see disclaimer at the end of this page












1. History of Modern India and Indian culture
The History of Modern India will cover history of the Country from
about the middle of nineteenth century and would also include
questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom
movement and social reforms. The part relating to Indian culture will
cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancient to modern times.

2. Geography of India
In this part, questions will be on the physical, economic and social
geography of India.

3. Indian Polity
This part will include questions on the Constitution of India, Political
system, Indian Administrative system and related matters.

4. Current National issues
This part is intended to test the Candidate's awareness of current
national issues.

5. International Affairs & Institutions
This part will include questions on important events in world affairs
and on international institutions.

6. Indian Economy
In this part, questions will be on the planning and economic
development in India, economic & trade issues, Foreign Trade, the role
and functions of I.M.F., World bank, ADB, W.T.O. etc..

7. Developments in the field of Science & Technology, Communication
and Space

In this part, questions will test the candidate's awareness of the
developments in the field of Science & Technology, Communication
and space and also basic ideas of computers.

8. India and the World
This part is intended to test candidate's awareness of India's
relationship with the world in various spheres, such as the following :
Role of India in the context of world.
Foreign Affairs, External security and related matters, Nuclear Policy.

9. Games & Sports
Questions will assess the awareness of candidates in respect of games
and sports at international and national level. It will also have
questions pertaining to different awards and personalities in the
context of India.

10. Indian Agriculture
Attempt will be made to assess the general awareness of candidates in
respect of crops, white revolution, green revolution, agriculture
production and their impact on development of rural economy.


Part - I

General Introduction of Madhya Pradesh

1. Geography
General Introduction of Madhya Pradesh, area, topography and
structure, physical and geographic areas and climate.

2. Natural Resources of Madhya Pradesh
Mineral Wealth.
Forest Wealth and Wild Life.
Agriculture and Live stock, Regional distribution of crops, planned
development of Agriculture, Green Revolution, Development of Live
Water Resources - Development of Irrigation and Irrigation projects.

3. Human Resources
Population, Population Density, Urban and Rural population, Literacy
and Labours.

4. Energy Resources
Questions will attempt to assess the general awareness of condidates
about the conventional and non-conventional sources of energy and
their uses in human life.

5. Industries
Attempt will be made to assess the general awareness of candidates
about the types and size of industries and their impact on state

6. Environment
Questions will be related to environment and its protection, pollution,
natural climates and their impact on quality of human life.

7. Planning and Evaluation
Attempt will be to assess the general awareness of candidates about
different aspect of five year plans till date, various programmes of
urban and rural development, economic planning and its evaluation
and status of Madhya Pradesh in the context of Country.

8. Administrative Structure of Madhya Pradesh
Questions will be related to general knowledge of candidates about
administrative units - Division, District, Tehsil and Development-
Blocks; their relationship and administrative structure.

9. Rural and Urban Administrative Structure
Questions will be pertaining to the general knowledge of candidate
about organization and administrative structure of Pachayati Raj,
Municipality and Municipal corporation.

10. Games and Sports
Attempt will be made to assess the awareness of candidates related to
organization, management and facilities for different games and
sports. The questions will also be related to different State awards,
and personalities and contribution of Government and non
Government agencies.

Part – II

Culture, Literature, Music, Dance, Arts and History of Madhya

1. Culture
The questions will be related to nature, types their salient features and
impact on human life.

2. Literature
(1) Ancient - Kalidas, Bharthari, Bhavbhuti, Vanabhatta.
(2) Medieval - Keshav, Padmakar, Bhushan.
(3) Modern - Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Subhadra Kumari
Chauhan, Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Balkrishna Sharma
"Navin", Bhavani Prasad Mishra, Harishankar Parsai, Sharad
Joshi, Mulla Ramoozi, Shiv-Mangal Singh, Suman and
Nanddulare Vajpai
(4) Folk Literature / Dialects of Madhya Pradesh. Isuri, Singaji..

3. Music & Dance Tradition
(1) Music Tradition - Tansen, Ustad Allauddin Khan, Ustad Hafiz
Ali Khan, Pandit Krishna Rao, Shankar Pandit, Rajabhaiya
Poonchwale, Ustad Amir Khan, Kumar Gandharva, Maharaj
Chakradhar Singh Pandit Kartik Ram.
(2) Dance tradition - Major styles of folk music, major folk dances.

4. Arts
Questions of general nature will be related to characteristics of Rock
painting, folk panting, modern painting school and important
painters. It will also have questions related to major folk and other

5. Major Scheduled Tribes
It will assess the general awareness of candidates related to names,
characteristics, habitats, major fairs and festivals and cultural
structure of major scheduled tribes. It will also have questions related
to different programmes of State Government for the upliftment of
Scheduled Tribes.

6. Programmes of State Government in the field of Culture
The questions will attempt to assess general knowledge of the
candidate related to literasy academics and institutions. The questions
will also be related to different Music and Fine Arts Schools and
Cultural festivals. There will be questions awards given by the state for
the significant contribution in the filed of literature, music and fine

7. Archaeological Heritage
The questions of general knowledge will be related to significance and
characteristics of major historical, archaeological and tourist places.

8. Historical perspective of Madhya Pradesh
The questions will be related to creation of M.P. and important
dynesties and rules of M.P., It will also have questions related to
contribution of M.P. in freedom movement.



There will be two parts
PART I , Compulsory for all the candidates.
PART II, There will be two optional sections (A & B)
Candidate will have to answer all the questions from the
opted - one section.


1. Elementary Agronomy
Classification of weeds and herbicides. Associated losses dueto
infestation of weeds. Weed management through cultural, chemical,
biological and integrated approach. Tillage and crop production. Water
use efficiency in relation to crop production. Criteria for scheduling
irrigation. Concepts of multiple cropping, multi-storey, relay and
intercropping and their importance.

2. General Horticulture
Orchard planning (Soils, Climate, Nutrition, Training, Pruning,
Flowering and fruiting problems and bearing habits), Bonsai. Nursery
management and propagation methods. Types of vegetable gardening;
Physiological disorders in vegetables and fruits. Principles and
methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetables and
processing techniques. Landscape, Floriculture including raising of
ornamental plants. Design and layout of gardens.

3. Basic genetics
Chromosome organization and functions - Mitotic and meiotic cell
division. Reproduction and fertilization - Mendel's experiments and
laws of inheritance. Gene interaction, Linkage and crossing over,
Chromosomal aberration. Cytoplasmic inheritance. Qualitative and
quantities traits. Nilsson-Ehle's experiment. Structure and replication
of genetic material. Gene expression. Central dogma. gene
transcription and translation. Genetic code. Operon model. Gene

4. Crop improvement
Center of Crop diversity, mode of reproduction, variability in plants,
Germsplasm Male sterility and self incompatibility. Heterosis and
inbreeding depression, Breeding methods for crop improvement

5. Plant protection
Classification and symptoms of plant diseases, Principles of plant
disease control including (exclusion, eradication, immunization and
protection) Classification of pesticides and formulations. Agents and
basic steps of biological control. Integrated diseases and insect pest
management. Principle methods of control of stored grain pest and
storage pests. Methods of rodent control. Spray equipments, their
selection and maintenance. Safety precautionary measures during
pesticide usage. Bee keeping (apiculture) and mushroom cultivation.
Legal control - plant quarantine and insecticidal act.

6. Basic agro-forestry
Silvi-culture and agro-forestry, Classification of agro-forestry system;
Waste land and watershed development through agro-forestry

7. Elements of crop physiology
Absorption and translocation of water and nutrients. Transpiration
and water economy. Photosynthesis and respiration. Growth analysis
and its importance. Photo-periodism and vernailisation. Growth
hormones, senescence and post-harvest physiology (seed dormancy,
storage physiology and fruit ripening)

8. Organic farming
Defination of organic Farming, Components and its role in sustainable
Agriculture Bio-fertilizers, production and use; Role of neem Products
in crop protection. Role of microorganisms in agriculture

9. Dry land farming
Dry land agriculture for sustaining agricultural production. Soil and
Water management with special reference to dry land agriculture.


There will be two optional sections (A & B) Candidate will have to
answer all the questions from the opted section.

Will be based on production & protection of the following main crops:

Field crop groups

Cereals : Wheat, rice, maize and sorghum
Pulses Crops : Pigeon pea ,chick pea, Urid and Mung
Oilseeds Crops : Soybean, groundnut, and rapeseed/mustard
Cash crops : Cotton and sugarcane

Will be based on production & protection of the following horticultural crops :

Horticultural crop groups

Fruits : Mango, citrus , banana and papaya
Vegetable crops : Potato, onion, cucurbits, tomato, okra and peas
Cole crops : Cauliflower and cabbage
Leafy vegetables : Spinach,
Flowers : Roses, merry gold, chrysanthemum, aster,
gaillardia and gladiolus
Spices : garlic, chillis, fenugreek, coriander


1. Seed technology
Seed technology : definition and importance. Varieties, Seed
germination and dormancy. Planting value. Seed and variety
deterioration. DUS and VCU test. Physical and genetic purity. Seed
health. Seed legislation and certification; Classes of seeds; basic
priniciples of Seed production and processing

2. Agricultural biotechnology
Methods and application of plant tissue culture; D.N.A. basedmarker
gene cloning and tools for recombinant DNA technology

3. Agricultural economics and farm management
Agriculture marketing and its problems; Marketing costs, Profit
margins and efficiencies. Cooperative marketing in India. EXIM
policies and farm commodities for export. Barriers of export in context
to WTO. Farm management, types and systems of farming and factors
affecting them.

4. Agricultural extension education
Rural society and institutions. Definitions, characteristics and
importance of social stratification and culture. Agricultural extensionits
importance; Importance and methods of extension training and
evaluation. Importance of rural development programmes in India in
post-independence period. Communication and diffusion of
agricultural innovations. Role of KVKs in dissemination of agricultural
technologies. Role and functions of ATMA

5. Agricultural statistics
Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Correlation and
regression. Graphs and diagrams

6. Computer application in agriculture
Types and classification of computers. Data operating systems. Library
function. Data management.

7. Soil Science and Microbiology
Processes and factors of soil formation. Soil Taxonomic classification.
Physico-chemical properties of soils. Soil fertility and fertilizers.
Integrated nutrient management. Problem soils and their
management. Essential plant nutrients, their distribution, functions
and cycling in soils. Microbial processes involved in recycling of plant
nutrients. Symbiotic and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Soil organic
matter and nutrient cycling. Soil survey, conservation and land use
planning. Processes and factors of erosion and runoff and their

8. Biodiversity and natural resource conservation
Natural resources (Forest and water), their management and
conservation. Environmental pollution (air, water, soil and nuclear)
and associated hazards to crops. Solid waste management. Utility of
plant genetic resources in crop improvement. Germplasm collection
and conservation.

9. Food science and food biochemistry
Biochemistry of carbohydrates and proteins. Types and properties of
amino acids. Types of vitamins and their sources. Classification and
nature of enzymes. Factors affecting activities of enzymes. Metabolism.
Chemistry of natural products (natural antibiotics and plant

10. Farm management
Farm management planning and budgeting. Role of farming systems
in sustainable agriculture. Significance of farm mechanization in
agricultural production


Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science


1. Animal Nutrition
Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Requirements for
maintenance, growth and production of milk, meat ,work, eggs and
Mineral and trace elements. Metabolism, source and role of minerals
and trace elements, their requirements for growth and production,
deficiency syndromes.
Vitamins, their sources, requirements, role in metabolism and
deficiency syndromes.
Feeding standards and measures of feed energy. Limitations of
different feeding systems. Feeding practices in livestock in normal and
drought conditions.
Feed additives in the ration of livestock and poultry; antibiotics and
hormonal compounds and other growth stimulators their uses and
Preservation of feed.
Feeding infants and growing. Importance of colostrums.
Feeding and care of expectant and nursing mothers.

2. Genetics and Animal Breeding
Probability applied to Mendelian inheritance. Hardy Weinberg law,
Poly morphism. Inheritance of quantitative traits. Casual components
of variation. Biometrical models and covariance between relatives. The
theory of path coefficient applied to genetic analysis. Heritability,
repeatability Estimation of additive, non additive and environmental
variance. Genetic and environmental correlations. Mating systems,
inbreeding, out breeding. Measurement of inbreeding, Aid to
selections, Breeding for threshold traits. Method of selection ,
Selection index, evolution of genetic gain, correlated response in
selection. Reciprocal. Recurrent selection. Hybridization. Choice of
effective breeding plan. Importance of breeding records in equines and
wild animals. stud books in wild animals and their utility in capitive
breeding programme.

Application of computer for statistical analysis in animal farms and
veterinary hospitals and epidemiology.

3. Semen quality, preservation and artificial insemination
Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, chemical and
physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo
and in vitro. Factors affecting semen preservation. Composition of
diluents, sperm concentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep
freezing techniques in cows, sheep and goats swine and poultry.
Biochemistry of semen, Care, sterilization and storage of equipments
used for artificial insemination.
Selection, care, training and maintenance of breeding bull for A.I.

4. Livestock production and Management
Comparison of diary farming in India with advanced countries.
Dairying under mixed farming and as a specialized farming, economic
dairy farming, starting of a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement
organization of the dairy farm. Procurement of goods, opportunities in
dairy farming, factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal. Herd
recording. budgeting, cost of milk production, pricing policy; Personnel
Wild and zoo animal management
Management of pack animal
Management of laboratory animals & fish production.

5. Milk Technology
Organization of rural milk procurement, collection and transport of
raw milk. Quality testing and grading raw milk. Grades of whole milk,
skimmed milk and cream.
Defects in processing, packing, storing, distribution and marketing of
milk and milk products and their remedial measures.
Nutritive properties of pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned,
sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milk.
Preparation of cultured milks. Cultures and their management.
Vitamin D, acidified and other special milks, Legal standards and
sanitation requirements for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant
Methods of preparation of butter, ghee, khoa, lassi, curd, ice cream
and cheese.

6. Hygiene
Veterinary Hygiene with respect to water, air and habitation.
Duties and role of Veterinarians in a slaughter house to provide meat
that is produced under ideal hygienic conditions.
By-products from slaughter houses and their economic utilization.
Methods of collection, preservation and processing of hormonal glands
for medicinal use.
Sanitation of animal houses. Source of air pollution in animal houses
and its effect on animal health and production.

7. Extension
Extension Education: evolution of extension education in India:
classification of extension, teaching methods, audiovisual aids, their
classification. Role of animals in the economy, health, sociopsychology
of rural, semi urban and urban society (role of farm stock,
companion animals, sports animals etc.)
Different methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions.
Utilization of fallen animals for profit extension education, etc.
Design trysen : Different possibilities and method to provide self
employment to educated youth under rural condition.
Cross breeding as a method of upgrading the local cattle.


1. Anatomy
Anatomy of ox and fowl. Histological technique freezing, paraffin
embedding etc. Common histological stain. Preparation and straining
of blood films. Mammalian Histology.
Structure and function of cell and cytoplasmic constituents:
Structure of nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, golgi bodies,
endoplasmic reticulum and ribasomes. Cell division: Mitosis and
Systemic embryology- stage wise study of embryo/ fetus of chicks,
cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and cat.

2. Physiology
Prenatal and post natal growth. Hormonal control of development of
udder and milk . Environmental factors affecting reproduction in
males and females. methods of ameliorating environmental stress.
Physiological relations and their regulations: mechanism of
adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanisms
involved in animal behavior. Methods of controlling climatic stress.
Physiology of circulation, respiration excretions, digestions and
Shock, its mechanism, classification of shock. Fluid and electrolyte
balance. Hypoxia role of respiration in acid base mechanism.
Respiration in poultry.

3. Pharmacology
Pharmacology of drugs acting on gastrointestinal, cardio-vascular,
urinary, respiratory, nervous, genital systems and endocrines.
Therapeutic agents against bacteria, protozoa fungi, parasites and
insects, including their mechanism of action. Common toxic
compounds and plants their effects and treatment.
Use of anticancer agent in animals, pharmacological and therapeutic
efficacy of indigenous drugs

4. Diseases
Common livestock and poultry diseases caused by bacteria, fungi
protozoa, viruses and parasites pertaining to their causal agents,
epidemiology, symptoms diagnostic methods, treatment and
prevention. Important zoonotic diseases . Toxicity caused by
agrochemicals and environmental toxicity. Methods of collection and
dispatch of material for laboratory diagnosis.
Principles of immunity and immunization:
Principles of epidemiology, public health aspects of food products of
animal origin (meat. egg. milk and fish) their inspection and

5. Surgery
Anaesthesia in animals.
Common surgical affections of different systems of the body. Diseases
of locomotion system with special reference to soundness, health
identification, principles of radiology.
Electrotherapy in veterinary practice.
Familiarisation with fluoroscopic examination and ultrasonography

6. Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence in veterinary practice. Common offences towards
animals. Common adulteration practices regarding milk and milk
products and meat and their detection.
Laws relating to offences affecting public health.
Laws relating to adulteration of drugs
Evidence procedure in court
Legal duties of veterinarian
Code of conduct and ethics for veterinarian.





1. Microbiology
Structure, classification, reproduction and economic importance of
Virus, phytoplasma ( mycoplasma), bacteria and cyanobacteria .
Microbes in industry and agriculture.

2. Plant Pathology
Knowledge of plant diseases caused by fungi, modes of infection and
methods of control.

3. Plant Diversity
Structure, reproduction, life history, classification and economic
importance of algae, fungi, bryophytes pteridophytes and

4. Angiosperms
Tissue and tissue systems. Morphology and anatomy of root, stem and
leaf. Developmental aspect and anomalous primary and secondary
structures. Morphology of flower, structure of anther and ovule,
microsporogenesis and megasporogenesis, fertilization and embryo
development. Seed development.

5. Taxonomy
Priniciples of nomenclature and classification of angiosperms. Modern
trends in taxonomy. A general account of the following families :
Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Malvaceae, Rutaceae, Fabaceae
(Leguminosae), Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Solanaceae,
Lamiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Liliaceae and Poaceae. Botanical gardens.


Cell Biology, Genetics and Evolution, Plant Physiology, Ecology and Economic Botany

1. Cell Biology
Cell as unit of structure & function. Prokaryotic and eukerayotic cells.
Ultra structure and functions of plasma membrane, endoplasmic
reticulum, mitochondria, ribosomes chloroplasts and nucleus.
Chromosomes : Structure, chemical nature and behaviour during
mitosis and meiosis. Special types of chromosomes.

2. Genetics and Evolution
Mendelism, concept of gene, structure and types of DNA and RNA,
genetic code, protein synthesis and regulation. Theories of organic
evolution and evidences.

3. Plant Physiology
Absorption and conduction of water. Transpiration, Mineral nutrition.
Photosynthesis, Respiration, Photorespiration, Enzymes, Nitrogen
metabolism and fermentation. Growth, plant hormones and their
functions. Photoperiodism. Seed dormancy and germination.

4. Ecology
Scope of Ecology, ecological factors, structure, function and dynamics
of Ecosystem. Plant communities and succession. Applied aspects of
ecology including conservation, control of pollution and management
of natural resources. Endangered plants, endemism and red data
book. Global warming, acid rains and ozone layer depletion.

5. Economic Botany
Plants as sources of food, fodder, fibers, spices, beverages, medicines
and timber.




1. Symmetry
Symmetry elements and symmetry operations. Recognition of
symmetry point group and symmetry elements in AB2 and AB3

2. Atomic structure
Idea of de Broglie matter waves. Heisenberg's uncertainity principle,
Schrodinger wave equation (time independent). Significance of ? and
? 2, particle in one-dimensional box, quantum numbers, radial and
angular wave functions, shapes of s. p, d and orbitals, Aufbau
principle, Hund's multiplicity rule, Pauli exclusion principle.
Effective nuclear charge.

3. Chemical bonding
Ionic bond, percent ionic character from dipole moment and
electronegativity difference, characteristics of ionic compounds,
factors affecting stability of ionic compounds, lattice energy, Born-
Haber cycle; covalent bond and its general characteristics, polarities
of bonds in molecules and their dipole moments. Valency bond
theory, concept of resonance and resonance energy. Molecular
orbital theory (LCAO method); bonding in homonuclear and
heteronuclear molecules: H2+, H2 to Ne2, NO, CO. The concept of
hybridization, character of bonds, bond angles and bond length.
Hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces. Metallic bonding.

4. Solid State
Forms of solids, law of constancy of interfacial angles, crystal
systems and crystal classes (crystallographic groups). Designation of
crystal faces, lattice structures and unit cell. Laws of rational
indices. Bragg's law. X-ray diffraction by crystals. Close packing,
radious ratio rules, calculation of some limiting radius ratio values.
Structures of NaCl, CsCl, and KCl. crystal Imperfections in crystals.
Elementary study of liquid crystals.

5. Thermodynamics
Thermodynamic systems, states and processes, work, heat and
internal energy; first law of thermodynamics, work done on the
systems and heat absorbed in different types of processes;
calorimetry, energy and enthalpy changes in various processes and
their temperature dependence.
Second law of thermodynamics; entropy as a state function, entropy
changes in various process, entropy–reversibility and irreversibility,
Free energy functions; criteria for equilibrium, relation between
equilibrium constant and thermodynamic quantities; Nernst heat
theorem and third law of thermodynamics.
Thermodynamics derivations of -
Gibbs-Helmholtz equation,
law of mass action and
Clapeyron-Clausius equations.

6. Electrochemistry
Conductivity and its applications to determine -
Dissociation constant of weak electrolyte
Solubility product of sparingly soluble salts
Conductrometric titration.
Debye-Huckel theory of strong electrolytes.
Galvanic cells, concentration cells; electrochemical series, measure -
ment of e.m.f. of cells, fuel cells and batteries.
Processes at electrodes; double layer at the interface of metal and
solvent; rate of charge transfer, current density; overpotential.

7. Chemical kinetics
Concentration dependence of rate of reaction; defferential and
integral rate equations for zeroth, first, and second order of
reactions. Effect of temperature and pressure on rate constant.
Collisions and transition state theories.

8. Photochemistry
Absorption of light; decay of excited state by different routes;
photochemical reactions between hydrogen and halogens and their
quantum yields.

9. Surface phenomena and catalysis
Absorption from gases and solutions on solid adsorbents, Freundlich
and Langmuir adsorption isotherm; determination of surface area,
characteristics and mechanism of reaction on heterogeneous

10. Bio-inorganic chemistry
Essential and trace elements in biological processes,
metalloporphyrins with special reference to haemoglobin and
myoglobin. nitrogen fixation, oxygen-uptake proteins, cytochromes
and ferredoxins. Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal

11. Coordination chemistry
(1) Introduction to bonding theories in transition metal complexes:
Valency bond theory, crystal field theory, Ligand field theory
and molecular orbital theory.
(2) Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes: Magnetic
moment (spin only and with L-S coupling), orbital contribution
to magnetic moment.
(3) Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: Spectroscopic
ground and excited states, types of electronic transitions,
selection rules for d-d transitions. Spectrochemical series.
Orgel-energy level diagram for d1 to d9 states.
(4) Isomerism in coordination compounds. IUPAC nomenclature of
coordination compounds; stereochemistry of complexes with 4,
5 and 6 coordination numbers; chelate effect and
polynuclear complexes; trans effect and its theories;
thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes.
(5) Organometallic chemistry: Synthesis, structure and bonding in
metal carbonyl complexes, metal olefin complexes and metal
alkyne complexes. Oxidative addition reactions.

12. General chemistry of inner transition elements
Lanthanides and actinides: Occurrence, separation, oxidation states
and magnetic properties; lanthanide contraction.


1. Reaction mechanisms
General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of
mechanism of organic reactions illustrated by examples–use of
isotopes, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry; energy diagrams of
simple organic reactions–transition states and intermediates; energy
of activation; thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.

2. Reactive intermediates
Generation, geometry, stability and reactions of carbonium ions,
carbanions, free radicals, carbenes and benzynes.

3. Name reactions
Aldol condensation, Claisen condensation, Perkin reaction,
Knoevenagel reaction, Wittig reaction, Wolff-Kishner reduction,
Cannizzaro reaction and von Richter reaction; benzoin condensation;
Fischer indole synthesis, Skraup synthesis, Sandmeyer reaction,
Reimer-Tiemann reaction and Reformatsky reaction.

4. Synthetic polymers
Addition or chain growth polymerization free radical vinyl
polymerization, ionic vinyl polymerization, Ziegler-Natta
polymerization, viryl polymerization Condensation or step growth
polymerization. Polyesters, polyamides, phenol-formaldehyde resins,
urea-formaldehyde resins, epoxy resins.

5. Photochemistry
Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds, excited and
ground states, singlet and triplet states, Jablonski diagram.
Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Quantum yield and energy
transfer process.

6. Organic spectroscopy
Problems pertaining to the structure elucidation of simple organic
compounds using UV-visible, IR and NMR spectroscopy.

7. Heterocyclic compounds
Molecular orbital picture and aromatic characteristic of pyrrole,
furane, thiophene and pyridene. Methods of synthesis and chemical
reactions with particular emphasis on the mechanism of electrophilic
substitution. Comparison of basicity of pyridene, piperidene and
pyrrole. Preparation and reactions of indole, quinoline and

8. Stereochemistry of carbon compounds
Elements of symmetry, chiral and achiral compounds. Fischer
projection formulae; optical isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids,
enantiomerism and diastereoisomerism; configuration (relative and
absolute); conformations of ethane and n-butane, and cyclohexane. D,
L-and R, S-notations of compounds containing chiral centres;
projection formulae-Fischer, Newman and Sawhorse of compounds
containing two adjacent chiral centres; meso and dl-isomers, erythro
and threo isomers; racemization nd resolution; geometrical isomers; E
and Z notations.

9. Organometallic compounds
Preparation and synthetic uses of Grignard reagents, alkyl lithium

10. Active methylene compounds
Diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate-applications in organic
synthesis; tautomerism (keto-enol).

11. Analytical chemistry
Errors in quantitative analysis, classification of errors, minimization
of errors, precision and accuracy, significance of figures, coprecipitation
and post-precipitation, optimum conditions for
precipitation, choice of indicators in the acid –base titration, theories
of indicators, principle of EDTA titration. Numerical questions on
Quantitative estimation of pyrolusite, iodometry, silver coin, acidbase
titration, redox titration.

Civil Engineering


1. Structural Analysis
Determinate and Indeterminate Structures, Degrees of Freedom. Static
and Kinematic indeterminacy, Principle of Superposition, Virtual
Work, Energy theorem, Deflection of Trusses, Redundant Frames.
Analysis of Determinate and Indeterminate Arches, their influence
Rolling loads, influence lines for Determinate Beams and Pin-jointed
Frames. Mullar Breslau’s Principle and influence lines for
Indeterminate Beams and Frames.
Slope Deflection, Moment Distribution and Kani’s methods. Column
Analogy, Energy Methods for analysis of indeterminate beams and
frames. approximate methods for analysis of Rigid Frames.
Matrix Methods of analysis, Stiffness and Flexibility Matrices of
Beams. Frames & Trusses, Elements of Plastic analysis.
2. Structral Design

(1) Steel Design
Factors of Safety and Load Factors.
Rivetted and Welded connections of Members, Design of Tension,
Compression and Flexural members, built-up beams and Plate
Girder Slab and Guesseted Bases for Columns, Design of Roof
Trusses. Purling and Coverings, Structural Steel tubes and their
connections Industrial and Multi-Storyed Buildings Water tank
and supporting tower’s design. Plastic Design of Continuous
Beams & Frames.
(2) R.C. Design
Working Stress and Limit State methods for design of
Rectangular, T and L Beams, Slabs and Columns.
Isolated and Combined footings, Raft Foundations.
Overhead, Resting on ground and Underground Water Tanks.
Design of Bunkers and Silos.
Methods and Systems of Prestressing, Anchorages. Losses in
Prestress, Design of Prestressed Concrete Beams.

3 Construction Planning and Management
Detailed estimates, specifications, analysis and rates of various works
in civil engineering .
Construction activity , work break down structures , scheduling
through CPM and PERT analysis , cost optimization through network
construction, Float times, Bar charts , Project control and supervision
, cost reduction measures,
Cost analysis and resource allocation ,
Fundamentals of engineering economics , methods of appraisal ,
present work, annual costs , benefit cost analysis, Types of tenders
and contract conditions .

4. Environmenal Engineering
Water Demand – Per capita Demand, Population Estimation methods
Water Quality Criteria for various uses viz. Domestic & Non-Domestic,
Irrigation effects & significance of important parameters and
permissible concentration as per relevant standards.
Transmission of Water- relative merits & demerits of various pipes viz
C.I. G.I. Mild Steel.
A.C. Pressure Pipes. Corrosion of Pipes-types & Methods of control
System of distribution & layouts of distribution.
Unit Processes & Operations for Water Treatment viz, Objectives and
Design criteria of Sedimentation, Coagulation, Flocculation, Chemical
Sedimentation. Filtration ( slow sand & rapid sand), Disinfection,
Quantity & Characterization of Domestic Sewage-significance of
B.O.D., C.O.D., D.O. ,Solids. T.O.C. , N.O.D.
Effluent Standards, River Standards.
Sewage System-Design of Sewer & Storm Sewer, Sewage Pumps.
Design of Screens, Grit Chamber.
Design of Primary Sedimentation tank.
Design of Biological Treatment Units viz Trickling filters, Activated
Sludge Treatment and Secondary Sedimentation tank.
Waste Stabilization Ponds- Aerobic, Anaerobic & Facultative Ponds,
design criteria and principles.
Sludge Treatment- Digestion & Sludge Disposal.
Septic Tanks-design criteria & working
Self Purification of Streams- oxygen sag curve.
Types of Pollution-Sources & effects of various pollution viz., Water,
Air, Land & Noise, Relevant standards.
Rural Sanitation, Solid Waste- collection & disposal.


1. Water Resources Engineering
Water Resources in the Globe, Available Fresh Water. Need for
Optimum use of Available water, Schemes for Drinking, Irrigation,
Hydro Power, Multipurpose Schemes.
Irrigation - Necessity, Scope, Benefits & Effects.
Methods & Systems of Irrigation, their efficiencies. Water Distribuion
& Scheduling techniques.
Crop Water Requirements, Evapotranspiration, Consumptive Use,
Duty, Delta, Base Period their relation, Crop Rotation, Quality of
Irrigation Water.
Hydrology - Hydrological Cycle, Precipitation – Types, Measurement,
Raingauge Network, Analysis of Precipitation Data, Dependability
Analysis, Unit Hydrograph, Summation & Synthetic Hydrographs,
Design Flood by UH & Frequency Studies.
Ground Water - Class & Availability of Soil Moisture. Aquifers-
Confined & Unconfined. Open & Tube Wells, Radial Flow in Wells,
Depuit’s Theory. Darey’s Law, Seepage Analysis using Flow Nets. Yield
of Wells, determination.
Storage Scheme - Reservoir Planning, Capacity, Yield, Life. Gravity &
Earthen Dams. Forces Acing, Modes of Failure, Stability Criteria,
Design. Galleries. Shafts. Joints in Gravity Dams. Foundation
Spillways, Types, Design of Ogee & Syphon Spillways. Energy
Dissipating Devices, Design of Stilling Basins.
Diversion Schemes - Structures on Pervious Formations, Bligh’s &
Khosla’s Theory, Hydraulic Jump, Design of Vertical Drop Weir &
Distribution System - Canals – Classification, Layout, Alignment,
Capacity, Design of Canals. Silt Theories, Canal Regulation
Structures. Design of Head & Cross Regulators, Canal Falls, Cross
Drainage Works, and Outlets, Escapes.
Water Logging - Causes, Effects, Remedial Measures, Losses in
Canals, Canal Lining, Types. Advantages, Conjunctive use of Surface
& Ground Water.
River Training - Objective & Methods, Concepts of Hydro Power

2. Transportation Engineering
Railways - Permanent Way, Sleepers, Rail Fastenings, Ballast, Points
and Crossings, different types of Turn Outs.
Stations and Yards, Turn Tables, Signals and Interlocking, Level
Maintenance of Track, Super-elevation, Creep of Rails, Ruling
Gradients, Track Resistance. Tractive Efforts, Curve Resistance .
Highways & Airports - Principles of Highway Planning, Highway
Geometrical design, Cross-section. Camber, Super-elevation.
Horizontal and Vertical curves. Classification of Roads.
Design and Construction of Flexible and Rigid pavements for Highway
and Airfields.
Evaluation of Pavement Failure and Strengthening, Drainage of Roads.
Traffic Engineering : Traffic Surveys, Highway Capacity, Intersections,
Rotary Design Elements, Signs, Signals and Markings.
Selection of Airport Sites, Windrose Diagram & Runway Orientation.
Runway and Taxiway Geometric and Lighting.
Bridge Engineering - Selection of Site, Design Data collection,
Hydraulic Design, Scour Depth for Bridge Foundation, Economic
Type of Road and Railway Bridges, Design Loads and Forces, Impact
Factor, Indian Loading Standards.
Super Structure & Sub Structure, Abutments, Piers, Wing Walls,
Return Approaches.

3. Geotechnical Engineering
Index Properties of Soil, Classification of Soils. Clay Minerals.
Capillary Water, Permeability, Factors Affecting Permeability, Lab and
field methods. Permeability of stratified soil deposits.
Seepage Pressure, Quick Sand Condition, Flow Net, its properties &
Stess distributioin in soils, Boussinesq’s theory. Newmark’s Chart.
Consolidation and Settlement : Terzaghi’s theory, Consolidation test.
Settlement computiation. Time Settlement cureve.
Compaction tests & their significance, factors affecting compaction.
Shear Strength Parameters, Shear Tests, Mohr Coulomb’s failure
theory, Skempton’s Pore Pressure coefficients.
Earth Pressure at rest, Active and Passive Pressures, Rankine’s and
Coulomb’s theory.
Bearing capacity, Terzaghi’s analysis, factors affecting Bearing
Capacity, Plate Load Test.
Stability of Slopes, Sweedish Slip Circle method and Bishop’s
simplified method. Stability Number.
Sub-surface exploration. Methods, sampling, SPT, DCPT and Static
Cone Penetration Test, Electrical Resistivity and Seismic method.
Essential features of Foundation , types, design criteria, Rafts.
Pile Foundation, Types of Piles, Pile Capacity, Pile Load Test. Group
Action. Static/Dynamic formulae.
Elements of Machine Foundation, Natural frequency, Amplification
and Resonance.
Ground Improvement Techniques, Sand Drains, Soil Stabilization,




Accounting , Auditing, Income Tax and Statistics

1. Company Accounts
Problems on amalgamations (absorption and reconstruction) and
liquidation of joint stock companies. Analysis and interpretation of
published Accounts. Valuation of shares and Goodwill.

2. Cost & Management Accounts:
Techniques of cost control and cost reduction. Process Costing. Cost
volume profit relationship and Decision making, Budgetary control
and standard costing.

3. Auditing
Programming of audit work. Valuation & verification of Assets and
Liabilities. Audit of a limited company, Powers, duties & liabilities of
company auditor. Auditor's Report Audit of Computerised A/C & use
of Computers in the Audit of A/c

4. Income Tax
Provisions of Income Tax Act - pertaining to assessment of individuals.
Exempted Income & deductions from Gross Total income.
Computation of Taxable Income & Tax liability.

5. Statistics
Definition, scope & importance. Measurements of Central tendency,
Dispersion, Skew ness Correlation and Index Number.


Business Management & Finance

1. Concept of Modern Management
Scope & principles. Management as a "change agent" Functions of
management - Planning, Organisation, Staffing, Direction, coordination
& control. Decision-making- concept, Process & techniques,
Social responsibilities of management.

2. Human Resources & Industrial Relations
Recruitment, selection, induction and training systems. Wage
payment, Motivation, Communication & Leadership styles, Causes of
Industrial dispute & its settlement.

3. Marketing and Sales Management
Modern concept of marketing, Functions and process of marketing,
Marketing - Mix Marketing, Research, Methods of Sales - Promotion,
Advertisement and large scale retailing.

4. Business Finance
Objectives, Concept of maximization of wealth, Source of finance -
Short term, Medium term and Long term; Capital structure, Working
capital, cost of capital. Optimum Dividend Policy.

5. Financial Institutions & Indian Capital market
Monetary & Credit Policies of Reserve Bank of India. Principal
constituents of Indian capital market. Role of stock exchanges and
their main functions, Mutual funds : Evolution & expansion, Problem
of Direct Foreign Investment in Indian Business and Industries.
Disinvestment of Govt. holdings in Public sector undertakings in




Economic activities and circular flow of income, nature of Micro
and Macro economics. Basic problems of the economy, concept
and measurement of National Income.

2. Consumer behaviour -
Law of demand, Elasticity of demand,
Utility analysis and indifference curves technique.

3. Producer's behaviour - Production function, Laws of Returns.
Returns of Scale. Cost curves.

4. Price Theory - Price determination under different market
conditions, pricing of factors of production.

5. Keynesian Theory of employment and model of income

6. Banking - Objectives and instruments of credit control.
Monetary and credit policies in a planned developing economy.

Types and principles of taxation, Principles of public
expenditure, Objectives and instruments of Fiscal Policy, Centre -
state financial relations.

8. International Trade - Theories of International Trade, Trade
Liberalization and W.T.O. , Role of foreign capital in economic
development, determination of exchange rates, balance of

9. International Monetary Institutions - I.B.R.D., I.M.F. and
Asian Development Bank.

10. Environmental implications of development - Renewable and
non renewable resources, Pollution - land, water, air and deforestation.


Indian Economy

Basic charatistics of Indian economy. Human and natural
resources, Structure of Indian Economy and composition of
India's National Income, problems of urban and rural economy.

2. Agricultural Development - Agricultural Policy, land reforms,
green revolution and its aftermath, programmes of rural

3. Industrial Development- Industrial policy, public and private
sector- privatization of public sector. Problems of Industrial
development in India. Policies of infrastructure development in

4. Economic Reforms and social justice in India, Regulation of
capital market, foreign currency market and foreign investment.

5. Fiscal and monetary policy in India - objectives and recent
budgetary trends, Reserve Bank of India and monetary policy.
Financial sector reforms and Banking.

6. Recent trends in India's foreign trade and balance of payments.
Currency convertibility on current and capital account. Impact of
W.T.O. on Indian Economy.

7. Indian Planning - objectives and strategies, achievements and
failures of Indian Planning, Problems of Indian planning.

8. Study of Madhya Pradesh Economy - Natural resources,
Human resources, Possibilities & Problems of Agricultural and
Industrial development, State domestic product, Resource

Electrical Engineering


1. Circuit theory
Circuit Components, Network graphs, KCL, KVL, Circuit analysis
methods: Nodal analysis, mesh analysis, basic network theorems;
transient analysis : RL, RC and RLC Circuits; sinusoidal steady state
analysis, resonance, Quality factor, balanced three phase circuit
analysis. Frequency domain analysis Laplace's transform, Fourier
series (trigonometric & exponential). two port networks and their
various parameters; Poles and Zeros driving point & transfer function.
Passive filter design theory.

2. Electro Magnetic field Theory and Materials
Electrostatic and Magneto static field Laplace's and Poisson's
equations, Boundary value problems and solutions; Maxwell's
equation, Electromagnetic wave propagation : Reflection and refraction
of plane waves. Poynting vector, wave propagation through dielectrics
and conductors. Electrical/electronic behaviour of materials :
conductivity; free-electrons and band-theory; intrinsic and extrinsic
semi-conductor, p-n junction; solar cells, super-conductivity.
Dielectric behaviour of materials : polarization phenomena; piezoelectric
phenomena. Magnetic material:, superconductivity.

3. Measurement and Instrumentation
Error analysis, Measurement of current, voltage, power, energy, power
factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency Analysis of
Bridges. Electronic measuring instruments: Multimeter, CRO, digital
volt meter, frequency counter, Q-meter. transducers, measurements of
non-electrical quantities by electrical methods, measurement of
displacement, temperature, velocity, pressure, Signal conditioning,
Date acquisition system.

4. Analog and Digital Electronics
Characteristics and equivalent Circuits (for small & large signals) of
Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET Clipping, clamping and rectifier
circuits, Biasing and bias stability. Amplifiers : single and multi-stage,
differential, operational, feedback and power. Analysis of amplifiers;
frequency-response of amplifiers. OPAMP circuits. Filters; sinusoidal
oscillators : criterion for oscillation; single-transistor and OPAMP
configurations. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. Power

Boolean Algebra, Boolean function minimization. Logic gates,
Combinatorial Circuits : arithmetic circuits, code converters.
multiplexers and decoders, sequential circuit : latches and flip flops,
Counters, Shift registers, Comparators, timers, multivibrators, Sample
and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories, logic
implementation using programmable devices (ROM, PLA etc.)

5. Power Electronics
Semiconductor power devices: diode, transistor, SCR, triac, GTO,
MOSFET & IGBT, triggering circuits. Phase Control rectifiers. bridge
converters : fully Controlled and half Controlled, principles of
choppers and inverters.

6. Signals and Systems
Representation and continuous time and discrete time signals and
systems; Linear ime Invariant systems; Convolution, impulse
response; time domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution
and differential equations, Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z
transform, transferfunction, sampling of signals, DFT, FFT, processing
of analog signals through discrete time systems.



1. Control System
Fundamental of control systems, block diagram algebra, Signal flow
graph and Mason's gain formulae, Linear Time Invariant Systems;
Time domain and frequency response. Proportional, PI and PID
Control strategies. Stability analysis; Routh Hurwitz Criterion, Nyquist
criterion, Design of lead-lag compensators. State Space models,
Controllability and observability. Principles of discrete Control

2. Microprocessors and Microcomputers
8 bit microprocessor 8085 : Architecture, CPU, module design,
memory interfacing and I/O, interrupts, PPI 8255.


Heavy Currents

1. Electromechanical energy Conversion
Principles of electromechanical energy conversion, Torque and emf in
rotating machines, characteristics and performance analysis of DC
machines and their starting and speed control. Transformers:
Principles of operation and analysis, regulation, Three phase
transformer, Three phase induction machines, and sychronous
machines: Their characteristics and performance analysis, speed
control. Special machines : Stepper motors, Brushless DC motors,
switched reluctance motors, permanent magnet motors, Single phased
induction motor (FHP motors) : Performance and analysis;

2. Industrial Drives & Utilisation
Basic Concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives.
Applications of Variable speed drives V/f control, Quadrant operation
of drives, Concept of Cycloconverts & Dual Converts fed AC & DC
Rating & characteristic of traction motors, dielectric & induction

3. Power Systems Analysis and control
Performance evaluation of overhead transmission lines and cables,
fundamentals of active and reactive power transfer, voltage control
and power factor correction, per unit representation, Bus admittance
and impedance matrices, Load flow study, Economic operation of
power system, Symmetrical components, Analysis of symmetrical and
unsymmetrical faults, concept of stability, swing curve and equal area
criterion, static VAR systems, basic concepts of HVDC transmission,
series and shunt compensation, FACTS. speed control of generators,
tie line control and frequency control.

4. Switch gear and protection
Principle of over current, differential and distance protection, concept
of solid state relays and circuit brakers various protection scheme for
transmission lines, generator and transformer. Protection against


Light Current

1. Analog communication
Random variables - continuous, discrete, probability density
functions, statistical averages, random signals, and noise, noise
equivalent bandwidth, signal transmission with noise, signal to noise
ratio, amplitude modulation, DSB, DSB-SC and SSB, modulators and
demodulators, phase and frequency modulation, PM and FM signals,
narrowband FM, generation and detection of FM and PM.

2. Digital communication
Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation
(DPCM), Delta modulation (DM), Digital modulation and demodulation
schemes : Amplitude phase and frequency, keying schemes, (ASK,
PSK, FSK), Error control coding, error detection and correction, linear
block codes, convolution codes.

3. Satellite Communication, Radar and T
Satellite communication, general overview and technical
characteristics earth station equipments, satellite link design, CNR of
satellite systems, Radar : basic principles, pulsed systems : CW
Doppler radar, FMCW radar, Phase array radar, television systems
and standards, colour TV transmission and receiver systems.

4. Microwaves & Antenna
Electromagnetic radiation, Propagation of waves - ground waves, sky
wave, space wave, tropospheric scatter propagation. Extraterrestrial
communications. Antenna : Various types, gain, resistance, bandwidth,
beam width and polarization, effect of ground. Antenna
coupling; high frequency antennas; microwave antennas; special
purpose antennas. Microwave Services : Klystron, magnetron, TWT,
gun diodes, Impatt, Bipolar and FETs, Microwave integrated circuits.
Microwave measurements.

5. Fiber Optic Systems
Multiplexing - Time division multiplexing, frequency division
multiplexing, optical properties of materials, refractive index
absorption and emission of light, optical fibers lasers and
optoelectronic materials, fiber optic links.





Physical Geography

1. Geomorphology
(1) Origin of the Earth- Theories regarding the origin of the earth.
(2) Earth’s crust- Origin of rocks, their types, Interior of the
earth, Theories regarding the origin of continents and
mountains, Agents of denudation- Weathering and Erosion,
Work of running water, underground water, glacier, wind and
oceanic waves. Earthquakes, Volcanoes and their world
(3) Landforms- Mountains, Plateaus and Plains-types and their
world distribution

2. Climatology
(1) Atmosphere: Structure and composition of atmosphere,
Vertical distribution of atmospheric layers and their
(2) Temperature: Horizontal distribution of temperature.
(3) Pressure and wind system: Pressure belts of the globe, Types
of winds and their distribution, local winds, jet stream, Air
masses and Fronts, Cyclones and Anticyclones and their
related weather.
(4) Humidity, Condensation and Precipitation: Measurement of
humidity in the air, Types of condensation and precipitation,
Distribution of precipitation over the globe.
(5) Classification of Climates: The general classification of world
climate by Koppen and Thornthwaite.

3. Oceanography:
(1) Relief features of the ocean beds, Origin of continental shelf,
continental slope and basims , ocean deeps and ocean
(2) Temperature and salinity of oceans- causes and regional
(3) Oceanic movements: Waves, Currents and Tide.
(4) Marine deposits and Coral reefs: Source, types and
distribution of marine deposits, Origin of coral reefs,
important coral reefs of the world.


Geographical Concepts, Human and Economic Geography

1. New Trends in Geography
Concept of distance, space, region, regionalization and
regionalism, Environmental sustainability.

2. Human Geography
(1) Population- growth, density and distribution in the world,
Population problems of the developed and developing
(2) Settlements: origin, types and pattern of rural settlements,
Process of urbanization, Morphology and functional
classification of towns.

3. Economic Geography
(1) Geography of primary production: Agriculture-wheat, rice,
sugarcane, tea, coffee, cotton, rubber. livestock and fisheries.
(2) Minerals: world production and distribution of iron ore,
manganese, tin, and bauxite.
(3) Power Resources; world distribution of coal, petroleum, and
(4) Industries: Iron and steel, Cotton textile and Petro chemical
industry, Major industrial regions of the world.
(5) Transport and Communication: Major land, sea and air routes
of the world, Changes in the world economy in the context of


Geography of India with special reference to Madhya Pradesh

1. Physical Aspects
Geological history of Indian sub-continent, Physiographic divisions
and drainage system, Physical divisions of Madhya Pradesh.

2. Climate
Temperature and pressure conditions, Origin and mechanism of
Indian monsoon, Distribution of rainfall, Climatic regions, Distribution
of rainfall and water scarcity areas of Madhya Pradesh.

3. Soils and Natural Vegetation
Soil types and their distribution, Forest types and their distribution.
Problems of soil erosion in Madhya Pradesh, Forest resources of
Madhya Pradesh.

4. Population and Settlements
Growth, density and distribution of population, Population policies of
India. Tribes of Madhya Pradesh, Process of urbanization in India,
Problems of Indian cities.

5. Economic Aspects
(1) Agriculture - Major crops- their distribution and changing
pattern. Contemporary issues of agricultural sector- Impact of
green revolution,Market economy and globalization and its
impact on agriculture pattern and changing trends in M.P.
(2) Minerals and Power Resources - Distribution and
production of Iron ore, Manganese, Bauxite, Mica, Coal,
Petroleum and Hydroelectricity
(3) Industries - Factors of localization and distribution of Iron
and Steel, Cotton textile, Sugar and Cement industries .
Emerging industrial areas of Madhya Pradesh.
(4) Trade and Transport - Indian road and rail transport
network. Changing pattern of Indian international trade.
(5) Regional Development and Planning - Concept of regional
imbalance and regional planning. Problems and planning of
hill areas, drought prone areas and flood prone areas.
Narmada valley development in Madhya Pradesh.




General Geology and Geodynamics, Geomorphology, Structural Geology Stratigraphy and Palaeontology

1.General Geology & Geodynamics
The solar system, meteorites, origin and interior of the earth.
Radioactivity and age of the earth. Volcanoes: Causes and products,
volcanic belts. Earthquakes : causes, effects, earthquakes belts,
seismicity of India. Intensity and magnitude, seismographs. Island
arcs, deep sea trenches and mid-oceanic ridges. Continental drift:
evidences and mechanics; sea floor spreading, plate tectonics,
Isostasy, orogeny and epeiorogeny.

2. Geomorphology and Remote Sensing
Basic concepts of geomorphology. Weathering and mass wasting.
Landforms, slopes and drainage. Geomorphic cycle and their
interpretation. Morphology and its relation to structures and lithology.
Elementary idea about applications of geomorphology. Geomorphology
of Indian subcontinent.
Applications of remote sensing in geology.

3. Structural Geology
Fold, fault - their morphology, classification, recognition and effect on
outcrops. joints : classification and importance. Unconformities :
types, recognition and significance. Definition and classification of
foliation and lineation and their relation to major structures.
Recognition of top and bottom of beds. Concept of rock deformation.
Tectonic framework of India. Geological maps : structural &
lithological symbols and map reading.

4. Stratigraphy
Geological time scale, Principles of stratigraphy, stratigraphic
classification and nomenclature. Stratigraphic correlation. Detail
study of various geological formations of Indian - subcontinent. Brief
study of climates and igneous activities in Indian sub-continent
during geological past. Permo - Triassic boundary problem.

5. Palaeontology
Fossilization, Mode of preservation and uses of fossils, Morphology
and geological history of Rugose coral, Groptolite, Trilobite,
Brachiopoda, Mollusca : Lamellibranchia, Gastrophoda, Cephalopoda,
Echinoidea. Basic idea about micropaleontology. Brief study of
vertebrate paleontology. Gondwana plant fossils. Applications of
palaeontological data in palaeoecology, stratigraphy and
palaeogeograhic studies.


1. Mineralogy
Classification of crystals into seven systems. Study of forms of normal
classes. International system of crystallographic notations. Twinning
in crystals. Polarizing microscope. Isotropism and Anisotropism,
Pleochroism, extinction, Double refraction, becke effect, interference
colors, twinning, Classification of silicates. Isomorphism,
Polymorphism and Pseudomorphism, solid solution. Physical,
chemical and optical properities of feldspar, Pyroxenes, Amphiboles,
Micas, Garnets, Olivine, Felspathoids, Quartz, Calcite, Kynite,
andalusite, sillimanite and staurolite.

2. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
Generation and crystallization of magma. Crystallization of
unicomponent (SiO2), binary (albite - anorthite and diopside -
anorthite) and ternary (diopside - albite - anorthite) component silicate
system. Bowen's reaction series. Magmatic differentiation and
assimilation. Forms and structures of igneous rocks. Textures and
microstructures of igneous rocks. Classification of igneous rocks.
Petrography and petrogenesis of granite, syenite, diorite, basic and
ultra basic groups, charnockite, anorthosite and alkaline rocks,

Metamorphism. Kinds and agents of metamorphism. Metamorphic
grades and zones. Textures, structures and classification of
metamorphic rocks. Metamorphic facies. Metamorphism of
argillaceous and arenaceous sediments and impure limestone.
Retrograde metamorphism and metasomatism. Petrography of Schist,
Gneiss, Marble, Quartzite, Slate, Phyllites, Amphibolites, Khondalite,

3. Sedimentology
Process of formation of sedimentary rocks. Diagenesis and
lithification. Textures and structures and their significance.
Classification of sedimentary rocks, clastic and non clastic rocks.
Heavy minerals and their significance. Concept of sedimentary facies.
Petrography of conglomerates, breccia, sandstone, limestone, shale.

4. Economic Geology
Ore, Ore minerals and gangue, tenor of ore, classification of ore
deposits,. Process of formation of mineral deposits. Description of
metallic and non metallic mineral deposits of India with reference to
their mode of occurrence, mineralogical characters, geographic
distribution and economic uses : Iron, Manganese, Chromium,
Copper, Lead - Zinc, Aluminum, Gold, Uranium, Thorinium, Mica,
Magnesite, Talc, Baryte, Asbestos, Kyanite, Diamond, Corundum,
Beryl, Fluorite, Apatite, Gypsum, Non Metals related to refractory,
fertilizer, cement, gemstone industry and important building stones.
Deposits of coal, oil and natural gas in India. Marine minerals
resources. Principles of mineral economics, strategic, critical and
essential minerals. Existing national mineral policy.

5. Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Mining Geology
Hydrologic cycle, occurrence of ground water and hydrological
properties of rocks. Groundwater provinces of India. Concept of
Watershed management. Quality of groundwater.
Geological conditions for construction of Dams and tunnels.
Environmental considerations in the location and construction of large
dams, reservoirs and tunnels.

Mineral exploration: Surface and sub-surface exploration methods.
Elementary idea about Gravity, Electrical, Magnetic, Airborne and
seismic methods of exploration. Elementary idea about mining,
beneficiation and conservation.






1. Study sources of Ancient Indian History. Ancient Indian
Traditions of Historical writing
2. Prehistoric Cultures in India. - Lower Paleolithic, Mesolithic
and new Paleolithic.
3. Harappen Civilization – Origin, Extent , Urban Planning,
Nature of Political and Econmic Organization, Urban decline.
4. Vedic and Later Vedic civilization – Literature, Society, Polity,
Economy, Culture and religion . Social Development- Varna,
Jati, Sanskar, Purushartha Ashrama.
5. Rise of Territorial States - (Republican States and
Mahajanpadas) Rise of Religious movement in North India.
Doctrines and social Dimension of Buddhism and Jainism.
6. The Mauryan Empire - State, administration Economy.
Ashoka's Dhamma its Nature and Propagation, and
7. Post Mauryan Period - Shungas, Sathavahanas, and Kushanas.
Post Mauryan – Social, cultural development- with special
reference to the kushanas and Sathavahanas, Gandhar and
Mathura Art and architecture.Sangam Age- Literature, Society
and Culture.
8. Gupta Empire - administration , Economy, Changing pattern of
urban development, architecture, art, literature and science.
9. Post Gupta Times ( up to 750 A.D.) – Pallavas, Chaluakyas and
Vardhan, Politiocal History of Nothern and Peninsular India,
Samanta ( Feudal ) system and Changes in political structure-
Economy, Social Structure, culture, religion .
10. India 700 A.D.-1200 A.D. – Rise of Rajputas, Major Rajput
dynasties- Gurjars- Pratiharas, Palas, Paramars Chandelas
Chauhans and their administration . Indian feudalism. South :
Rastrakutas, Cholas- administration and economy, art and
architecture, Bhakti movement in South.
11. Invasion of Arabs, Gaznavi and Ghoris and their Impacts.


1. Sources of Medieval Indian History , Traditions of Historical
2. India under Delhi Sultanate – Qutubuddin Aibak, Iltutmish,
Razia and Balban. Khilji-Imperialism- Alauddin Khilji
Conquests and reforms.
3. Muhammed-Bin-Tughluq's major Projects; Firoza Tughluq's
reforms, Taimur's Invasion and its impact. Decline of Delhi
Sultanate. Rise of Provincial dynasties Lodis, Gujarat, Malwa,
Bengal, Kashmir, Bahmanis and the Vijaynagar Empire.
4. Economy, Society , Culture and arts in the 13th and 14th century.
Religious movement, Bhakti Movement, Sufi Movement,
Administration during Sultanate Period.
5. Foundation of Mughal Empire- Babur, Humayun, Shershah
Suri- Conquests and administration.
6. Akbar Era - Imperial Policy, religious and Rajput Policy. Akbar
as a national monarch . Jagir and Mansabdari System of
Akbar. Mughal empire in the 17th Century, Major Religious
Policies and administration of Jahangir, Shahjahan and
7. Decline of Mughal empire. Rise of Marathas, Shivaji's Conquests
and administration.
8. Mughal administration and Policies - Social, religious and
economic life, literature, architecture, painting, music, science
and technology .
9. Rise and Expansion of the Maratha under the Peshwas. Third
Battle of Panipat – Causes, Result and impact.

PAPER - II (Modern history)


Modern Indian history

1. Sources of Modern Indian History, approaches of Modern
Historical Writing
2. British – French conflict – Karnataka war Establishment of
British Power and Expansion in Bengal – Battle of Plassey &
Buxar, Dual alliance of Clive .
3. British administration in Bengal – Warren Hastings,
Regulation Act, 1773 Pits India act, 1784. Corn Wallis –
administration & Permanent land settlement. Economic
effect of the British rule- Raiyatwari, Mahalwari, Zamindari,
Damage to handicrafts, Commercialization of agriculture, Drain of
4. British – Maratha , British – Mysore relations, Subsidiary
alliance of Wellesley – Maharaja Ranjitsingh and British – Sikh
relations .
5. Establishment of supremacy of Lord Hastings and British rule in
the 19th century. Reforms of Bantik, Dal Hausie's Doctrines of
Lapse and reforms.
6. The Freedom Movement of 1857 – Nature, Causes & Result.
Proclamation of Victoria, Government of India act, 1858, India
7. Renaissance in the 19th Century and social, religious –
movement. RajaRam Mohan Roy (Brahma – Samaj), Swami
Dayanand Saraswati (Aarya – Samaj) Anne Basent (Theosophical
Society), Development of Education, Press . Transport and
8. Primary Stage of Indian Nationalism - Social Background,
Peasants and Tribal revolt in the initial stage of Indian
Nationalism Establishment of Indian National congress –
Moderatephase and Extremists.
9. Administration of Curzon and Partition of Bengal, formation of
Muslim league, 1909 Act. Revolutionary Movement – Home rule
Movement, Act of 1919.
10. Gandhian Era- Oppositiion and Non Co-operation movement,
Swarajya Dal Simon commission, Lahore Congress, Civil
Disobedience Movement, Round table Conference, Government
of India act of 1935 and Provincial autonomy, Quit India
11. Cripps mission, Shimla Conference, Cabinet misssion, Subhash
chandra Bose (Indian National Army) communal politics and
partition of India. Independence of India, Integration of Indian
States in the Union. Salient features of the Indian constitution.
12. Contribution of Madhya Pradesh in National Movement .
13. Nehru Era – Economic development of India, Foreign policy,
Policy of non-alignment, conflict with China on Border dispute.
Indo – Pak war & Tashkant Treaty.
14. Indo-Pak War 1971 and rise of Bangla Desh


Modern History of the World
1. Industrial and Agricultural revolution, American war of
2. French revolution - Nepolian era (1799-1815), Vienna Congress,
Concert of Europe.
3. American civil war, Liberalization in England, Politics of
Democracy, 1815-1850 Parliamentary reforms Free trade,
Chartist movement.
4. Rise of Nationalism in 19th century Unification of Germany and
5. 1871 to 1914 - Home and foreign policy of Germany Third
republic of France - Foreign & Home Policy.
6. Eastern question in 19th and 20th Century -Crimian war, Berlin
congress, Young Turk movement and Balkan wars.
7. First World war, Treaty of Versally, League of Nations.
1901 to 1924 Russia - Revolution of 1905, Revolution of 1917
and establishment of communism and its economic policy under
the leadership of Lenin.
8. World politics between the two World wars - Naziisms, Hitlers
home and Foreign policy, Fassistism - Mussoloni's home and
foreign policy, Dictatorship in Japan.
9. China - Revolution of 1911, Revolution of 1949, Communism
system of government and administration (Mao-se-Tung).
Imperialism in Japan - Magic restoration and Modernisation of
Japan, Rise of Arab Nationalism.
10. Second world war - Effects, United Nations.
11. Policy of Non-allignment and the Third World, United Nations
and World peace, Regional Tension-Pelistine, Cuba, Vietnam.




1. Constitutional Law of India
(1) Preamble to the Constitution.
(2) Fundamental Rights.
(3) Directive Principles of State Policy.
(4) Powers of the President of India and Governor of States.
(5) Indian Legislature.
(6) Indian Judiciary.
(7) Constitutional safeguards to Civil Servants
(8) Union and State Public Service Commissions.
(9) Amendment of the constitution.
(10) Public Interest Litigation.
(11) Protective Discrimination.
(12) Constitutional Provisions relating to Environment protection.

2. Administrative Law
(1) Development of Administrative Law.
(2) Delegated Legislation and Judicial and Parliamentary control
over it.
(3) Principles of Natural Justice.
(4) Administrative Adjudication and Administrative Tribunals.
(5) Writs - Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohibition, Habeas corpus
and Quo-warranto.
(6) Ombudsman - Lokpal, Lokayukts and Central Vigilance
(7) Statutory Public Corporations and their control.

3. Land Law of Madhya Pradesh : ( M.P. Land Revenue Code,1959)
(1) Land and Land Revenue.
(2) Revenue officers and their powers.
(3) Procedure of Enquiry by Revenue Officer.
(4) Survey and Settlement.
(5) Assessment of Land Revenue.
(6) Record of Rights.
(7) Tenure holders - Their rights and obligations.
(8) Consolidation of Holdings.


1. Law of Crimes ( Indian Penal Code, 1860)
(1) Definition.
(2) General Exceptions to criminal liability.
(3) Joint and constructive liability (Sections - 34, 141 and 149
(4) Offences against Public Tranquility.
(5) Offences against human body.
(6) Offences against property.
(7) Defamation.
(8) Offences against women (Sections - 292, 304-B, 354, 498-A
& 509 IPC)

2. Criminal Procedure Code, 1973
(1) Preliminary consideration, extent, applicability, definitions
(2) Constitution and Power of Courts.
(3) (a) Police - Power of arrest, Search and seizure of
(b) Power to investigate.
(c) Preventive powers of Police.
(4) Duty of Public to assist Police, Magistrate and to give
information about certain offences.
(5) Rights of the arrested person.
(6) Process to compel appearances :
(a) Summons
(b) Warrant of arrest
(c) Proclamation and attachment.
(d) Other rules regarding processes.
(7) Processes to compel the production of articles, things etc.
(8) Consequences of irregulaties of illegaties in search.
(9) Jurisdiction of courts in inquiry and trial.
(10) Conditions required for initiation of proceedings.
(11) Complaints to Magistrates and Commencement of
proceedings before Magistrates.
(12) Charge.
(13) Plea bargaining
(14) Different types of trials and procedure thereof.
(15) General provisions relating to inquiries and trials.
(a) Period of limitation (Chapter XXXVI C.R.P.C.)
(b) Autrefois acquict and autrifois convict
(c) Principle of estoppels.
(d) Compounding of offences
(e) Withdrawal from Prosecution.
(f) Pardon to accomplice.
(g) Legal aid to accused at State expense.
(16) Bail and anticipatory bail.
(17) Judgment.
(18) Appeals
(19) Reference, Revision and Review.
(20) Lok Adalat and Legal services.
(21) Maintenance of Wives, Children and Parents.

3. Law of Torts
(1) Negligence and Contributory Negligence.
(2) Nuisance.
(3) Principles of strict liability.
(4) Vicarious liability including state liabilities.
(5) Consumer dispute redressal agencies - their powers and
(6) Consumer Protection Act, 1986
(7) Agencies relating to environmental protection - Powers,
Functions and Remedies.

4. Mercantile Law
(1) General Principles of Law of Contract (Section 1 to 75 of
the Indian Contract Act, 1872).
(2) Law of Indemnity, Guarantee
(3) Law of Bailment, Pledge and Agency.
(4) Law of Sale of goods.
(5) Law of Partnership.
(6) Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments.





1. Abstract Algebra
Group, Subgroup, cyclic group and their properties. Order of Elements
of group Coset decomposition, Lagrange’s theorem. Normal subgroup,
Quotient Group, Homomorphism, Isomorphism, Automorphism of
Groups. Permutation, Permutation Groups, Cayley’s Theorem.
Cauchy's Theorem and Sylow's Theorem for finite abelian and non
abelian groups.
Ring Theory - Rings, Subrings, Ideals and quotient rings,
Homomorphism & Isomorphism of rings, Integral domain,
characterstic of an element. Polynomial rings, Field Polynomials over
the rational fields. Unique factorization theorem.

2. Linear Algebra
Definition and examples of vector spaces, subspace, sum and direct
sum of subspaces - Linear dependence and independence and their
bases properties. Bases, Existence theorem for bases. Finite
dimensional vector space. Dimension of a vector space. Dimension of
sum of spaces. Quotient space and its dimension. Linear
transformations and their representation as a matrix. The Algebra of
Transformation. Rank Nullity Theorem. Eigen values and Eigen
vectors of a linear transformation : Diagonalization of a matrix. Inner
product space, Orthogonal vectors, orthogonal compliments.
Orthonormal sets and bases. Bessel Inequality for finite dimensional
space. Gram Schmidt’s orthogonalization process.

3. Differential Calculus
Convergence of sequence and series, limit & continuity of function.
Differentiability. Successive differentiation, Leibnitze’s theorem.
Applications of derivative, Tangent and normal, Asymptotes, Singular
points, curve tracing. Mean value Theorem. Taylor's Theorem.
Expansion in Taylor's and Maclaurin series. Maxima & minima of
function of one variable.

4. Integral Calculus
Integration of rational, irrational and transcedental functions.
Reduction formula. Definite integrals. Rectification quadrature,
volume and surface of solid of revolution. Double & triple Integrals.
Beta & Gamma functions, Change of order of Integration of double
integral. Improper integrals and their convergence.

5. Differential Equation
Ordinary differential Equation of first order and higher degree.
Homogeneous equation of first degree. Integrating factor. Linear
Differential Equation with constant coefficients , Complementary
functions and particular integrals. Linear Differential Equation with
variable coefficients. Singular solutions linear Differential Equation
and Equation reducible to linear form. Exact differential
equation.method of variations of parameter. Simultaneous linear
diffrerential equations.

6. Vector Calculus
Differentiation of vector function ,Gradient, divergence & curl in
Cartesian, cylindrical & spherical coordinate , Higher order
derivatives. Vector integration, Gauss’s, Green’s & stoke’s Theorem,
and their applications.

7. Analytical Geometry
Cartesian and polar coordinates in two and three dimensions. Second
degree equations in two and three dimensions, Reduction to canonical
forms. Straight lines, Shortest distance between two skew lines, plane,
Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, Paraboloid, Ellipsoid, Hyperboloids of one and
two sheets and their properties.

8. Statistics
Measures of central tendency:- mean, mode, median, measures of
dispersion, range, inter quartile range, mean deviation, standard
deviation skewness and kurtosis.
Probability - Events, sample space, probability of an event, addition
and multiplication Theorem, Baye's Theorem.
Theoritical Distributions - Binomial, Poisson, Normal distributions
and their properties & use. Method of least square, curve fitting,
correlation & regression. Partial & multiple correlation (up to three


1. Real Analysis & Metric Space
Riemann Integral, Integrability of continuous and monotonic
functions. The fundamental theorem on Integral calculus. Mean value
theorem of Integral calculus. Partial derivatives and differentiability of
real valued functions of two variables. Schewarz & Young's theorem,
Implicit function theorem. Definition and example of metric spaces.
Neighbourhood , Limit points, interior points, open and closed sets.
Closure and interior , Boundary points. Subspace of a metric space.
Cauchy's sequence, completeness. Cantor intersection Theorem.
Contraction principle. Real number as a complete ordered field, Dense
subsets Baire category Theorem, Seperable, first countable and
second countable space.

2. Complex Analysis
Continuity and differentiability of complex function.
Analytic function, Cauchy - Riemann Equations, Cauchy's Theorem,
Cauchy's Integral formula, Power series, Taylor's series, Laurent's
series. Singularities, Cauchy's Residue Theorem, Cotour Integration,
Conformal mapping, Bilinear transformations.

3. Advance Calculus
Functions of several variables, Limit, continuity and differentiability of
function of two variables. Partial derivative, Change of variables,
Euler's Theorem on homogenous functions. Taylor's Theorem for
function of two variables. Maxima & minima and saddle point of
function of two variable, Lagrange's method of multipliers.
Indeterminate form.

4. Partial Differential Equations
Curve and surfaces in three dimensions, formulation of partial
differential equations. solutions of equation of the type dx/P = dy/Q =
dz / R . orthogonal trajectories. Paraffian Differential equation, partial
differential equation of first order, solution by Cauchy's
method. Charpit method of solution. Linear partial differential
equation of second order with constant coefficient.

5. Linear Programming
Linear programming problem, basic solution, basic feasible solution &
optional solutions, graphical method & simplex method of solution.
Duality, Transportation and assignment problems. Travelling sales
man problems.

6. Numerical Analysis
Numerical methods, solution of algebraic and transcendental
equation of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton
Raphson method. Solution of linear Equations by Gausian Elimination
and Gauss Jordan (direct) method. Gauss seidel ( Iterative). Method,
Newtons (forward & backward) & Lagrange method of interpolation.
Numerical Integration : Simpson's one third rule. Gausion qudrature
formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Euler
& Runge. Kutta Methods.

7. Boolean Algebra
Lattices and Algebraic structure. Duality Distributive and
complementary lattice. Boolean lattices and Boolean algebras. Boolean
functions & expressions. Propositional calculus. Design and
implementation of Digital networks, switching circuits. graph, Paths &
circuits, shortest paths - Eulerian paths & circuits. Application of
graph for bridge problem, utility problem.

8. Mechanics
Statics - Analytical conditions of Equilibrium of coplanar forces.
virtual works, catenary. Forces in three dimensions Poinsots Central
axis. Stable & unstable equilibrium.
Dynamics - Velocities & acceleration along radial & transverse
directions and along tangential and normal direction. Simple
.Harmonic motions - Elastic strings.
Motion on smooth & rough plane curves. Motion in a resisting
medium. Motion of a particle of varying mass.


Mechanical Engineering



Note :
Use of Design Data Book is permitted.

1. Engineering Mechanics and Mechanics of Solids
Free body Diagram and Equilibrium; Trusses and Frames; Stress and
Strains in Two Dimension; Mohr’s Construction; Beams – Bending
Moment and Shear Force Diagram; Bending and Shear Stress
Distribution; Torsion of Shafts; Thin and Thick Walled Pressure
Vessels; Euler’s Theory of Column. Leaf and Helical springs.

2. Theory of Machines
Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration of Plane Mechanisms
(Maximum 6 Links), Kliens’ Construction; Law of Gearing, Gear Tooth
Profile, Epicyclic Gear Trains; Motion Analysis of Cam and Followers;
Balancing of Rotating Masses, Reciprocating Masses – Hammer Blow,
Tractive Effort and Swaying Couple; Power Transmission by Belt Drive;
Analysis of Simple Band, Block, Band and Block Brakes;
Dynamometers; Free Vibrating of Single Degree of Freedom Systems;
Whirling of Shafts; Gyroscopic Stability of Shaft, Ship and Aeroplane.

3. Design of Machine Elements
Design Concepts; Theories of Failure; Design for Static and Dynamic
Loading, Design of Bolted, Rivetted and Welded Joints; Design of Shaft
and Coupling.

4. Production Engineering
Merchant’s Force Analysis, Tool Life and Tool Wear; Cutting fluids,
Machinability and Machining Economics; Principles of Non-Traditional
Machining Processes – EDM, ECM, USM & Laser; Principles of Design
of Jigs and Fixtures; Limits, Fits and Tolerances; Comparators ,Gauge
Design; Measurement of Surface Roughness; Interferometry;
Acceptance Test of Machine Tools.

5. Production Management
Production Planning and Control; Forecasting Models; Aggregate
Production Planning; Material Requirement Planning; Inventory
Control – ABC Analysis, EOQ Model; Linear Programming – Simplex
Method, Transportation & Assignment Model; Simple Queuing
Models; PERT & CPM; Quality Control in Manufacturing, Control
Charts for Variables & Attributes.


Note :
Use of Steam Table and Psychometric Chart are permitted.

1. Thermodynamics
Steady Flow Energy Equation; Entropy and Irreversibility; Availability
and Available Energy; Detailed Analysis of Thermodynamic Cycles and
their Limitations.

2. Fluid Mechanics and Machines
Continuity, Momentum and Energy Equations; Flow net; Turbulent
Flow through Pipes; Velocity Distribution in Laminar and Turbulent
Flow; Dimensional Analysis; Boundary Layer on a Flat Plate; Adiabatic
and Isontropic Flow of Compressible Fluids; Classification of Hydraulic
Turbines and Pumps; Specific Speed; Impulse and Reaction Turbines;
Velocity Diagrams.

3. Heat Transfer, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Critical Thickness of Insulation; Conduction through Walls and Pipes;
Heat Transfer from Fins; Dimensionless Numbers; Free and Forced
Convection; Heat Exchange by Radiation between black and Gray
Surfaces; Electrical Analogy; Heat Exchanger Classification;
Effectiveness; LMTD and NTU Methods; Fouling Factor.
Vapour Compression and Vapour Absorption Systems and their Cycle
Analysis; Nomenclature, Properties and Characteristics of Important
Refrigerants; Ozone Friendly Refrigerants; Human Comfort and
ASHRAE Comfort Charts; Estimation of Air-Conditioning Loads.

4. Energy Conversion Systems
Theories of Combustion in Compression Ignition and Spark Ignition
Engines; Abnormal Combustion; Carburetion and Fuel Injection;
Emissions from Engine and their Control; Modern Trends in IC
Engines; Classification of Steam Turbines, Specific Speed, Velocity
Triangles; Open and Closed Cycle Gas Turbine Plants; Nuclear Power
Plants; Renewable Energy Sources.

5. Computer Aided Engineering
Introduction to CAD, 2D and 3D Drawing Concepts; Computer Aided
Manufacturing – NC and CNC Machines, Methods of Part
Programming; Elements of Robotics and Automated Material Handling
System; FMS and Expert System.





Metaphysics and Epistemology

Candidates will be expected to be familiar with the following western
and Indian theories of epistemology and Metaphysics.

1. Western
(1) Rationalism - Descartes , Spinoza , Leibnitz
(2) Empiricism - Locke, Berkeley, Hume
(3) Critical Philosophy – Kant
(4) Idealism - Hegel
(5) Realism - Moore
(6) Pragmatism - William James
(7) Logical Positivism - A.J. Ayer
(8) Existentialism - kierkegaard and Sartre
(9) Theories of Truth - Correspondence, Coherence and

2. Indian
(1) Carvaka - Theory of Knowledge , Materialism
(2) Jainism - Theory of Syadvada
(3) Bondage and liberation.
(4) Buddhism - Pratitya Samputpada, Ksanikvada, Nairatmya
vada, Four Noble Truths.
(5) Samkhya - Prakriti , Purusa , Theory of Causation , Theory
of Evolution
(6) Yoga - Astanga yoga
(7) Nyaya - Prama , Pramana, God, Liberation.
(8) Vaisesika - Categories, theory of Causation
(9) Mimamsa - Theory of Knowledge
(10) Vedanta - Brahman, Isvara, Atman, Jiva, Jagat Maya,
Avidya , Moksha (Samkara and Ramanuja )
(11) Shankar’s Anirvachaniya Theory of Error


Socio-Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Religion

1. Socio-Political Phiilosphy
(1) Socio-Political values - Equality, justice, liberty and
scientific temper.
(2) Marriage, family and gender equality.
(3) Study of following ideologies:
Democracy socialism, fascism, communism, terrorism and
(4) Theories of punishment.

2. Philosophy of Religion
(1) Religion, science and morality.
(2) God, proofs of His existence.
(3) Nature of religious experience, reason, revelation and
(4) Problem of evil.
(5) Bondage and liberation.
(6) Religious tolerance and secularism.





1. Mechanics and Relativity

Conservative force field and potential energy, Gravitational potential,
Motion under central force , Kepler’s Law, Centre of mass and
laboratory coordinate system. Coriolis force and its application’s,
Conservation of linear and angular momentum, Inertial and non
inertial Frams, Michelson - Morley experiment and its implications.
Galilian transformation, Lorentz transformation, length contraction,
time dilation, velocity addition theorem. Variation of mass with
velocity, mass energy equivalence, particle with zero rest mass.

2. Thermal & Statistical Physics

Maxwell's relations and their applications. Cooling by Adiabatic
demagnetization. Einstein & Debye theory of specific heat of solids,
concept of phonons. Statistical basis of thermodynamics, constrains,
accessible and inaccessible states, distribution of particles with a
given total energy into a discrete set of energy states. Probability and
entropy, Boltzmann entropy relation, Mexwellian Distribution of
Speeds and velocities .Doppler's broadening of spectral lines.

3. Optics
Michelson interferometer. Fabry perot interferometer Holography and
its simple applications. Diffraction grating , Concave grating and its
different mountings. Double refraction, optical rotation and rotation of
plane of polarization.

4. Electricity and Electronics
AC circuits, complex numbers and their applications in solving AC
circuit problems. Transmission of electric power , Magnetic force on
moving Charge , Biot Sevart law, Ampears Law, Theory of diodes,
Types of diodes and their applications. Characteristics of transistors, h
parameters, bias stability, thermal runaway. FET: JFET and MOSFET,
their construction, working and uses.

5. Sound and Acoustics
Speed of transverse waves in a uniform string. Speed of longitudinal
waves in a fluid. Energy density and energy transmission in waves.
Diffraction of sound. Principle of sonar system, ranging. Noise and
music, intensity and loudness and their units, transducers and their
characteristics. Recording and reproduction of sound. Acoustics of
halls, reverberation period, Sabine formula.


1.Quantum Mechanics

De-Broglies Hypothesis, Heisenberg uncertainty relation for p and x,
its extension to energy and time, consequences of uncertainty
relation., gamma ray microscope, particle in a box.
Schrodinger's equation, postulatory basis of quantum mechanics,
operators, expectation values, transition probabilities, application to a
particle in one and three dimensional boxes, harmonic oscillator.

2. Atomic Spectra

Hydrogen atom, natural occurrence of n, l and m quantum numbers,
the related physical quantities, comparision with Bohr's theory.
Spectra of hydrogen, deutron and alkali atoms, spectral terms, doublet
fine structure, screening constants for alkali spectra for s, p d and f
states, selection rules, singlet and triplet fine structure in alkaline
earth spectra, L-S coupling and J-J coupling, fine strcture of hydrogen

3. Molecular Spectra and Spectroscopy

Discrete set of electronic energies of molecules, quantization of
vibrational and rotational energies, determination of inter nuclear
distance, pure rotational and rotation - vibration spectra. Dissociation
limits for the ground and other electronic states, transition rules for
pure vibration and electronic vibration spectra. Raman effect. Stokes
and antistokes lines, complementry character of
Raman and infrared spectra, experiemental arrangement for Raman
spectroscopy. Fluorescence & phosphorescence.

4. Solid State Physics

Lattices : Lattice types, lattice planes. Common crystal structures
Laue's theory of X-ray diffraction, Bragg's Law, electrons in periodic
potential; nearly free electron model (qualitative), energy bands, energy
gap, metals, semiconductors, insulators, density of states, Fermi
energy, Fermi velocity.
Mobility of electrons and holes, Hall effect and Hall coefficient.

5. Nuclear Physics

Basic nuclear properties, general concepts of nuclear forces, working
of nuclear detectors, G-M counter, proportional and scintillation
counters, cloud chamber, spark chambers. Nuclear reactions, Q-value
of nuclear reactions, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion (concepts),
energy production in stars. Compound nucleus, direct reactions
(concepts). Shell model, liquid drop model.






Political Theory

1. Indian Political Thinkers
Manu, Kautilya, MN Roy, Gokhle, Tilak, Gandhi,Nehru, Ambedkar and

2. Western Political Thinkers
Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Roussean, JS Mill, Green,
Hegel, Marx and Lenin.

3. Approaches to the Study of Political Theory
Historical, Normative and Empirical.

4. Political Ideologies
Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism Anarchism and Gandhyism,

5. Concepts
Sovereignty (Monistic and Pluralise ) Liberty, Justice, Equality, Power,
Legitimacy, Authority and Political Obligation.

6. Democracy
Theories of Democracy (Classical, Elitist and Contemporary)

7. Behavioural Movement
Behaviouralism and Post – Behaurouralism ,Decline of Ideology

8. Developmentalism
Concept of Political Development, Approaches to Political Development
(Gabriel Almond, David Apter, Lucian W. Pye, and Samuel P.

9. Modern Concepts
Systems theory, Structural-Functionalism, Political Culture, Political
Socialization and Political Modernization.

10.Contemporary Theories
Post modernism, Feminism (Liberal, Marxist, Radical),


Government & Politics of India

1. Indian Freedom Movement
First War of Indian Independence 1857 Liberal – Extremist and
Revolutionary movement, Non Co-operation, Civil Disobedience, Quit
India Movement, Role of Women in freedom struggle.

2. History of Constitutional Development
Morley – Minto Reforms 1909 Montagv – Chelmsford Reforms 1919
Simon Commission, Govt. of India Act 1935 Cripps Mission, Cabninet
Mission Plan, Indian Independence Act, 1947.

3. Salient features of the Indian Constitution
The preamble, Fundamental rights & Duties, Directive principles,
Federalism, Parliamentary system, Constitutional amending
procedures, Judicial review.

4. The Executive
Theory & Practice, President, Prime Minister and the Council of
Ministers, Governor, Chief Minister and the State Council of
Ministers., The Bureaucracy.

5. The Legislature
Role and function of the Parliament & Parliamentary Committee, Lok
Sabha & Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Council.

6. The Supreme Court and the High Courts, Judical Activism, Public
interest litigation (PIL)

7. Statutory Institutions / Commissions
UPSC, Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General,
Backward Classes Commission, National Commission for Women,
National Human Rights Commission, Minorities Commission.

8. Party System
Ideology of Political Parties, Fragmentation & regionalisation of
political parties, Pressure groups, Patterns of coalition politics,
Electoral behavior, Politics in Madhya Pradesh.

9. Class, Caste, Ethnicity and gender issues in Indian Politics, Politics
of Regionalism, Naxalites Movement, Communalism, Backward class
and Dalit movement.

10. Grassroots democracy
Pachayati Raj and municipal government, significance of 73rd and 74th
amendments, grass root movement and Women’s Empowerment,
Organization and functions of panchayati Raj System in Madhya



International Relations

1. Determinants of Foreign Policy - Domestic Compulsions,
Geopolitics, Economic and Emerging Global order.
2. Theories of International Politics - System, Realist, Idealist,
Decision making, Game Theory and Marxist.
3. Concepts of International Politics - Power, National Interest,
Balance of Power, National Security and Collective Security.
4. Cold War and Post, Cold war, Disarmament and Arm's control.
5. Non - Aligned Movement - Concept, Relevance in
Contemporary Global order, South - South-Dialogue and North -
South Dialogue.
6. International Organisation - U.N. and its specialized agencies
(ICL, ILO and UNICEF) Restructuring of the U.N.
7. Regional Organization - EU, SAARC, ASEAN & APEC.
8. Foreign Policy of Major Powers - U.S.A., Russia & China.
9. Contemporary Global Concerns - Democracy, Human Rights,
Globalization and Environment.
10. Major Issue of World Politics - Oil diplomacy and Iraqu,
Afghanistan-Crisis, Major issue of International Politics after
collapse of Soviet Union, International Terrorism


India and the World

1. Determinants and characteristics of Indian Foreign policy,
Continuity and Change.
2. India's relation with neighbors Pakistan, China, Bangladesh,
Shrilanka and Nepal.
3. India's relation with USA, and Russia.
4. India and SAARC.
5. India and the Non - Aligned movement.
6. India's Nuclear Policy - N.P.T. and C.T.B.T.
7. India and the United Nation with special reference to Peace and
Security, Disarmament and Human Rights.
8. India and the Emerging International Economic order - Inter
National Agencies, WTO, IMF & IBRD
9. India's approaches to Major international issues - Globalization,
Cross Border Terrorism, Environment.
10. India and The Third World - Emergence as a Global Order.





Foundations of psychology

1. Introduction and methods of Psychology
(1) Psychology as a Science:
(2) Definitions, relation to other social and natural sciences.
(3) Methods, Observation, Experiment, Clinical and Case
Study, Interview, Questionnaire, Survey and Content analysis.

2. Physiological bases of behaviour
(1) Receptor, affecter and adjustor system. Genetic bases of
behaviour, hormones - their role in physical growth, emotional
activity and personality make-up.
(2) Structure and functions of C.N.S. Autonomic nervous system.
(3) Sensation - visual, auditory and skin senses: Structure and

3. Development of human behaviour
Nature and principles of development. Critical periods of life span
development. Socialization - role of family, peers, school, culture and
media in socialization. Gender role and self-development. Moral and
social development.

4. Attention and perception
Attention - selective attention (models); signal detection and vigilance.
Psychophysics - Concept of threshold, method : average error, limits,
constant stimuli. Psychometric methods - Ranking, rating & paired
comparison. Perception - Definition & concept of perception. Laws of
perceptual organization. Perceptual defense. Distance perception -
monocular & binocular perception. Factors affecting perception.

5. Learning
Concept and theories of learning (Pavlov, Skinner, Hull, Tolman). The
processes of aequisition, extinction, discrimination and generalization.
Programmed learning, schedules of reinforcement. Learning through
models. Verbal learning - methods & materials, determinants.

6. Memory
Encoding, storage and retrieval. Factors influencing retention and
forgetting. Theories of forgetting. STM and LTM, retroactive and
proactive inhibition. Reminiscence.

7. Thinking and problem solving
Concept formation processes. Problem solving - approaches : factors
affecting creative thinking.

8. Intelligence and creativity
Concept and definition of intelligence. Theories of intelligence
(Spearman, Thurstone, Guilford) Measurement of intelligence and
aptitude, Concept of I.Q. and multiple intelligence. Measurement of
creativity and relationship between creativity and intelligence.

9. Motivation & Emotion
Nature and kinds of motives. Physiological basis of motivation -
Hunger & Thurst. Theories of motivation - drive reduction and need
hierarchy modal.
Emotion - Types & theories of emotions, physiological correlates and
their measurement.

10. Personality
Concept and definition of personality. Theories of personality Freud,
Adler, Jung, Sullivan, Allport, Lewin, Erickson. Determinants of
personality. Personality assessment - projective tests, personality
inventories, situational tests.

11. Social behaviour
Attitudes - Theories of attitude-change and measurement of attitudes.
Social perception, impression formation, attribution theory and
interpersonal attraction. Group dynamics - conformity, group
cohesiveness and leadership.


Applications of Psychology

1. Psychological Measurement and Individual Differences
Characteristics & construction of Psychological test. Types of
Psychological test (Intelligence, Personality, Inte rest, Aptitude), uses &
limitation of psychological test.

2. Educational Psychology
Learning processes in class room. Teacher effectiveness. Motivation for
scholastic achievement. Classroom management. Achievement test.
Problems of Exceptional children.

3. Organizational and Industrial Psychology
Personnel selection & Training. Job attitudes and job satisfaction.
Industrial safety and accidents.
Organizational climate. Organizational leadership. Organizational
development. Communication & Decision making.

4. Psychopathology & Clinical Psychology
Mental disorders - Symptoms & causal factors. Diagnostic procedures.
Therapeutic Approaches: Psychodynamic Therapies. Behaviour
Therapies. Client Centered Therapy. Cognitive therapies. Biofeedback

5. Counselling & Community Psychology
Need & principles of guidance & counselling. Counselling approaches
(Directive, Non-directive, Rational - Emotive, Behaviour Counselling)
Organizing guidance programmes in schools and colleges, Types of
intervention in community psychology, primary, secondary & teritary
prevention programmes.

6. Health Psychology
Models of health.
Health damaging and health promoting life styles & behavior. Cardio -
vascular disease & diabetes.Nature, types, causes and consequences
of stress. Coping behaviour and stress management relaxation

7. Other Applications of Psychology
Sports psychology - improving performance of sports. Exercising &
physical fitness. Environmental psychology - Effects of noise and
pollution, effects of crowding & population density, effect of sensory


Public Administration




Administrative Theory

1. Meaning, Scope and Significance of Public Administration, Public
and Private administration, Wilson's vision of Public administrations,
Evolution of the discipline and its present status.

2. New Public Administration concept of New Public Management,
Good Governance, Concept and application, Ethics and

3. Scientific Management - (Taylor and the Scientific management
movement) Classical Theory (Fayol, Urwick, Gulick and others)
Bureaucrative Theory (Marxist view, Weber's model and its
critique) Post Weberian developments.

4. Behavioural approach to Organizational Analysis, Participative
Management (Mc Gregor, Likert and Others) The Systems
Approach, Open and Closed systems, Structural Functional
Approach and Marxist Approach.

5. Hierarcy, Span of Control, Unity of command, Line and Staff

6. Formal and Informal Organization, Centralization and
Decentralization, Departments, Boards and Commissions, Public
Corporation and Independent Regulatory Commission.

7. Decision making theory with special reference to Herbett Simon,
Theories of Leadership, Communication, Morale, Motivation
(Maslow and Herzberg).

8. Concepts of Accountability and Control, Legislative Executive
and Judicial control over Administration.

9. Citizen and Administration, People's participation, Right to
Information Act 2005, Administrative Corruption, Machinery for
redressal of Citizen's grievances, Citizens Charter.

10. Meaning and significance of Delegated Legislation, Types,
advantages, limitations, Safeguards, Administrative Tribunals,
Llimitations and Methods of ensuring effectiveness.


1. Meaning of Administrative Reforms. Process and obstacles
Techniques of administrative reforms, O & M, Information
technology (I.T.).

2. Management-meaning, Nature and significance, Tasks of
management, POSDCORB. M.B.O. Tools of management and
Test of Good Management.

3. Meaning, nature and scope of Comparative Public Administrtion,
Bureaucracy and Ecology.

4. Origin and purpose of Development Administration, Rigg's
Prasmatic - Sala model, Bureaucracy and Development,
Changing profile of Development Administration.

5. Concepts of Leadership, Authority and Influence, Chief Executive
and its role in Organisation. Concept of Bureaucracy, Weberian
model and its relevance, Recruitment, Training, Promotion,
Employer - Employee relations.

6. Grievances redressal mechanism, Integrity and Code of Conduct,
Ombudsman, Lokpal and Lokayukta, Central Vigilance

7. Relevance of Policy making in Public Administration, Process of
Policy formulation, Problems of implementation, Feedback and

8. Concept and significance of Financial Administration, Budget
process and its role, Performance budgeting, Zero based Budget,
Public debt.

9. Legislative Control - Public Account Committee., Estimate
Committee, Public Undertaking Committee, Audit and Accounts,
Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

10. Role of Computers in Public Administration, E governance.



Central, State and Local Administration India
1. Evolution of Indian Administration, Kautilya, Mughal period and
British Legacy.
2. Indian Constitution, Development, Preamble and Main
Characteristics, Parliamentary Democracy, Federal System and
Centre - State Relations.
3. The President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Cabinet and
its Committees, P.M.O. Central Secretariat, Ministries and
4. Advisory Bodies, Boards and Commission, National Human
Rights Commission, UPSC, National Women Commission,
Election Commission and Finance Commission.
5. Administrative Reforms, Reforms since independence, Reports of
the Administrative reforms Commissions, Problems of their
6. Machinery of Planning, Composition and role, Planning
Commission, Role of the National Development Council, Process
of Plan formulation at Union and State levels, decentralized
7. Role of Central and State Agencies in maintenance of law and
order, Criminalisation of politics and administration.
8. Welfare Administration, Machinery for Welfare Administration at
the National level. Special organizations for the welfare of the
Scheduled Castes and scheduled Tribes, Welfare Schemes for
Women and Children, Problems of Child labour.
9. Major issues in Indian Administrations, Problems of Centre State
Relations, Values in Public Service and Administrative Culture,
Development and Environmental issues. Indian Administration
and Globalization.
10. Disaster management in India, Reservation policy in India,
Women Empowerment, Role of NGOs in development.


State Administration with special reference to Madhya Pradesh
1. Reorganisation of States (1956) - Formation of Madhya
Pradesh, Separation of Chhatisgarh.
2. Relationship between Central and State Administration, Basic
difference between Central and State Administ ration.
3. Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers.
4. Chief Secretary, His role and functions, State Secretariat and
Directorates, State Planning Board.
5. State Civil Services - Organization and functions of Madhya
Pradesh Public Service Commission, Recruitment and Training.
6. Legislative and Financial control over Administration in M.P.,
Estimates Committee, Public Accounts Committees and
Committee on Public undertaking.
7. Civil Services Tribunals, Tribal Administration in M.P., Lok
Ayukta, Economic Offensive wing, Chief Information
8. District Administration - Role of Collector, Tehsil and
Tehsildar, Blocks and B.D.O.'s.
9. Local Administration - Role of local government, Need of
Decentralisation, Empowerment of weaker sections, Urban
administration - Municipal corporations and Municipal
Committees, and Nagar Pachayats in Madhya Pradesh.
10. Panchayati Raj in Madhya Pradesh - Three tier, System of
Panchyati Raj Institutions - Zila Panchyat, Janpad Panchayat
and Gram Panchayat, Role of Chief Executive Officer in
Panchayat Administration. State Control over local





1.Introduction to sociology
Meaning of sociology, the scientific and humanistic orientations to
sociological study, Sociology and development, Sociology and

2. Social research
Meaning, Scope and significance of social research, Formulation and
importance of Hypothesis, Methods and techniques - Observation,
Interview, Schedule and Questionnaire, Sampling, Case study.

3. Types of research
Basic and applied, Descriptive, Exploratory, Explanatory,

4. Sociological thinkers
Karl marx, V. Pareto, Tolcott Parsons, Mahrshi Arbindo, Mahtma
Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar.

5. Individual and society
Social intraction, Social system, Culture and personality,
Socialisation, Social values, Social Norms, Social Sanctions.

6. Social stratification and mobility
Meaning, Forms and theories, basis of social stratification, Caste,
Class and power.

7. Social Institutions
Family, Marriage and Kinship, Social structure, Functions and
changing patterns.

8. Economic institutions
Pre industrial and industrial economic system, industrialization and
its impact on society, Globalization and liberalization, Socio-economic
determinates of development.

9. Political Institutions
Concept of state and bureaucracy, Good governance-Democratic form
and Panchayatiraj, Leadership, Political-parties and voting behavior,
Criminalization-of polities.

10. Social Change
Concept and theories, factors of social change, Functions and
dysfunctions of religion, Modernization and development. role of
Education in Social Change.


1. Ideological bases
Traditional Hindu Social organization Dharma, Ashrama, Karma,
Purshartha, Socio-cultural dynamics through the ages - impact of
Buddhism, Islam and the west, Factors of unity and change.

2. Caste system
Origin of caste system, Culture and structural views, Change and
persistence of caste in modern India, Issues of equality and social
justice, Emergence of Dalit consciousness.

3. Class structure
Agrarian and industrial class structure, Emergence of middle class,
Elite formation in India.

4. Marriage, family and kinship
Marriage among different ethnic groups, Family structural and
functional aspect, changing forms, regional variations in kinship
system, impact of legislations and socio-economic change on marriage
and family, Generation gap.

5. Agrarian social structure
Peasant society and agrarian systems, Social consequences of land
reforms and Green Revolution, Emerging Agrarian class structure,
Agrarian unrest.

6. Rural-urban social structure
Features and characteristics of rural and urban social structure
Urbanism and urbanization, Slums, Environmental Problems, Poverty
and indebtness, Urban planning and development.

7. Tribal society
Meaning and characteristics of tribe and scheduled tribe,
Contitutional provisions to determine scheduled tribe, Tribal economy,
means of livelihood, Tribal movement and development, Bhil, Gonda,

8. Industry and society
Meaning and characteristics of industrialization, Occupational
diversification, Trade- unions and human relations, Economic
reforms-Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation.

9. Education
Directive principles of state policy and primary Education, Education,
Educational inequality and change, Education and social mobility,
Sarva Shikha Abhiyan, Educational problems of disadvantaged

10. Social problem
Alcoholism, Drug-addiction, AIDS, Prostitution, Gender
discrimination, Youth unrest, Problems of elderly people, Bonded
Labour , Corruption , Child Labour, Dowry.






1. Descriptive Statistics
Types of data - Concepts of a Statistical population and sample from
a population ; qualitative and quantitative data ; nominal and ordinal
data ; cross sectional and time series data; discrete and continuous
data; frequency and non-frequency data. different types of scales –
nominal, ordinal , ratio and interval. Collection and Scrutiny of data ;
Primary data – designing a questionnaire and a schedule; checking
their consistency. Secondary data – its major sources including some
government publications. Complete enumeration, controlled
experiments, observational studies and sample survery. Scrutiny of
data for internal consistency and detection of errors of recording. Ideas
of cross- validation. Presentation of Data ; construction of tables with
one or more factors of classification. Diagrammatic and graphical
representation of grouped data. Frequency distributions, cumulative
frequency distributions and their graphical representation, histogram,
frequency polygon and ogives. Stem and leaf chart. Box plot. Analysis
of Quantitative Data; Univariate data- Concepts of central tendency,
dispersion and relative dispersion, skewness and kurtosis and their
measures Sheppard's corrections for moments for grouped data
(without derivations). Bivariate Data ; Scatter diagram. Product
moment correlation coefficient and its properties. coefficient of
determination. Correlation ratio. Concepts of error in regression.
Principle of least squares. Fitting of linear regression and related
results. fitting of curves reducible to polynomials by transformation.
Rank correlation - Spearman's and Kendall's measures. Multivariate
data; Multiple regression, multiple correlation and partial correlation
in three variables, their measures and related results. Analysis of
Categorical Data; Consistency of categorical data. Independence and
association of attributes. Various measures of association for two-way
and three-way classified data.

2. Probability Theory
Important Concepts in Probability - Definition of probability –
classical and relative frequency approach to probability, Richard von
Mises, Cramer and Kolmogorov's approaches to probability, merits
and demerits of these approaches . Random Experiment : Trial,
sample point and sample space, definition of an event, operation of
events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events. Discrete sample
space, properties of probability based on axiomatic approach,
conditional probability, independence of events, Bayes theorem and its
applications. Random Variables ; Definition of discrete random
variables, probability mass function, idea of continuous random
variable and its properties – moments, measures of location ,
dispersion, skewness and kurtosis, moment generating function, their
properties and uses. Standard univariate discrete distributions and
their properties : Discrete Uniform, Binomial, Poisson,
Hypergeometric, Negative Binomial and Geometric distributions.
Continuous univariate distributions- Uniform, normal , Cauchy,
Laplace, Exponential, Chi-square, Gamma and Beta distributions.
Bivariate normal distribution ( including marginal and conditional
distributions) Chebyshev's inequality and applications, Statements
and applications of weak law of large numbers and central limit
theorems ( Lindeberg Leby, Liaponouv and De-Moiver's )


1. Statistical Methods
Sampling from a distribution ; Definition of a random sample,
simulating random sample from standard distributions (Uniform,
Exponential & Normal) . Concept of derived distribtutions of functions
of random variables. Concept of a statistic and its sampling
distribution . Point estimate of a parameter, Concept of bias and
standard error of an estimate, Standard errors of sample mean and
sample proportion, Sampling distributions of sum of binomial and
Poisson distributions. Sampling distribution of mean of normal
Independence of sample mean and variance in random sampling from
a normal distribution ( without derivation ), Statistical Tests and
interval Estimation ; Null and alternative hypotheses, Types of errors,
p-values . Statement of chi-square, t, and F statistics. Testing for the
mean and variance of univariate normal distribution, testing of
equality of two means and testing of equality of two variances of two
univariate normal distributions.
Related confidence intervals. Testing for the significance of sample
correlation coefficient in sampling from bivariate normal distribution
and for the equality of means and equality of variances in
sampling from bivariate normal distribution. Large sample tests. Use
of central limit theorem for testing and its applications to interval
estimation of a single mean, a single proportion, difference of two
means and two proportions. Fisher's Z-transformation and its uses .
Pearson's chi-square test for goodness of fit. Contingency table and
test of independence in a contingency table. Definition of order
statistics and their distributions ( Without derivations ), Nonparametric
tests; Sign test for univariate and bivariate distributions,
Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test, Run test, Median test, and Spearman's
rank correlation coefficient test.



1. Sample Surveys
Sample Surveys. Concepts of population and sample., need for
sampling. Census and sample survey, basic concepts in sampling ,
organizational aspects of survey sampling, sample selection and
sample size . Some basic sampling methods- simple random samplig
(SRS) with and without replacement. Stratified random sampling.
systematic sampling, ratio and regression methods of estimation
under SRS. Non sampling errors, acquaintance with the working
(questionnaires, sampling design, methods followed in field
investigation, principal findings etc.) of NSSO, and other agencies
undertaking sample surveys.

2. Design of Experiments
Analysis of variance for one way and two-way classifications ( with one
observation per cell ) . Need for design of experiments, fundamental
principles of design, basic designs – C.R.D., R.B.D. ,L.S.D. and their
analysis. Factorial designs – 2n ( n £ 4 ) designs, illustrations, main
effects and interaction effects and confounding in 23 design.


1. Measurement of mortality and life table
Crude death rate, infant mortality rates, death rate by casuse,
standardized death rate, complete life table-its main features,
mortality rate and probability of dying, use of survival tables.
Measurement of fertility : crude birth rate, general fertility rate, total
fertility rate, gross reproduction rate, net reproduction rate.

2. Economic Statistics
Index number-its definition, applications of index numbers, price
relatives and quantity or volume relatives of index numbers, use of
averages, simple aggregative and weighted aggregative methods,
Laspeyre's Paache's and Fisher's index numbers, time and factor
reversal tests of index numbers. Consumer Price Index.

3. Time Series Analysis
Economic time series, its different components. Illustrations , additive
and multiplicative models, detemination of trend, growth curves,
analysis of seasonal fluctuations, construction of seasonal indices.

4. Statistical Quality Control
Importance of statistical methods in industrial research and practice,
specification of items and lot qualities corresponding to visual gauging,
count and measurements, types of inspection, detemination of
tolerance limits. General theory of control charts, causes of variation
in quality, control limits, sub-grouping, summary of out-of control
criteria, charts for attributes, np-chart, p-chart, c-chart, U-chart.
Charts for variables ; `X and R charts, design of `X and R Charts
versus p-charts, process capability studies. Principle of acceptance
sampling - problems of lot acceptance, stipulation of good and bad
lots, producer's and consumers risks, single and double sampling
plans, their OC functions, concepts of AQL, LTPD, AOQL, average
amount of inspection and ASN functions, rectifying inspection plans,
Sampling inspection plans, Indian Standards Tables Part I ( including
applications ).






Structure, general organization and Biology of nonchordata and chordata, ecology ethology, economic zoology and Laboratory

1. Non-chordata and chordata
(1) Classfication and relationship of various phyla upto subclasses.
(2) Protozoa - Structure , locomotion, nutrition, reproduction; and
life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium,
Trypnosoma and Amoeba.
(3) Porifera - Stucture, histology, Skeleton, canal system and
reproduction in sycon
(4) Coelenterata - Polymorphism, defensive structures and their
mechanism; coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis;
general features and life history of Obelia and Aurelia.
(5) Platyhelminthes - Parasitic adaptation; general features and
life history of Fasciola and Taenia and their relation to man.
(6) Nemathelminthes - General features, life history and parasitic
adaptation of Ascaris; Nemathelminths in relation to man.
(7) Annelida - Coelom and metamerism; general features and life
history of Neanthes, Pheretima and Hirudinaria.
(8) Arthropoda - External features, organ systems and life histry of
prawn, scorpion and cockroach. Mouth parts in insects
(cockroach, mosquito, housefly, honey bee and butterfly);
metamorphosis in insects and its hormonal regulation; social
organization in insects (termites and honey bees).
(9) Mollusca - Feeding, respiration, locomotion, general features
and life history of Unio & Pila. Torsion and detorsion in
(10) Echinodermata - General features, Feeding, respiration, water
vascular system and locomotion of Asterias.
(11) Protochordata - Origin of chordates; general features and life
history of Herdamania and Branchiostoma.
(12) Pisces - Scales, respiration, locomotion, migration. Structure
and Affinities of Dipnoi.
(13) Amphibia - Parental care, neoteny & paedogenesis.
(14) Reptilia - Poisonous and non poisonous snakes of M.P. - Biting
mechanism of snakes.
(15) Aves - Flight adaptation and migration.
Mammalia - Structural peculiarities and phyllogenetic relation of
profotheria and methatheria
(16) Comparative functional anatomy of following systems of
vertebrates-integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton (limbs
and girdles only), digestive system, respiratory system,
circulatory system (heart and aortic arches only) urino-genital
system, brain and sense organs (eye and ear only).


1. Ecology
(1) Biosphere - Biogeochemical cycles, green-houses effect, ozone
layer and its impact; ecological succession.
(2) Population, characteristics, population dynamics, population
(3) Wild life of India its conservations. Biosphere reserves.
Environmental biodegradation; pollution and its impact on
biosphere and its prevention.

2. Ethology
(1) Behaviour - Learning, instinct, habituation, conditioning,
(2) Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm
spreading; social behaviour in insects and primates; courtship
(Drosophila, 3-spine stickleback and birds).
Biological clock and circadian rhythms.

3. Economic Zoology
(1) Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture,
prawn culture.
(2) Major infectious and communicable diseases (small pox, plague,
malaria, tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors,
pathogens and prevention.
Insects and diseases in relation to man.

4. Laboratory techniques
(1) Study of pH meter
(2) Chromatography-(paper and thin layer)
(3) Microtomy
(4) Preparation of fixatives, stains and reagents
(5) Museum keeping & preservation
(6) Skeleton preparation and taxidermy.


Cell Biololgy, genetics, evolution, systematics, biochemistry, physiology and embryology


1. Cell Biology
(1) Structure and function of cell and its organelles(nucleus,
plasma membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic
reticulum, ribosomes and Lysosomes), cell division (mitosis and
meiosis), cell cycle.
(2) Watson-Crick model of DNA, replication of DNA,
(3) Protein synthesis.
(4) Cell fusion.

2. Genetics and biotechnology
(1) Genetic code.
(2) Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Drosophilla, and
(3) Mendel's laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, and
crossing over, multiple alleles, inheritance of blood groups.
(4) Mutations and mutagenesis : radiation and chemical.
(5) Cloning technology, plasmids and cosmids as vectors,
transgenics, transposons, DNA sequence cloning and whole
animal cloning (Principles and methodology).
(6) Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eu-karyotes.
(7) Congenital diseases in man.
(7) DNA finger-printing.

3. Evolution and systematics
(1) Origin of life
(2) Lamarck and his works.
(3) Darwin and his works.
(4) Sources and nature of organic variation.
(5) Natural selection.
(6) Isolation.
(7) Concept of species and sub-species, principles of classification,
zoological nomenclature and international code , cladistics.
(8) Fossils,
(9) Geological eras.
(10) Distribution of animals, zoogeographical realms of the world.


1. Biochemistry
(1) Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, lipids, proteins,
aminoacids, nucleic acids.
(2) Glycolysis and Krebs cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative
phosphorylation; energy conservation and release, ATP, cyclic
AMP-its structure and role.
(3) Hormone and their function.
(4) Enzymes: types and mechanisms of action and co-enzymes.
(5) Immunoglobulin and immunity.

2. Physiology (with reference to mammals)
(1) Composition and constitutents of blood; its coagulation, factors
and mechanism of coagulation; thermo regulation. Blood group
and Rh factor in man.
(2) Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport; haemoglobin :
constitutents and its role in regulation, of gaseous transport.
(3) Nutritive requirements; role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas
and intestinal glands in digestion and absorption.
(4) Excretory products; nephron and regulation of urine formation;
(5) Types of muscles, mechanism of contraction of skeletal
(6 Neuron, nerve impulse-its conduction and synaptic
transmission; neurotransmitters.
(7) Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.
(8) Mechanism of hormone action.
(9) Physiology of reproduction, role of hormones in reproduction.

3. Embryology
(1) Gametogenesis, fertilization, types of eggs, cleavage, development
up to gastrulation in Branchiostoma, frog and chick,
Metamorphosis in frog, formation and fate of extra embryonic
membranes in chick and mammals. Types and functions of
placenta in mammals;
(2) Paedogenesis and neoteny.
(3) Growth, regeneration and aging.
(4) In vitro fertilization; embryo transfer, cloning.





Part - I is compulsory.
Candidates may opt either Part- II (A) or Part - II (B).
Each part (i.e. I and II) carries 150 marks.


1. Meaning and scope of Anthropology and its main branches
(1) Social-Cultural Anthropology
(2) Biological Anthropology.
(3) Archeological Anthropology.
(4) Linguistic Anthropology.

2. Concept of culture and it attributes
Ethos & Edos, Cultural Integration, Form and Content, Cultural
Aspects of culture : Material & non-material.
Meaning of Society, Community, Group and Institution, Culture and
3. The field work Tradition in Anthropology, Geneological method,
Observation, Case-study, Interview Schedule and Questionnaire.

4. Organic Evolution
Views and evidences, Theories of Organic Evolution :
Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Synthetic

5. Man's position in the animal kingdom, Physical Characteristics of
mammals and primate, Geographical distribution and chief Physical
characteristics of prosimii (Lemuriforms, Lorisiforms and Torsiforms),
Anthropoidea (New world monkeys and old world monkeys), Pongidae
(Gibbon, Orang-Utan, Chimpanzee, Gorilla).

6. Geological Time-scale, The Great lce-Age
Extent, Flora & Fauna, Evidences and Causes of occurrence of the lce
Age. Pluvials and inter-pluvials, Methods of dating : Absolute and

7. Prehistoric cultural hierarchy
General features of Paleo, meso and neolithic cultures of Europe and
India (with special reference to Soan, Madrasian and Narmada
stratigraphies and tool-traditions) Mesolithic pattern in India. Neolithic
Complex and associated problems in India.

8. Proto-Historic hierarchy
Indus valley civilization, Ganges valley civilization (Doaba), Megalithic

9. Language, Society and Culture - How are they interrelated ?


1. Social Institutions
Definition of marriage, Forms of marriage : Monogamy, Polygamy,
Endogamy, Exogamy. Marriage payments : Dowry and bride-price,
Definition of family, Types of family : Nuclear, Extended, Joint family.
Patterns of residence : Uxorilocal, Virilocal and Neolocal, Descent
system: matriliny and patriliny. Definition and nature of kinship,
Kinship terminology, Kinship usages, Kin-groups : Lineage, Clan,
Phratry and Moiety.

2. Primitive Economy
The relationship between primitive economy and natural environment,
modes of production, Primitive ways of exchange and distribution:
Barter, ceremonial exchange, Reciprocity and Redistribution, Market
exchange, Concept of value. Distinctions between primitive economy
and modern economy.

3. Political Organization
Primitive law and Political organization, distinctions between state and
stateless societies, Leadership, authority and system in stateless
society, natural and cultural background of law in primitive and
modern societies. Means of social control in primitive societies.

4. Definition and theories of religion
Animism, Animatism, Manaism, Totemism, Durkeim's sociological
theory of religion. Taboo, Functions of religion, Shamans and priests,
Types of magic, Religion, Magic and science.

5. Concepts and theories
Evolution and socio- cultural evolutionism (L.H. Morgan, E.B. Tylor),
Diffusion and diffusionism (German-Austrian) Pattern and pattern
based theory of culture (R. Benedict) Function and functionalism (B.
Malinowski), Structure- functionalism (A.R. Radcliffe -Brown)

6. Psychological Anthropology
Culture - personality school, Basic personality and modal personality.
National character studies.

7. Growth of Anthropology in India
Major contributions of D.N. Majumdar, M.N. Srinivas, S.C. Dube and
L.P. Vidyarthi.


1. Fossil evidence of Human Evolution
Dryopithecus, Ramapithecus, The hominid members of
Australopithecinae, Homo-erectus : Pithecanthropus erectus(Jawa
man), Sinanthropus Pekinensis (China man), Homo-Neanderthalensis
: Progressive and conservative, Heidelberg man, Homo-sapiens : Cro-
Magnon, Chancelade, Grimaldi.

2. Comparative anatomy of Man and Apes, Types of locomotion, The
effect of erect posture on the skeleton of man with special reference to
skull, Vertebral column, Pelvic girdle and limbs.

3. Human Genetics : aims and scope, Cell
Cell division, Role of mitotic and meiotic cell division, Laws of heredity,
Mechanism of heredity, Types of inheritance : autosomal, sex linked,
dominant and recessive, chromosomes and genes: normal and
abnormal chromosomes, Sex-chromosomal aberrations : Klinefelter,
Turner and Down syndrome, Concept of DNA and RNA.

4. Difficulties in studying human genetics, methods of investigation in
human genetics: population genetics, biochemical genetics and
cytogenetics; twin methods, pedigree method, Inheritance of A, B, O
blood groups and PTC, Genetic counselling, cloning.

5. Human growth and development
Definition and scope, Methods of studying human growth :
Longitudinal, semi-longitudinal and cross-sectional, Retarded growth,
Growth spurt, Ageing, Nutritional requirements for normal growth,
Malnutrition, Under-nutrition.

6. Ecology
Definition and scope, Varieties of human ecosystems, Environmental
pollution, Biological demography: definition and scope, Demographic
profiles: Fertility, Mortality, Morbidity.
7. Definition of race, Genetic concept of race, UNESCO statement of
Race, Formation of Racial groups, Criteria for Racial classification:
genetic and morphological characters, Major races of the world and
their broad subdivisions, Racial elements in Indian population.


1. Basic concepts
Culture, civilization, Great Tradition, Little tradition, sacred complex,
Universalization, parochialization, sanskritization, Westernization,
Dominant caste, Folk-society, Jajmani system, Tribe-caste continuum.

2. India's traditional social system
Purusharth Chatushthaya, Varanahramdharma, Hindu social laws
pertaining to family and marriage, Social disabilities and the problem
of untouchability.

3. Problems of exploitation and deprivation of scheduled tribes,
Scheduled castes and other backward classes. Constitutional
safeguards for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.

4. Ethnographic profiles of Indian tribes
Racial, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics. Problems of
tribal people : Land alienation, Indebtedness, bonded labour. Foodgathering,
Pastoralism, Shifting cultivation, Terrace cultivation and
settled agriculture, Forest policy and tribals, Tribal displacement and

5. The problems of culture contact
Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribals. Tribal
movements. Naxalism and tribals. Impact of the Hinduism, Islam and
Christianity on tribes.

6. History of tribal administration and development
Pattern of tribal administration during the British and the post British
periods. Plans, policies and strategies of tribal development in post
Independence period. The response of tribal people towards
government's measures for their development.
7. Youth dormitories, Evaluation of contemporary system of
tribal education and measures for improvement in it. Panchayati
Raj and tribal development. N.G.Os and tribal welfare. The role of
Anthropology in tribal development.


Criminology & Forensic Science



1. Criminology - Definition and scope
2. Crime trends in India
(with reference to National Crime Records Bureau)
3. Crimes against children
(Nature, extent and legal provisions)
4. Crimes against women
(Nature, extent and legal provisions)
5. Crimes against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
(Nature, extent and legal provisions)
6. Pre-classical theories of crime
7. Classical theories of crime - Theories of hedonism and
8. Positive theories of crime - Constitutional and morphological
theories, psychological and psychoanalytical theories.
9. Sociological theories of crime - Differential Association and
10. Radical theories of crime - Labelling theory, etc .
11. Punishment - Definition, theories and types
12. Non-institutional treatment of offenders - Probation,
temporary release and parole.
13. Institutional treatment of offenders
14. Prisons in India - organisation, Type and functions
15. Correctional services for jail inmates
16. Juvenile institutional and non- institutional services
17. Victims of crime and victim-compensation
18. Crime prevention planning


1. Fingerprints - Patterns and types, development, lifting,
preservation and comparison.
2. Foot and foot-wear prints - Importance, gait-pattern,
preservation, lifting, casting and comparison
3. Tyre and track marks - Importance, preservation and
4. Questioned documents - Types and examination, procurement
of control samples, alterations, charred documents, class and
individual characteristics of hand-writing, typed, printed and
photo-stat matters and their comparison, indented writing and
its development, disguised writing, seal and rubber stamp.
5. Firearms in criminal activities, classification, components of
firearms, smooth-bore and rifled firearms, types and structure of
cartridge, preservation and forensic examination of firearm,
bullet and shell case. Gunshot residues, estimation of range of
Tool marks – Type, Identification and Comparative Study
6. Poisons and toxicology - Definition, classification, types of
poisoning, visceral samples for toxicological examinations,
isolation and clean-up procedures, analysis of opiates, cannabis,
dhatura, nux-vomica, ethyl alcohol, barbiturates insecticides,
arsenic, mercury, lead and zinc.
7. Composition and analysis of blood , semen , saliva, urine and
8. Composition and analysis of fibre , glass , paint , soil and cement
9. Forensic evidence on clothes , bed linen , curtain & towel
10. Death investigation - Types of death , medico-legal causes,
determination of sex & age, post mortem procedure, post mortem
11. Wounds - Types and chacteristics , ante mortem and post
mortem wounds.
12. Scientific investigation of un natural deaths ( accidental ,
suicidal and homicidal ), sexual offences, arson and explosive
13. D.N.A. Profiling - Structure of D.N.A , D.N.A. as marker ,
methods of D.N.A. profiling , forensic applications.
14. Polygraphy, narco-analysis and brain mapping as an
investigating aids .





Elizabethan to Romatic Era

The paper covers the literary period from the Renaissance to the
Romantic Movement. The candidates are expected to be acquainted
with major literary movements, currents, besides the socio-cultural
background of the periods. The course content intends to test the first
hand knowledge of the candidates with regard to the major authors
and their representative works :
1. Christopher Marlowe - 'Dr. Faustus'
2. William Shakespeare - 'Macbeth'
'As You Like It.'
3. Francis Bacon - 'Of Studies', 'Of Truth',
'Of Friendship', 'Of Revenge.'
4. John Donne - 'Extasie', 'Anniversarie'
5. John Milton - 'Paradise Lost', Book-I,
6. John Dryden - 'Mac Flecknoe'
7. Alexander Pope - 'Rape of the Lock'.
8. William Wordsworth - 'The Solitary Reaper'
'Tintern Abbey'.
9. S.T. Coleridge - 'Rime of the Ancient Mariner'
10. P.B. Shelley - 'To A Skylark'
'Ode to the West Wind'
11. Jane Austen - 'Pride and Prejudice'
12. Charles Lamb - 'A Bachelor's Complaint'
'Old China,' 'Dream Children'.


Victorian to Modern Era

The Second paper incorporates various literary trends ranging from
the Victorian to the modern era. The candidates are expected to
possess first hand knowledge of representative British, American and
Indian Writing in English.
1. Tennyson - 'Ulysses', 'Crossing the Bar'
2. Robert Browning - 'My Last Duchess', 'Prospice'
3. Matthew Arnold - 'Dover Beach'
4. Charles Dickens - 'David Copperfield'
5. Thomas Hardy - 'Mayor of Casterbridge'
6. D.G. Rossetti - 'Blossom'
7. George Bernard Shaw - 'Candida', Joan of Arc'
8. Eugene O'Neill - 'Mourning Becomes Electra'
9. Mulk Raj Anand - 'Coolie'
10. A.K. Ramanujan - 'A River'
11. Girish Karnad - 'Hayavadana'
12. Ernest Hemingway - 'A Farewell to Arms'
13. Robert Frost - 'Mending Wall'
'Road Not Taken',
14. T.S. Eliot - 'Love Song of Alfred J. Prufrock'








1. Ancient Period
(1) Indo-Greek Art of war with special reference to the Battle of
Hydaspus 326 B.C..
(2) Mauryan military system as described by Magasthenese.
(3) Kautalya's Philosophy of war.

2. Medieval Period: Study of military systems
(1) Rajput military system with special reference to the Battle
of Tarain (1192 AD).
(2) Mughal military system with special reference to the First
battle of Panipat (1526-AD).
(3) Maratha military system with special reference to the Third
Battle of Panipat (1761 AD).
(4) Sikh military system with special reference to the Battle of
Sobraon (1846AD).

3. Pre-Independence Period
(1) Battle of Plasay 1757 AD.
(2) 1857 Liberation movement.
(3) Re-organisation of Army in India under the CROWN.

4. Post Independence period
(1) Sino-Indian war, 1962 causes and lessons-political,
strategical and tactical.
(2) Indo-Pak war 1965 causes and lessons political, strategical
and tactical.
(3) Indo-Pak war 1971 causes and lessons political, strategical
and tactical.



(1) Greek and Roman Art of war with reference to the battle of
Arbella (331 B.C.) and battle of Cannae (216 B.C.).
(2) Emergence and decline of cavalry with reference to the battle of
Hastings (1066 A.D.) and battle of Crecy (1346 A.D.).
(3) Impact of Science and Technology on warfare.
(4) Revolution in tactics
(a) War of American Independence (1776-1782 A.D.).
(b) French Revolution and Nepoleanic Art of war.



(1) World War I - Strategy and tactics : Theories of Guillet Doubet
and Admiral A.T. Mahan.
(2) World War-II Strategy and tactics :
Theories of Maj. Gen J.F.C. Fuller and Capt. B.H. Liddell Hart.
(3) World War-II -Use of Atom Bomb and its impact.




National Security

1. National Power-Concept and importance.

2. Elements of National power.

3. National security strategies
(1) Balance of power,
(2) Collective security.
(3) Regional defence.
(4) Non-alignment.
(5) Deterrence.

4. Geo strategical location of India.

5. Internal and External threats to Indian security.

6. Economic liberalisation and National security.

7. India's Nuclear policy.


Theory and Practice of War

1. Definition of war, nature and characteristics of war.
2. Insurgency and counter-insurgency with special reference to
Indian security.
3. Terrorism: Problems and solutions.
4. Development of Nuclear weapons and their effect on war.
5. Space weapons and security.
6. Chemical and Biological weapons and security.
7. Problems and prospects of disarmament and arms control.


Regional Study
1. Indian ocean and Indian security.
2. Role of SAARC in promoting regional cooperation and security.
3. India’s Foreign Policy with special refrence to Indian security.
4. War and peace time economy.






1. Abhijnana - Shakuntalam of Kalidasa.
2. Svapnavasavadattam of Bhasa.
3. Shukanasopadesha from Bana's Kadambari.
4. Translation in Sanskrit.
5. Composition - an essay in Sanskrit.
Questions will be based on detailed textual study of units (i) and



1. Kiratarjuniyam of Bharavi,
2. Nalopakhyanam from Mahabharata,
3. History of Sanskrit Literature.
(1) General study of the following Kavyas:
Ramayana, Mahabharata, Shrimad - Bhagawata,
Buddhacharita, Saundarananda, Raghuvansha,
Kumarasambhava, Meghaduta, Ritusamhara, Bhattikavya,
Hayagrivavadha, Janakiharana, Kiratarjuniya,
Shishupalavadha, Naishadhacharita, Shrikanthacharita,
Nalachampu, Rajatarangini, Vikramankadevacharita, and
Nitishatak of Bhartrihari.
(2) General study of the dramas of the following authors :
Bhasa, Ashvaghosha, Kalidasa, Shudraka, Vishakhdatta,
Bhavabhuti, Harsha, Bhattanarayana, Murari,
Rajashekhara, Shrikrishna Mishra, Jayadeva.
(3) General Study of the works of the following prose writers :
Bana, Dandi, Subandhu, Vadibhasimha, Dhanapala,
4. Vyakarana
(1) Sandhi,
(2) Samasa,
(3) Karaka
5. (1) Kridanta Pratyaya -
Tumun, Tavyat, Aniyar, Yat, Shatri, Shanach, Kta,
Ktavatu, Namul, Lyut.
(2) Taddita Pratyaya -
An, in, Matvarthiya, Shyan, Tva, Imanich.
(3) Alankara -
Upama, Utpreksha, Rupaka, Arthantaranyasa,
Svabhavokti, Kavyalinga, Atishayokti, Vibhavana,
Visheshokti, Apahnuti, Drishtanta, Nidarshana, Anuprasa,
Questions will be based on detailed textual study of unit (i) and (ii)





Urdu Zaban ki mukhtasar tarikh/Asnaf-e- Nasr aur Ahm nasr nigar.

1. Urdu ki paidaish ke bare m-e-n mukhtalif nazariyat aur uska
irtiqua aur Urdu ke qadeem nam (Hindi/ Hindvi/Rekhta/Urdu-emualla
( Various theories about the origin of urdu language and its
development, as well as its original name (Hindi-Hindvi/Rekhta/Urdue
mualla etc.)

2. "Yadgare ghalib"
(Mukhtasar Edition) Az Hali, Muratteba Daya narain - Nigam )
(Yadare Ghalib" (Abridged edition) by Hali, Edited by Daya Narain

3. Urdu Afsana aur Drama (Urdu short stories & Drama)
(1) Darjzel afsane aur afsana nigar
(a) Kafan - PremChand
(b) Mahalaxmi ka pul - Krishna Chandra
(c) Lajwanti - Rajendra Singh Bedi
(d) Do Shala - Gilani Bano
(2) (1) Drama - Dr. Tamkin ki uljhan - Ibrahim Yusuf.
(2) Drama - Anarkali - Imtiyaz Ali Taj

4. Darj zel inshaiy-e Aur inshaiya nigar
(1) Insan kisi hal m-en khush nahin rehta - Md. Husain Azad.
(2) Mirza Zahirdar Baig - Nazeer Ahmed
(3) Chirya Chire ki kahani - Abul kalam Azad
(4) Tassub - Sirsyed Ahmed Khan
(5) Shahzade ka bazar m-en ghisatna - Khwaja Hasan Nizami

5. Ghalib ke khutoot
(1) Banaam Alauddin khan Alai ( Suno Alam Dohain)
(2) Banam meer mehdi majrooh (mardalayar terijawab talabi n-e)
(3) Banam Har Gopal - Tuftah (Bhai Mujh men aurtum m-em
nama nigari kahe - ko hai)

Study of Ghalib as a writer of letters in the light of the above "khutoot" (letters)


Urdu Shairi ki Aham Asnaf Aur Shairon ka tanquidi Mutalea, aur Unki Chand takhleequat

1. Urdu men ghazal Aur Uski Maqbooliyat ke Asbab. (Ghazal in Urdu
and the reason of its popularity)
2. Darjzel Ghazlgo Shairon ki Ghazlen Aur Shairon ka Mutalea.
(1) Wali (a) yad karna har ghadi Usyar Ka.
(2) Meer taqui Meer -
(a) Munh taka hi karehe jistis ka
(b) Ulti hogain Sab tadbiren kuchch na dawa ne kam kiya
(c) Hamare age tira jab kasune naam liya"
(3) Ghalib
(a) Yeh na thi hamari quismat ke wisaale yar hota.
(b) Phir mujhe didae tar yad aya.
(4) Momin
(a) Gheron pe khul na jai kahin raz dekhna.
(b) Asar usko zara nahin hota
(5) Hasrat Mohani - Husne Beparwa ko khudbino khud ara
(6) Firaq Gorakhpuri - Nigahe naz ne parde uthai hain kya
3. "Qaseeda-Aur-Marsiya" ka tanqueedi Mutalea Aur us ke
Shairon par Sawalat .
(1) Sauda
(2) Zauq
(3) Anis
(4) Dabeer,
4. Masnaviyat Aur darjzel Masnavi Nigaron ka tanquidi Mutalea.
(1) Sahrul Bayan - Meer Hasan
(2) Gulzare Naseem - Daya Shankar "Naseem"
5. Urdu m-en nazm aur darj zel nazmo-n aur unk-e Shairon ka
khusoosi Mutalea.
(1) Nazeer akbar abadi
(a) Aadmi Nama
(b) Holi
(2) Pandit Brijnarain Chakbast- Ramayan ka ek Seen
(3) Iqbal
(a) Taranai Hindi
(b) Shoai Ummid
(4) Josh Malihabadi -Kisan
(5) Faiz Ahmed Faiz - Tanhai
(6)Jan Nisar Akhtar - yeh Zakhm to apna Hissa Hain