1. Current Affairs - Current events of State, National and International importance, nternational agencies, their activities,s working in these fields. Games and sports at State, National aEconomic and Political aspects in India and organisations and institutionnd International Levels.
2. General Science - Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and nderstanding of Science including matters of everyday observations and experience as may be expected of and enlightened person though he may not have made any special study of science. Question to test the candidate's acquaintance with matters such as Electronics, Tele-communication. Satellies and the like should also be included.
3. Geography and Natural resources -
(a) Broad physical features o the world, important places, rivese, mountains, continents, oceans.
(b) Natural resources of India, Mines and minerals, Forests, land and water, Wild life and conservation, ecology of India.
(c) Physiography, Climate, Vegetation and soil regions, Broad Physical divisions of India, human resources, problems of population, unemployment, poverty, drought famines and desertification in India.
(d) Energy problems and conventional and non-conventional sources of energy.
4. Agriculture and Economic Development of India - Food and Commercial crops, agriculture base industries, Major irrigation and rivers valley projects, Growth and location of industries. Industrial raw materials, Mineral based Industries, Small Scale & Cottage Industries, Export items, various economic plans, programmes and institutions for development. Cooperative movement, small enterprises and financial institutions.
5. History and Culture - Main currents in World History, Art and Culture, Landmarks in the political and cultural history of India, Major monuments, and Literary works. Renaissance, struggle of freedom & national integration.
1. Geography and Natural Resources -
(a) Broad Physical Features : Topography, Climate, Vegetation
and Soil Regions, Rivers, Mountains, Lakes, Natural
divisions, Geographical regions.
(b) Natural Resources : Mines and Minerals, Forest, Land and
Water, Wild life and Conservation, Environmental Ecology.
(c) Livestock and Fisheries, Breed, Population, Regional
Distribution, Cattle Fairs.
(d) Human Resources, Population problem, Unemployment,
Poverty, Drought and Famines.
(e) Energy Problems and Conventional and Non-conventional
sources of energy.
2. Agriculture & Industry - Food and Commercial Crops, Agriculture
based Industries. Major and Minor Irrigation & River Valley
Projects. Projects for the development of the desert and waste land,
Indira Gandhi Canal Project. Growth and location of Industries,
Industrial raw materials. Mineral Based Industries, Large, Small
and Cottage Industries, Rajasthani Handicrafts.
3. Economic Development and Planning - Various Economic Plans.
Programmes and Institutions for development, Co-operative
movement, Small Enterprises and Financial Institutions, Various
indicators of Economic development.
4. History, Polity, Art & Culture - History & Culture of Rajasthan
with special reference to :
1. The mediaeval background.
2. Socio-economic life and organizations.
3. Freedom Movement and Political awakening.
4. Political Integration.
5. Music, dance & theatre.
6. Religious beliefs, cults, saints, poets and warrior saints 'Lok
Devta', 'Lok Deviyan'.
7. Handicrafts.
8. Fairs and Festivals, Customs, Dresses & Ornaments. With
special reference to fold and tribal aspects thereof.
5. Literature - Rajasthani Language, Dialects and their regions,
History of language and literature, famous writers, poets and their
works with special reference to flok-lore.
lkekU; fgUnh (General Hindi)

bl iz'u&i= dk ms'; vH;FkhZ dh Hkk"kk&fo"k;d {kerk rFkk mlds fopkjksa dh lgh]
Li"V ,oa izHkkoiw.kZ vfHkO;fDr dh ij[k djuk gS A
Hkk"kk&Kku Hkkx&^^v^^ 50 vad
1- laf/k ,oa laf/k&foPNsn % fn;s gq, 'kCnksa esa laf/k djuk vkSj laf/k foPNsn djuk A
2- lekl % fn;s gq, 'kCnksa ls lkekfld inksa dh jpukvksa vkSj lekl foxzg djuk A
3- milxZ % milxksZ dk lkekU; Kku vkSj muds la;ksx ls 'kCnksa dh lajpuk vkSj 'kCnksa esa fo|eku milxkZsa dks i`Fkd~ djuk A
4- izR;; % izR;;ksa dk lkekU; Kku vkSj muds la;ksx ls 'kCnksa dh lajpuk vkSj 'kCnksa esa fo|eku izR;;ksa dks i`Fkd~ djuk A
5- i;kZ;okph rFkk foykse 'kCn A
6- 'kCn&;qXeksa dk vFkZHksn A
7- ,d okD;ka'k ds fy, ,d lkFkZd 'kCn A
8- 'kCn&'kqf) fn;s vq, v'kq) 'kCnksa dks 'kq) :i esa fy[kuk
9- okD;&'kqf) orZuh lEcU/kh v'kqf);ksa ls jfgr fofHkUu O;kdjf.kd v'kqf);ksa okys
okD;ksa dks 'kq) djuk
10- eqgkojs okD;ksa esa dsoy lkFkZd iz;ksx visf{kr gS A
11- yksdksfDr;k okD;ksa esa dsoy lkFkZd iz;ksx visf{kr gSA
12- ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCnkoyh iz'kklu ls lEcfU/kr vaxjsth 'kCnksa ds lekukFkZd fgUnh 'kCnA
Hkk"kk&Kku Hkkx&^^c^^ 100 vad
1- laf{kIrhdj.k % x|korj.k dk mfpr 'kh"kZd ,oa ,d&frgkbZ 'kCnksa esa laf{kIrhdj.k rFkk x|korj.k ij iz'u A
2- o`f)dj.k % fdlh lwfDr] izfl) dFku vkfn Hkko foLrkjA
3- i=&ys[ku % O;kolkf;d ,oa dk;kZy;h; i= A
4- izk:i % fufonk] ifji=] vf/klwpuk] Kkiu dk;kZy;&] foKfIr A
5- vuqokn % vxjsth x|korj.k dk fgUnh esa vuqokn A
Hkkx&^^l^^ 50 vad
1- fdlh lelkef;d ,oa vU; fo"k; ij fuca/k&ys[ku&ys[ku 'kCn&lhek 500 'kCn


1. Comprehension of a given passage
2. Translation (from Hindi to English)
3. Modern English Usage :
(a) Tense usage including sequence of tenses and concord.
(b) Phrasal verbs and idioms.
(c) Determiners.
(d) Passive voice.
(e) Coordination and Subordination.
(f) Direct and Indirect speech.
(g) Modals expressing various concepts :
Obligation, Request, Permission, Prohibition, Intention, Condition,
Probability, Possibility, Purpose, Reason, Comparison, Contrast.
4. Report Writing (Writing a report on the basis of given information)
5. Business and Official letters
6. Essay (not exceeding 300 words)

Agriculture (Code No. 01)


Agronomy (including statistics): Agro Climatology-Major agroclimatic
zones of India and Rajasthan. Cropping pattern in different agroclimatic
zones. Elements of crop production, Tillage and tilth, cropping
system including concepts of intercropping, multiple cropping, really
cropping, mixed cropping, sequential cropping, multistoried cropping and
their importance in relation to crop production, crop rotation. Soil erosion
: Nature and extent of problem in Rajasthan, agronomic practices for
minimizing water and wind erosion, Soil conservation practices and
structures. Weed management.
Soils, fertilizers and irrigations : Soils and soil management.
Different types of manures and fertilizers including bio fertilizers, soil
testing, essential major and minor plant nutrients. Soil-water-plant
relationship. Methods of irrigation. Present status and sources of
irrigation in the country and state of Rajasthan. Qualities of irrigation
water. Management of irrigation in major crops.
Field Crops : Study of cops with reference to origin, distribution in
Rajasthan and India, classification of important agricultural crops,
package of practices for important cereals i.e. Wheat, Barley, Bajra,
Sorghum, (Jowar), Maize, paddy, pulses i.e. Gram, Moth, Moong,
Cowpea, Oilseed Rape & Mustard, Groundnut, Til, Soyabeen, other
crops, such as Cotton, Sugarcane, Cluster bean, Cumin, Coriander,
Opium, Dry land agriculture concept, problem and extent of dry land
agriculture in India and Rajasthan.
Soil Science : Soil genesis, soil survey & classification; physical,
chemical and microbiological properties of soil; soil water; soil colloids;
problem soils, their reclamation and management; soil microbes and their
classification; soil organic matter, its formation and functions in soil, C/N
ratio; Organic manure their preparation, composition, chemistry of
decomposition and effects of soil properties. Fertilizer manufactureprocess
and chemistry, straight, compound and mixed fertilizers and their
effect on soil properties.
Agricultural Botany : Water relations, absorption and movement of
water in plants, photosynthesis; respiration; growth and development;
environmental factors affecting the growth.
Genetics : Importance and historical background of genetic;
inheritance of simple characters in plan, gene interactions and multiple
alleles, linkage and crossing over; DNA-structure & function.
Plant Breeding - Its significance. Methods of breeding in self, cross
& vegetatively propagated crops. Introduction, selection, hybridization,
mutation, Heterosis breeding & population improvement. Exploitation of
heterosis in Maize, Bajra & Sorghum. Improved seed types and their
production. Genetic engineering. Ultra structure of plant cell; structure &
function of cell organelles, classification of plant kingdom.
Horticulture : Olericulture - Types of vegetable farming;
classification of vegetable crops' layout of vegetable garden; package of
practices of important vegetables - Peas, Tomato, Cole Crops, Cucurbits,
Okra, Brinjal, Radish, Carrot, Pomology Selection of site and layout of
orchard. Methods of propagation, training and pruning of fruit plants;
package of practices of Citrus, Mango, Ber, Papaya, Guava,
Pomegranate; packing, storage and marketing. Floriculture and
ornamental gardening- layout, care & management of garden and indoor
plants. Fruit and vegetable technology. Principles of fruit and vegetable
preservation, dehydration, bottling and canning. Scope and importance of
Social Forestry & Agro forestry.
Plant Protection : Major diseases of Field, vegetable, orchard and
plantation crops and their control measures. Causes and classification of
plant diseases. Principles of Plant disease management with special
reference to biological and integrated approach.
Studies of insect, pests and their control measures including
integrated pest management of field crops, polyphagous pests and their
control. Pesticides - Doses and methods of application. Equipments -
Calibration, maintenance and their use. Aerial operations, insecticidal
residues and their hazards Legislative measures for plant protection and
quality control of pesticides Storage and post harvest technology. Lac
culture, apiculture, and sericulture.
Livestock Production : importance of livestock in Rajasthan and
India. Cattle, buffalo, goat, camel, sheep and poultry. Care and
management of farm animals. Selection of livestock for mild, meat, wool
and eggs. Methods of breeding. Animal nutrition-major and minor
nutrients, digestion and absorption; nutritive value of feeds and fodders;
feeding standards; balance ration Important fodder crops & grasses,
pasture management, hay and silage making. Health and hygiene.
Common infections, prevention and control of diseases care of sick
Dairying : Present position of dairy animals in Rajasthan and India
milk production and utilization, Collection, transportation, grading,
standardisation, pasteurization, homogenization, storage, distribution and
marketing of milk Common microorganism. sources and stage of
contamination and control. Milk products-manufacture of cream, butter,
ghee, cheese, ice-cream, dahi etc. Human nutrition-nutritional status,
assessment and problems; importance of nutrition education.
Extension Education : Principles, Philosophy, scope and
objectives. Rural and urban society; basic village institutions, social
institutions, rural leadership-type of leaders; rural family; cultural &
socio-economic changes, social control and social process. Early
extension work in India, Rural preconstruction programme in India
including community development programme, IADP, IAAP, HYVP,
SFDA, MFAL, Operational Research, TRYSEM, NAEP, DRDA, IRDP,
TDAP, Recent trends in agricultural extensions. Special incentives for
small marginal & other depressed classes of farming community.
Extension education as a process of teaching and learning;
extension teaching methods; A.V.aids; cone of experience, types of slides
& film strips; programme planning and evaluation; communications;
adoption and diffusion process, types of farmers in relation to adoption of
innovations. Training & management in extension education. Role of
Farm-women in agricultural extension. Agricultural information;
elements of effective teaching; T and V system.
Agricultural Economics : (including Farm Management) : Scope of
agricultural economics., differentiation between agricultural economics
and industrial economics. Peculiarities of Indian agriculture, population
theories. Problems of over population, Problems of land-Land use
pattern; land utilization in India and Rajasthan and variations among
states. Small and fragmented holdings, consolidation of holding;
legislations in agriculture; management of waste lands.
Agriculture labor : Present position and problems; minimum
wages. agricultural financing and rural banking - Meaning and
importance of finance in agriculture; capital and credit requirement;
commercial banks; social control on banks; bank nationalization; Rural
Regional bank; RBI, AFC, ADB, IMF, DIR. Lead Bank, Area approach,
village adoption scheme, NABARD. (A.R.D.C.); co-operative financing -
PACS, CCB, LDB, poverty and rural indebtedness.
Farm Management : Essentials in selecting a farm; various systems
of farming; basic economic principles in farm management., farm records
and accounts. Farm efficiency measures. Farm planning and budgeting.
Problems of management in agriculture. Risk and uncertainty in a
agriculture. Droughts and floods, insurance of crops & animals.
Agricultural Engineering : Study of common workshop tools of
carpentry, blaksmithy and fitting shops, Study of different instruments
and equipments used in land surveying. Sources of farm power on an
average farm. Scope of farm mechanisation in India. Maintenance of
agricultural machinery and implements, I.C. engines, water fitting
devices, electric motors. Wind and solar energy as a source of farm
Soil and water conservation engineering, water harvesting, storage
and recycling, watershed management. Sources of irrigation water. Water
measuring devices. Lining of water channel. Irrigation layout.
Implements used for seed-bed preparation, sowing and fertilizer
application, interculture and land leveling etc. Harvesting and threshing
equipments-manual, animal and-power operated. Storage structures.
Agricultural Engineering (Code No. 02)


Soil and Water Conservation :- Forms of precipitation, Hydrologic
cycle, Point rainfall analysis, frequency analysis. Water shed-definition
and concept, agricultural Watersheds, prediction of peak runoff, factors
affecting runoff, Hydrograph, Concepts of unit and instantaneous
hydrographs. Erosion-type, affecting factors, damages associated with
erosion, assessment of actual annual soil loss by erosion and its impact on
agricultural production and productivity. Erosion control measures on
various classes of lands i.e. contour cultivation, Strip cropping, terracing,
afforestation, pastures etc. A critical analysis of the role of vegetation in
soil and water conservation, grassed water way and its design. Design of
gully control measures including permanent structures i.e. chute spillway,
Drop spillway, drop inlet spillway, retards and Stream Bank erosion,
flood routing, flood amelioration through soil and water management in
upstream zone, mechanics of wind and water erosion, wind erosion
control, water harvesting structures i.e. Khadin, Tanka, Nada and Anicut.
Irrigation-Soil-Water-Plant relationship, permeability, Infiltration,
Percolation, water requirements of crops and irrigation scheduling, direct
and indirect methods of soil moisture measurements, Measurements of
irrigation water-Orifice, Weirs, Notches, Parshall flumes, H-flumes etc.
Water conveyance and control, design of field channels and Canals,
Lacey and Kennedy theories, Most economical channel cross section.
Selection of underground pipe line structures and their design, irrigation
methods, their hydraulics and design viz-Border, Furrow, Flood, Drip and
sprinklers methods, concepts in irrigation efficiencies.
Drainage :- Benefits of drainage, Hydraulic conductivity, Drainable
porosity, Drainage Coefficient. Surface drainage, Drainage o flat and
slopping lands. Design of open ditches, their alignment and construction.
Design and layout of sub surface drains, depth and spacing of drains and
drainage outlets, installation of drains and drainage wells, drainage wells,
drainage of salt affected areas.
Pumps :- Design, Construction, Performance characteristics,
selection, installation, working principle and maintenance of
Reciprocating Pump, Centrifugal Pump, Turbine Pump, Submersible
Pump, Propellers, Jet and air left pumps and hydraulic ram.
Water Resources Development and Management :- Water
resources of India, Surface water, Ground water, development of
irrigation potential, Canal irrigation, Command area development, on
farm development works, acquifier parameters, Hydraulics of wells,
steady and unsteady flow, well log, construction of wells, Design of well
screen, well development.
Fluid Mechanics :- Fluid properties, units and dimensions, mass,
momentum and energy conservation principles, Navier stoke equation,
Vorticity-flow of fluids in pipes and channels, Friction factor, turbulence,
instruments, and measurement systems.
Surveying, Leveling and Land Development :- Linear
measurements, different surveying devices and methods, land grading and
leveling, contouring and terracing, each work estimation, Land
Development Budgeting, earth moving machinery and theodelite.
Agricultural Processing :- Various size reduction machinery and
energy requirement. Material Handing Equipment, Separation equipmentbased
on size shape and surface characteristics, Heating and Cooling of
food products, mode of heat transfer, different types of heat exchanges,
Psychrometry chart and its application in drying EMC and its
determination, Principles of drying and drying equipments, types of
evaporators, single and multiple effect evaporators, Refrigeration load
calculation, various milling process-Rice, maize, wheat, and pulse
milling, Parboiling of wheat and paddy. Storage of grains and their
design. Principles of food preservation and thermal processing.
Farm Electrification and machine :- AC-DC Machines, DOL
starter, Transformer, 3-phase Induction Motors and Alternators,
Transmission and distribution of electricity. Selection, Installation and
general cares of electric motors on farms, selection of wire sizes based on
Indian standards. Types of wiring and design of wiring systems, Rural
Farm Power :- Classification of Internal combustion (IC) engines
terminology, Otto diesel cycle, engine components, Fuel supply system,
Lubrication system. Cooling system and Governing system.
Types of Tractors, Brakes, Power Transmission system,
Differential, Mechanics of tractor chassis, Steering system, Hydraulic
system and selection of tractors.
Rural Housing :- Building materials and their properties, Design of
Beams, Slabs, Columns and foundations, Planning and design of Rural
houses, Farm Roads, Village drainage system, waste disposal and sanitary
structures, material and cost estimation in construction. Integrated Rural
energy planning and development.
Farm Machinery :- Types of hitching systems and hydraulic depth
and draft control Selection of sowing and planting equipment and their
calibration, Precision planting. Selection and calibration of Sprayers and
Dusters. Selection and operation principles of Harvesting and threshing
machines. Cost analysis of farm equipment and related numerical
Renewable Energy :- Solar Radiation-its measurement, solar
thermal devices and gadgets i.e. solar cooper, solar water heater, solar
dryer, solar refrigeration and Air conditions etc. Solar Photovoltaic
devices i.e. solar lantern, street light, power pack. Bio energy-production,
conversion and utilization route, Biogas-type classification and design of
Biogas Plant. Biomass gasification, Alcoholic fermentation (Ethanol and
Methanol Production) wind energy conversion process i.e., water
pumping, wind mills, and Aero generator. Fuel cell and other chemical
sources of energy.
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science (Code No. 03)


PAPER-I (Code No. 03)
Unit Subject matter
1. Animal Breeding & Genetics :
Frequency of genes and genotype; Hardy-weinbug law and
equilibrium frequencies, Forces changing gene frequencies- mutation,
migration and selection. Variation, their causes, Partitioning of
phenotypic variance, Estimation of additive, non-additive and
environmental variance in animal populations, Genetic nature of
differences between species and breeds of livestock. Resemblance
between relatives. Heritability, repeatability, genetic and
environmental correlations.
Concept and measurement of relationship. Mating systems; Inbreeding
and out breeding; their uses, consequences and limitations. Bases and
methods of selection; their effective and limitations. Selection indices,
sire indices,. Interspecific hybridization. Estimation and utilization of
general and specific combining ability. Diallel crossing. Recurrent
selection and reciprocal recurrent selection. Breeding efficiency and
factors affecting.
2. Animal Nutrition:
Digestive system of ruminants and non ruminants. Major and minor
nutrients, their functions, symptoms of deficiency and sources.
Digestion, absorption and metabolism of carbohydrates., fats and
proteins. Digestibility coefficients and feed evaluation. Basal feeds,
energy and protein supplements, agro-industrial by products and non
conventional feeds. Top feeds. Feed additives. Methods of improving
low quality roughages. Conservation of green fodders. Antinutritive
factors in feeds and fodders. Feeding standards for farm animals.
Computation of balance ration and feeding of various categories of
livestock. Feeding of livestock during drought and scarcity periods.
Supply of green fodder throughout the year. Pasture and its
management. Grazing methods.
3. Livestock Production and Management:
a. Breeds: Origin, distribution, characteristics and utility of important
breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, camel and poultry.
b. Management :
(i) Cattle & buffalo: Oestrus, its detection and insemination. Care
of pregnant and parturient cow. Care of calf, growing and
milking animals, bull and bullocks. Grooming, exercise,
bathing, milking, castration, marking, dehorning and age
determination. Systems of housing under various agro-climatic
(ii) Sheep and goat : Management of breeding goats and sheep,
browsing, grazing, feeding and housing.
(iii) Camel : Breeding, feeding, housing and management of camel.
Meat and wool production and marketing.
(iv) Pigs: Feeding, breeding, housing and management of pigs.
(v) Poultry : Present status and future scope of poultry farming.
Egg structure, formation, selection, incubation and hatching.
Rearing of chicks and management of growers and layers,.
Broiler production,. Housing chicken. Poultry housing
equipments. marketing of eggs, poultry and its meat.
c. Dairy Science : Present status and future scope of diary industry in
India. Milk Production and its utilization. Principles involved in
production of safe & clean milk. Physico-chemical and nutritional
properties of milk. Quality measurements of milk and milk
products. Legal standards. Pasteurization, sterilization and
homogenization of milk. Phosphates test, adulteration of milk and
its detection. Manufacture of milk products and their marketing.
Cleaning and sterilization of dairy equipments.
d. Extension : Extension programmes in Animal Husbandry. Dairy
development projects organizing milk producers and dairy
PAPER-II (Code No.03)
Unit Subject matter
1. Pharmacology :
Principles of drug action. Pharmacology of drugs acting on digestive,
respiratory, nervous, excretory and circulatory systems.
Chemotherapeutic drugs, anthelminthics, insecticides.
2. Microbiology :
Morphology and cell structure of bacteria : Classification and
nomenclature of bacteria. Bacteriostatic and bactericidal substances.
Antigens, immunoglobulin classes and sub classes. Antigen-antibody
reactions. Types of immunity and their classification. Different
methods of confirming and their interactions. Bacteriophage, study of
viruses responsible for common disease on the basis of etiology, virus
characters, pathogenicity, transmission.
3. Parasitology:
Introduction to parasitology, types of parasitism, host parasite
relationship, resistance to parasites, importance of parasites in animal
health, Broad classification of parasite, Pathogenicity, symptoms,
treatment, control and immunity of common parasitic diseases caused
by trematodes, cestodes, nematodes and protozoan parasites Role and
importance of arthropods in relation, transmission of disease.
4. Pathology :
General pathology-disturbance of cell metabolism-degenerations and
infiltrations. Disturbances of circulation and cell growth.
Inflammation of urogenital, digestive, nervous and integumentary
5. Medicine and Public Health:
General remarks on etiology, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments of
diseases of digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, nervous systems and
skin. Common causes of poisoning in animals. their signs and
Post-mortem examination of vetero-legal cases, vetero-legal wounds,
common frauds in the sale of livestock and livestock products, cruelty
against animals in India.
Study of incidence, etiology, mode of infection, symptoms, course,
diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prevention and control of common
bacterial, viral rickettsial and parasitic diseases of domesticated
animals and poultry in India.
General principles, nature and problems of meat inspection.
Examination of animals before slaughter, methods of slaughter,
dressing of carcasses, postmortem inspection, spoilage of meat and
meat products.
6. Surgery & Radiology:
General surgery including wounds, thermal injuries, fractures their
classification, signs and treatments. Shock sutures and ligatures.
Sterilization. Reasons for administration of preanaesthetics and
anesthetic. Local and general anesthesia. Anesthetic accidents and
emergencies. Regional surgery of head, neck, chest and abdomen of
common surgical affections. Surgical affections of fore limbs and hind
limbs. Importance of veterinary radiology as diagnostic and
therapeutic aid.
7. Obstetrics & Gynecology:
Animal reproduction- anatomy and functions of male and female
reproductive organs, sperm physiology and morphology, semen and its
composition, Artificial insemination. Semen diluters, Free zing.
Merits, demerits, methods and storage. Infertility : study of diseases of
genital organs their etiology, symptoms and treatment. Physiology of
parturition, handling of dystopia, pre and post-partum complications.
Study of mammary gland.
Botany (Code No. 04)


PAPER-I (Code No.04)


1. Pattern of variation in morphology and life history, broad outline of

classification and evolutionary trends in Algae with reference to

Oscillatoria, Chlamydomonas, Volvox, Chara, Vaucharia, Ectocarpus

and Ploysiphonia, Economic importance of algae.

2. General characters, board outline of classification, mode of

reproduction and economic importance of fungi with reference to the

life histories of Selerospora, Morchella, Penicillium, Puccinia,

Ustilago, Agaricus and Alternaria.

3. General account of structure, reproduction and economic importance

of viruses, Mycoplasma and Bacteria. Introductory knowledge of

symptoms, causal agent, etiology and control measures of following

plant diseases. White rust of crucifers, Green ear disease of Bajra,

Loose smut of wheat, Black stem rust of wheat, Citrus canker,

Tobacco mosaic and Little leaf of Brinjal.

4. General characters, distribution, alternation of generations,

evolutionary trends in Bryophyta with reference to the life cycles of

Riccia, Marchantia, Porella Anthoceros, Sphagnum and Funaria.

5. Salient features of morphology and reproduction of pteridophytes with

reference to Psilotum, Selaginella, Equisctum and Marsilea. Origin

and evolution of stellar system and heterospory in pteridophytes.

6. General character, classification, distribution, morphology,

reproduction and economic importance of gymnosperms with

reference to the life histories of Cycas, Pinus and Ephedra.

7. Basic principles of the classification of angiosperms; Merits and

demerits of Bentham and Hooker's system of classification: important

Herbaria and Botanical Gardens of India and their role in plant

systematic. Diagnostic characters and economic importance of

angiosperms belonging to following families : Ranunculacae,

capparidaceae, caryophyllaceae, Malvaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae,

Rutaceae, Apiaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Asteraceae, Apocynaceae,

Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae, Acanthaceae,

Lamiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Liliaceae, Arecaceae and Poaceae.

8. Meristems - types, organization and functions; Normal and anomalous

secondary growth in Monocot, Dicot and Liana stems; Ecological


9. Development and structure of male gametophyte and Embryo sac;

Double fertilization, sexual incompatibility; Development, structure

and functions of endosperm and embryo; Experimental embryology;

Methods and applications of anther and embryo culture;


10. Origin, Botany, cultivation and improvement of wheat, rice, maize,

pearl millet (Bajra), sugarcane, cotton and groundnut, Plants as

sources of fiber, fuel and timber, beverages, drugs, fatty oils, paper,

rubber and insecticides.





1. Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Ultra structure and

functions of cell membrane and organelles. Meiosis and its

significance; Linkage and crossing over; Numerical and structural

variation in chromosomes and their evolutionary significance.

2. Mendelism and Mendelian ratios (monohybrid, dihybrid and

polyhybrid ratios), gene concept, interaction of genes-Epistasis,

Inhibitory factor, complementary genes; Nucleic acids and their

chemistry; Genetic code; Mutation; types and its significance.

3. Origin of life; chemical and organic evolution; evidences, mechanism

and theories.

4. Principles of plant breeding with special reference to selection,

hybridization and hybrid vigor; Induced mutation, polyploidy and


5. Water relations of a cell, transpiration, mineral nutrition and ion,

transport; Mechanism of photosynthesis; Photorespiration; Aerobic

and anaerobic respiration.

6. Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism; protein synthesis;

Enzymes; Physiology of flowering : Photoperiodism and

vernalisation; Growth and growth regulators; Physiology of dormancy

and seed germination.

7. (a) Biochemistry of carbohydrates and fats; Brief account of secondary


(b) Biotechnology in agri-horticulture, medicines & industries.

8. Ecosystem - structure and function; Energy flow; Biosphere reserves;

Environmental pollution, waste and reclamation, sewage disposal and

recycling; Biomass as source of energy, Endangered and endemic taxa

and their conservation with special reference to the plant wealth of


Chemistry (Code No. 05)



1. Structure of an atom; Bohr model, Somerfield extension, Quantum

numbers, Atomic spectra. Uncertainty principle, debroglie equation.

2. Electronic configuration and long form of Periodic table; Types of

elements, Atomic and ionic radii, Ionisation potential, Elector affinity

and Electronegativity, periodicity in their properties.

3. Hybridisation, Shapes of simple molecules (involving s, p and d

orbitals) Molecular orbital theory for simple homonuclear diatomic

(O 2 , F 2 , N 2 , B 2 & C 2 ) & hetronuclear (HF, CO) molecules.

4. Ionic bond, Lattice energy Born-haber cycle, Solubility of ionic

compounds, Crystal structure (AB and AB 2 type), Covalent bond,

Fajan's rule, Metallic bond.

5. Zero group elements, position in periodic table isolation, compounds

of Xenon.

6. p-Block elements: Electron deficient compounds(Diborane)

Elementary idea of carbonyls, Interhalogen compounds, Chemical

fertilizers, Oxyacids of sulphur & Phosphorous.

7. Transition elements, Electronic configuration, General characteristics

viz. colour, Oxidation state, tendency to form complexes magnetic


8. f-Block elements. Lanthanides & Actinides, Electronic configuration,

Lanthanide contraction & its consequences, Super heavy elements.

9. Chemical industries in Rajasthan : Cement, Super phosphate, Zinc &

Copper based industries in Rajasthan.

10. Nuclear Chemistry : Radioactive rays. Half life period, Mean life

statistical aspects of nuclear disintegration, parent daughter decay

growth relationship, Radioactive equilibrium, á, â and ã decay,

Nuclides, Isotopes Isobars, Isotones, Isomers. Nuclear masses &

Binding energy. Nuclear stability. Types of Radiation, Radiation

detection & measurement, Nuclear reactions, Production of Radio


11. Nomenclature IUPAC names of organic compounds. Isomerism

Position, Functional, Optical and geometrical isomerism. E-Z system

of nomenclature, chirality, enatiomers and distereo isomers, D.L. and

R.S. system of Nomenclature.

12. Aliphatic compounds: Hydrocarbons. Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes

(upto five carbon atoms). Alkyl halides, Grignard reagent, Alcohol;

Methyl & Ethyl alcohol, Glycol and Glycerols. Aldehydes and

Ketones. Formadehyde, Acetaldehyde and Acetone. Carboxylic acids :

Formic Acetic, Oxalic, Lactic, Tartaric acid. Carbohydrate : Glucose,

Fructose their structure and general reactions.

13. Aromatic Compounds : Aromaticity, Huckel's rule. Aromatic

hydrocarbons : Benzene Napthalene and Anthracene. Alkenyls

halides, Aromatic hallides and Aromatic nitro compounds, Aliphatic,

aromatic amines and diazonium compounds. Phenols : Phenol,

Cresols, Catechols, Resorcinol and Hydroquinone, Aromatic

sulphonic acids.

14. Aromatic carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acids. Benzaldehyde,

Benzophenone, Acetophenone, Benzoic acid, Salicylic acid, Cinamic

acid, Phthalic acid, Phyenyl acetic acid, and Anthranilic acid. Benzene

sulphonic acid. Benzene sulphonyl chloride, Sulphonamides,

Synthetic detergents. Sulpha drugs : Sulphadizine, Sulphaguanidine,

Sulphathiazine. Proteins and Nucleic acids, Amino acids &



1. Coordination compounds : Nomenclature, Werner's theory,

Isomerism, Valence bond theory, Crystal Field theory , Splitting of d

orbitals, in octahedral and tetrahedral fields, stabilization energy

(CFSE), Factors affecting CFSE. Magnetic properties, Geometry,

Explanation of colour in complexes, limitations of VBT and CFT.

2. Acid and Bases : Arrhenius, Bronsted & lowry, Lewis concept, HSAB

concept ion effect. Solubility product and theory and Acid Base


3. Types of Solvents : Nonaqueous solvents General study of ionizing

solvents with special reference to liq. Ammonia, Sulphur dioxide,

Anhydrous sulphuric acid.

4. Bio-Inorganic Chemistry : Role of bulk and trace metal ions in

biological system with special reference to Mg. Ca., Fe and Cu.

5. Reaction Mechanism : Inductive, Mesomeric & Hyper conjugation,

Addition and substitution : Electrophyls & Nucleophyls. Electrophillic

addition and substitution reactions, Nucleophillic substitution

reactions (SN 1 and SN 2 ), Elimination reaction.

6. Reactive methylene compounds ; Acetoacetic ester and diethyl


Dyes : Classification, Nitro and Nitroso dyes, Triphenyl methane,

phthaein, Azo dyes. (Malachite green, Martins yellow, Fast green 'O'

Medhyl red & Methyl orange) Theory of colour and chemical


7. Chemotherapy (Drugs) : Antimalarials, Antibiotics, Drug action and

pharmacological properities.

8. Molecular structural determinations : Magnetic Radiation.

Electomagnetic spectrum. Interaction of electro magnetic radiation

with matter, Principles of Atomic spectroscopy, Molecular

spectroscopy, Infra Red spectroscopy, Visible spectrophotometry and

Colorimetry, Ultraviolet spectroscopy & Nuclear Magnetic


9. Phase rule & its applications : One & two component systems (Water

system, sulphur system, Lead-silver System)

10. Chemical kinetics : Order and Molcularity of reactions, first and

second order reactions and their rate expressions (no derivation), Zero

and Pseudo order reactions (simple examples), effect of temperature

on reaction rates, Collision theory and activated complex theory.

11. Electrochemistry : Electrochemical cells, electrode potentials,

measurement of emf, potentionmetric titrations. Conductance : cell

constant, specific and equivalent conductivity, Kohlrausch's Law and

its application., solubility and solubility product, equivalent

conductivity at infinite dilution of weak electrolytes, hydrolysis and

hydrolysis constant.

12. Chemical Thermodynamics : Definition of thermodynamic terms,

intensive and extensive variables, Isolated, Closed and Open system.

Thermodynamic processes. Cyclic processes, Reversible and

irreversible process. Concept of heat and work. First law of

thermodynamics and internal energy (U). Enthalpy (H), relation

between C p and C v .

Application of First Law of Thermodynamics. Hess's law of constant

heat summation. Enthalpy of solution, enthalpy of dilution, enthalpy

of neutralization, enthalpy of ionization and enthalpy of formation of

ions. Spontaneous processes, heat engine Carnot cycle and its

efficiency. Statements of Second Law. Refrigeration cycle.

Thermodynamics scale of temperature. Entropy as a state function.

Calculation of entropy changes in different processes. Molecular

interpretation of entropy.
Civil Engineering (Code No. 06)



(each portion to have roughly equal weightage)


Strength of Materials : Behavior of engineering materials in tension,

compression and shear, elastic limit, Yield point, proof Stress, Nominal

Stress and Ultimate strength, factor of safety, load factor, and elastic

constants. Principal stresses and strains, strain energy. Theories of elastic

failure, Analysis of structures.

Fluid Mechanics : Fluid properties, types of flow, fluid statics, forces on

fully and partially submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies, Fluid

kinematics, acceleration of fluid particle. Velocity potential and stream

functions, irrotational flows, ideal fluid flow, Bernoulli equation,

application, flow measuring devices. Momentum and angular momentum

principles are applied to fluid in a control volume, applications to jets.

Introduction of viscous flow, concept of drug, flow though pipes,

dimensional analysis and similitude techniques.


Soil exploration : Methods of site exploration, boring, sampling, standard

penetration test.

Preliminary definitions and relationship : Water content and unit weight,

specific gravity, void ration porosity and degree of saturation, density

index functional relationship.

Index Properties : Specific gravity, particle size distribution consistency

of soils, classifications of soils.

Laboratory Test : Particle size analysis, liquid limit, plastic limit, Proctor

density, field density, permeability, box shear and consolidation.

Soil Water : Inter-granular and pore water pressure, sand Boiling

phenomenon, permeability.

Compressibility and consolidation : Concept of one-dimensional

consolidation. Laboratory consolidation test settlement analysis.

Shear strength : Basic concept, Strength theory, Mohr's stress circle,

Mohr's column failure theory, and measurement of shear strength.

Earth Pressure : Lateral earth pressure (Active & Passive), Theory

Rankine's and Coulomb's theory.

Stability of slopes : Methods of slices, friction circle method, factor of

safety under various conditions.

Bearing Capacity : Definition Rankine's methods. Terzaghi's analysis

plate and test. Penetration test.

Compaction : Field compaction method, placement water content, field

compaction control and factors affecting compaction.


(a) Statically Determinate Structures:

Bending moment and shear force in statically terminate beams.

analytical and graphical methods, stress due to bending moment and

shear force, design of section, section modulus, elementary theory of

torsion. Combined bending and torsion, Force in statically determinate

plane trusses, analytical and graphical method.

Slope and deflection of statically determinate beams, deflection of

statically, determinate plane trusses, columns, and struts. Buckling of

columns. Euler's. Rankine's and secant formulae for long columns.

Combined, direct and bending stresses for short columns.

(b) Statically Indeterminate Structures:

Static Kinematic indeterminacy : Energy theorems, Stiffness and

flexibility method. Elementary analysis of structures, methods of

consistent deformation, slope deflection and moment distribution.

Analysis of beams (including continuous) and Portal frames, influence

lines, influence lines for moment, shear and reaction for statically

determinate beams and planner trusses. Muller-Breslau. Principles and

influence lines for simple cases of indeterminate beams.


Loads : Specification for loads on buildings and bridges.

Reinforced Cement Concrete : Elastic and ultimate load theories,

resistance to bending, shear and bond. Design of singly and doubly

reinforced beams, one way, two way and flat slabs, columns, with axial;

and moment loading, footing, contilever and counter fort retaining walls.

Pre-stressed Concrete : Properties of high grade concrete and high tensile

steel pre-tensioning and post tensioning, losses in pre-stress.

Steel Structures : Tension and compression members, single and built up

section, connection and splices, roof trusses, simple beams and Purlin

connections, columns, lacing and battening, Grillage, Gussetted and slab

base foundation.


(each portion to have roughly equal weightage)


Distance Measurements : Uses of steel and metallic tapes, application of

corrections, measurement of base line, errors in base line measurements,

reduction to mean sea level, specifications \for base line measurements,

optical measurement of distances, use of substances bars, geodimeters

and use of radar and laser systems in triliteration.

Angle Measurement : Principle of theodolite constructions, temporary

and permanent adjustment, precision in relation to nature of work,

compass, varieties, limitations, Traverse adjustments.

Vertical Measurements : Use of leveling instruments of level, level tubes,

estimation of sensitivity, optics, care and maintenance parameters to

define quality of telescope, leveling instruments and theodolites, methods

of records and reducing, staid reductions, uses of level rods, contouring,

drainage and watershed lines.

Methods of filling in details : Chain and compass, plane table and

traverse surveys, Principles and adjustments of closed traverse,

determination of missing data, solution of two point and three pint

problems, use of station pointer.

Other Surveys : Curve ranging using linear and angular measurement,

simple, compounds and spiral curves, Aerial photogrammetry.

Measurement of area and volumes : use of planimeter, measurements of

area and volumes including prismoidal, Trapezoidal & Simpson's method.


(i) Building Materials : Building stones, building bricks steel (plain,

Tor, High-tensile and structural), Timber line, cement, sand

surkhi, cinder, stone slabs and lintels, aggregates for cement

concrete, paints, distempers, use of pozzolana manufacturing of

lime concrete, cement concrete for plain, reinforced and prestressed

concrete work, additives and admixtures in concrete.

(ii) Road materials : Coarse aggregate, screening and binding

materials for WBM. Bricks of soling, coarse and fine aggregate

for bituminous roads, IRC standard size aggregates, Tars and

Asphalt. Asphaltic concrete, Asphaltic emulsion, Mastic Asphalt

and Minerals fillers.

(iii) Construction :

Stone Masonry : Ashlar, course rubble, random rubble, stone pillar,

dry stone and arch masonry.

Brick Masonry : Types and their uses, hollow and reinforced brick


Wood Works : Doors and windows.

Steel Works : Structural steel work, metal doors and windows.

Roofing : Stone slab roofing. G.C. Steel sheet roofing, Asbestos

cement sheet roofing, jack arch roofing, tile and thatch roofing.

Flooring : Cement Concrete flooring, flag stone flooring, terrazzo

mosaic flooring, Terrazzo tile flooring, Brick on edge flooring, timber

flooring Granolithic floor finish, linoleum & other floorings.

Plastering : Lime plaster, cement sand plaster composite plaster,

rough coat plaster, Araish plastering with Gypsum, Plaster of Paris,


Miscellaneous : Damp proof course, anti-termite treatment, stone

cladding, sill, coping and corbelling.

Construction Management : Management of construction, plants and

equipments. Planning for construction using network analysis C.P.M.

and PERT techniques.


Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration and

infiltration, Estimation of dependable runoff factors effecting runoff.

Rainfall runoff relationship, flood estimation using frequency analysis

and unit hydrograph methods.

Crop water requirements. Consumptive use of water. Water depth and

frequency of irrigation. Soil moisture and its variation in the rout zone.

Wilting point field capacity. Different methods of irrigation and irrigation

efficiency. Duty delta and outlet factor.

Cropping patterns. Intensity of irrigation, Command area development

and its related problems.

Diversion Head Works : Principles of design of weirs on non-permeable

and permeable foundations. Khosla's theory, designs for uplift and exit

gradient. Slit exclusion from canal head works.

Canals : Lined and unlined canals. Lacey's and Kennedy's theories.

Tractive force approach. Types of lining and its selection criteria.

Storage Works : Different types of dams. Elementary concepts of

masonry, concrete, earthen butters and arch dams. Forces gravity dams.

Structural behavior stability considerations and stress variation in gravity

dams Appurtenances, Foundation treatment and control of seepage.

Multi-purpose Project : Compatibility of multi purpose uses. Data needed

in planning of multi-purpose water resources project. Reservoir planning,

Environmental consequences of irrigation. Problems of alkalinity and

salinity, Farm drainage and CAD works.


Survey investigation and preparation of road project. Highway standard

classification, land width, building line, center line, formation width,

terrain classification, pavement width. Camber longitudinal gradients,

sight distance horizontal curve, super elevation, vertical curve, lateral and

vertical clearances.

Design of Pavement : Flexible and rigid pavements.

Pavement construction :

(i) Sub-base. base course and shoulder stone/kankar brick soling, WBM

courses, shoulders. Granular sub-base, stabilized soil roads

cement/lime stabilized sub base, sand bitumen base course, crushed

cement concrete base/sub-base course.

(ii) Bituminous Course : Prime and tack coats, surface dressing, open

graded premix carpet, semi dense carpet, built-up spray grout base

course, bituminous base binder course. Asphalitic concrete, seal

coats, mixed seal surfacing. Penetration macadam base/binder course,

full and semi grouts.

Traffic Engineering : Traffic characteristics, road user characteristics,

vehicular characteristics, volume, speed and delay studies origin and

destination study, traffic flow characteristics, traffic capacity and parking

studies., traffic regulation, traffic control devices, intersection control.


Water Supply Engineering : Quantitative requirements of water supply

for urban and rural areas. Variation in demand. Different sources of water

supply, lakes, rivers and ground water. Intake arrangements. Drinking

water standard for water. Water chemistry and water analysis.

Bacteriological test. Pumping of raw water Design of rising mains. Water

treatment, sedimentation, coagulation, filtration and disinfection, water

softening and aeration of water. Water distribution system and their

design and analysis. Boosting stations. Clear water reservoirs. Rural

water supply and sanitation. Problems of low cost potable water for rural

population. Tube wells for water supply. Safe yield from tube wells.

Sanitary Engineering : Sewerage, separate sewers and combined sewers.

Hydraulic and structural design considerations. Different types of pipe

material and different shapes of built up severs. Superimposed load on


Characterization of Sewage : Physical, chemical and biological analysis,

industrial waste water and its problem, natural purification process

through soil mass and through water bodies, elf purification of streams.

Sewage treatment, Physical treatment, screening, skimming tanks, Grit

chamber, Settling tanks. Secondary (Biological) treatment. Trickling

filters and high rate bio filters. Activated sludge and accelerated aeration

plants. Secondary settling tanks sludge digesters and sludge drying. Final

disposal, Low cost waster water treatment. Oxidation ponds. Oxidation

ditches. Aerated lagoons. Septic and Imhoff tanks. Anaerobic lagoons.

Designs consideration and general arrangement. Dry refuse disposal.

Anaerobic composting and semi-aerobic composting. Urban and rural


Environmental impact assessment & management.

Commerce (Code No. 07)




1. Auditing :

(i) Meaning and objects of auditing. Internal check and internal audit;

programming and procedure of audit work; vouching; verification

and valuation of assets and liabilities.

(ii) Appointment, removal, remuneration, rights, duties and liabilities

of company auditors; Broad outlines of company audit with

reference to share capital transactions and Statutory Report : Audit

of Government companies under Section 619 of the Companies

Act; Cost Audit under Section 233 (B) of the Companies Act.

2. Financial Accounting :

(i) Accounting- a financial information system; Partnership

Accounts: admission, retirement and dissolution.

(ii) Company Accounts : Issue, forfeiture and redemption of shares

and debentures. Underwriting; purchase of Business; Disposal of

profits, capitalisation of profits, Valuation of goodwill and

valuation of shares.

(iii) Accounting for amalgamation, absorption, reconstruction and

liquidation of companies; Accounts of holding companies (one

subsidiary only).

3. Cost Accounting :

(i) Methods of costing : Unit costing, contract costing, process

costing and operating costing.

(ii) Budgetary control and standard costing; Variance Analysis :

Labour and Material Variances.

(iii) Marginal costing and Decision Making.



1. Management and Organisation :

(i) Meaning, Nature, Principles and Importance of Management :

various schools of Management, Process of decision Making.

(ii) Functions of Management, Planning, Organisation, Coordination,

Direction and Control.

(iii) Social Responsibilities of Business; Modern Methods of Publicity-

Media of Advertisement and Sales Promotion Techniques.

Consumer Protection - Meaning and need; Provisions of

Consumer Protection Act.

2. Company Law :

(i) Provision of Companies Act, 1956 relating to the incorporation,

raising of capital, management and winding up of a company.

(ii) Law and Practice relating to - Allotment of Shares, Payment of

Dividend, Company Meetings, Statutory Books.

3. Business Finance :

(i) Concept and Scope of Financial Management. Capital Budgeting.

Discounted cash flow approaches; Designing capital structure;

Sources of raising short term, intermediate and long term finance;

Dividend policy, Structure of Working Capital.

(ii) Indian Money Market - Organisation deficiencies; Commercial

Banking in India; Monetary & credit polities of Reserve Bank of

India; Indian Capital Market- Functions and working of All India

Term Financing Institutions (IDBI, IFCI, ICICI)

(iii) Negotiable Instruments : Meaning of Negotiable Instruments.

Types of Negotiable Instruments - Cheques, Bills of Exchange,

Promissory Notes. Parties to a Negotiable Instruments - their

Rights, Duties, Liabilities and Discharge, Endorsement and

Crossing, Payment and Collection, Dishonour and Discharge.

Crop Husbandry with Horticulture (Code No. 08)



(Code No. 08)

Agro climatology - major agro climatic zones of India and Rajasthan,

cropping pattern in different agro climatic zones, elements of crop


Study of following crops with reference to their importance, origin,

distribution and production in Rajasthan and India; soil and climatic

requirement, growth and development stages, improved varieties, seed

and sowing, intercultural operations, fertilizer, water and weed

management, plant protection measures. Harvesting and yield, post

harvest technology.

Pearl, millet, maize, sorghum, paddy, minor millet, groundnut, soyabean,

moth bean, pigeon pea, cotton and seasame.

Whet, barley, rapeseed and mustard, chickpea, sugar cane, potato and


Study of following crops in brief (in the form of packages); Castor urd

bean, cluster bean, cowpea, Niger, sunflower, sannhemp, greengram, lin

seed, safflower, taramira, sugar beat, and lentil.

Importance of dry land farming, rainfed agriculture, cultural practices for

rainfed agriculture, aberrant weather conditions and their impact,

watershed management concept-principles and objectives. Salt affected

soils and their management.

Ecology - its significance and scope, Ecosystem - structure and function,

energy flow and biogeochemical cycles.

Limiting factors of environment, concept of agro-ecosystem, environment

and agriculture, Diversification of agricultural ecological perspective,

impact of agricultural practices on agro-ecosystem. Integrated approaches

in management of agriculture. Global warning and its impact on

agriculture, Environmental pollution, Natural resources and their

conservation, Population explosion and food production.

Classification fruits according to climate requirements. Fruits of different

agro climatic zones of Rajasthan, fruit production, export potential.,

varieties- climate and soil requirement, propagation techniques, planting

density and systems, after care, training and farming-management of

water, nutrient and weeds-special horticulture techniques including plant

growth regulations-physiological disorders, post harvest technology,

harvesting indices, harvesting methods, grading, packing and storage and

important insects, pests diseases and their control of following fruits,

mango, banana, citrus (sweet oranges, mandarins (santra) and limes),

papaya, sapeta, guava, pineapple, pomegranate,, Ber, Aonla and


Plantation crops-coconut, cashew nut, spices and condiments, coriander,

cumin, methi, turmeric, ginger, Medicinal plants-opium and Isabgol.

Bearing problems in mango, citrus and apple, like alternate and irregular

bearing, sex expression and seed production in papaya papain production.

Replant problem and special production problem like premature leaf fall,

physiological disorders.

Area, production, economic importance, export potential, hybrids and

production technology including seed production of following vegetable

crops- Tomato, brinjal, chilies, okra, cluster bean, cowpea, cucurbits,

Bottle gourd. Round melon, Luffa (torai), watermelon, muskmelon, round

melon, bitter gourd, pumpkin, cauliflower, cabbage, onion, garlic, radish,

carrot, turnip, peas and beans, spinach and potato.


(Code No. 08)

Study of the following forage crops in respect of origin and adaptation,

species and varieties, crop management, yield and utilization, seed

production of Lucerne, berseem, oats, forage-sorghum, Napier grass and

cowpea. Forage preservation - Hay making, methods, silage, advantages

and disadvantages, type of silo, quality of silage.

Area, Major types conditions and improvement of grass land study of

Cenchrus, Pannicum and Sewan.

Definition of weeds, damages caused by weeds and benefits derived by

weed control, classification of weeds., weed crop interference and factors

affecting problem of weeds in Rajasthan in cropped as well as non

cropped areas, Dissemination and persistence of weeds, important method

of weed control, weed prevention and eradication Vs weed control

concept of integrated weed management.

Importance, present status and scope of agro forestry in India,

classification of agro forestry systems, silvi pastoral systems, silvi horti

pastoral systems. wind breaks and shelter belts, Alley cropping

multipurpose tree species, and NFTS in agro forestry and their

management, waste lands and their improvement.

Propagation of forest plants and their aftercare, social-forestry

programme Constraints in obtaining people's participation, Development

of trees in social forestry systems. Importance and scope of ornamental

gardening, history of gardening. Different styles of gardens and their

features, propagation of ornamental plants, planning and maintenance of

lawns, hedges, shrubs, standards topiaries, rock gardens and borders.

Importance garden adornments (Arches, pergola, etc.) conservatory,

cultivation of annuals, roses, marigold, chrysanthemum, gladiolus,

gaillardia, tuberose, canna and dahlia, Care and maintenance of

important, house plants, Planning and planting of avenues, beautification

of school, villages, parks and public gardens.

Importance of post harvest technology in horticultural corps, Maturity

index, harvesting and grading of fruits and vegetables, Pre harvest factors

affecting quality, factors responsible for deterioration of horticultural

produce. Post harvest treatments of horticultural crops, methods of

storage for local market and for export, pre cooling and pre storage


Importance and scope of fruit and vegetables preservation industry in

India. Principles of preservation of fruits and vegetables, methods of

preservation of preserved products such as, squashes, syrups, jam, jelly,

preserve, pickle, tomato ketchup. Brief account of canning, freezing and

Computer Engineering (Code No. 09)



I. Digital Electronics

Introduction to number System and their conversions. Arithmatic with

bases other than ten. Boolean Algebra and Simplification of Boolean

expressions. Standard form of boolean functions, Minterm Maxterm

designation of functions, Combinational Circuits. Introduction to

switching devices, positive and negative logic of OR, AND, NOR,

NAND, Exclusive OR, and Exclusive NOR gates, IC digital logic

families. Simplification of function by karrnaugh maps. Quine

McCluskey tabular methods for simplification of Boolean function and

determination of prime implicants. Selection of an optimal set of prime

implicants, multiple output circuits and map minimization of multiple

output circuits;. General characteristics of sequential circuits. Clock, puls

and level mode sequential circuits. Analysis and design of a sequential


II. Programming Languages

Structured programming and object oriented programming. Abstraction,

encapsulation, data hiding, Polymorphism, Scope rules, Parameter

passing, run time environment, Static and dynamic storage management,

garbage collection, exception handling, task and concurrency in

programming language like C, C++. JAVA. Concepts of 4GL

III. Data Structure And Algorithms

Elementary and structured data types, Linear Structures: Arrays and

Records, Stacks, Queues and Linked Lists, Strings Prefix, Postifix, infix

expressions. Non linear structures: generalized linked list, trees, graphs

and their traversals, trie and dictionary. Built in Data structures such as

Records, Files Sets, Graphs and Pointers. Recurssion, Sorting-Internal

and External, Searching, Hashing, Symbol Tables. Problem solving and

algorithms development and analysis.

IV. Computer Architecture

Processor Organization, Instruction fetch and executic cycles,

information representation, Number formats and their representation in

memory. Common addressing techniques, instruction types, Arithmetic

operatiojnns and their implementations. Memories : types, characteristics

and organization. System modeling, Design levels. Register level design,

Description language, Processor level design, Design Techniques.

Instruction Sequencing and interpretation hardwired controls and its

implementation concepts, microprogrammed control Conversional and

unconversional microprogrammed control computers.

V. Data Base Management System

Need, Purpose and Goals of DBMS. Physical and Logical data bases, data

abstraction and data independence, data aggregation, data mdels: ER and

object Oriented Models, Introduction to relational model, relation

algebra, theory of normalization. SQL. Physical data organization in

sequential, Indexed, Random and Hashed files. Inverted and multilist

structures, B+ Trees. Transaction processing, concurrency control,

recovery management and database security, Transaction model

properties and state serializability, Lock based protocols. Deadlock

prevention and detection. Introduction to Distributed DBMS


I. System Programming and Operating System

Concept of machines and assembly language programming,

representation of instruction and data, assemblers, and macro assemblers.

Introduction to Operating System, Operating System Services and

Kernael. Multiprogramming & Time Sharing, Memory Management,

Paging and Segmenting, Input Output and Device Management, Disk and

File Management. Deadlocks and concurrent processes. Protection and

security, Introduction to multiprocessors and distributed operating

systems. Case studies of UNIX and WINDOWS operating systems.

II. Theory of Computation and Compile Design

Introduction to Automata Theory, Language, regular expression, finite

automata, transition graph, non-determinism, Push Down Automata

Theory, context free grammars, trees, regular grammars, context-free


Introduction to compliers, translators and interpreters, compilation

process. Lexical and Syntactical analysis. Top Down and Bottom up

parsing, syntax directed translation. Symbol tables organizations :

Hashing, Linked List, Tree structures. Code generation : Compilation of

expressions and control structures. Error detection and recovery. Code

optimization : Optimizing transformation, local and global optimization.

III. Computer Networks

Data communication Fundamentals, Computer Network, Architecture,

Packet and circuit switching. Functions and working of OSI layers.

Satellite and packet radio network. Local area network. Internetworking

and ISDN/B-ISDN. Network Protocols: Ethernet, TCP/IP. Network

management and Interoperability. Performance issues of LAN and WAN.

IV. Software Engineering

Introduction to Software Engineering, Requirement Engineering,

Structural System Design, Data Oriented analysis and Design, Object

Oriented Analysis and Design, Software Quality Assurance. User

interface design, Software complexity and reliability. Software project


V. Computer Graphics

Introduction to interactive computer graphics, picture analysis overview

of programmer's model of interactive graphics. Fundamental problems in

geometry. Basic Raster Graphics: Scan Conversion, filling and clipping.

Geometric manipulations : Transformation, Matrices and homogeneous

coordinates. Elementary 3-D graphics, plane projections, vanishing

points, specification of 3-D view. Visibility, image and object precision,

z-buffer algorithms, area based algorithms, floating horizon. Curves and

surfaces: parametric representation, Bezer and B-spline curves.

Rendering: Ray tracing, antialiasing, Gourard and Phong Shading.

Computer Science (Code No. 10)



1. System software and programming language: Components of system

software: evolution of system software, Language translator:

assembler, interpreter, compiler (one pass, multi pass, different phases

of compilation), loader, linker, macro processor operating system.

Programming language and formal system: Feature of HLL data types

and data structure, Storage allocation, Scope and lifetime of variable,

Functional modularity: Procedure, functions. Operating system:

Operating system as resource manager, operating system services,

Classification of operating system: single use, multi-user, simple

monitor, batch processing, time sharing, real time, multitasking,

Processor management: process, states level of schedules. Scheduling

algorithms, deadlock, protection, prevention recovery, Memory

management: partition, paging, segmentation, virtual memory and

demand paging, Memory allocation: contiguous, linked, indexed,

directory system, History of O/s., design principles, DOS, UNIX,

Windows features, design, commands.

2. Problem solving through computers (Procedure oriented): algorithm,

flowchart, developing HLL programs, structured and modular

programming concepts, program development in C++ language.

3. Software engineering: Programming concepts, structured

programming, stepwise refinement, paradigms of programming

(including object orientation), Divide and conquer, Greedy algorithms,

backtracking, recursion, dynamic programming, basic principles of

program verification and testing, object oriented programming in C++.

4. Data structure: notion of data structure, array, stack , queues, linked

list, graph, trees, insertion, election, sorting, searching, hashing,

analysis of algorithms.

5. Computer graphics : Components of graphics system: Display devices,

Display processor, Hard copy devices, Interactive input-output

devices. Graphic primitives: geometry and line generation, window

viewport, area filling, display file, Windowing, Clipping and related

algorithms, Transformations: basic transformations, general

transformation equation, 2-D, 3-D transformations, Hidden surface

and hidden line algorithm, shading.


1. Basic computer organization: Data representation: fixed point and

floating point representation, character representation, computer

arithmetic Instruction codes, computer instructions, timing and control

fetching and execution of instructions, I/o and interrupt, Addressing

modes: direct, indirect immediate, indexed, relative, Addressing

formats: one, tow, three addresses, length of instruction, data transfer

and manipulation.

2. Microprocessor: evolution and organization, detail architecture and

programming of 8085 architecture, development of Intel family

processors, Comparison with other families as motorolla, zilog.

3. Advance computer architecture: I/O organization: Peripheral devices,

I/O interface, data transfer schemes: Asynchronous, synchronous,

handshaking, DMA, I/O processor, Data communication processor,

Multiprocessor organization, Pipeline and Vector processing. Hard

wired versus Micro program control organization: control memory,

microinstruction, micro program, applications of micro program.

Memory organization: auxiliary memory, associative memory, virtual

memory, cache memory, memory hierarchy.

4. Fundamentals of Business Data Processing: Business requirements,

Typical business applications: payroll, inventory, financial accounting,

Public delivery system, sales management etc., File Organization:

sequential, indexed, random, inverted, Master and transaction file

processing, DBSM: desired features, objectives, components of


5. Database management system: database design, goals objectives,

views conceptual, logical, physical, classical data models: relational,

network, merarchical, detail study of RDBMS: relation, Entity

Relationship diagram, normalization, relational algebra and calculus,

relational languages; SQL, QBE. Database file design, creation,

updation, operations. Report generation, RQBE.

6. Computer oriented Numerical and Statistical Methods: Computer

arithmetic: fixed point, floating point representation, errors in

representation, normalized floating point arithmetic and its

consequences. Concept of roots: real and complex, synthetic division,

Finding roots of equations: bisection methods, false position method,

Newton Raphson method; Secant method, Bairstow's method,

Solution of simultaneous equations. Iterative and direct methods:

Gauss Siedal, Gauss elimination, Gauss Jordan methods Numerical

solution of differential equations: Taylor series, Eulers methods.

Runga Kutta methods, Predictor corrector methods, Picards methods,

Mlines methods, Numerical differentiation: Differential formulae

based on Polynomial fits, pitfalls in differentiation, Numerical

integration: Tapezoidal rule Simpsons rule, quardrature formulae,

Approximation of function by tailors series and chebshew

polynomials, Interpolation: Difference Table, Newton's interpolation,

Spline interpolation, Linear regression. Polynomial regression,

Lagrange's interpolation. Statistical Methods: Summarization of data,

frequency distribution, measurement of central tendencies; dispersion,

moment, cumulates, probability; discrete and continuous distributions,

test of significance, chi square test correlation and regression

probability theory.

Dairy Processing & Technology (Code No. 11)



(Code No. 11)

Principles and processes of food preservation. Food from nonconventional

sources, Processing of Fluid milk. Special milks.

Manufacture of various types of indigenous milk products and changes

occurring during manufacture and storage. Processes & principles of the

manufacture of ice-cream, high fat products, cheese, fermented milks,

concentrated milk and dried milk products. Structure and properties of

milk powder. Sensory evaluation and judging of milk and milk products.

Various defects in milk and milk properties. Types of packaging material

and their properties. Packaging forms and operations. Problems in food

packaging. Legal requirements of packaging and labeling dairy products.

Disposal of waste package material. Recent developments in packaging

dairy and food products.

Production planning net work scheduling, manpower planning and

job evaluation, Inventory Control. Dairy Plant maintenance, operational

precautions and preventive maintenance. Effluent treatment. Consumer

behavior, theory of demand, theory of production economics and price

determination. Product planning and development, Market information

and intelligence, Marketing channels; Market forecasting. Market


Material and sanitary feature of the dairy equipments, sanitary

pipes and fittings cleaning and sanitization, Bottle washers, can washers,

CIP, mechanical separation, Homogenization Theory of Homogenization,

Homogenization equipments, Pasteurization, Pasteurizers, Reaction

kinetics, sterilizers, packing milk and milk products, mixing and agitation

equipment Principles of evaporation, milk evaporation, Drying principles,

milk drying equipments, Fluidization and membrance processing used in

Dairy Industry. Principles of Dairy Plant Layout and Design, space

requirement, floor plans, functional design, Layout of small, medium, and

large size plant, choice of building construction. Problem solving through

computers. File organization, organization issues and MIS centralized

dispersal of data processing d Base III, Lotus 1-2-3 upto graphics

FORTRAN, Logical operation and transfer statement.


Composition and physico-chemical, and nutritional properties of

milk and colostrum. Chemistry of milk constituents. Various standards of

milk and milk products. Tests for the quality of milk, butte, ghee, milk

powder etc. Adulterants in milk and ghee and their detection.

Neuortralizers and preservatives and their detection. Heat stability of

milk, Composition and Chemistry of cream, butter, ghee, ice-cream,

cheese, condensed and dried milks. Spoilage of ghee and use of antioxidants.

Chemistry of milk fermentation. Chemistry of rennin

coagulation of milk and changes during ripening of cheese. Physicochemical

changes in the manufacture and storage of milk powder.

Lactose crystallization and its significance. Chemical tests for milk

quality. Physico-chemical changes during the manufacture of indigenous

milk products. Chemistry and mechanism of different additives,

preservatives, flavours and anti-oxidants.

Classification of Dairy organisms based on growth temperaturepsychrotrophs,

mesophiles, thermodurics and thermophiles, spoilages of

milk by the above groups and their control. Undesirable fermentations -

souring, curdling, proteolysis, Lipolysis and abnormal flavour and their

control. Bacteriostatic and bactericidal properties of milk. Classification

of lactic starter culture: activity, defects and their uses in the preparation

of fermented milk-dahi, yoghurt, acidophilus milk, koumiss, kefir and

cheddar cheese, spoilages and their control. Microbiological tests for

grading of raw milk. Microbiology of cream; factors affecting quality of

cream; defected and their control. Microbiological changes during

storages of butter; defects and their control. Incidence and implications of

entere Pathogenic organisms in ice-cream and their control. Types of

microbiological spoilage and control in condensed milk. Microbiological

quality of dried milk and infant foods. Microbiological standards of dairy

products. Quality of water supplies to dairy plants and the tests.

Sanitation control in dairy plants. Genetic manipulation of dairy starters

and their improvement. Microbiology of indigenous milk products.

Quality control tests, tests for abnormal milks and concept of HACCP.

Therapeutic properties of fermented milk products. Utilization 0f dairy by

products by microbial fermentations.
Economics (Code No. 12)


Part - I

1. National Income Accounting : National Income : Concepts, Components,

Measurement and Inter-relationship. National Income Deflator.

2. Price Theory : Indifference curve Approach. Consumer equilibrium. Cost curves.

Determination of prices under different market structure. Pricing of factors of


3. Money and Banking :Relationship between Money, Prices and output. Therories of

the Demand for money and supply.

4. International Trade : The theory of comparative costs; Ricardian and Heckscherohlin.

The balance of payments and the adjustment mechanism. Globalisation :

Impact of Foreign Trade.

Part - II

Economic growth and development : Meaning and Measurement; Indicators of

development. The Harrod-Domar Model and developing economies.

Part - III

Trends in key parameters of the Indian economy since 1985. Key Annual

Sectorial Growth rates during the current plan. NDP of India by Industry and origin at

constant prices during the 1990s. Globalisation and liberalisation of the Indian

economy with reference to Agriculture Industry and Foreign Trade. Indian Planning :

Its approaches, Strategies and overall achievements. Problems of poverty, inflation

and unemployment since 1980s.



I. Functions of an economic system. Problems of choice and

allocation. Role of the Price System. Micro and Macro economic


II. Theory of consumer behaviour: Indifference Curve Approach.

Consumer surplus. Elasticity : Definition, Measurement and kinds.

III. Theory of Production : Production Function and technological

progress. Laws of Returns and Returns to scale. Cost curves. Isocost

and Isoquants.

IV. Price Theory : Pricing under perfect competition, Monopoly,

Monopolistic Competition and oligopoly. Theory of Factor Pricing

Factorial distributin of Income and Lorenz curve.

V. Theory of Money and Banking : Theories of the Demand for Money

(upto Milton Firedman). High Powered Theory of Money Supply.

Factors affecting Money Supply. Inflation : Cost Push and Demand,

Pull control. Stagflation. Philips curve. Monetary Policy in the light

of Chakravarty Committee Recommendations. Balance of


VI. National Income : Concepts. Components and Measurements.

National Income and Welfare. Models of determination of Income

and Employment (Classical and Keynesian).

VII. Theory of Public Finance : Theory of maximum social advantage.

Taxation (Principles and Types) and effects. Incidence and shifting.

Fiscal Policy (objectives and Instruments). Deficit financing.

VIII. Theory of Economic Planning : Indicators of development.

Obstacles to development. Saving and investment, Human Resource

Development. Planning. (Meaning, objectives, types and

instruments). Impact of liberalization on an economy.



I. Basic Characteristics of Indian Economy. Natural Resources : Land,

Minerals, Water, Forests and Power resource.

Population : Size & growth, Labour, force. Occupational

distribution and Population policy.

II. Agriculture : Productivity Trends of Major crops (for last fifteen

years). Land Reforms Legislation.

Irrigation and Irrigational Policy. Use of Fertilizers and Fertiliser

Policy Institutional credit for Agriculture. New strategy of

Agricultural development. Agricultural Policy in India. Capital

Formation in Indian Agriculture

III. Industry : Industrial Planning and Industrial Policy. Recent

Industries Policy. Industrial Finance : IFCI, RFC, IDBI, SIDBI and

Commercial Banks. Public and Private Sector. Problems of Trade

Union Movement. Social Security Programmes. Agro Exports :

Potential & Prospectus.

IV. National Income of India : Its recent Trends.

V. Priorities and Strategy of current plan and its appraisal.

VI. Centre - State Financial Relations and Recommendations of the last

Finance Commission.

VII. Problems of Poverty, Unemployment, Inflation and Regional

Inequalities. NEP Reforms. GATT Accord, Globalisation and

Strategies for MNCs.

VIII. Position of Rajasthan in Indian Economy : Agriculture, Industry and

Infra-structure. Population : Size & Growth, Rural & Urban, Human

Resource Development (Literacy, health & nutrition). Natural

Resources : Land Water, Livestock, Minerals and mineral policy.


IX. Agriculture : Land Utilisation. Major crops and productivity trends.

Land Reforms. Dairy Development Programmes. Importance of

livestock and problems of Sheep & Goat Husbandry.

X. Industry : Important Industries in the State and their development.

Small Scale Industries & Handicrafts. Growth Centres and

development of Industrial area. Fiscal & Financial incentive for

industry. New Industrial and Mining Policy. Tourism Development

in Rajasthan : Role problems and Prospectus.

XI. Special Area Programmes : DPAP, DDP, TAD, ADP, IRDP and

Special component plan for SC and ST.

XII. Indira Gandhi Canal.

XIII. Planning : Objectives, achievements and Constraints in Economic

Development. Objectives & Strategy of current Plan.

XIV. Budgetary policy and Trends during the 1990s in Rajasthan,

Finance Commission and Rajasthan.
Electrical Engineering (Code No. 13)



(1) GENERATION - Different methods of conventional power

generation (diesel, steam, hydro and nuclear), load curve; factors

affecting the economics of power generation. Incremental rate cures.

Condition for minimum input in isolated and interconnected power

systems. Non-conventional methods of power generation like,

magneto hydrodynamics, solar, wind, geothermal and Tindal energy


(2) TRANSMISSION - Transmission line parameters - resistance,

inductance and capacitance calculations. Performance of short,

medium and long lines. Line Insulators; their construction, testing.

Corona and its effect. Neutral earthing methods. Underground cable

Power circle diagrams. Basic ideas of power system stability, swing

equation, equal-area criterion, Methods to improve stability limits.

(3) SWITCH-GEAR AND PROTECTION - Theories of arc extinction,

comparative merits of bulk oil, minimum oil, air blast and SF 6 circuit

breakers. Causes and consequences of dangerous currents. Current

limiting reactors. Busbar arrangements. Requirements of Protective

relays, Protection of line; distance protection, carrier current

protection. Protection of synchronous generators, transformers, and

busbars. Introduction to static relays. Symmetrical components and

their applications.


transformers, construction of large power transformers and

distribution transformers. Phasor diagram and equivalent circuit of

transformers Regulation. Testing of transformers. Parallel operation of

three-phase transformers. Efficiency and all day efficiency.

Construction and principle of operation of three-phase induction

motors. Torque-slip characteristics, equivalent circuit and

determination of its parameters. Circle diagram, Methods of starting

and testing. Principle of operation, methods of starting single-phase

induction motor.

(5) SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES - EMF equation, Methods of

obtaining sinusoidal wave form, Calculation of regulation by

synchronous impedance, MMF, ASA methods. Theories of cylindrical

rotor and salient pole synchronous machines. Parallel operation of

Synchronous generators. Synchronising power. Power-angle

characteristics. Principle of synchronous motor. Starting-methods, Vcurves,

hunting and its prevention.

(6) HIGH VOLTAGES SYSTEMS - Methods of high voltage generation

D.C. Power frequency and impulse testing of high voltage apparatus,

High voltage measurements.


(1) NETWORKS - Network parameters, topological concepts,

formulation of mesh and node equation, number of independent

equation. Duality. Network theorems and their applications. Two port

networks. Supplied circuits, coefficient of coupling resonance in

coupled circuits. Transient and steady state solution of R-L-C

networks. Filters; image impedance, attenuation, phase, shift and

insertion losses in constant K and M-derived filters. Analysis of

polyphase unbalanced networks.

(2) MEASUREMENTS - Principle of operation and construction of

moving coil, moving iron, dynamometer, induction, electrostatic and

thermocouple type instruments, magger, ohmmeter, wattmeter and

energy meter. Ballistic and vibration galvanometers. Measurement of

low, medium and high resistances. A.C. bridges. Instrument

transformers; constructional details, measurement of phase and ratio


(3) INSTRUMENTATION - Transducers in instrumentation for

measurement of displacement pressure, strain, temperature etc. Signal

conditioners, recorders and display devices. Nuclear instrumentation.

Digital measurement of voltage, current power, time, frequency and


(4) POWER ELECTRONICS - SCRs Triacs and other devices, basic

theory of operation, characteristics, ratings, protection. Series and

parallel operation- Firing Circuits, line commutated converters,

chopper circuits, inverter, Series, parallel and bridge inverters, voltage

control, Speed control of motors.

(5) CONTROL SYSTEMS - Open loop and closed loop control.

Feedback control systems. Transfer function and state space analysis

of linear systems. Stability study by Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist

methods. Root-locus techniques.

Design of compensators.

(6) COMPUTER ENGINEERING - Basic layout of digital computer,

input-output devices, memory organization, Binary arithmetic, logic

circuits, counters, shifts registers. Basic control functions.

(7) MICRO PROCESSOR SYSTEM - Organization and programming of

a microprocessor. Domestic & Industrial applications. Semi-conductor

memories. Register organization, Interfacing memory and input-output

devices. Data transfer-applications of micro-processors.

Electronics & Tele-Communication Engineering (Code No. 14)



PAPER-I (Code No. 14)

1. Physical Electronics, Electron Devices and ICs:

Electrons holes in semiconductors, Carrier Statistics, Mechanism of

current flow in a Semiconductor, Hall effect; Junction theory;

Different types of diodes and their characteristics; Bipolar junction

transistor; Field effect transistors; Power switching devices like SCRs,

GTOs, power MOSFETs; Basics of ICs-bipolar, MOS and CMOS

types; basics of opto Electronics.]

2. Signals and Systems :

Classification F signals and system; System modeling in terms of

differential and difference equations; state variable representation;

Fourier series; Fourier transforms and their application to system

analysis; Laplace transforms and their application to system analysis;

Convolution and superposition integrals and their application; Ztransforms

and their applications to the analysis and characterization

of discrete time systems; Random signals and probability, Correlation

functions; spectral density; response of linear system to random


3. Network theory :

Network analysis techniques; Network theorems, transient response,

steady state sinusoidal response; Network graphs and their

applications in network analysis; Tellegen's theorem. Two port

networks; Z, Y, h and transmission parameter's combination of two

ports, analysis of common two ports. Network functions; parts of

network functions, obtaining a network function from a given part.

Transmission criteria; delay and rise time.

4. Electromagnetic Theory and Antennas: Analysis of electrostatic and

magnetostatic fields, Laaplace's and Poisson's equations; Boundary

value problems and their solutions; Maxwell's equations; application

to wave propagation in bounded and unbounded media, Transmission

lines: basic theory, standing waves, matching applications, micro strip

lines: Basics of wave guides and resonators; Elements of antenna

theory. Propagation of EM waves at HF, VHF, UHF, and microwave

frequencies, characteristics and analysis of HF, VHF and UHF

antennas and antenna arrays.

5. Electronic Measurements and instrumentation :

Basic concepts, standards and error analysis: Measurements of basic

electrical quantities and parameters; Electronic measuring instruments

and their principles of working: analog and digital, comparison,

characteristics, application


PAPER-II (Code No. 14)

1. Analog Electronic Circuits :

Transistor biasing and stabilization. Small signal analysis. Voltage &

power amplifiers. Frequency response. Wide banding techniques.

Feedback amplifiers. Tuned amplifiers. Oscillators, Rectifiers and

power supplies. Op Amp. PLL Four quadrant multipliers, IC

regulators. Pulse shaping circuits and waveform generators.

2. Digital Electronic Circuits :

Transistor as a switching elements; Boolean algebra, simplication of

Boolean function, Karnaugh map and applications; IC Logic gates

and their characteristics; IC logic families: DTL, TTL, ECL, NMOS,

PMOS and CMOS gates and their comparison; Combinational logic

circuits; Half adder, Full adder; Digital comparator; Multiplexer

Demulti-plexer; ROM and their applications. Flip flops. R-S, J-K, D

and T flipflops; Different types of counters and registers A/D and D/A

converters. Semiconductor memories.

3. Control Systems :

Transient and steady state response of control systems; Effect of

feedback on stability and sensitivity; Root locus techniques;

Frequency response analysis; Concepts of gain and phase margins;

constant-M and Constant-N Nichol's Chart; Approximation of

transient response from Constant-N Nichol's Chart; Approximation of

transient responses from close loop frequency response;

Compensators; Industrial controllers. Introduction to state-space


4. Communication Systems :

Basic information theory; Essentials of line & radio communication.

Modulation and detection in analogue and digital systems; Sampling

and reconstructions: Quantization & Coding; Time division and

frequency division multiplexing; Equalization; Optical

Communication: in free space & fiber optic: Basics of Satellite

Communication. Principles of TV transmission and reception. Basic

study of communication protocols.

5. Microwave Engineering :

Microwave Tubes and solid state devices, Microwave generation and

amplifiers, Waveguides and other Microwave components and

Circuits, Micro strip circuits, Microwave Antennas, Microwave

Measurements, Masers, Lasers; Microwave Communication Systems.

Principles & working of different types of radars.

6. Computer Engineering :

Number Systems. Data representation, Programming, Elements of a

high level programming language. Use of basic data structures;

Fundamentals of computer architecture; Processor design; Control unit

design; Memory organization, I/o System organization.

Microprocessors; Architecture and instruction set of Microprocessors

8085, 8086, 80486, 68000 and Pentium, Assembly language

Programming. Microprocessor Based system design: typical examples.

Personal computers and their typical uses.

Geography (Code No. 15)



Section-A : Physical Geography

(i) Geomorphology - Origin of the earth; interior of the earth; earth

movement; theory of isostacy; continental drift and mountainbuilding:

Volcanism and earth quakes. Rocks; Weathering and erosion; normal

cycle of erosion; Land forms fluvial. glacial, Aeolian, marine, karst

and rejuvenated.

(ii) Climatology - The atmosphere-its structure and composition; in

solation; heat budget of the earth; temperature; pressure and winds;

jet streams; air masses and fronts; cyclones and related phenomena;

climatic classification - Koeppen's and Thornthwaite's.

(iii) Soils and Vegetation - Soil genesis, Classification and distribution;

Major biotic regions of the world.

(iv) Oceanography- Ocean bottom relief; Salinity; Ocean deposits; Ocean

currents and tides; coral reefs; marine resources and their utilization.

(v) Environmental management- Constituents of natural and human

environment; degradation and depletion of water, soil and forest

resources land carrying capacity and sustainable development; nature

and types of pollution; ecological imbalance; conservation of


Section-B : Human and Economic Geography

(i) Human Geography : Races of mankind; world population-growth

and distribution; demographic transition and world population

problems; International migrations-past and present : Habitat,

Economy and Society of Kirghis. Pygmies, Eskimoses, Bushmen,

Todas, Bhils, Santhals, Gonds and Nagas.

Concept of rural and urban settlements; origins and process of

urbanization; Rural Settlement patterns; city classifications.

Morphology of cities, problems of urban growth in the world.

(ii) Economic Geography - Natural resources of the world and their

distribution; world energy crisis; types of agriculture; major crops

and their distributional patterns; world agricultural regions; world

food and nutrition problems; major world industries; world industrial

regions and their problems; means of transportation; Globalization of


(iii) Cartography - Classification of maps; scales; representation of

relief. map projections; Conical, Zenithal and Cylindrical;

Conventional Map projections - International, Mercator's Mollweides'

and Sinusoidal; topographical Maps. representation of data- statistical

diagrams; distribution maps and cartograms.


Section-A : INDIA

(i) Physical Aspects : Physiography and drainage systems; origin and

mechanism of the Indian monsoon; identification of drought and

flood prone areas; soils and vegetations; land capability; agroclimatic


(ii) Human Aspects : Growth, Distribution and density of population and

human settlements; tribal areas and problems; cultural regions of

India; historical perspectives on unity and diversity population

problems and policies.

Resource conservation and utilization; Land minerals, water biotic

and marine; man and environment; ecological problems and their

management; land use classification and land policy.

(iii) Agriculture ; Major crops, Agricultural infrastructure : Irrigation,

power, fertilizers and seeds, land reforms and land holding; intensity

of cropping; crop combinations and agriculture regions; green

revolution; dry zone farming and agricultural land use policy; Animal

husbandry and Social forestry.

(iv) Industry : Factors of Industrial location : study of mineral-based,

agro-based and forest-based industries; Industrial decentralization and

Industrial policy; Industrial complexes and Industrial regions;

Industrial backward regions and their development.

(v) Trade and Transport : Study of the networks of roadways, railways,

airways and waterways; competition and complimentarily in regional

context intra- and inter-regional trade; export and import trade.

(vi) Regional Development and Planning; Regional and Sectoral policies

in Indian Five Year Plans; Types of planning; multi level planning,

State, District, block and village level planning, problems and

planning of tribal and hill areas, drought prone areas, command areas,

watersheds and river basins; regional disparities in development and

policy measures for corrections.


Physiography and drainage system; Climate; Natural Vegetation; Soils;

major minerals; Major Irrigation and Power Projects - The Indira Gandhi,

Nahar, Chambal Project, Mahi Bajaj Sagar Project; Agricultural

Development; Major crops and their distribution; Animal husbandry;

Development; and distribution of manufacturing Industries; Population

growth, density and distribution. Major natural regions of Rajasthan- The

Arawalli, The Desert, The eastern Plateau and the Eastern Plain; Tribal

regions and their problems. Interstate water disputes.

Geology (Code No. 16)



I. Physical Geology and Geotectonics :

The solar system and its members. The planet earth in relation to

solar system. Shape, size and origin of the earth. Internal

Constitution of the earth and composition of curst, mantle and core.

Age of the earth. Weathering. erosion and denudation. Geological

work of river, glacier, wind, sea and ground water.

Earthquake. Their causes, effects and distribution, ceismic belts and

their relation to volcanic activity. Earthquake waves and their

significance in the study of interior of the earth.

Volcanoes : their types, products, distribution and causes of


Morphology of continents and ocean basins and their distribution.

Elementary ideas of sea-floor spreading and theory of plate

tectonics. Classification and origin of mountains; shields, platforms,

island arcs, deep, oceanic trenches, rift valleys, mid-oceanic ridges,

geosynclines, diastrophic forces, palaeo-magnetism, isostasy and

continental drift. Ice ages and past climates. Coral reefs and their


II. Geomorphology :

Basic concepts and significance. Land forms : their types and nature

of development; land forms in relation to structures and drainage

patterns. Major geomorphological sub-divisions of India; their

characteristics and evolution.

III. Structural Geology :

Dip, strike, slope, pitch and plunge. Effect of topography on the

outcrops. Description and use of clinometer compass.

Bedding and determination of top and bottom of beds.

Morphology and classification of folds and faults and criteria of their

recognition in the field. Effect of folding and faulting on the

outcrops. Elementary ideas of mechanics of folding and faulting.

Distinction between faults and unconformities.

Unconformities, their kinds and criteria of recongnition in the field;

overlap; off lap, outliners and inliers; characteristics and types of

cleavage, schistosity, foliation, lineation and joints. Saltdomes.

Common igneous intrusive and extrusive bodies.

IV. Palaeontology :

Mode of preservation and utility of fossils. Collection and

preservation of fossils. Elementary idea of organic evolution.

Morphology, geological distribution and study of important genera

of Graptoloidea, Echinoidea, Actinozoa (Corals), Gastropoda,

Lamellibranchia (Bivalvia), Trilobita, Brachiopoda, Cephalopoda

and Forminifera. An elementary knowledge of important

Gondawana fossils, vertebrate fauna of Siwaliks of India and

elementary idea of the evolution of man, elephant and horse.

V. Principles of stratigraphy and structure and Tectonics of India :

Standard stratigraphic tiem scale and its Indian equivalents.

Principles of stratigraphic correlation, elementary knowledge of

stratigraphic classification. Major tectonic sub-divisions of India.

Study of tectonic features of India. The Aravalli trend, the Dharwar

trend, the Eastern Ghat trend, the Satpura trend, the Mahanadi trend,

the Assam Wedge and the Kashmir Wedge.

Structure and tectonics of India during Purana and Gondwana

period. Study of the tectonic sub-divisions of Himalayas and its

adjacent regions. Structure and tectonics of Eastern and Western

coasts of India. Orogenic bells in India. Ceismic zones of India.

Origin of Himalayas. Indogangetic plain and desert in India.

VI. Geology of India :

Brief study of Precambrian Geology of Peninsular and Extra

Peninsular India with reference to their eitho-stratigraphy,

distribution, classification, fossil content and economic importance.

Study of Cuddapahs. Vindhyan Suergroup Palaeozoic, Mesozoic,

Cenozoic, Quarternary and Gondawana geology of India with

reference to their litho-stratigraphy, classification, distribution,

conditions of deposition, structure and tectonics, climate and

sedimentation, palaeogeography, fauna and flora, correlation and

economic significance.


I. Crystallography :

The Fundamental laws of crystallography, elements of crystal

symmetry, Millers and Weiss system of notations, crystal forms,

classification o crystal systems, laws of twinning, use of contact


Study of following crystal classes : Cubic or Isometric system :

Galena type, Pyrite type and Tetrahedrite type; Tetragonal system :

Zirocon type Hexagonal system: Beryl type, Calcite type,

Tourmaline type and Quartz type. Orthorhombic system : barites

type; Monoclinic system : Gypsum type; Triclinic system; Axinite


Crystal Chemistry : Bonding forces in crystalsionic bond, covalent

bond . Vaderwalls bond, metallic bond, coordination principle

crystal structure, crystal lattice, atomic substitution, solid solution

and exsolution.

II. Mineralogy :

Physical, chemical and optical characters of important silicate

minerals. Concept of isomorphism and polymorphism, elementary

ideas about the structure and classification of silicate minerals. Study

of physical, chemical and optical properties of the following mineral

groups; Quartz, Felspar, Felspathoid, Olivine, Pyroxene, Amphibole,

Mica, Chlorite and Garnet, Study of physical properties and

chemical composition of important ore minerals.

Construction of petrological microscope and its accessories,

Principles of optics as applied to study of minerals, nicol prism,

birefringence, pleochroism, absorption, extinction, uniaxial and

biaxial characteristics of minerals. Optical orientation, convergent

light and interference figures of optically uniaxial and biaxial


III. Igneous Petrology :

Elementary knowledge of the constitution and composition of

magmas. Forms structures of Igneous rocks. Phase rule,

Crystallisation of unicomponent and bicomponent silicate melts.

Crystallisation of basaltic magma. Bown's reaction series. Textures

of igneous rocks and their significance; classification of igneous

rocks. Magmatic differnectiation and assimilation. Petrographic

features and petrogenesis of common igneous rocks.

IV. Sedimentary Petrology :

Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks. Lithification and

diagenesis. Heavy minerals-their separation and significance.

Structures and textures of sedimentary rocks Grain size distribution

and its geological significance, Shape, sphericity and roundness of

grain. Classification of sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary

environments and characteristic of their products in fluvial, deltaic,

shoreline-shelf and desert environments. Petrography and

petrogenesis of common sedimentary rocks.

V. Metamorphic Petrology :

Agents and kinds of metamorphism; concept of depth zones, facies

and grades of metamorphism. Structures, textures and classification

of metamorphic rocks. Regional and thermal metamorphism of

argillaccous, calcareous, arenaceous, mafic and ultramafic rocks and

their products. Cataclastic metamorphism, plutonic metamorphism,

ultrametamorphism, retrograde metamorphism and injection

metamorphism and their products. Anatexis and palingenesis,

metasomatism and its products. Petrography and ptrogenesis of

important metamorphic rocks. Elementary ideas of the origin of

granites and migmatites.

VI. Economic Geology :

Magma and its relation to mineral deposits. Elementary knowledge

of the following processes of ore genesis :

Magmatic concentration, contact-metasomatism, hydrothermal,

sedimentationevaporation, oxidation and supergene fulfide

enrichment, mechanical concentration, residual, enrichment and


Mode of occurrences, distribution, uses and origin of important

metallic mineral deposits of India, viz., Gold , Lead, Zinc, Copper,

Iron, Manganese, Aluminium, chromium and Tungsten.

Mode of occurrence, distribution, uses and genesis of non-metallic

mineral deposits of India, viz, refractories, abrasives, ceramics, glass

making gem, fertilizer, chemical and other industrial mineral of

India, including coal, petroleum and radioactive minerals.

VII. Applied Geology :

Elementary knowledge of geological and geophysical prospecting of

minerals. Elements of ground water geology. Role of geology in

civil engineering projects. Elementary knowledge of surveying

instruments and their use. Concept of geological mapping and use of

topographic maps in geology. Elementary knowledge of mineral

dressing and application of photogeological techniques.

VIII. Geology and Mineral Wealth of Rajasthan :

Litho-stratigraphic units of the geology of Rajasthan,. major tectonic

and structural features of Rajasthan geology. Study of Banded

Gneissic Complex. Berach granites (Bundelkhand Genesis), Aravalli

Super group, Delhi Super group, Erinpura granites and Malani suite

of igneous rocks, mafic, ultramafic, alkaline and acid igneous

activity in Rajasthan.

Study of Vindhyan Supergroup, Marwar Supergroup, Palaeozoic,

Mesozoic, Tertiary and Quarternary rock formations of Rajasthan

with reference to their classification, distribution, fossil content,

structure, palceogeography, climatic condition, sedimentation and

economic importance. Mineral wealth of Rajasthan and major

mineral based Industries of the State, Major mining regions, dams,

reservoirs, engineering projects, hydro-electric projects, thermal

power plants and fuel resources and ground water potential of the

Home Science (Code No. 17)



I. Human physiology and hygiene :

1. Cells and tissues, anatomy and functioning of skeletal, circulatory,

nervous, respiratory, excretory, digestive and endocrine systems and

sensory organs.

2. Causes, mode of transmission, signs & symptoms, care and

preventive measure of common disease such as cholera, malaria,

small pox, typhoid, tetanus and whooping cough.

II. Nutritional biochemistry :

1. Composition, classification, structure, properties and important

reactions of carbohydrates, protein, lipids, nucleic acid, DNA, and

RNA. Role of nucleic acids in protein synthesis.

2. Enzyme -- characteristics, classification, mechanism of action,

factors affecting enzymes activity - temperature, pH, Substrate and

enzyme concentration.

III. Food science and food preservation :

1. Protein foods - milk and milk products, pulses, nuts & oil seeds,

egg, meat, poultry & fish, their composition and processing.

2. Vegetable and fruits - composition and processing.

3. Use of sugar and fats in food processing.

4. Food spoilage and Food toxicants.

5. Methods of preservation - use of low and high temperature,

preservatives and irradiation.

IV. Basic nutrition :

1. Meaning and importance of nutrition. Functions, requirements,

sources and effects of deficiency & excess of protein,

carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins and minerals, Water functions and


2. Energy - Unit, methods of measurement, BMR, total energy

requirement and factors affecting requirement.

3. Digestion and absorption of food. Metabolism - glycolysis,

gluconeogensis, glycogenolysis, glycogenesis, citric and cycle,

deamination, transamination, decarboxylation, urea cycle, â -

oxidation and ketogenisis.

V. Meal planning and normal nutrition :

1. Food groups, principles of meal planning and balance diet.

2. Nutrition during adulthood, pregnancy, lactation, infancy,

childhood, adolescence and elderly.

3. Food service management in institutions like hostel, hospital,

cafeteria, canteen, industries etc.

VI. Therapeutic nutrition :

1. Meaning, team approach, types of diet & feeding the patient.

2. Etiology, symptoms, metabolic changes, dietary principles and

modification of diet in fevers, weight management, constipation

diarrhea, peptic ulcer, hepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatic coma, acute and

chronic nephritis. diabetes and coronary heart diseases.

VII. Community nutrition

1. Concept of scope

2. Assessment of nutritional status.

3. Food additives and adulteration.

4. Malnutrition-causes and management.

5. Nutrition education- meaning, importance, organization of nutrition


6. National nutrition programmes and role of agencies.

VIII. Health, mother craft and population education

1. Concept of good health, health programmes, social responsibilities

towards infectious diseases, immunization.

2. Meaning and principle of growth and development.

3. Reproductives system, pregnancy, common ailment & toxemia of

pregnancy, and their management. Care of expectant mother.

Preparation of confinement and arrival of new born, care of new

born and baby.

4. Population education - definition, population dynamics, causes and

consequences of population, explosion, Family life and sex

education. Small benefits. Family planning methods.

IX. Development aspects-infancy to pre school years :

1. Importance of early years, concept of critical periods.

2. Infancy - physical development, socio-emotional development,

cognitive development, motor development. Concepts fo Freud's,

Erickson and Piaget theory (in brief).

3. Preschool years - physical and motor development, preoperational

stages of congnitive development, language development, speech

defects, emotional development, personality development, stages

of Erickson's theory. Play and creativity.

X. Preschool education :

1. Objectives, Methods & philosophies of pre school education in

India. Brief mention of Comenius Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Frobel,

Montessori and Dewey.

2. Preschool education in India, Brief mention of missionaries,

Arundales, Montessori, Tagore, Gandhi, Giju Bhai, Badheka and

Tara Bai Modak.

3. Role of government agencies like CSWB, ICCW, NCERT,

NIPPCCD, IAPE in movement of preschool education, Integrated

child development services (ICDS). Role and activities of nursery

school teacher.

XI. Development aspects- Middle and late childhood to Adolescence

1. Middle and late childhood (6-12) - physical and motor

development, cognitive & language development, social

development, personality development and emotional


2. Adolescence - physical growth spurt and maturity, Cognitive

development. Stages of Piaget theory. Social and personality

development - Erickson's theory, development of self concept,

values & interest.

3. Personal adjustment. Juvenile delinquency.

XII. Marriage and family relations :

1. Goals & motives in life. Types, functions and importance of


2. Adjustment, success and conflicts in marriage, marriage and family

counseling and family courts.

3. Family - meaning, importance, types, functions, impact of social

changes on family. Family disorganization.

4. Family life cycle. Role of family members at every stage of life

cycle. Concept of child rights, secure and insecure parent child

relationship, Parental practices, parental discipline, parents and

other socializing agents.

5. Disabilities in children-causes, types & identification (in brief).

Destitute children. Behavioural problems of children.


I. Textiles fiber, yarn and fabric construction.

1. Classification and general properties of fibers.

2. Natural fibers-origin, manufacture and properties of cotton, linen,

wool, silk and jute.

3. Manmade and synthetic fibers-Rayon, nylon, polyester and acrylic,

their origin, manufacture and importance to consumer.

4. Type of yarn, mechanical and chemical spinning process.

5. Fabric construction techniques-felting, braiding, bonding, knotting,

knitting and weaving. Types of waves, loom and its parts.

II. Fabric finishes, dyeing an printing :

1. Objective of finishing.

2. Basic finishes-bleaching, stiffening, sizing, singeing, tentering,

beetling, merecerizing and calendaring.

3. Texturing finishes-Embossing, moiering, schenerising, napping,

flocking and acid finish.

4. Functional finishes - Antistatic, moth and mildew proof,

antishrinkage, flame retardant, water repellant and water proof,

crease resistant soil and stain resistant, permanent press.

5. Classification of dyes and their application.

6. Requisites of printing and preparation of fabric.

7. Printing styles-block printing , roller printing, screen printing,

resist printing, photographic and transfer printing.

III. Household laundry & Family clothing :

1. Principles, methods, equipment, care and storage of laundered


2. Water types, effect of hard water in laundry.

3. Laundry reagents-Soaps and detergent, bleaches, blues, stiffening

agents, solvents and absorbents, Stain and stain removal.

4. Psychological and sociological influence of clothes.

5. Elements of art and principles of design and their application in


6. Selection of fabric and readymade garments according to age,

fashion, occupation, cost, occasion, climate etc.

7. Selection and purchase of household linen, floor covering,

draperies, curtains and upholstery.

8. Clothing budget, consumer problems related to textiles, importance

of informative labeling and standardization.

9. Principles of drafting commercial paper pattern, fitting problems.

IV. Historical textiles and embroideries :

1. Traditional textiles - Kashmir shawls and carpets, Baluchar,

Jamdani, Brocade, Patola, Bandhani, Pochampalli, Ikat etc.

2. Embroideries of India - Kashida, Phulkari, Kantha, Chikanakari,

Sindi, Kutch, Kasuti etc.

V. System approach in management :

1. Meaning and concept of home management.

2. Management principles, functions and objectives.

3. Process of management - planning, organizing, delegating,

directing, coordinating, supervision and decision-making.

4. Types of decisions, importance of decision-making and factors

affecting decision making.

5. Factors motivating management - values, goals, standards, needs

and wants.

VI. Resources :

1. Characteristics and classification.

2. Factors affecting the use of resources.

3. Management of time-time cost, peak loads, work curves.

4. Management of energy-fatigue, human energy expenditure, body

postures, types of efforts.

5. Work simplification-work studying techniques, work space, worker

environment relationship.

VII. Housing & interior decoration :

1. Functions, importance and types of home.

2. Changing needs and housing problems.

3. Land acquisition, selection of site, legal implication.

4. House layout, floor plan, space distribution with reference to


5. Building components and materials.

6. Housing finance-owning, renting, cost of building a house.

7. Furniture-types, selection, care and use.

8. Wall treatment, window treatment, floor covering, curtains and


9. Accessories-pictures and wall hangings, flower arrangement.

10. Lighting-types and use for different activities.

11. Table setting-tables linen, tableware, table manners and etiquette's.

VIII. Family economics :

1. Wants and needs of consumer, type of markets.

2. Family budget and accounting.

3. Saving and investment.

4. Legal aspects of property ownership.

5. Definition and types of tax.

6. Consumer education, consumer protection, labeling and

standardization. Factors affecting consumer demands.

IX. Household equipments :

1. Basic material, properties, suitability and maintenance.

2. Metals used for cooking and serving utensils.

3. Equipment's finishes.

4. Principles, use, care and maintenance involved in operating small

kitchen tools, cookers, kettles, toasters, cooking range, oven, gas

tandoor,, mixers, blenders, refrigerator, vacuum cleaner, washing

machine, room, cooler, fans, room heater, hair dryer, radio and TV.

X. Extension education & Communication :

1. Meaning, principles, philosophy and objectives of extension


2. Process of extension education and qualities of an extension


3. Extension teaching methods, advantages and limitations.

4. Concept, definition, role and classification of communication.

5. Definition and classification of audiovisual aids, their selection,

use, advantages and limitations.

6. Use of folk media in communication.

XI. Motivations and learning in extension education :

1. Definition, principle and types of motivation.

2. Process of learning, formal and non formal education, stps in

learning, psychology of adult learning.

3. Cone of experience, factors influencing learning.

4. Rural and urban community: Characteristics, types and problems.

5. Social stratification, caste and class-concept and functions.

6. Meaning and types of social changes and social mobility.

XII. Extension education programmes :

1. Principles, meaning, nature and importance of planning of


2. Steps in developing programmes.

3. Programmes implementation, involvement of community,

publicity and problems.

4. Evaluation and follow-up of programmes.

5. Role fo home science in community development.

6. Formal and informal institutions (School, mahila mandal, youth

club's family, caste, class).

7. Five year plans.

8. Panchayati Raj system.

9. Community development programmes.

10. Role of national and international organization and agencies in

community development programmes - WHO, FAO, Unicef,

CARE, CRY, ICCW, FPPAI, NIPCCD, Red Cross Society.

XIII. Entrepreneurship in home science :

1. Home maker as in entrepreneur.

2. Scope and importance of entrepreneurship in different fields of

home science.
Indian History (Code No. 18)



(Indian History from earliest times to 1757 A.D.)

1. Influence of geographical factors in Indian history, cultural unity in


2. Indus Valley Civilization; salient features, extent chronology, town

planning economic life, religion.

3. Vedic Culture, political, social and religious ideas.

4. Cultural significance of the Epics, Ramayana and Mahabharat; the

Sangam Age.

5. Rise of the Janapadas and the growth of the Magadhan empire.

6. Buddhism and Jainism; evolution, main teachings and contributions.

7. Mauryan Empire; political history, administration, Ashoka's Dhamma,

contribution to Indian culture.

8. The Imperial Guptas; Samudra Gupta, Chandra Gupta II and Skanda


9. Cultural achievement of the Gupta age; religion, philosophy,

literature, art, sciences and codification of laws.

10. India's cultural contacts with the outside world; West Asia, Central

and South East Asia.

11. The Imperial Kanauj, Harsha and his achievements, tripartite struggle.

12. Cultural contribution of the Chalukyas, Pallavas. Rashtrakutas and

Cholas, Chola administration, Sankaracharya.

13. The establishment and expansion of Delhi sultanate; theory of

kingship, Khiliji imperialism, economic policy of khiljis and

Tughluqs. Mangol menance, nature of Afghan sovereignty;

14. Rajput resistance to the Turks with special reference to Prithvi Raj III,

Ratan Singh of Chittor, Hammir of Ranthambhor and Kumbha;

cultural achievements of Kumbha.

15. The administrative, social, economic and cultural conditions during

the Sultanate period.

16. The Bhakti movement and its social significance; Hindu-Muslim

cultural synthesis.

17. Establishment of the Mughal rule : the revival of the Afghans under

Sher Shah, expansion and consolidation of the Mughal power (1556-


18. Disintegration of Mughal empire; Mughal-Rajput relations. Deccan

and North-West frontier policies, Shivaji and the Maratha Challenges.

19. Religious policy of the Mughals, Mughal administration, land revenue

and Mansabdari systems, social and economic conditions, arts and



(Indian History 1757-1950 and Main Currents of Modern World History)

1. Establishment of British rule in Bengal, Peshwas and the emergence

of Maratha confederacy, British policy towards the Indian states

(1772-1858). Ranjit Singh and British relations with Punjab.

2. Decline of cottage industries; growth of new administrative, revenue

and judicial systems.

3. The outbreak of 1857 - its nature, causes and consequences.

4. Role of Christian missionaries in India, the growth of English

education and press.

5. Social and religious reform movements of the 19th century; ideas and

contributions of Raja Ram Mohan Rai, Dayanand and Vivekanand.

6. Nature of British imperialism; liberal and conservative trends in

administration-Ripon and Curzon.

7. Rise of nationalism; birth of Indian National congress, national

movement under moderates and extremists.

8. The growth of Muslim League and communalism in Indian politics.

9. Economic drain, railways, causes of industrial and agricultural


10. Emergence of Gandhi and mass movements; technique of Satyagraha.

11. Constitutional development; Indian Councils Act of 1909; Govt. of

India Acts, 1919 and 1935.

12. August offer, Cripps' Mission, Quit India Movement, Simla

Conference, Cabinet Mission Plan, Indian independence, legacy of the

British rule.

13. Renaissance; its meaning, nature and impact, Reformation and its


14. Mercantilism and industrial revolution.

15. War of American Independence.

16. French Revolution and its impact; Nepoleon Bonaparte.

17. Growth of Nationalism; unification of Germany and Italy.

18. Growth of colonialism and imperialism.

19. Causes and consequences of the First World War.

20. Ressian Revolution of 1917.

21. Economic depression of 1930.

22. Causes and effects of the Second World War.

23. Modernization of Japan; Communist Revolution in China.

24. Colonial struggles in South-East Asia, Indo-China and Africa; Rise of

Arab Nationalism upto Suez Crisis.
Law (Code No. 19)


LAW PAPER-I (Code No. 19)


1. Nature of the Indian Constitution, the distinctive features of its federal


2. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and their relationship with

Fundamental Rights: Fundamental Duties.

3. Right to Equality.

4. Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.

5. Right to Life and Personal Liberty.

6. Religious, Cultural and Educational Rights.

7. Constitutional position of the President and relationship with the

Council of Ministers.

8. Governor and his powers.

9. Supreme Court and High Courts, their powers and jurisdiction.

10. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service

Commission: their powers and functions.

11. Principles of Natural Justice.

12. Distribution of Legislative powers between the Union and the States.

13. Delegated legislation: its constitutionality, judicial and legislative


14. Administrative and Financial Relations between the Union and the


15. Trade Commerce and intercourse in India.

16. Emergency provisions.

17. Constitutional safeguards to Civil Servants.

18. Parliamentary privileges and immunities.

19. Amendment of the Constitution.


1. Nature of International Law.

2. Sources: Treaty, Custom, General Principles of Law recognized by

civilized nations, subsidiary means for the determinations of law,

Resolutions of International organs and regulations of Specialized


3. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.

4. State Recognition and State Succession.

5. Territory of States: Modes of acquisition, boundaries, International


6. Sea : Inland Water, Territorial -Sea, Contiguous Zone, Continental

Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and ocean beyond national


7. Air-space and aerial navigation.

8. Outer-space : Exploration and use of Outer Space.

9. Individuals, Nationality, Statelessness : Human Rights and Procedures

available for their enforcement.

10. Jurisdiction of State: bases of Jurisdiction, immunity from


11. Extradition and Asylum.

12. Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts.

13. Treaties: Formation, application and termination.

14. State responsibility.

15. United Nations: its principal organs, powers and functions.

16. Peaceful settlement of disputes.

17. Lawful recourse to force; aggression, self defense, intervention.

18. Legality f the sue of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear

weapons; Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

19. International Environmental Law.

LAW PAPER-II (Code No. 19)


Law of Crimes-

1. Concept of Crime: actus reus mens rea mens rea in statutory offences,

punishments, mandatory sentences, preparation and attempt.

2. Indian Penal Code:

(a) Application of the Code.

(b) General exceptions.

(c) Joint and constructive liability.

(d) Abetment.

(e) Criminal conspiracy.

(f) Offences against the State.

(g) Offences against public tranquility.

(h) Offences by or relating to public servants.

(i) Offences against human body.

(j) Offences against property.

(k) Offences relating to marriage.

Cruelty by husband or his relatives to wife.

(l) Defamation.

3. SC & ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989.

4. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961.

5. Prevention of Food adulteration Act, 1954.

Law of Torts-

1. Nature of tortuous liability.

2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability.

3. Statutory liability.

4. Vicarious liability.

5. Joint Tort-feasors.

6. Remedies.

7. Negligence.

8. Occupier's liability and liability in respect of structures.

9. Detinue and conversion.

10. Defamation.

11. Nuisance.

12. Conspiracy.

13. False Imprisonment and malicious prosecution.


1. Formation of contract.

2. Factors vitiating consent.

3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.

4. Performance of contracts.

5. Dissolution of contractual obligations, frustration of contracts.

6. Quasi-contracts.

7. Remedies for breach of contract.

8. Sale of goods and hire purchase.

9. Agency.

10. Formation and dissolution of Partnership.

11. Negotiable Instruments.

12. The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969.

13. The consumer Protection Act, 1989.

Mathematics (Code No. 20)




Vector spaces, subspaces, bases and dimension of a finitely generated

space. Quotient spaces, Rank and nullity of a linear transformation,

Matrix of a linear transformation, Row and Column reduction, Echelon

form, Equivalence. Congruence and Similarity, Reduction to canonical

forms. Cayley-Hamilton theorem, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors,

Application of matrices and determinants to solutions of simultaneous

linear equations upto four unknowns; determinants upto fourth order.


Groups, Subgroups, Normal subgroups, Permutation groups, Quotient

groups, Homomorphism groups, Isomorphism theorems, Cayley and

Lagrange's theorems. Automorphisms. Rings, Integral domains. Fields,

ideals, Principal ideal domains. Simple rings, Prime ideals and Prime

fields. Maximal ideals in Commutative rings.


Limits, Continuity, Differentiability, Mean Value theorems, Taylor's

theorem, Indeterminate forms, Partial derivatives, Maxima & Minima of

functions of one and two variables, Curvature, Asymptotes, Curve

Tracing, Envelopes, Definite integrals, Rectification and Quadrature,

Volumes and Surfaces (standard curves) of solids of revolutions. Double

& Triple integrals. Beta and Gamma functions. Changes of order of

integration, Triple integrals and simple application, Dirichlet's integral.


Real numbers as a complete ordered field, Dedekind's theory of Real

numbers, Linear sets, Lower and upper bounds, Limit points,

Bolzanoweierstrass theorem, closed and open sets, concept of

compactness enumerable sets. Heine-Borel therem, connected sets, Real

sequences, Limit and convergence, Cauchy's general principle of


Continuity and Differentiability, types of discontinuities, Properties of

derivable functions, Darboux's and Roll's theorem.

Riemann integration, Mean value theorems and fundamental theorem of

Integral Calculus. Riemann-stieltje's integral.

Convergence of series of real variables. Absolute convergence,

conditionally convergent series of real numbers, Uniform convergence of

sequence and series of functions.



Conic sections in two dimensions referred to Cartesian and polar

coordinates, Plane, straight lines, sphere, cylinder and cone in standard

forms and their properties.


Analytical functions, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula, power

series, Taylor's and Laurent's series, Singularities, Cauchy's Residue

theorem and Contour integration.


1. Vector Analysis : Vector algebra. Differentiation of a Vector function

of scalar variable, Gradient, divergence and Curl (rectangular

coordinates) and their physical interpretation, vector identities,

Gauss's, Stokes' & Green's theorems.

2. Statics and Hydrostatics : General conditions of equilibrium of a

rigid body under coplanar forces, Friction, Common Catenary,

Principle of Virtual Work.

Fluid pressure on plane surfaces, Thrust on curved surfaces, Centre of

pressure. Equilibrium of floating bodies.

3. Dynamics : Kinetics and Kinematics, Simple Harmonic motion,

Hook's law, Motion of a particle attached to horizontal and vertical

elastic strings, Motion in a plane under variable forces, Motion under

resisting medium, Direct impact of smooth bodies, Projectiles, Motion

on a smooth vertical circle and Cycloid, Orbits under central forces,

Kepler's laws of motion.

4. Linear Programming : Graphical method of solution of linear

programming in tow variables. Convex sets and their properties,

Simplex methods, degeneracy, duality and sensitivity analysis,

Assignment Problems, Transportation Problems.

5. Numerical Analysis and Difference Equations : Polynomial

interpolation with equal or unequal step size. Lagrange's interpolation

formula, Truncation error. Numerical differentiation, Numerical

integration, Newton-Cotes quadrature formula, Gauss's quadrature

formulae, Convergence, Estimation of errors.

Transcedental and polynomical equations, bisection method,

Regulafalsi method, method of interaction, Newton-Raphson method,


First and higher order aomogeneous linear difference equations, nonhomogeneous

linear difference equations:

Complementary function, particular integral.

6. Differential Equations : Ordinary differential equations of first order

and first degree, Differential equations of first order but not of first

degree, Clairut's equation-its general and singular solution. Linear

Differential equations with constant coefficients, Homogeneous linear

differential equations with variable coefficients. Simultaneous linear

differential equations of first order. Linear differential equations of

second order-change of variables, normal form, method of variation of

Mechanical Engineering (Code No. 21)



1. THERMODYNAMICS - Heat, work and temperature, First and

second Law of Thermodynamics and their applications. Carnot, Otto,

Diesel, Dual, Sterling, Joule Cycles. Vapour power cycles like

Rankine, reheat and regenerative cycle.

2. HEAT TRANSFER - Steady State, one dimensional heat conduction,

convertive heat transfer, Thermal boundary layer. Heat Exchangers.

Heat transfer by radiation, Introduction to two phase heat transfer i.e.

boiling and condensation.

3. THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION - Combustion phenomenon in

spark ignition and compression ignition engines, operating

characteristics and energy balance. Gas turbine and modification in the

operating of simple cycle. Steam turbines, velocity diagram, reheat

factor, Unconventional power systems, Nuclear power and MHD

systems, solar energy utilization. Selection of site for steam, hydro,

nuclear, power plants. Modern high pressure and high duty boilers,

draft and dust removal equipments.

4. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING - Refrigeration cycle, different

methods of refrigeration. Analysis of vapour compressor and vapour

absorption cycles. Properties of important refrigerants. Psychrometry,

heating cooling, humidification and dehumidification, Human

comfort, Air conditioning, Air Conditioning Plants layout.

5. FLUID MECHANICS - Continuity equation, Bernoulli's theorem flow

through pipes Laminar and Turbulent flow, moments of momentum

equation. Flow around immersed bodies, viscous flow. Boundary layer

on a flat plate. Flow through convergent-divergent nozzle,

Measurement of flow by Venturimeter, V notch and pitot tube.

6. HYDRAULIC MACHINES - Euler's turbine equation, Pelton, Francis

and Kaplan turbines, rotodynamis pumps. Their construction,

performance and characteristics.


1. THEORY OF MACHINES - Kinematics; analysis of machine

elements, quadratic chain and its inversion, velocity and acceleration

diagrams, coriolis component, Power transmission: belts, chains and

gears, epicyclic gears, hydraulic drives, torque converters, clutches,.

Vibrations and balancing: Balancing of multirotor systems and

reciprocating masses. Free and forced vibrations with and without

damping. Critical speed and whirling of shafts.

2. MACHINE DESIGN : Design of machine elements subjected to direct

stresses. Design of members subjected to bending, torsion; like beams,

springs, laminated springs etc. Design of shafts, couplings, gears, thick

and thin cylinders. Basic ergonomics.

3. PRODUCTION ENGINEERING - Principles of metal cutting, tool

life, economics of machining types of machine tools, Numerically

controlled machines, recent machining methods - EDM, ECM, USM,

LBM. forming processes : High energy rate forming. Jigs, Fixture,

tools and gauges. Inspection of length, position, profile an surface


4. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING - Principles of scientific

management, concept of motivation, recruitment, training placement

and performance appraisal of industrial personnel. Incentive schemes,

Balance sheet, ratio analysis. Time and method study. Value



Linear Programming, allocation, transportation, assignment problems,

game theory, Statistical quality control, inventory control, replacement

theory and waiting line theory. Product design, Break-even analysis.

Location and layout, material handling equipment production planning

and control, concept of PERT and CPM.

Mining Engineering (Code No. 22)



1. Mining Methods, Surface and Underground: Open cast methods of

Mining layout, development and design, drilling and blasting, loading

and transportation mechanized quarrying, continuous mining systems.

Mining of dimensional stone.

Underground method of working coal by longwall, Bord and Pillar,

mining of thickseams, trends of new development in coal mining.

Underground mining methods for metalliferous deposits, development

and stoping, handling of broken ore, waste material, stope

mechanization and mine filling.

2. Mining Machinery : Use of different types of power in mines, drilling

machines, wire ropes, rope haulages, conveyors and locomotive. Face

machinery-side discharge loader(SDL), load haul and dump (LHD),

cutter loaders, continuous miners. Machines for raises, winzes and

tunnels. Mine pumps- types and application.

3. Rock Mechanics, Ground Control and Mine Development : Physicomechanical

properties of rocks, rock mass classification, stress

measurement techniques. Theories of rock failure, stress distribution

around mine working. Mine subsidence, ground control,

instrumentation and monitoring. Rock bursts and bumps. Design of

support and support system in mine roadways and workings. Pit slope

stability. Drilling methods, explosives, blasting devices and practices.

Shaft sinking-ordinary and special methods.

4. Special Methods : Hydraulic mining of coal. Gassification of coal.

Coal bed methane exploitation. Placer mining. Nuclear blasting and

Ocean mining methods.


1. Mine Legislation and Safety : Introduction to statutory laws related to

mining industry - Mines, Minerals (Regulations & Development), Act,

Mineral Concession Rules, Mineral Conservation and Development

Rules, Mines Act. Coal Mines Regulations and Metalliferous Mines


Mine safety- accidents in mines and their remedial measures.

Contribution of ILO and safety conferences in mines. Occupational

diseases in mines.

2. Mine Environmental Engineering : Underground mine atmosphere,

Detection of mine gases, Mechanics of air flow, distribution and

control. Natural and mechanical ventilation. Fan-types, selection and

operations, Heat and humidity - sources, estimation and airconditioning.

Ventilation planning.

Mine fires and explosions. Innudation. Illumination, noise and mine

dust measurements, standards and control. Mine rescue and Recovery.

Environmental impacts of surface mining, Ecology pollution.

Environment Management Plan. Erosion and Sedimentation control.

Reclamation and land use management.

3. Mine Surveying, Mineral Economics and Mine Planning : Mine

surveying instruments, development in instrumentation and

techniques. Correlation. Underground surveying. Application of

remote sensing in mining.

Estimation and measurements of mineral resources and reserves.

Sampling methods and practices, mining companies and mine

accounts. Cash flow concepts and mine valuation. Mining finance,

royalty and taxation.

Principles of mine planning, optimization of mine output, life size and

other mine parameters. Preparation of feasibility reports and

DPR/production planning and productivity in mining.

4. Mine Management and System Engineering : Principles of scientific

management, organization, rationalization, efficiency, engineering

standardization, Work study, incentives, standards of performance,

training, planning, supervision, industrial psychology, human

relationship, operational research, PERT and CPM. Management by


The concepts of system engineering. Introduction of system,

components and environment; classification of systems, systems

planning, system feasibility, planning horizon, economic analysis,

economic criteria. Modelling approach for solving of mining


Application of computer in mining.
Philosophy (Code No. 23)



1. Veda and Upanisad : The development of Vedic thought-polytheism,

henotheism, monotheism and monism; The nature of Reality atman

and Brahman, their identity, the concept of self -realization.

2. Non-vedic Schools of thought :

(a) Charvaka epistemology and metaphysics.

(b) Jainism- anekatavada, syadvada, dravya guna and paryaya, the

classification of dravyas, bondage and liberation.

(c) Buddhism- pratitysamutpada, anatmavada, ksanikavada

(momentariness), nirvana.

3. Nyaya, Vaisesika and Purva Mimamsa:

Nyaya system : prama, pramana and its types, paratah pramanyavada;

anyathakhyati vada, asatkaryavada, proofs for the existence of God

Vaisesika metaphysics: the types of padarthas (categoris),


Purvamimamsa : arthapatti and anupalabdhi as independent sources of

knowledge, svatahpramanyavada, akhyati and viparitakhyati.

4. Samkhya and Yoga : purusa and prakrti-

Proofs for their existence, plurality of purusa, the doctrine of

evolution, satkaryavada, bondage and liberation, the nature of yoga

and astanga yoga satkaryavada, bondage and liberation, the nature of

yoga and astanga yoga.

5. Vendnta - Samkara and Ramanuja:

Brahman and the world according to Samkara and Ramanuja,

mayavada and its critique, bondage and liberation according to

Samkara and Ramanuja.

6. Modern Indian Thought : Sri Aurabinda, Tagore, Gandhi and



1. The nature and object of philosophical enquiry : philosophy and its

place in life and culture; philosophy religion and science.

2. Scratic view of Virtue, Polato's theory of Justice, Utilitarianism of

Bentham and Mill, Kant's Moral theory. The problem of free will and


3. Bhagvad Gita - Svadharma, niskma karmayoga; purusartha-dharma,

artha, kama and moksa, Gandhian ethics -non-violence, truth and

satyagrha, trusteeship and servodaya; ends and means.

4. Plato : The problem of Being and Becoming - theory of ideas,

knowledge and opinion, Aristotle : Doctrine of causation, Matter and


5. Descrats; Philosophical method - search for self-evident principle,

proofs for the existence of God.

Spinoz : Doctrine of substance, attributes and modes.

Leiblitz : Monadology, the doctrine of Pre-established harmony.

The problem of mind and body relation according to the rationalists.

6. Locke : The doctrine of Substance : Primary and secondary quality,.

refutation of Matter, Esseest percipi, the subjective Idealist position.

Hume : doctrine of causation, refutation of substance.

7. Kant : Critique of rationalism and Empricism, thje problem of space

and time, categories of understanding, phenomena and Noumeva.

Physics (Code No. 24)



1. Mechanics - Conservation Laws. Collisions, impact parameter, centre

of mass and lab systems with transformation of physical quantities,

Rutherford Scattering. Rotating frame of reference, coriolis force,

motion of rigid bodies, moment of inertia, angular momentum, torque

and precession of top.

Central forces, motion under inverse square law, Kepler's Law, motion

of satellites, Special Theory of Relativity, Michelson-Morely

experiment, Lorentz Transformations-addition of velocities, Time

dilation and length contraction, variation of mass with velocity, massenergy


2. Oscillations and Wave Motion - (a) Oscillations, simple harmonic

motion, damped harmonic motion, force oscillation and resonance.

Wave equation, harmonic solutions, plane and spherical waves,

superposition of waves, beats, stationary waves, phase and group

velocities. Conditions of interference, Newton's rings and Michelson's

interferometer. Diffraction-Fresnel and Fraunhofer, diffraction by

plain transmission grating, Rayleigh criterion, resolving power of

grating and telescope Polarisation : Plane, circular and elliptically

polarized light, its production and detection.

(b) Maxwell's equations : maxwell's equations and their application to

plane electromagnetic wave. Poynting vector. Lasers, He-Ne and

Ruby lasers, spatial and temporal coherence, elementary ideas about

holography and laser applications.

3. Thermal and Statistical Physics - First Law of thermodynamics,

isothermal, isobaric, isometric & adiabatic processes. Second law of

thermodynamics-entropy Carnot's cycle. Clausius-Clapeyron equation,

Stefan-Boltzmann law. Kinetic theory of gases, Maxwell-Bolizmann,

Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac Distribution. Maxwell's distribution of

velocities, equipartition of energy, specific heats of gases, mean free

path Brownian motion. Black-Body radiation. Wien's law, Planck'

law, Solar constant, specific heat of solids - Einstein and Debye


4. Electromagnetics - Electric field and potential, Gauss's law. Poisson's

and Laplace equations, dielectrics and polarization, dielectric sphere

placed in a uniform electric field. Electromagnetic induction,


Transient behaviour of R-C, and R-L circuits, time constant. Response

of an L-C-R circuit for alternating voltages; series and parallel

resonance, band-width and Q-factor.

Magnetic properties of materials: Qualitative description of para, dia

ferro, anti-ferro and ferri magnetism. Curie and Curie - Weiss Las.


1. Quantum Mechanics and atomic spectroscopy - De Borglie waves.

Photo-electric effect, Compton effect, wave-particle duality,

Uncertainty principle; size of H-atom, zero point energy, wave packet,

finite width of energy levels. Schrodinger wave equation with

application to (i) particle in a box (ii) motion across a potential barrier

(iii) tunneling. Hydrogen spectrum, electron spin, Stern-Gerlach

experiment, space-quantisation, vector model of atom, J-J and L-S

coupling, Zeeman effect, characteristic and continuous x-rays.

Elementary ideas of Raman Spectra.

2. Solid State Physics - Crystal structure, Miller indices, reciprocal

lattice. Classification of crystals, vibrations of mono-atomic and

diatomic one dimensional lattice, dispersion relation, acoustic and

optical modes. Band theory of solids; periodic potential, Block

function, kronig-Penney model, or in of energy band gap, effective

mass of electrons and holes. Conductor, semi-conductors and

insulators. Electrical conductivity of metals. Elementary ideas of

superconductivity : Meissner effect, critical temperature and critical


3. Nuclear Physics - Basic properties and structure of nuclei (size, mass,

electric and magnetic moments, spin), binding energy and semiempirical

mass, formula. Nuclear stability and radioactivity, law of

disintegration, Alpha, beta and gamma radiations, nuclear fission and

fusion. Chain reactions and controlled nuclear fission. Principles and

working of nuclear reactors and their classification. Linear accelerator,

cyclotron and synchrotron accelerators.

4. Circuit analysis and Electronics- Kirchhoff's law, Thevenin, Norton

and maximum power-transfer theorems. Input and output impedances.

P-n junction diode, use of diode for rectification, zener diode and its

use in voltage regulation. Transistor, its biasing, common emitter

amplifier. Feedback, Barkhausen criterion, oscillator (Hartley,) R.C.

Phase shift, Basic principles of radio and T.V. transmission and

reception using block diagrams.

Political Science (Code No. 25)



PAPER-I (Code No. 25)


1. Nature and Scope o Political Science : Traditional and Contemporary

Approaches,; Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism; System

Approach and Marxian Approach to Political Analysis.

2. Emergence and Nature of the Modern State : Sovereignty, Monistic

and Pluralistic perspectives, Power, Authority and Legitimacy.

3. Political Thought : Manu, Kautilya, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Thomas

Aquinas, Marsiglio of Padua Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke,

Motesquieu, Rousseau, Bentham, Mil, Green, Hegel, Marx, Lenin and


4. Concepts : Liberty, Equality, Justice, Law, Revolution, Social Change,

Secularism, Political Socialisation, Political Culture, Political

Development, Political Modernisation.

5. Democracy, Authoritarianism, Fascism and Marxism.


6. National Movement and Constitutional Evolution : Socio-Religious

Reform Movements - Major Contribution; The Indian National

Congress, Foundation, Objectives and Role from 1885 to 1915; Major

Movements : Non-cooperation; Khilafat; Civil Disobedience; Quit

India: Act of 1919: Dyarchy Act of 1935: Provincial Autonomy and

Federal Scheme; Cripps Mission; Cabinet Mission; Wavell Plan;

Mountbatten Plan.

7. Constitution and Political System in India : Fundamental Rights,

Directive Principles of State Policy, Union Government - President,

Cabinet, Lock Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Supreme Court: Federalism and

Centre-State-Relations. Amendment process of Constitution:

Governor: Panchayati Raj: political Parties Pressure groups.

8. Representative Indian Political Thinkers: Rammohan Roy,

Vivekanand, Dadabhai Naoroji, B.G. Tila, Aurobindo, G.K.Gokhale,

M.A.Jinnah, V.D.Savarkar, B.R.Ambedkar, M.N.Roy, Jawaharlal

Nehru, Jai Prakash Narayan, M.K.Gandhi and Ram Monohar Lohia.

9. Planning and development process: Role of Bureaucracy in

development administration: Decentralized Planning and rural


10. Determinants of political process in India: Case, Class, Religion,

Region, Challenge of Sub-nationalistic forces to National Integration.


PAPER-II (Code No. 25)


1. Concepts and theories of International Politics : Power: National

Interest: Balance of Power. The Realist Theory; System theory,

Decision Making: Determinants of foreign policy: National Interest:

Ideology; Elements of National Power.

2. The Cold War : Origin, evolution and its impact on international

relations: Détente.

3. Neo-colonialism and racialism, their impact on international relations,

Asian-African resurgence, Non-Alignment: Meaning, Bases, the non

aligned Movement and its role in international relations.

4. The present International economic order; aid, trade and economic

development; the struggle for the New International Economic Order.

5. Origin and Development of International Organizations: The United

Nations and its Specialized Agencies, Regional Organisations.


1. Arms race, disarmament and arms control; Conventional and nuclear

arms. The impact of nuclear weapons on international relations, the

partial Test-ban Treaty; the Nuclear-Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT);

Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNE).

2. Conflict and cooperation in South Asia and West Asia.

3. The foreign policies of the major powers: United States, Russia and


4. The Third world in international relations; the North-South "Dialogue"

in the United National and Outside.

5. India's Foreign policy and relations with Super Powers and

neighbours. India and the questions of nuclear weapons.

Psychology (Code No. 26)



1. Place of psychology in the family of social and behavioural sciences,.

Nature, Scope and methods of psychology.

2. Nervous system; central and peripheral. Endocrine glands in context

of human behaviour. Localisation of brain functions.

3. Attention and perception: Meaning, kinds and determinants of

attention, Filteration,; Shifts; Division; Distraction, Fluctuation, Span

of attention, Pattern recognition, Form perception, Figure-ground,

Organizational principles of perception, Depth and Distance

perception, Size perception, perception of motion, Illusion: Kinds,

Theories, Factors, influencing perception.

4. Emotion: Characteristics of emotional behaviour, Expressions of

emotions. Role of nervous system and endocrine glands in emotions.

Theories of Emotion: James Lange and Cannon Bard.

5. Motivation: Needs, Drives Motives, and incentives. Characteristics of

motivated Behaviour. Measurement of Need Achievement. Theories

of Motivation.

6. Learning : Types of learning. Meaning. Theories of leaning. Classical

and Operant conditioning. Insight. Trial and Error learning. Laws of

Learning. Skill learning. Factors influencing Learning. Learning

curves. Transfer of training. Kind. Theories and Factors influencing


7. Remembering and Forgetting: Nature of Remembering Methods of

Reproduction: Recall, Recognition. Relearning, Reconstruction,

Anticipation and paired associate learning. Factors influencing

Remembering: Type and Amounts of material, methods of learning,

Nature of forgetting: Forgetting curves. Causes of Forgetting.

8. Thinking : Nature of Thinking. Symbolic processes. Concept

formation. Problem solving. Reasoning. Creative thinking, Language

and Thought.

9. Intelligence and Aptitudes: Nature, and determinants of intelligence

and aptitudes. Theories of intelligence, Measurement of intelligence

and aptitudes. Constancy of IQ. Types of intelligence and Aptitude


10. Personality: Nature and Theories of Personality: Trait and Type

Theories; Freud's Psychoanalytical Theory, Determinants of

Personality. Measurement of Personality.

11. Attitudes: Nature, formation, measurement and change. Theories of

Attitude; Balance and Cognitive Dissonance Theory.

12. Abnormal Behaviour: Concept. Conflicts and frustration. Mental

Mechanisms. Causes of Abnormal Behaviour. Motivation and

Adjustment. Methods of Assessing Abnormal Behaviour.


Unit-I Development Psychology: growth and Development, Principles

and Stages of Development, Social, Emotional and Moral

Development. Development Tasks.

Unit-II Guidance and Counselling: Meaning, Scope, Need, Difference

between Guidance and Counselling. Areas: Vocational,

Educational, personal, Group Guidance. Techniques: Directive,

Non-directive, Electric, Group Counselling.

Unit-III Criminal Behaviour: Types of Crime. Understanding of crime.

Causes of crime. Modern-Urban changes and crime. War and

Crime. Measure s for Reforming criminals. Crime Detection

methods. Prevention of crime. Juvenile Delinquency.

Unit-IV Psychology Applied to Industry: personnel selection and

classification. Workers and management. Job Analysis.

Personnel Assessment Techniques. Job Satisfaction. Industrial

Morale. Psychology of work and accident. Propaganda.

Unit-V Psychology of Groups: Crowd Behaviour. Leadership: Types.

Qualities. Functions. Theories. Group Behaviour. Group

dynamics. Sociometry.

Unit-VI Construction and Standardization of Psychological Test: Steps

of Construction and Standardization of Tests. Types of

Reliability; Validity and Norms, Functions and Limitations of

Psychological tests.

Unit-VII Statistics in Psychology: Graphical representation of data, Uses

of Mean, Median, And Mode. Measures of Variability. Quartile

Deviation. Average deviation. Standard Deviation. Concept of

correlation. Uses of Correlation in psychology. Percentile and

percentile ranks.

Unit-VIII Phychophysical Methods-Psychophysics: Basic concept,

problems of psychophysics. Classical Psychophysical methods-

Method of Limits, Method Constant Stimuli and method of

average error. Limitations of psychophysical Methods.

Unit-IX Consumer Psychology: Interview, Mailed Questionnaire,

Marketing, Motivation. Advertisement, Importance. Factors.

Unit-X Psychology of Marital Adjustment: Success and Failure.

Divorce. Parental Fixation. Sibling Rivalary. Broken home and

family consequences.

Unit-XI Special need children: Concept. Types; Mentally Retarded.

Blind. Orthopaedically handicapped. Approaches in dealing

with them. Hearing handicapped their special problems:

Physical, Social, Psychological, Educational.

Public Administration (Code No. 27)



I. Basic Premises : Meaning, scopes nature and significance of Public

Administration: Its role in developed and developing societies.

Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline and its

relationship with political science, psychology, economics and

Law; Ecology of administration -asocial, economic, cultural,

political and legal. New Public Administration.

II. Theories of Organization" Scientific management (Taylor and his

associates): The Bureaucratic theory of organization (Weber):

Classical theory of Organizations (Henri Fayol, Luther Gullic and

others), The Human Relations Theory of Organization(Elton Mayo

and his Colleagues), Behavioural approach, Systems Approach:

Organizational Effectiveness.

III. Principles of Organization - Hierarchy, Unity of Command,

Authority and Responsibility, Coordination. Span of Control,

Supervision, Centralization and Decentralization, Delegation.

IV. Administrative Behaviour - Decision making with Special

Reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon, Theories of

leadership; Communication, Morale, Motivation (Maslow and


V. Structure of Organizations-Chief Executive; Types of Chief

Executives and their functions; Line, staff and Auxiliary agencies;

Departments: Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions,

Headquarters and field relationship.

VI. Personnel Administration - Bureaucracy and Civil Services;

Position Classification, Recruitment, Training, Career

Development; Performance Appraisal, Promotion, Pay and Service

Conditions, Retirement Benefits, Discipline, Employer-Employee


VII. Financial Administration - Concept of Budget. Preparation and

Execution of the Budget, Performance Budgeting, Legislative

Control, Account and Audit.

VIII. Accountability and Control - The concepts of Accountability and

Control; Legislative and Judical Control over Administration:

Citizen and Administration.

IX. Administrative Reforms - O & M, Work Study, Work

Measurement; Administrative Reforms; Processes and Obstacles.

X. Administrative Law - Importance of Administrative Law:

Delegated Legislation : Meaning, Types, Advantages, Limitations,

Safeguards: Administrative Tribunals.

XI. Comparative and Development Administration - Meaning, Nature

and Scope of Comparative Public Administration. Contribution of

Fred Riggs with Particular reference to the prismatic Sala Model.

The Concept. Scope and Significance of Development

Administration: The concept of Administrative development;

Public Policy Process.


Indian Administration

I. Evolution of Indian Administration - Kautilya; Mughal period;

British period.

II. Environmental Setting - Constitution, Parliamentary Democracy,

Federalism Planning, Socialism.

III. Political Executive at the Union Level - President, Prime Minister,

Council of Ministers, Cabinet Committees.

IV. Structure of Central Administration - Secretariat, Cabinet

Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Boards and Commissions,

Field Organisations.

V. Centre- State Relations - Legislative, Administrative and Financial.

VI. Public Services - All India Services, Central Service, State

Services, Local Civil Services, Union and State Public Service

Commissions, Training of Civil Services.

VII. Machinery for Planning - Organization and role of National

Development Council and Planning Commission; Planning

Machinery at the State and District and Local Levels.

VIII. Public Undertakings- Forms of management, Control and impact of

liberalization and improving performance and public enterprises in


IX. Control of Public Expenditure- Parliamentary Control; Role of the

Finance Ministry; Comptroller and Auditor General.

X. Administration of Law and Order - Role of Central and State

Agencies in Maintenance, of Law and Order.

XI. State Administration - Governor; Chief Minister, Council of

Minister, Secretariat, Chief Secretary, Directorates with Special

reference to Rajasthan.

XII. District Administration - Role and importance,; District Collector,

land and revenue, Law and order and developmental functions;

District Rural Development Agency.

XIII. Local Administration - Panchayati Raj and Urban Local

Governments Features, Forms and Problems with special reference

to Rajasthan: Autonomy of Local Bodies.

XIV. Administration for welfare - Administration for the Welfare of

Weaker Sections with particular Reference to Scheduled Castes,

Scheduled Tribes and Programs for the Welfare of Women and

Children in Rajasthan.

XV. Issues in Indian Administration - Relationship between Political

and Permanent Executives, Generalists and Specialists in

Administration, Integrity in Administration. People's Participation

in Administration; Redressal of Citizens Grievances. Lok Pal and

Lok Ayuktas, Administrative Reforms in India.

Sociology (Code No. 28)



Development of Sociology as a discipline, Its relationship with

other disciplines,; Science and Social behaviour, the problem of

objectivity, the scientific methods and design of sociological research,

techniques of data collection and measurement including participant and

non-participant observation, interview schedules and questionnaires.

Pioneering contributions to sociology: The seminal ideas of

Durkheim, Weber and Mars.

Marx: Historical materialism, alienation, class and class struggle;

Durkheim: division of labour, social fact, religion and society: Webber:

Social action, types of authority, bureaucracy, rationality, Protestant

ethnic and the spirit of capitalism ideal types.

The individual and society, individual behaviour, social interaction,

society and social group, social system, status and role; culture,

personality and socialization; conformity, deviance and social control:

role, conflict Social stratification and mobility: Inequality and

stratification: different conceptions of class; theories of stratification,

caste and class: class and society: types of mobility; open and closed

models of mobility.

Family, marriage and kinship: Structure and functions of family;

structural principles of kinship; family descent and kinship; change in

society and change in marriage and family; marriage and divorce.

Economic system: Economic Systems of Simple and Complex

Societies : Types of Exchange; and division of labour; social aspects of

preindustrial and industrial economic system; industrialization and

changes in the political education, religious, familial and stratificational

sphere; social determinants and consequences of economic development.

Political System: Community power structure: power of the elite,

class power, power authority and legitimacy; power in democracy;

political parties and voting.

Religion : The religious phenomenon; the sacred and the profance;

social functions and dysfunctions of religion; magic religion and science;

changes in society and changes in religion and secularization.

Social change and development: Social structure and social change,

continuity and change; Processes of change; theories of change; social

disorganization and social movement; directed social change, social

policy and social development.


Historical moorings of the Indian Society : Traditional Hindu

social organization: socio-cultural dynamics through the ages, especially

the impact of Buddhism, Islam and the modern West; factors in

continuity and changes.

Social stratification: Caste system and its transformation, aspects

of ritual, economic and caste status, cultural and structural view about

casts, mobility in caste, issues of equality and social justice caste among

the Hindus and the non- Hindus; Casteism; the Backward Classes and the

Scheduled Castes: Untouchability and its eradication; agrarian and

industrial class structure.

Family, Marriage and kinship: Changing aspects of Kinship: the

joint family its structural and functional aspects and its changing form

and disorganization; marriage among different ethnic groups and

changing trends; Impact of legislation and socio-economics change upon

family and marriage; Changing status of women.

Economic system; The Jajmani system and its bearing on the

traditional society; market economy and its social consequences;

occupational diversification and social structure, social determinants and

consequences of economic development; economic inequalities,

exploitation and corruption.

Political system: The functioning of the democratic political

system in a traditional society; political parties and their social

composition; social structural origins of political elites and their social

orientations decentralization of power and political participation.

Educational system : Educational and society in the traditional and

the modern contexts; education and social mobility, educational problems

o women, the Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes.

Religion: Demographic dimensions, inter religious interaction and

its manifestation in the problems of conversion, minority status and

communalism, secularism. Tribal societies and their integration:

Distinctive features of tribal communities, tribe and caste: acculation and


Rural social system and community development : Socio cultural

dimensions of the village community: traditional power structure,

democratization and of land reforms, Community Development

Programme and other planned development project; Green Revolution:

new strategies of rural development.

Urban social organization: Continuity and chance in the traditional

cases of social organization, namely, kinship, caste and religion in the

urban context; stratification and mobility in urban communities, ethnic

diversity and community integration: rural-urban differences in

demographic and sociocultural characteristics and their social


Population dynamic: Socio cultural aspects of sex and age

structure, fertility and mortality and migration; the problem of population

explosion, social psychological, cultural and economic factors in the

adoption of family planning practices.

Social change and modernization: Problems of Role Conflict-youth

unrest-intergenerational gap; Major Sources of social change and of

Resistance to change, impact of West, Reform movements, social

movement, industrialization and urbanization, pressure groups factors of

planned change-Five Year Plans legislative and executive measure;

process of change Sanskritiaztion, Westernization and Modernization;

Means of modernization-mass media and education, problem of change

and modernization-structural contribution and breakdowns.

Current Social Evils : Casteism, Nepotism, Regionalism,

Smuggling, Black Money; Crime and Juvenile Deliquency in India.

Statistics (Code No. 29)



1. Probability :

Classical and Axiomatic definitions of Probability, Addition theorem

of probability, conditional probability, statistical independence and

multiplication theorem of probability, Baye's theorem.

Discret and continuous random variables, probability mass function,

probability density function and cumulative distribution function.

Joint, marginal and conditional distribution of two variables.

Mathematical expectation of functions of one and two random

variables, addition and multiplication theorems on expectation,

moments, measure of central tendency, dispersion, skewness and


Moment generating function and cumulant generating function,

characteristic function and its properties (without proof), variance and

covariance of linear combination of random variable, Chebyshev's

inequality, convergence in probability, weak law of large numbers and

simple form of central limit theorem.

2. Distribution and statistical methods :

Theoretical probability distribution: Binomial, Poissoan, Negative

Binomial, Hypergeometric, Uniform, Normal, Exponential, Canchy,

Laplace, Beta and Gamma distribution and their inter-relationships.

Sampling distribution: concept of random sample and statistics, its

sampling distribution an standard error, Sampling distribution of X 't',

chi-square and 'F' distribution, their properties and applications in tests

of significance. Order statistics and their sampling distributions in case

of uniform and exponential parent distributions.

Theory of attributes, measures of association. Fitting of curve by

methods of least squares, Bivariate frequency distribution, regression,

correlation; Karl Pearson's Kendall's Taurank correlation and intra

class correlation coefficients.

3. Statistical inference :

Theory of estimation; criteria of a good estimator; unbiasedness,

consistency, efficiency and sufficiency. Methods of estimation,

methods of moments, maximum likelihood, least square, minimum chi-

-square. Cramer Rao lower bound and minimum variance unbiased

estimation and its properties, Best linear unbiased estimation.

Properties of maximum likelihood estimators. (without proof), Interval

estimation, construction of confidence intervals for parameter of

normal distribution only.

Testing of Hypothesis : Simple and composite hypothesis, statistical

tests, two kinds of errors, best critical region, Neyman-Pearson Lemma

and its application in finding BCR in case of Binomial, Poisson,

Uniform, Normal and exponential populations.

Non-parametric methods : Chi-square, sign, median and run tests.

Wilcoxon test rank correlation methods.


1. Sampling Theory :

Sampling vs complete enumeration, basic principle of sampling.

random purposive sampling, Methods of drawing random sample, the

principal steps in sample surveys, sampling and non-sampling errors,

Simple Random sampling with and without replacement, stratified

random sampling, comparison of stratified sampling with SRSWOR,

Ratio and regression methods of estimation of population mean and

total in large sample size. Comparison with simple estimator, -

Systematic sampling, cluster sampling, with equal cluster sizes, Two

stage sampling in case of equal sizes in both the stages, Two phase


2. Design of Experiments :

Analysis of variance for one way and two way classification (with on

observation per cell), Linear model and its different types,

transformation. Basic concepts in design of experiments, criteria for a

good design, uniformity trials, size and shape of block and plots.,

Completely randomized, Randomised block and latin square design.

Efficiency of RBD over CRD and LSD over RBD. Factorial

experiments, 2 2 3 3 and 3 3 factorial experiments in RBD. Estimation of

single missing value in RBD and LSD.

3. Applied Statistics :

Index number, various types of index numbers, construction of index

number of prices, fixed base and chain base methods, conversion of

fixed base into chain base and vice versa, uses and limitation of these


Essential requisites or an ideal index, cost of living index number and

its construction, the idea of splicing, base shifting and deflating.

Time series and its components, methods of determining trend and

seasonal components.

Concept of Statistical Quality Control. Control charts such as (XR)

chart (mean ó ) chart, P chart, np chart c chart, their construction and


Sampling inspection by attributes, single and double sampling

inspection plan. O.C. curve, concept of ASN, AOQ, AOQL, Consumer

and producer's risks, PTPD.
Zoology (Code No. 30)



Non-Chordata & Chordata :

1. Classification on Non-Chordata with diagnostic features and

examples of all phyla and their sub-division upto classes.

2. Systematic position, structural organization, biological function, and

life history of the following types :-

(i) PROTOZOA : Paramedium Monocystis, Plasmodium &


(ii) PORIFERA : Sycon, Canal system in sponges.

(iii) COELENTERATA : Obelia, Aurelia, Polymorphism,

Alternation of Generation.

(iv) PLATYHELMINTHES : Fasciola, Taenia, Parasitic


(v) ASCHELMINTHES : Ascaris.

(vi) ANNELIDA : Pheretima, Nereis and Hirudinaria.

(vii) ARTHROPODA : Palaemon, Periplaneta and Palamneus,

Social organization in termites and bees.

(viii) MOLLUSCA : Pila and Unio (=Lamellidens).

(ix) ECHINODERMATA : Asterias.

3. Classification of Protochordata and Chordata with diagnostic

features, examples and sub-division upto orders.

4. PROTOCHORDATA : (A) Systemic position, structural

organization, biological functions and life history of Herdmania,

Brachiostoma, Balanolossus.

(B) Ascidian tadpole larva and Retrogressive wetamorganosis.

(C) Salient features of Petromyzon & ammocete larva.

5. CHORDATA : Comparative morphology and physiology of

vertebrates : (1) Comparative anatomy of following systems from fish

to mammals : (a) Integument (b) Digestive system (c) Respiratory

system (d) Circulatory system (Evolution of aortie arches) (e)

Excretary system (evolution of kidney) (f) Reproductive system (g)

Nervous system (h) Sense organs (i) Endocrine glands.


a. Economic importance of insects including apiculture, sericulture

and Lac cultivation.

b. Pisciculture and Pearl culture & formation.

c. Principle methods of insect control.

d. Invertebrates and diseases.


a. Neoteny

b. Flight adaptations in birds.

c. Poisonous and non-poisonous snakes.

d. Parental care.

e. Larval forms in invertebrates.



(A) Cell theory (Prokaryotic & eukaryotic cells.)

(B) Ultra structure of animal cells.

(C) Structure, functions, and chemical, organization of:

(1) Plasma membrane (2) Endoplasmic reticulum (3) Golgi

complex (4) Mitochondria (5) Lysosomes (6) Ribosomes (7) Cilia,

flagella and microtubules (8) Centriole (9) Nucleus (interphase

nucleus, nuclear membrane, euchromatin, heterochromatin,

Chromosomes including gaint chromosomes and nucleolus.

(D) Cell metabolism

(E) Cell division.


(A) Brief history of Microbiology:

(B) Bacteria :

(1) Structure, functional organization and reproduction.

(2) Classification.

(3) Medical importance.

(4) For human welfare.

(C) Virus

(1) Basic Features & Architecture.

(2) Classification.

(3) Nucleic acid of a mature virus Bacteriophage.


A. Introduction, historical perspective & future prospects.

B. Elementary knowledge of -

(1) Biotechnology and medicine

(2) Biotechnology and environment

(3) Biotechnology, food & drinks


A. Mendel's Law of inheritance & its present status.

B. Chromosomal theory of inheritance, genetic disorders in human

being due to variation in chromosomes.

C. Crossing over and linkage.

D. Sex determinations & mechanism of Sex-linked inheritance in


E. Mutations (Gene, point & frame-shift), Mutagenic agents.

F. Molecular genetics (Nucleic acid, genetic code, structure and

regulation of gene & protein synthesis.

G. Bacterial genetic (transformations, transduction & conjugation)

H. Multiple alleles.

I. Elementary idea of agencies.


A. Biochemical energetic (Basic thermodynamics, energy and its

forms), Biological oxidation; glycolysis, krebs cycle, oxidative


B. Biochemical Genetics (Recombinant DNA and its application).

C. Enzymes characteristic, classification, mechanism of action

including factors affecting enzymes activity.

D. Elementary knowledge of vitamins, carbohydrates and proteins.

E. Metabolism: Energy metabolism and food intake, mineral

metabolism (iodine, iron, calcium & zinc) metabolism of nucleic

acids and derivatives.


A. Gametogenesis (Formation and structure of egg & sperm an


B. Fertilization: Cleavage; morula; Blastulation and Gastrulation

Mechanisms and Significance.

C. Elementary knowledge of embryonic induction, Primary Organiser,

Differentiation, Organogenesis, Malignancy & Regeneration in


D. Embryogenesis of Frog.

E. Development of chick upto four Somites.

F. Embryonic adaptation (Extra-embryonic membrance in Chick &

Mammals and Placentation).


A. Abiotic (soil, water, light, temperature) & Biotic (interspecific &

intra specific) factors : Concept of Limiting factors.

B. Population Ecology: Measurement & factors affecting population

and population growth form.

C. Community Ecology: Structure, community succession, climax

Sere and Ecotone.

D. Ecosystem: Components & dynamics, energy flow, trophic level,

food web and food chain.

E. Habitat ecology: Fresh water, Marine & Terrestrial.

F. Applied ecology: Pollution sources, impact on man, prevention and

control: Management of environment including conservation of

natural resources.


A. Brief history and concept of ethology.

B. Methods of studying behaviour.

C. Social behaviour & organization among insects & mammals.

D. Orientation : Taxes, Kinesis, Fish and Bird migration.

E. Communication amongst animals: acoustic, tactile, olfactory,

Language of bees: Pheromones and their roles.

F. Conservation and management of wild life in India; wild life and

bird sanctuaries in India with special reference to Rajasthan.

G. Endangered animal species in India with special reference to



A. Origin of life.

B. Theories of evolution: Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, Natural

selection, Neo-Darwimism & Molecular basis of evolution.

C. Mechanism of evolution: speciation, variation, isolation,


D. Principle Zoogeographical regions. their boundaries & broad faunal

patterns, continental drift.

E. Geological division of earth's crust.

F. Fossil, their significance and imperfection of geological record.

G. Evolution of man.




1. Meaning, nature and scope of Anthropology.

2. Main branches of Anthropology and relationship of Anthropology

with other sciences.

3. Human Evolution, Emergence of Man and Variation.

a) Foundation of the theory of organic evolution : Lamarckism, Neo-

Lamarckism, Darwinism and Synthetic theory.

b) Human Evolution : Biological, Social and Cultural Dimensions.

c) The Order Primate : Its evolutionary tendencies (i.e.

characteristics), classification and distribution. A comparative

study of primates with special reference to the anthropological

aspects of man.

d) Fossil evidence for human evolution: Dryopethecus, Ramapithecus

Australopithrecines, Homo erectus, Pithecanthropines, Homosapiens,

Noanderthalensis and Homo sapiens.

e) Genetics: Definition : The Mendelian principles and their

application to human populations.

f) Human Variation : Racial differentiation of man and bases of racial

classification-morphological, serological and genetic. Role of

heredity and environment in the formation of races.

4. Cultural Evolution- broad outlines of pre-historic cultures:

a) Palacolithic

b) Mesolithic

c) Neolithic

d) Chalcolithic

e) Copper-Bronze age

f) Iron age


a) Family-Definition and typology of family, household and domestic

groups. Basic structure and functions; stability and changes in

family. Typological and processual approaches to the study of

family. Impact of urbanization, industrialization, education and

feminist movements. Universality of family - a critique.

b) Marriage - Definition, types and variation of marriage systems.

Debates on the universal definition of marriage. Regulation of

marriage-preferential, prescriptive, proscriptive and open systems.

Types and form of marriage, Dowry, bride-price pestation and

marriage stability.

c) Concept of kinship ; Definition of kin, incest prohibition, exogamy

and endogamy. Principles of descent-types and functions. Political

and jural aspects of kinship. Unilineal, bilateral and double descent.

Descent, filiation and complementary filiaion, Kinship

terminology, Typology and approaches to the study of

terminology. Alliance and Descent.


a) Concept of culture, patterns of culture, relationships between

culture and civilization and society.

b) Concept of Society, Social Change and Cultural Change.

c) Social structure and social organization, groups, community. Social

stratification: Principles and form, status, class and power, gender.

Nature and types of mobility.

d) Approaches to the study of culture and society-classical

evolutionism, neo-evolutionism, culture ecology, historical

particularism and diffusionism, structural-functionalism, culture

and personality, transactionalism, symbolism, congnitive approach

and new etinography, post structuralism and post-modernism.

7. Definitions and functions of religion. Anthropological approaches to

the study of religion-evolutionary, psychological and functional.

Magic, witchcraft and sorcery: definition functions and functionaries:

priest, saman, medicine man and sorcerers. Symbolism in religion and

rituals. Ethnomedicine. Myths and Rituals definition and approaches

to their study-structural, functional and processual relation with

economic and political structure.


a) Meaning, scope and relevance, principles governing production,

distribution and consumption in communities subsisting on

hunting- gathering, floating, pastoralism, horticulture and other

economic pursuits. Fomalist and substantivist : debate-Dalton,

Karlpolyanny and Marxian approach and New Economic

Anthropology. Exchange gifts, barter, trade, ceremonial exchange

and market economy.

b) Theoretical foundations. Types of political organizations-bank,

tribe, chiefdom, state, concept of power, authority and legitimacy.

Social control, law and justice in tribal and peasant societies.

9. Concepts of development: Anthropological perspective. Models of

development. Critiques of classical development theories. Concepts of

planning and planned development. Concept of panicipaiory

development. Culture ecology and sustainable development.

Displacement and rehabilitation.

10. Concept of research in anthropology, subjectivity and reflexivity in

terms of gender, class, ideology and ethics. Distinction between

methodology, methods and techniques. Nature and explanation in

anthropological research. Positivistic and non-positivistic approaches.

Comparative methods: nature, purpose and methods of comparison in

social and cultural anthropology, Basic techniques of data collection.

Interview, participant and other forms of observation, schedules,

questionnaire, case-study methods, extended case-study methods, life

histories and secondary sources, oral history, genealogical methods,

Participatory Learning and Assessment (PLA). Participatory Rapid

Assessment (PRA). Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.


1. Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization - Prehistoric

(Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic), Protohistoric (Indus

Civilization). Vedic and post- Vedic beginnings. Contributions of the

tribal cultures.

2. Demographic profile of India-Ethnic and linguistic elements in the

Indian population and their distribution. Indian population, factors

influencing its structure and growth.

3. Critical understanding of the basic concepts and approaches to the

study of Indian Civilization : Little tradition and great tradition;

Universalization and Parochialization: Sanskitization, Westernization,

Tribe-cast continuum. Ethnosociological and traditional Indian

cosmocentric perspective.

4. The basic structure and nature of traditional Indian social system- a

critique. Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth. Theories

of the origin of caste system, Jajmani system. Structural bases of

inequality in traditional Indian society. Impact of Buddhism, Jainism,

Islam and Christianity on India society.


a) Approaches to the study of Indian society and culture -

traditional contemporary.

b) Aspects of Indian village- Social organizations of

agricultural, impact of market economy on Indian villages.

c) Linguistic and religious minorities-social, political and

economic status.

6. Ethnographic profiles of Indian tribes : demographic, racial, linguistic,

economic and social-organizations dimensions.

7. Development of forest policy and tribals, impact of urbanization and

industrialization or tribal and rural populations.

8. Problems of tribal peoples : land-alienation, bonded labour,

indebtedness; shifting cultivation; irrigation; forest and tribal

unemployment; agricultural labour, tribal revolts, minor tribes.

Different approaches and measures adopted to solve tribal problems

including constitutional provisions. Development projects, tribal

displacement and problems of rehabilitation.

9. Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled

Castes/Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional

safeguards for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Social change

and contemporary Scheduled Castes: Impact of modern democratic

institution, development programs and welfare measures on Scheduled

Castes and weaker sections. Emergence of Ethnicity, dalit and trial

movements and quest for identity.

10. Social change among the dalits and tribes during colonial and postindependence


Impact of Hinduism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on dalit

and tribal societies.

11. d

a) History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans,

programs of tribal development and their implementation. Role of


b) Role of anthropology in the development of Scheduled Castes,

dalits and tribals.

c) Contributions of anthropology to the understanding or regionalism,

communalism and ethnic and political movements.
MANAGEMENT (Code No. 32)



A. General :

Meaning : Nature and importance of management; Evolution of

Management thought; Approaches to the study of Management.

B. Process of Management :

Planning : Concept, importance, Types; process, Decision making

process, Budgeting: meaning, importance and types.

Organisation : Concept; Importance; Principles; Types of structures;

Span of Control; Authority, responsibility and accountability; concepts

of delegation, centralization and de-centralisation.

Direction: Concept; Importance; Leadership theories; Motivation:

Meaning, importance, contribution of Maslow, Herzberg, McGreagor

and McCleland; Management by Objectives; Management by


Coordination: Meaning; Importance; Techniques; Communication:

concept, process and importance.

Control: Concept; importance; process; Techniques of control.

C. Environment :

Internal: Group Dynamics; Organisational Change; Organisational

Conflict, Organisational Development.

External: National income analysis and its use in business forecasting;

Regulatory policies: Monetary, Fiscal and Planning and their impact

on business decisions. Demand Analysis and Forecasting; Cost

analysis; Pricing decisions under different market structures.

D. Statistical Methods :

Measures of Central tendencies; Time Series Analysis: Correlation

Regression, Interpolation & Extrapolation; Index numbers.


Functional Areas of Management:

Finance : Meaning, Scope and importance of financial management;

Sources and uses of funds; fund flow and cash flow analysis; Ratio

analysis: Liquidity, Activity and Profitability; Cost-volume-Profit

Analysis; Leverages; Operating and Financial; Capital Budgeting: Cost of

Capital and Risk analysis; Concept of working capital and its sources.

Production & Material : Production process: Mass, Job and Project;

Location and layout planning; work study; Method study; Incentive

plans; Production planning and control; Quality control; Purchase

Planning: Material flows; inventory control; Vendor development D G S

& D Purchase process and procedure; PERT and CPM.

Marketing : Meaning; Importance, Evolution of modern concept of

marketing; Market Segmentation; Marketing-mix : product, price,

promotion and place; Changing environment of Indian market: Concept

of product-life cycle; Concept and Components of Communication-mix:

Advertising, Personal Selling; Sales-promotion and publicity; public

distribution system. Consumer behaviour and consumer protection in


Human Resources : Meaning: Importance; Concept of Human Resource

Development: Processes (a) Human Resource Planning (b) Human

Resource Recruitment and Selection; Job Description; Job Enlargement;

Job Enrichment, Training and Development; Wage determination and

salary structure; Performance Appraisal; Workers Participation in

Management; Grievance Handling Procedure; Collective Bargaining;

Trade Unions in India.

ENGLISH (Code No. 33)



Drama and Poetry :

1. Marlowe 'Doctor Faustus'

2. Shakespeare 'Hamlet', 'The Merchant of Venice'

3. Donne 'The Good Morrow'. 'The Sun Rising', 'The Ecstasy'

4. Milton 'L Allegro', II Penseroso', 'Lycidas'

5. Dryden 'Absalom and Achitophel'

6. Pope 'The Rape of the Lock'

7. Sheridan 'School for Scandal'

8. Wordsworth 'Tintern Abbey'

9. Shelley 'Ode to the West Wind', 'To a Skylark'

10. Keats 'Ode to a Nightingale', 'Ode to Autumn', 'Ode on a

Grecian Urn'

11. Browing 'My Last Duchess', ''The Last Ride Together'

12. Shaw 'Arms and the Man'

13. Yeats 'Sailing to Byzantium', Lapis Lazuli'. Wild Swans at


14. T.S. Eliot 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Pruforck', 'Gerontion'


Prose and Fiction :

1. Broswell's life of Johnson (Pengiun Edition, Ed. Christopher Hibbert)

2. C.H.Lockitt (Ed.) 'The Art of the Essayist'

3. Janne Austen 'Emma'

4. Charles Dicknes 'Great Expectations'

5. W.M. Thackeray 'Vanity Fair'

6. Thomes Hardy 'The Mayor of Casterbridge'

7. D.H.Lawrence 'Sons and lovers'

8. Virgina Woolf 'Mrs. Dalloway'

9. Graham Greene 'The Power and the Glory'

Note :- Evidence of first hand reading will be required in both the papers. The

papers will be designed to test not only the candidate's knowledge of the

authors prescribed, but also their understanding of the main literary trends

during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural

background of the period may be included.

HINDI (Code No. 34)


fgUnh izFke iz'u i=

v& fgUnh Hkk"kk dk bfrgkl&izkphu ,oa e/;dkyhu vk;Z Hkk"kk,a] fgUnh dk

mn~Hko ,o fodkl] fgUnh ,oa mldh cksfy;ksa dk lkekU; ifjp;] fgUnh dk

'kCn HkaMkj

vk& fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl& dky foHkktu] ukedj.k ,oa izR;sd dky dh

ifjfLFkfr;ka] izeq[k izo`fRr;ka] izeq[k jpukdkj ,oa jpukvka dk ifjp;

b& lkfgR; 'kkL=&dkO;y{k.k] dkO;gsrq] dkO;iz;kstu] lkfgR; dh izeq[k

fo/kk,a&izcU/k dkO;] xhfrdkO;] miU;kl] fucU/k laLej.k] js[kkfp= thouh

,oa vkykspuk

bZ& 'kCn 'kfDr;ka &

jl dk Lo:i jlko;o] jlfu"ifRr

dkO;xq.k] dkO;nks"k ¼JqfrDVqRo] P;qrlaLd`fr xzkE;Ro] v'yhyRo] vizrhRo]

fDy"VRo] U;wuinRo vf/kd inRo] vØeRo] nq"ØeRo½

vyadkj & 'ys"k] ;ed] miek] :id] mRisz{kk] foHkkouk] vlaxfr] lUnsg]

HkzkfUreku] fojks/kkHkkl] ekuohdj.k] ifjla[;k

NUn & nzqrfoyfEcr~] olUrfrydk] gfjxhfrdk] NIi;] dfoRr] loS;k] nksgk]

lksjBk] pkSikbZ A

fgUnh f}rh; iz'u i=

fgUnh dh fof'k"V d`fr;ksa dk v/;;u

¼d½ dchj xzUFkkoyh& lk[kh & izFke 10 vax

¼laiknd&';kelqUnj nkl½

¼[k½ rqylhnkl & dforkoyh

¼x½ lwjnkl&Hkzej xhrlkj&jkepUnz 'kqDy] izFke 50 in

¼?k½ ehjkackbZ & ehjka inkoyh & ij'kqjke prqosZnh] izFke 50 in

¼³½ fcgkjh jRukdj & izFke 100 nksgs

¼p½ lw;ZeYy feJ.k & ohj lrlbZ] izFke 100 nksgs

¼N½ eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr & iapoVh

¼t½ fnudj & dq:{ks= ¼izFke rhu lxZ½

¼>½ t;'kadj izlkn & J)klxZ ¼^dkek;uh^ls½

¼¥½ lw;ZdkUr f=ikBh ^fujkyk^ & jke dh 'kfDr iwtk

¼V½ vKs;&vlk/; oh.kk ¼^vkaxu ds ikj }kj^ ls½

¼B½ eqfDr cks/k & czãjk{kl ¼^pkan dk eqag Vs<+k^ ls½

¼M½ izsepUn & xcu ¼miU;kl½

¼<+½ vkpk;Z jkepUnz 'kqDy&fpUrkef.k Hkkx & A

¼yTtk vkSj Xykfu] J`)k vkSj HkfDr] mRlkg] Hk; Øks/k½

¼.k½ eksgu jkds'k & vk/ks&v/kwjs ¼ukVd½

¼r½ fuEufyf[kr dgkfu;ksa dk v/;;u &

mlus dgk Fkk & pUnz/kj 'kekZ xqysjh

cM+s HkkbZ lkgc & izsepUn

iqjLdkj & t;'kadj izlkn

xny & jkaxs; jk?ko

ftUnxh vkSj tksd&vejdkUr

URDU (Code No. 35)




(A) Prose:

1. Bagh-o-Bahar-Meer Amman

2. Intikhab-e-Khutoot-e-Ghalib (Edited by Dr.Khaliq Anjuman)

3. Muquddam-e-Sher-o-Shairi (By Hali)

4. Umraojan Ada-Mirza Hadi Ruswa

5. Wardat-Premchand

6. Intikhab-e-Ghubhar-e-Khatir (Published by U.P.Urdu Academy)

7. Mazameenee-Rashid-Rashid Ahmed Siddique


1. Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Meer (Edited by Abdul Haq-Redeef Ye only)

2. Diwan-e-Ghalib (Published by Educational Book House, Aligarh-

Redeef Noon only)

3. Hasrat Ki Shairi-By Dr. Yusuf Husain (Intikhab-e-Kalam only)

4. Gul-e-Nagma- By Firaq Gorakhpuri (1-20 Ghazlen)

5. Iqbal (i) Himalay

(ii) Tasver-e-Dard

(iii) Shoa-e-Ummed

(iv) Khizr-e-Rah

6. Josh (i) Albeli Subh

(ii) Badli Ka Chand

(iii) Kisan

(iv) Wafadaran-e-Azli Ka Payam

7. Faiz (i) Dareecha

(ii) Mujh Se Pahli Si Mohabbat Mere Mahboob Na


(iii) Nisar Main Teri Galion Ke Ai Waten Ki Jahan

(iv) Do Ishq

8. Anees - Namak Khwan-e-Takallum Hai Fasahat Meri.

9. Hali- Marsiya-e-Ghalib.



The following topics are prescribed:

1. Urdu Zaban Ka Aghaz-o-Irtiqa.

2. Western Hindi and its Dialects: Khari Boli, Braj Bhasha & Haryanvi.

3. Dakhni Urdu-its origin and development upto 1700 AD

4. Contribution of Sufi's in the development of Urdu language.

5. Dabis tan-e-Dahli & Dabis tan-e-Lucknow.

6. Aligarh Tahreek.

7. Taraqqi Pasand Tahreek.

8. The following critics and their thoughts-

(a) Shibli

(b) Kalimuddin Ahmed

(c) Ehtasham Husain

(d) Aley Ahmed Suroor.

9. Rajasthan main Udu Shero Adab Ka Sarsari Jaiza.

10. Salient features of the following-

(a) Poetry-Ghazal, Marsiya, Qasida, Masnavi and Nazm

(b) Prose- Dastan, Novel, Afsana, Drama, Inshaiya.

11. Rhetorics - Tazad, Talmeeh, Husn-e-Taleel, Laff-o-Nashr,

Tansiqussifat; Siyaqatul, Adab, Teshbeeb, Istiara, Tajnees, Majaz,

Mubaligha, Meratunnazir.

SANSKRIT (Code No. 36)


laLd`r izFke iz'u i=

funsZ'k& O;k[;kijd iz'u dsoy bdkbZ 1 o 2 ds vUrxZr foLr`r v/;;u gsrq fu/kkZfjr

ikB~;Øe ls gh iwNs tk;saxs A

bdkbZ&1 fuEukafdr dk foLr`r v/;;u&

¼d½ _Xosn ¼1½ vfXu lwDr ¼1-1½

¼2½ fo".kq lqDr ¼1-154½

¼3½ bUnz lqDr ¼2-12½

¼4½ iq:"k lwDr ¼10-90½

¼[k½ dBksifu"kn~ ¼izFkek/;k;½

¼x½ Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk ¼f}rh;k/;k;½

¼?k½ uhfr'krde~

¼³½ euqLe`fr ¼f}rh;k/;k;½

bdkbZ&2 fuEukafdr dk foLr`r v/;;u&

¼d½ dqekj laHkoe~ ¼iape lxZ½

¼[k½ j?kqoa'ke~ ¼=;ksn'k lxZ½

¼x½ fdjkrktqZuh;e~ ¼izFke lxZ½

¼?k½ vfHkKku 'kkdqUrye~ ¼prqFkZ vad½

¼³½ dknEcjh ¼'kdquklksins'k½

bdkbZ&3 fuEukafdr dk lkekU; v/;;u&

¼d½ bZ'kksifu"kn~ ¼[k½ dBksifu"kn~

¼x½ Jhen~Hkxon~xhrk ¼?k½ euqLe`fr

¼³½ jkek;.k ¼p½ egkHkkjr

bdkbZ&4 fuEukafdr dk lkekU; v/;;u&

¼d½ dqekjlaHkoe~ ¼[k½ j?kqoa'ke~

¼x½ fdjkrktZquh;e~ ¼?k½ LoIuoklonRre~

¼³½ vfHkKku 'kkdqUrye~ ¼p½ dknEcjh

¼N½ f'kojkt fot;

bdkbZ&5 ¼d½ dkO;'kkL= ds izeq[k lEiznk;ksa dk lkekU; ifjp; A

¼[k½ jl dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa mlds Hksn

¼x½ vyadkj & fuEufyf[kr vyadkjksa ds y{k.k ,oa mnkgj.k&

vuqizkl] ;ed] 'ys"k] miek] :id] mRisz{kk] vfr'k;ksfDr] O;frjsd]

vFkkZUrjU;kl] dkO;fyax] nhid] rqY;;ksfxrk] n`"VkUr] lUnsg] HkzkfUreku]

vig~uqfr] foHkkouk] fo'ks"kksfDr] ifjla[;k] leklksfDr rFkk LoHkkoksfDr A

¼?k½ NaUn& fuEufyf[kr NUnksa ds y{k.k rFkk mnkgj.k&

vk;kZ] misUnzotzk] vuq"Vqi] bUnzotzk] mitkfr] oa'kLFk]] ekfyuh]

f'k[] Hkqtaxiz;kr] olUrfrydk] eUnkØUrk] 'knqZyfoØhfMr] óX/kjk

rFkk nzqrfoyfEcr A

laLd`r f}rh; iz'u i=

bdkbZ&1 laLd`r lkfgR; dk bfrgkl&egkdkO; dk Lo:i] mn~Hko ,oa fodkl

¼fo'ks"kr% v'o?kks"k] dkfynkl] Hkjfo] ek?k ,oa Jhg"kZ dh d`fr;k¡½]

laLd`r x|dkO; dh fo'ks"krk,¡ ¼fo'ks"kr% lqcU/kq] n.Mh ,oa ck.k dh

x|d`fr;ksa ds lUnHkZ esa½] laLd`r ukVd dk mn~Hko vkSj fodkl

¼fo'ks"kr% Hkkl] dkfynkl 'kwnzd] fo'kk[knRr ,oa HkoHkwfr dh

ukV~;d`fr;k¡½] dFkklkfgR; ¼o`gRdFkk ,oa mlds laLd`r :ikUrj½

jktLFkkuh; vfHkuo laLd`r lkfgR; dk ifjp; A

bdkbZ&2 Hkkjrh; laLd`fr&fodkl dh :ijs[kk] o.kZ ,oa vkJe O;oLFkk] laLdkj]

f'k{kk ¼oSfnddky ls 7 oha 'krkCnh rd½] izkphu Hkkjr esa lkekftd]

jktfufrd rFkk vkfFkZd O;oLFkk] izkphu U;k;&O;oLFkk A

bdkbZ&3 fucU/k& fopkjkRed vFkok o.kZukRed fdlh fo"k; ij laLd`r esa y?kq

fucU/k A

bdkbZ&4 vuqokn ¼d½ laLd`r ls fgUnh@vaxzsth

¼[k½ fgUnh@vaxzsth ls laLd`r

bdkbZ&5 O;kdj.k & y?kqfl)kUrdkSeqnh ij vk/kfjr fuEu izdj.kksa dk iz;ksxkRed

Kku &

¼1½ lafU/k ¼2½ dkjd

¼3½ d`nUr ¼4½ lekl

¼5½ frMUr ¼Hkw] ,/k~] vn~] fno~] Mqd`¥] pqj] /kkrq,¡½

SINDHI (Code No. 37)



1. Origin and Development of the Sindhi Language (Different views)-

Growth, of Sindhi Language since Vedic period (Vedic Sanskrit, Pali,

Prakrits, Apabhramsha, development of Sindhi Language Since 1000

A.D.) - Influence of other languages of Sindhi-Dialects of Sindhi-

Sindhi Vocabulary.

2. History of Sindhi Literature in Early, Mediaeval and Modern Periods-

Devotional Sindhi Poetry of Shah Abdul Latif, Sami and Sachal-

Development of Sindhi Poetry since 1843 (Main trends and poets) -

Growth of Sindhi Novel, Short story, Drama, Essay and Literary

Criticism (with special reference to writers of Rajasthan)

3. Forms of Literature and their main principles-Poetry, Novel, Short

story, Drama, Essay and Literary criticism.

4. Power of words (Abhida, Lakshana, Vyanjana-Figures of speech

(Alankaras, Upama, Rupaka, Yamaka, Shlesha, Utpreksha,

Atishayokti, Sandeha, Virodhabhasa, Manavikarana); Meters: Doha,

Soratha, Chaupai, Kundali, Kavitta.

5. Sindhi idoms and proverbs, their socio-cultural importancetransformation

of words (abstract nouns, adjectives, verbs, opposite

words, synonyms); Active, Passive and Impersonal voice, Sandhi and

Samasa (Compound words).


1. Bherumal Mahirchand Adwani-Sindhi Bolia ji Taarikha.

2. Ajwani Lal Singh, H-Sindhi Sahatya jo Itihas.

3. Jetley M.K. - Sindhi Sahitya jo Itihas.

4. Malkani, Mangharam - Sindhi Masraji Taarikha.

5. Malkani, M.U. - Adabi Usula.

6. Deepchandra Tilokchand - Adabi Aalaapa.

7. Bhavnani Jhamatmal K. - Panja Ganja

8. Jotwani Motilal- Chhanda ain Alamkara.

9. Adwani Bherumal M. - Gulqand

10. Jetely M.K. - Sindhi Pakaka ain Muhavara (Hiku Abhyasu)_

11. Sayal Satramdas - Sindhi Vyakaranu.

12. Mirchandani Dayaram - Sindhi Vyakaranu (in Devanagari Script)

13. Goklani Kamla - Rajasthan je Sindhi Sahitya jo jaizo.


1. Latifi Laat - Fatehchand Vaswani

(Sur Umar Maruee, Sur Desi, Sur Kohiyari, Sur Kalyan.)

2. Sachal Sarm'ast jo Choond Kalam - Sahitya Akadami

(Bait From 19 to 28 Poetry; and to 10 Kafees.)

3. Sami-a-ja Choond Salok-Published by Parasram Parumal 1 to 100


4. Shair Bewas - edited by Hundraj Dukhayal (Samundi Sipoon only)

5. Na So Rang, Na Sa Surhan - Narayan Shyam.


6. Toofani Raat - Goverdhan Bharti.


7. Preet Purani, Reet Nirali - Sundri Uttamchandani.


8. Sindhi Choond Kahaniyun ed. by Harish Vaswani (Part - II).

Published by Sahitya Akadami.


9. Choond Mazmoon - ed. by Kirat Babani published by Sahitya



10. Muhinjee Hayati-a-jaa-Sona Ropa Varque, by Popati Hiranandani.


11. Rooh Rihan - Hotchand Mulchand Gurbaxani.