syenite,
diorit, mafic and ultramafic groups,
anorthosites and alkaline rocks.
Petrology - Sedimentary process and
products. Classification of sedimentary
rocks. Sedimentary structures. Residual
deposits-their mode of formation,
characteristics and types, Clastic
depositstheir classification, mineral
composition and texture. Elementary
ideas about the origin and
characteristics of quartz arenites,
arkoses and graywackes. Silceous and
calcareous deposits of chemical and
Petrology - Type and factors of
metamorphism. Zones, grades and facies
of metamorphism. Regional and contact
metamorphism. Textures and structures of
metamorphic rocks. metamorphism of
argillaceous, arenaceous, calcareous and
basic rocks; Metasomatism.
(a) Paleontology -
Habits and habitats of animals. Fossils
and fossilization. Modes of
preservation. Application of fossils,
Study of morphology and geological
history of Forminiferida, Brachipoda,
Bivalvia, Gastropoda, Cephalopoda,
Trilobita, Echinoidea and Anthozoa.
Mammals of Siwalik Group.
A brief study of Gondwana flora.
(b) Stratigraphy and
Geology of India - Fundamental laws
of stratigraphy. Stratigraphic
biostratigraphic and chronostratigraphic.
Geological time scale. Physiographic
divisions and outline of stratigraphy of
India. Brief study of Dharwar, Vindhyan
and Gondwana Supergroups and Siwalik
Group with reference to their major
subdivisions, lithology, fossils, areal
distribution and economic importance.
1. Prehistoric cultures
2. Indus Civilization.
Origins. The Mature Phase: extent,
society, economy and culture. Contacts
with other cultures. Problems of
distribution and characteristics of
pastoral and farming
comunities outside the
Indus region from neolithic to early
4. Vedic society: The
vedic texts; change from Regvedic to
later Vedic phases, Religion;
Upanishadic thought. Political and
social organisation evolutution of
monarchy and varna system,
5. State formation and
urbanization, from the mahajanapadas. to
the Nandas. Jainism and Buddhism.
Factors for the spread of Buddhism.
6. The Mauryan Empire.
Chandragupta Megasthenes. Asoka and his
inscriptions; his dhamma,
administration, culture and art. The
7. Post-mauryan India;
BC200-AD 300. Society: Evolution of
jatis. The Sata vahanas and state
formation 'in Peninsula. Sangam texts
and society. Indo-Greeks, Sakas,
Parthians, Kushanas Kanishka. Contacts
with the outside world. Religion:
Saivism, Bhagavatism, Hinayana and
Mahayana Buddhism Jainism Culture and
8. The Guptas and
their successors (to c. 750 AD). Changes
in political organisation of empire.
Economy and society. Literature and
9. Early Medieval
India. Major dynasties; the Chola
Empire. Agrarian and political
structures. The Rajaputras. Extent of
social mobility. Position of women. The
Arabs in Sind and the Ghaznavides.
10. Cultural trends,
750-1200, Religious conditions
importance of temples, and monastic
institutions; Sankaracharya; Isalam;
Sufism, Literature and Science.
Alberunis India Art and architecture.
11-12. Thirteenth and
fourteenth Centuries: Ghorian invasions
causes and consequences Delhi Sultanate
under the 'Slave' Rulers. Alauddin
Khalfu Conquests; administrative,
agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad
Tughlaqs innovations. Firuz Tughluq and
the decine of the Delhi Sultanate.
Growth of commerce and urbanization.
Mystic movements.in Hinduism and Islam.
Literature. Architecture, Technological
13. The fifteenth and
early 16th Century: major Provincial
dynasties; Vijaynagara Empire. The lodis,
First phase of the Mughal Empire :
Babur, Humayun. The Sur
empire and administration. The
Kabir, Guru Nanak and Sikhism; Bhakti,
Growth of regiona/literatures, Art and
14-15. The Mughal Empire,
1556-1707. Akbar: conquests,
administrative rneasures, jagir and
mansab systems; policy of sulh-i-kul.
Jhangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb expansiot'l
in the Deccan; religious policies.
Shivaji. Culture Persian and regional
literatures. Religious thought Abul
Fazi Maharashtra dharma. Painting.
Economy conditions of
peasants and artisans, growth in trade
commerce with Europe. Social
stratication and status of women.
16. Decline of Mughal
Empire, 1707-61. Causes behind decline.
Maratha power under the Peshwas.
Regional states. The Afghans. Major
elements of composite culture. Sawai Jai
Singh, astronomer. Rise of Urdu
17. British.expansion :
The Carmatic Wars, Conquest of Bengal.
Mysore and its resistance to British
expansion : The three Anglo-Maratha Wars
. Early structure of British raj Ragulating
and Pitt's India Acts.
18. Economic Impact of
the British Raj Drain of Wealth
(tribute) land revenue settlements (zamindari,
ryotwari, mahalwari) Deindustrialisation
Railways,and commercialisation of
agriculture Growth of landless labour.
Cultural encounter and
social changes: Introduction of western
education and modern ideas. Indian
Renaissance, social and religious
reforms measures before 1857 .
Resistance to British rule Early
uprisings The 1857 Revolt-causes
nature. course and consequences.
Struggle-he first phase Growth of
national consciousness Formation of
Associations Establishment of the Indian
National Congress and its Moderate phase
Economic Nationalism Swadeshi Movements
The growth of 'Extremism' and the 1907
split in Congress The Act of 1909-the
policy of Divide and Rule
Congress-League Pact of1916.
Gandhi and his thought;
Gandhian techniques of mas
mobilisationKhilafat and Non Cooperation
Movement, Civil Disobedience and Quit
India Movement; Other strands in the
National Movement-Revolutionaries, the
Left, Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian
Separatist Trends in
Indian nationalist politics - the Muslim
League and the Hindu Mahasabha the post
1945 developments Partition and In-
India independent to
1964. A parliamentary, secular,
dmocratic republic the 1950
Constitution). Jawaharlal Nehru's vision
of a developed, . socialist society.
Planning and state-controlled
industrialization. Agrarian reforms.
Foreign plicy of Non-alignment. Border
conflict with China, and Chinese
1. nature and concept of
2, Schools of
Jurisprudence : Analytical historical,
philosophical, sociological and natural.
3. Administration of
Justice: Theories of punishment.
4. Sources of Law:
Custom, Precedent and Legislation.
5. A few basic legal
(i) Rights and duties
(ii) Legal Personality
(iii) Ownership and
Constitutional Law of
1. Salient features of
the Indian Constitution
3. Fundamental Rights,
Directive Principles and Fundamenatal
position and powers of President and
5. Supreme Court and High
Courts Jurisdiction, powers, appointment
and transfer of Judges.
6. Union Public Service
Commission and State Public Service
Commissions: Their Powers and functions
7. Distribution of
Legislative and administrative powers
between the Union and the States.
8. Emergency provisions.
9. Amendment of the
1. Nature and definition
of International Law.
2. Sources : Treaty,
Custom, General Principles of Law
recognized by civilized nations and
subsidiary means of determination of
3. State Recognition and
4. The United Nations:
Its objectives, purpose and
Principal.Organs the constitution. role
and jurisdiction of the International
Court of Justice.
5. Protection of Human
(i) Provisions in the UN
Declaration of Human Rights. 1948
convenant of Civil and Political Rights,
1988 (iv) International Convenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
1. Nature and definition
2. Liability based on
fault and strict liability
3. Vicarious liability
including State liability
4. Joint tort feasors
9. Fl3lse inprisonment
(v) Criminal Law:
1. General principles of
criminal liability; Mens rea and actus
2. Preparation and
3. General exceptions
5. Joint and constructive
6. Criminal conspiracy
7. Murder and culpable
9. Theft extortion,
robbery and dacoity;
10. Misappropriation and
Criminal breach of trust
(vi) Law of Contract:
1. Definition of contract
2. Basic elements of
contract; offer, acceptance,
consideration, contractual capacity.
3. Factors vitiating
4. Void, voidable,
illegal and unenforceable agreements
5. Wagering agreements
6. contingent Cintracts
7. Performance of
8. Dissolution of
contractual obligations, frustration of
10. Remedies for breach
An optional paper in Mathematics ....
300 Marks on objective type (Multiple
choice) question (Note Here UPSC
Syllabus for Civil Services Exam may be
adopted which is as under) One hundred
objective questions will be set, each of
3 marks from the following topics.
1. Algebra -
Elements of Set Theory: Algebra of Real
and Complex numbers including DeMoiver's
theorem, relation between coefficients
and roots, Symmetric function of roots
Elements of Group Theory; Subgroups,
Cyclic groups, Permutation groups and
their elementary properties. Rings
Integral domains and fields and their
elementary properties .
2. Vector Spaces and
Matrics - Space, Linear Dependence
and Independence. Subspaces, Basis and
Dimensions, Finite Dimensional Vector
Spaces. Linear Transformation of a
Finite Dimensional Space, Matrix
Representation. Singular and
Non-singular Transformations, Rank and
Addition, Multiplication; Determinants
of a Matrix, Properties of Determinants
of order n, Inverse of a Matrix,
Cramer's rule. .
3. Geometry and
Vectors - Analytic Geometry of
straight lines and conics in Cartesian
and Polar co-ordinates. Three
Dimensional geometry for planes,
straight lines, sphere, cone and
cylinder. Addition, Subtractiona and
Products of Vectors and Simple
applications to Geometry.
4. Calculus -
Functions, Sequences, Series, Limits,
Continuity, Derivatives. Application of
Derivatives: Rates of change, Tangents,
Normals, Maxima, Minima, Rolle's
Theorem, Mean Value Theorems of Lagrange
and Cauchy, Asymptotes, Curvature.
Methods of finding indefinite integrals,
Definite Integrals, Fundamental Theorem
of integrals Calculus. Application of
definite integrals to area, Length of a
plane curve, Volume and Surfaces of
Differential Equations - Order and
degree of a differential equation, first
order differential equations, singular
solution, geometrical interpretation,
second order equation with constant co-efficients.
6. Mechanics -
Concepts of particles, lamina, rigid
body, displacement, force, mass, weight,
motion, velocity, speed, acceleration,
parallelogram of forces, parallelogram
of velocity, acceleration, Resultant and
equilibrium of coplanar forces; moments,
couples, friction, centre of mass,
gravity, laws of motion, motion of
particle in a staight line, simple
harmanic motion, motion under
conservative forces, motion under
gravity, projectile, escape velocity,
motion of artificial satellites. .
7. Elements of
Computer Programming - Binary
system, octal and hexadecimal systems,
Conversion to and from decimal systems,
Codes, Bits, Bytes and Words. Memory of
a computer, Arithmetic and Logical
operations on numbers. Precision. AND,
OR, XOR, NOT and Shit Rotate operators,
Algorithms and Flow Charts.
Statics - Simple applications of
Dynamics - Simple
applications of equations of motion,
work energy and power. Theory
of.Machines - Simple examples of
kinematics chains and their inversions.
Different types of gears,
bearings, governors, flywheels and their
functions. Static and dynamic balancing
of rigid rotors. Simple vibration
analysis of bars and shafts. Linear
automatic control systems.
Mechanics of Solids -
Stress, strain and Hooks Law, Shear
and bending moments in beams. Simple
bending and torsion of beams, Springs
and thin walled cylinders. Elementary
concepts.of elastic stability,
mechanical properties and material
Methods and time stUdy, motion economy
and work space design, operation and
flow process charts. Cost estimatio,
brakenn analysis. Location and layout of
plants, material handling. Capital
budgeting, job shop and 'mass
production, scheduling, dispatching,
definitions and laws heat, work and
temperature, Zeroth law, temperature
scales, behaviour of pure substances.
equations of state, first law and its
corollaries. Analysis of air standard
power cycles, cannot, otto, diesel:
brayton cycles. Vapour power cycles.
Ranking reheat and regenerative cycles,
Refrigeration cycles-Belt Coleman, Vaour
absorption and Vapour compression cycle
analysis, open and closed cycle gas
turbine with intercooling, reheating.
Energy Converstion -
Flow of steam through nozzles,
Critical pressure ration, shock
formation and its effect. Steam
Generators, mountings and accessories.
Impulse and reaction turbines elements
and layout of thermal power plants.
Hydraulic turbines and
pumps, specific speed, layout of
hydraulic power plants. Introduction to
nuclear reaction and power plants,
handling of nuclear waste. Refrigeration
and Air conditioning - Refrigeration
equipment and operation and maintenance,
refrigerants, principles of air
conditioning, psychrometric 'chart.
comfort zones, humidification and
Fluid Mechanics -
Hyudrostatics, continuity equation,
Bernoulli's theorem flow through pipes,
discharge measurement, laminar and
turbulent flow, boundary layer concept.
Human Anatomy General
principles and basic structural concept
of gross " anatomy of hip joint. heart,
stomach, lungs, spleen, kidneys, uterus,
ovary and . adrenal glands. Histological
features of parotid gland, bronchi,
testis, skin, bone . and thyroid gland.
Gross anatomy of thalamus, internal
capsule, cerebellum, spinal cord,
eye, ear, throat, cranial nerves.
Embryology of vertebral column,
respiratoy system and their congenital.
Human Physiology and
Biochemistry - Neurophysiology:
Sensory receptors, eticular formation,
cerebellum .and basal ganglia,
Reproduction regulation of functions of
male and female gonads.
- Mechanical and electrical
properties of heart in cluding .
ECG: Regulation of
GI system :
Bilirubin metabolism, liver function
Haemogolobin synthesis, abnormal
Regulation of respiration, digestion and
absorption of fats, metabolism of
Tubular functions, regulation of PH.
Nucleic acids: RNA, DNA,
genetic code and protein synthesis.
Microbiology : Principles of
inflammation Principles of
careionogenesis and tumour sprad
coronary heat disease, infective
diseases. of liver and gall bladder
pathogenesis of tubercuiosis.
immunological and serological tests for
collagen vascular disease. Histological
diagnosis by- f1urosent microscopy.
Etiology and laboratory diagnosis 'of
diseases caused by Salmonella, Vibrio ,meningococcus
and hepatitis virus.
Life cycle and laboratory
diagnosis of Entamoeba histalytica,
malarial parasite, ascaros. .
Protein energy malnutrition, Medicine
management of : Corna, cerebrovascular
accidents, including status
asthamaticus,cardio pulmonary arrest,
status epilepticus, acute renal failur.
Clinical features, etiology and tratment
of : Coronary heart disease, rheumatic
heart disease, pneumonia, cirrhisis of
silver, amoebic liver absess, peptic
ulcer, pyelone-phritis, leprosy,
rheumatiod arthritis, diabetes mellitus,
poliomyelitis, schizophrenia, Meningitis
Principles of surgical
management of severely injured and .
process of fracture healing. Malignant
tumours of stomach and their surgical
management. Sings, symptoms.
investigation and management of
fractures of femur. Principles of pre
operative and oost-operative care.
manifestations, investigations and
management of : Hydrocephalus.
Buerger's diseases, Bronchogenic
carcinoma, Appendicities. Carcinoma
colon,. Benign prostatic hypertrophy.
Carcinoma breast, Spinabifida. Carcinoma
breast, Carcinoma colon.
manifestation, investigations and
surgical management of : Intestinal
obstructruction, Acute urinary
retention. Spinal injury, Haemorrhagic
shock, Pneumothorax, Pericardial
effusion/cardiac tamponade, Haemetemesis.
Preventive and Social
Medicine : Principles of
epidemiology, health care deliery.
Concept and general principles of
prevention of diseases and . promotion
of health. National. health programmes.
Effects environmental Polution on
health. Concept of balanced diet. Family
PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY
1. Substance and
Attributes : Aristotle, Descartes,.
Lock Berkeley's criticism of abstract
ideas, Nyaya Viasesika, Buddhist
criticism of Pudgala. .
2. God, Soul and the
World : Thomas Acquinal,St.
Augustine, Spinoza, Descartes,
Nyaya-Vaisesika, Sankara. Ramanuja.
3. Universals Realism and
Nominalism (Plato, Aristotle,
-Berkeley's criticism of abstract ideas,
4. Bases of Knowledge
: Pramanavada in Carvaka,
Nyaya-Vaisesika, Buddhism, Advaita
5. Truth and Error -
Correspondence Theory, Coherence
theory, Pragmatic Theory; Khyativada (Anyathakhyati,
6. Matter and Mind :
1. Truth and Validity
2. Classification of
sentences: Traditional and Modern.
3. Syllogism: Figures
and Moods; Rules of syllogism (General
and. special) validation by Venn
Diagrams; Formal Fallacies.
4. Sentential Calculus
: Symbolization; Truth-Functions and
their inter definability Truth Tables;
1. Statement of fact
and statement of value.
2, Right and Good;
Teleology and Deontology.
4. Utilitarianism (Bentham
5. Kantian Ethics.
6. Problem of the
freedom of will.
7. Moral Judgments
Descriptivism, Prescriptivism, Emotivism
8. Niskamakarma :
9.' Jaina Ethics.
10. Four Noble Truths
and Eight fold path in Buddhism.
11. Gandhian Ethics:
Satya, Ahinsa, Ends and Means.
1. Mechanics and Waves -
Dimensional analysis. Newton's laws of
motion and applications, variable mass
systems, projectiles. Rotational
dynamics-kinetic energy, angular
momentum, theorems of moment of intertia
and calculations in simple cases.
Conservative forces, frictional forces:
Gravitational' potential and
intensityt1ue to spherical objects.
Central forces, kepler's problem, escape
velocity and artificial satellites
(including GPS). Stemline motion, visco
Sity, Poiseuille's equation.
Applications of Bermoulli's equation and
Stocks'law. Special relativity and
contraction, time dilation, mass-energy
relation. Simple harmonic motion,
Lissajous figures. Damped
oscillation,forced oscillation and
resonance. Beats, Phase and group
velocities. Stationary waves, vibration
.of strings and air columns.
longitudinal waves in solids Doppler
effect. Ultrasonics and applications. .
2. Geometrical and
Physical Optics - Law of reflection
and refraction from Fermat's principle.
Matrix method in paraxial optics-thin
lens forrtnula, nodal planes, system of
two thin lenses. Chromatic and.
Spherical aberrations. Simple 'optical'
telescopes and microscopes. Huygens
principle-reflection and refraction of
waves. Interference of light-Young's
experiment, Newton's rings, interference
by thin films, Michelson.
diffraction-single:-slit, doubt, slit,
diffraction gratmg, resolving power.
Fresnel .diffraction-half period zones.
and zone plate. Production and detection
of linearly, circularly and elliptically
polarised light Double relation quarter
waves plates and half-wave plates;
Polarizing sheets. Optical activity and
applications. Raman & Rayleigh
scattering and applications. Elements of
fibre optics-attenuation; pulse
dispersion in step index and parabolic
index fibres material dispersion,
Lasers, characteristics of laser
light-spatial and temoral coherence.
Focussing of laser beams and
3. Heat and
Thermal equilibrium and
The zeroth .law of
thermodynamics. Heat and the first law
of thermodynamics. Efficiency of Carnot
engines. Entropy and the first law of
thermodynamics. Efficiency of Carnot .
engines. Entropy and the second !aw of
thermodynamics. Kinetic ,theory and the
equation of state of an Ideal gas Mean
free path distribution of molecular
speeds and energIes. Trasportphenomena
.. Andrew's experiements-van de-Waals
equation and applications. Joule-Kelvin
effect and applications. Brownian
motion. Thermodynamic potentials-Maxwell
relations. Phase transitions. Kirchhoffs
laws. Black-body radiation-Stefan-Boltzmann
law, spectral radiancy, Wien
displacement law, application to the
cosmic microwave background radiation,
Planck radiation law.
Electricity and Magnetism
Electric charge, Coulomb's law, electric
field, Gauss' law. Electric potential,
van de Graff accelerator. Capacitors,
dielectrics and polarization. Ohm's law,
Kirchhoffs first and second rules,
resistors in series and parallel,
applications to two-loop circuits.
Magnetic field-Gauss' law for magnetism,
atomic and nuclear magnetism, mangetic
susceptibility, classification of
magnetic materials. Circulating charges,
cyclotron, synchrotron. Hall efect.
Biot-Savart law, Ampere's" law,
Faraday's law of incuction., Lenz's law,
inductance. Alternating current
'circuits-RC, LR, single loop LRC
circuits, impedance, resonance, power in
AC circuits. Displacement current,
Maxwell's equations )MKS units),
electromagnetic waves, energy transport
Atomic and Nuclear Physics-
Einstein's photon theory, Bohr's theory
of hydrogen atom. Stem-Gerlach
experiment, quantisation of angular
momentum, electron spin. Pauliexclusion
principle and applications. Zeeman
effect. X-ray spectrum, Bragg's law,
Bohr's theory of the
Mosley plot.Comtion effect, Compton
Wave nature of matter, de
Broglie wavelength, wave-particle
relationships. Schroedinger's equation-eigenvalues
and eigenfunctions of (i) particle in a
box, (ii) simple harmonic oscilltor and
(iii) hydrogen atom Potential. step aand
barrier penetration. Natural and
artificial radioactivity. Binding energy
of nuclei, nuclear fission and fusion.
Classification of elementary particles
and their interactions.
Electronics -Diodes in
half-waves and full-wave rectification,
qualitative ideas of semiconductors, p
type and n type semconductors, juction
diode, Zener diode, transistor, binary
numbers, Logic gates and truth tables,
Elements of microprocessors and
Section - A
Science : Nature & scope of the
discipline, relationshop with allied
disciplines like History, Economics,
Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology
2. Meaning of
Politics : Approaches to the study
3. Key Concepts :
State, society, Sovereignty, Power,
Citizenship Nation, Global order and
4. Political ideas
: Rights, Liberty, Equality,
Justice, Rule of Law, civil Society
Swaraj, Revolution, Democratic
5. Democracy :
Meaning and Theories of Democracy,
Electoral System, Forms of
Ideologies : Liberalism,
Neoliberalism, Marxism, Socialism,
7. Party System and
Political Process : Theories of
Party System, National and regional
parties, Political Parties in the Third
World. Patterns. of coalition politics,
interest and pressure groups.
8. Forms of
Government : Parliamentary and
Presidential. Federal & unitary Modes of
Concept : Theories, Weber and
critigues of Bureaucracy.
10. Theories of
Development : Meaning and various
approacl1es. Con pept and Theories of
underdevelopment Debates; in the Third
11. Social Movements :
Meaning, Theories & Forms, Role of
Environmental Feminist Peasant & workers
movements, Role of Non-Government
12. Nationalism and
13. Major theories of
international relations : Realist
Marxist, Systems & Decision making. &
14. State & the Global
order : Neo-Liberalism,
globalization, structural adjustment,
regional economic integration, Nature
and Impact of Globalization.
Section - B
INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND
1. Approaches to the
study of Governments : Comparative
historical, legal institutional,
political economy and political
2. Classification of
Political systems: Democratic and
Authoritarian, characteristics of
Political systems in the third world.
3. Typologies of
constitutions: Basic features of
these constitutions & governments:
Including U.K., USA, France, Germany,
China and South' Africa.
development: In India during British
Rule -A historical perspective.
Assembly:- Philosophical and
socio-economic dimensions. Salient
features of the Indian Constitution.
6. Nature of Indian
federatlism : Centre-state
relations, legislative, administrative,
financial and political; politics of
regional move and National Integration.
7. Fundamental Rights:
Constitutional provisions political
dynamics. Judicial interpretations and
socio political realities Fundamental
8. The Union
Executive: President, Prime Minister
and the Council of Ministers,
Constitutional provisions & framework
and political trends .
Power and functions of the Lok Sabha &
Rajya Sabha; Parliamentary Committees;
Functioning of the Parliamentary system
10. The Judiciary :
The Supreme Court, Judicial Review,
Judicial Active ism, Public Interest
Litigation; Judicial Reforms.
11. The State
Executive : Evolution and
Contemporary trends coalition government
at the Centre and States, pressure
groups in Indian politics. .
12. Indian Party
System : Evolution and Contemporary
trends; coalition government at the
Centre and States, pressure groups in
13. The Interaction of
Government & Scientific & Technology
Business : Previous. and now their
inter relationship and changing roles in
society. Elites, Role of Pressure groups
class and voluntary associations in
14. Local Government &
Politics: Panchayati Raj and
Municipal Government, structure power &
functions. Political realities,
significance of 73rd and 74th
Amendements, role of women in Panchayats.
15. Bureaucracy and
Development: Post-colonial India;
its changing role in the ontext of
liveratis after, bureauratic
16. Challenges to
Indian Democracy :
Regionalism violence, criminalisation
degradation, illiteracy, Mass-Poverty,
Population, growth, caste oppressions
and socio economic inequalities among
backward classes. .
1. Introduction to Psychology :
Concept and definition of psychology.
Nature and Scope.
Branches of psychology. Application of
psychology to society and social
2. Methods in
Psychology: Characteristics of
psychological studies, Observation.
Survey method, Clinical and case study
method. Experimental method.
Application. of the' method.
Analysis : Measures of central
tendency and' dispersion. Correlation,
Leveis of measurement. Reliability and
validity Applicaion in test
Psychology: Structure of neuron,
nerve impulses, synapse and
neurotransmitters. Central and
peripheral nervous systemstructure and
neural control of behaviour. Hemispheric
I Endocrine system and
hormonal control of behaviour.
Application of hemispheric knowledge to
5. Development of
human behaviour Individual
Differences Heredity and environment.
Life span development. Role of early
experience and mastering of
developmental tasks. Sensitive or
critical periods of development in human
life cycle and its application.
Preceptual progess. Preceptual
organisation. Perception of form, colour,
depth and time, Perceptual readiness and
Role of motivation,
social and cultural factors in
perception. Application of knowledge of
perception to skill development (e.g.
for certain jobs like that of driving,
airline pilots etc.) .
Classical conditioning and operant
conditioning. Modeling' and
observational learning. Transfer of
training. Learning and motivation.
Application of the above to the
improvement of academic performance in
Physiological basis of memory.
Miemory and, forgetting. Measurement of
memory (Recall, Recognition,
Relearning). Short term and long term
memory. Theories of forgetting (Decay
and Interference theories and Repressive
forgetting). Applicaton of Memonic
devices etc, to improving memory.
9. Cognition and
Language Concept of formation.
Nature and development of thinkin.
Language and thought and acquisition of
language. Pronlem solving. Creative
thinking and its applications.
10. Intelligence and
Aptitude Definition and concept.
Theories and models of intelligence.
Measurement of intelligence and
aptitude. Exceptional intelligence.
Mental retardation. Concepts of
multiple, emotional and artificial
intelligence and their application. .
11. Motivation and
Emotion Definition and concept of
instinct, needs drives and motives.
Theories of motivation and their
application (drive reduction theory,
Maslows motivational hierarcy). Social
affiliation motives and influence of
early experiences. Physiological basis
of emotion. Theories of emotion (Jameslange
and Cannon-Brad theories, cognitive
12 . Personality:
Concepts and Difination of personality.
Study of personality (Trait, type and
eclectic approaches) Development of
personality (Freud, Erikson, Biological
and socio-cultural determinants).
Measurement of Personality (Projective
tests, pencil-paper tests). Applicaton
of personality profiles in fitting a
person to a job.
13. Adjustment and
Stess Concept and definition.
Factors affecting adjustment
(frustration and conflict). Sources of
stess and reactions to stess. Coping
with stess.Application of stess
14. Social Behaviour
Socio-cultural factors and behaviour.
Development of attitudes, stereotypes
and prejudice, Measurement of Attdutes.
(Thurstone, Likert.aititude scale and
BogaradusSocial Distance scale).
Strategies for reducing prejudice and
changing atitude. Person perception,
implict personality theory and
integrating impressions. Application of
person perception to impression
15. Application of
Psychology: Health and mental health
(yoga, mediation and relaxation
therapiesr Education (Programmed
learning. self instructional learning
and learning styles). Community (self
help through group cohesiveness and
leadership). Industry (Assessment centre
approach in selection, recruitment and
training). Environment (man-nature
interaction, personal space concept,
pollution reduction information
technology (Application to commercial,
educational and health areas).
1. Introduction:- Meaning scope
and significance Evolution and states
of the discipline. Comparative Public
Administration and Development
Administration. Public and Private
Administration : State verses market
debate. New Public Administration. New
Public Management perspective.
2. Basic concepts and
principles Organisation, hierarchy,
Unity of command, Span of control,
Authority and Responsibility,
Co-ordination, Centralization and
Supervision, Line and staff.
3. Theories of
Management (Taylor and the Sceintific
Management Movement), CIassical Theory (Fayol,
Urwick, Gullik and others) Bureaucratic
Theory (Weber and his critics). Ideas of
Mary Parker Follett and C1 Barnard;
Human Relation Schools (Elton Mayo and
others). Behavioural Approach, Systems
Behaviour Decision making with
special refrence to H. Simon,
communication and, control, leadership
theories, Theories of Motivation (Maslow
5. Accontability and
Control: The concepts of
Accountability and control Legislative,
executive. and judicial control. Citizen
and Administration. Role of civil
society, people's participation and
Right to information.
Systems: Comparative administrative
features of USA Great Britain and Japan.
Administration: Role of Civil
Service in developing societies position
classification, Recruitment, Training
,promotion, pay and Service conditions.
Relation with the Political Executive
Administration Budget Concepts and
forms. Formulation and execution of
budget, deficit financing public debt,
Accounts and Audit.
9. Union Government
and Administration in India, British
legacy Constitutional context of Indian
Administration The President Prime
Minister and the Council of Ministers
Central Secretariate Cabinate
Secretariate, Prime Minister's Office,
Planning Commission Finance Commission
Election Commission Comptroller and
Auditor-General of India, Public
Enterprises Patterns, Role, Performance
and impact of liberalization.
10. Civil. Services in
India: Recruitment to All India and
Central Services, Union Public Service
Commission; Training of Civil Servants,
General ists and Specialists, Minister-
Civil servant relationship.
11. State and
District Administration - Governor,
Chief Minister, Secretariat, Chief
Secretary; Directorates, District
Collector Changing Role.
12. Local Government
Panchayti Raj and Urban Local
Government Main features, structures,
Finances and problem areas; 73rd and
74th Constitutional amendments,
Unit I : Basic concepts
Association, Institution, Culture-
Culture change, Diffusion, Cultural tag,
Cultural relativism, Ethnocentrism,
secondary and refrence groups. Social
structure, social system, social action.
Status and role, role
conflict, role set.
Norms and values-
confirmity and deviance.
Law and customs.
Assimilation, Integration, Cooperation
competition, Conflict, Accomodation,
Social distance, Relative deprivation.
Unit II: Marriage, family
Marriage Types and norms,
marriage as contract, and as a
sacrament. Family: Types, functions and
Kinships Terms and
usages, rules of residence, descent,
Unit III: L Social
Forms and functions;
Caste and Class. Jajmani system, putity
and pollution, dominant caste
Unit IV: Types of Society
industrial and post industrial.
Unit V: Economy and
Man, nature and social
production, economic systems of simple
and complex' societies, non economic
determinant of economic behaviour,
market ( free) economy and controlled
Unit VI: Industrial and
urban growth and urbanisation-town, city
and metropolis; basic features of
industrial societf, impact of automation
on society; indusatrialisation and
VII: Social Demography
Population size growth,
composition, and distribution in India,
components of population growth-births,
deaths and migration; causes and
consequences of population growth;
population and social development;
populate on policy.
Unit VIII: Political
Power, authoruty and
legitimacy; political socialization:
political modernization, pressure
groups; caste and politics.
IX: Weaker section and minorities
Social justice- equal
opportunity and special opportunity;
protective discrimination constitutional
Unit X: Social Change
Theories of change;
factors of change; science, technology
and change. Social movements, Peasant
Movement, Women's Movement, backward
caste Movement, Dalit movement.
Probability- Random experiment,
sample space, event, algebra of events,
probability. on a discrete sample-space
basic theorems of probability and simple
examples based theorem, conditional
probability of an event, independant
events, Bayer's theorem and its
application, descrete and continuous
random varables variables and their
distribution, expectation, moments,
moment generating function, joint
distribution, of-two or more random vari-'
abies marginal and conditional
distributions, independants of random
variables, covariance, coralation,
coefficient, distribution of a function
of random variables. Bernoulli,
binomial, geometric, negative binomial,
hypergeometric, poison, multinomial,
uniform beta, exponential, gamma, cauchy,
normal, long normal and bivariate normal
distributions, real life situtions where
these distributions provide appropriate
models, Chebyshev's inequality, weak law
or large numbers and central limit
theorem for independent and identically
distributed random variables with finite
variance and their simple applications.
Concept of a statistical
population and sample, types of data,
presentation and summarization of- data,
measures of central tendency,
dispersion, skewness and kurtosis,
measures of association and contingency,
correlation, interclass correlation,
correlation ratio, simle and multiple
linear regression, multiple and pertial
correlations (involving three variables
only), curve-fitting and principle of
least squares, concepts of random
sample, parameter and statistic, Z, X2 t
and F statistics and their proerties and
applications, distributions of sample
range and median (for continuous
distributions only), censored sampling
(concept and illustrations).
Statistical Inference -
efficiency, sufficiency, Completenes,
minimum fariance unbIased estimatiqn,
inequality and minimum varance bound
estimator moments maximum likelihood and
other estimators, idea of a random
interval, confidence intervals for the
parametes of-standard distributions,
shortest confidence intervals,
large-sample confidence intervals.
Simple and composite hypotherses, two
kinds of errors, level of significance,
size and power of a testdisirable
properties of II good test, most
powerful test, Neyman Pearson lermma and
its use in simple example, uniformly
most powerful test, likelihood ration
test, sign test, Wald- Wolfowitz runs
test, run test for . randomness, median
test, Wilcoxon test and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney
probability ratio test, OC and ASN
functions, application to binomial and
normal distributions. Loss function,
risk function, minimax and Bayes rules.
Sampling Theory and
Design of Experiments-Complete -
sampling, basic concepts in sampling,
designing alrge-scale sample surveys,
sampling and non-sampling errors, simple
random-sampling, properties of a good
estimator; estimation of sample size,
stratified random sampling, systematic
sampling cluster sampling raton and
regression methods of estimation under
simple and stratified random sampling,
double sampling for ration and
regression methods of estimation,
two-stage sampling. with equal-size
Analysis of variance with
equal. number of observations per cell
in one, two and three way
classifications, analysis of covariance
in one and two way classifications,
completely randomized design; randomized
block-design. Latin square design,
missing. plot technique 2nd factorial
design total and partial confounding. 32
factorial experiments, split-plot design
and balanced incomplete block design.
I. Cell structure and function :
(a) Prokaryote and
(b) Structure of animal
cell, structure and functions of cell
(c) Cell cycle-mitosis,
(d) Structure and
contents of nucleus including nuclear
membrane, structure of chromosome and
gene, chemistry of genetic components.
(e) Mendel's laws of
inheritance, linkage and genetic
recombination; cytoplasmic inheritance.
(f) Function of gene :
replication, transcription and
translation mutations (spontaneous and
artificial) Recominant DNA principle
(g) Sex determination in
Drosophila and man; sex linkage in man.
(a) Classification of
non-chordates (up to sub classes) and
chordates (up to sub-classes) and
chordates (up to orders) giving general
features and . evolutionary relationship
of the following phyla: Protozoa,
Porifera, Coelenterate, Platyhelminthes,
Nematheliminthes, Anneljda, Arthropoda,
Moullusca, Echinodermata, Minor Phyla (Bryozoa,
Phoroida and Chaetognatha) and
reproduction and life history of the
following types Amoeba, Monocystis,
Plasmodium, Paramecium, Sycon, Hydra,
Obelia, Fasciola, Taenia, Ascaris,
Neanthes Pheietima, Hirudinia, Palaemon,
Buthus, Periplaneta Lamellidens, Pila,
Asterias and Balanoglossus
(c) Classification of
chordates (up to orders), giving general
features and evolutionary relationship
of the following Protochordata Agnatha
Gnathostomata - Pisces, Amphibia,
Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.
functional anatomy of the following
based on type animals (Scoliodon, Rana,
Calotes, Columba and Oryctolagus)
integrument and its derivatives,
endoskeleton, digestive system,
respiratory system, circulatory system
including heart and aortic arches.
urinogenital system brain and sense
organs (eye and ear) endocrine glands
and. other hormone producing structures,
(Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid,
adrenal, pancreas gonads) their
Physiology and Biochemistry
(a) Chemical composition
of protoplasm nature and function of
enzymes vitamins, their sources and
role; colloids and hydrogen ion
concentration biological oxidation,
electron transport and role of ATP,
enegetics, glycoloysis, citric acid
cycle vertebrate hormones their type,
sourees and functions pheromones and
(b) Neuron and nerve
imulse-conduction and transmission.
across synapses nenurotrasmitters and
their role, including acetyl
osmoregulation active transport and ion
(d) Composition of
carbohydrates, fats, lipids and
fertilization, cleavage gastrulation in
frog and chick.
(b) Metamorphosis in frog
and retrogressive metamorphosis in
ascidian extra-embryonic membrances in
chick and mammal placentation in
mammals Bio-genetic law. .
(a) Origin of life
principles; theories and evidences of
evolution; species concept.
realms, insular fauna geological eras
(c) Evolution of man
evolutionary status of man.
VI. Ecology. Wildlife and
(a) A biotic and biotic
factors; concept of ecosystem, food
chain and energy flow adaptation of
aquatic, terrestrial and aerial fauna;
intra-and interspecific animal
relationships environmental pollution
Types sources, causes, control and
(b) Wildlife of India
endangered species of India sancturies
and national parks of India.
(c) Biological rhythms.
VII. Economic Zoology
(a) Beneficial and
harmful kinsects including inect vectors
of human diseases.
(b) industrial fish,
prawan and molluscs of India.
(c) Non-poisonous and
poisonous snakes of India.
animals-centipede, easp. honey bee.
(e) Diseases caused by
aberrant chromosomes/genes in man
genetic counselling DNA as a tool for