General Studies


Civil Engineering











Political Science



  Geology   Animal Husbandry &Veterinary Science  




  Public Administration  

Mechanical Engineering


Electrical Engineering

  Defence Studies   Management   Social Work  
Anthropology English Literature Agricultural Engineering
  Hindi   Sanskrit Literature   Urdu  
Arabic Persian



The paper on General Studies will include questions on the following topics :

1. General Science 2. History of India. 3. Indian National Movement. 4. Indian polity Economy and Culture. 5. Indian Agriculture, Commerce and Trade. 6. Population, Environment and Urbanisation in Indian Context. 7. World Geography and Geography of India and its natural resources. 8. Current events of National and international importance. 9. General Mental Ability. 10. Special knowledge about Education, Culture, Agriculture, Industry, Trade, the method of living and social customs of Uttar Pradesh. 11. Science & Technology. 12. Sports.

Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of Science including matters of every day observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person, who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline. In History emphasis should be on broad understanding of social, economic and political aspects of Indian history. In the Indian National Movement, the candidates are expected to have synoptic view of the nature and character of the freedom movement , growth of nationalism and attainment of independence. In Indian Polity, Economy and Culture, questions will test knowledge of country's political system including Panchayati Raj and Community Development, broad features of economic policy in India and Indian Culture. The candidates will be tested with respect to problems and relationship between Population, Environment and Urbanisation. In World Geography, only general understanding of the subject will be expected. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to Physical, Social and Economic Geography of India. On Current Events of National and International importance, candidates will be expected to have knowledge about them. In General Mental Ability, questions will test comprehension, reasoning and numerical ability. Candidates are expected to have general awareness about the above subjects with special reference to Uttar Pradesh.










Agriculture (Code No. 01)

Agriculture, its problems and prospects, its importance in national economy, concept of agro-ecological zoning. Different agro-ecological zones of U.P., crop-ecology, factors affecting geographical distribution of field crops, important field crops of U.P., Cultural practices of cereal pulse, oilseed, fibre, sugar and tuber crops in hills, plains and vindhya plateau of U. P. scientific basis of crop rotation, multiple cropping, relay cropping, inter-cropping and mixed cropping. Soils and their composition, mineral and organic constituent of soil and their role in crop production, chemical, physical and microbiological properties of soils. Essentiality of plant nutrients, essential and non-essential but useful plant nutrients, their occurrence and cycling in soils, principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious use of fertilizers. Organic manures and bio-fertilizers, straight, complex and mixed fertilizers manufactured and marketed in India. Role of fruits and vegetables in balanced diet, deficiency diseases and symptoms. Major tropical, sub-tropical and temperate fruits of U.P., acreage and production, rootstock and propagation methods. Problems in crop production and their remedy, pre and post harvest physiology, training, pruning and orchard soil management. Major vegetable crops of U.P. their distribution, production Rotation, intercropping, mixed cropping Chemical, mechanical and biological weedcontrol Pre and post-handling of vegetables Protected vegetable culture with reference to quality and production. Preservation and processing of fruits and vegetables, suitable containers for preserved products. Plant physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, adsorption, translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Methods of diagnosis of nutrient deficiencies and their methods of amelioration. Factors influencing plant growth and developments, use of growth regulators in crop production. Role of genetic and plant breeding in improvement of agronomical and horticultural crops. Methods adopted for development of hybrids and composites. Use of mutagenic chemicals and growth regulators in breeding. Major pest & diseases of important kharif and Rabi crops and their control measures, concept and application of Integrated pest Management. Principles of economics as applied to agriculture, farm planning and resource management for optimal production, farming systems, marketing of agricultural produce and regulated markets in U.P. Role of agricultural costs and prices in agricultural production. Extension education : Its meaning, philosophy, objectives and principles. Early extension effort and changes in concepts and approaches of India's C.D. Programme/Extension approaches & their methods. The process of communication, extension systems and programmes. Training & visit, KVK, KGK, NARPNATP, AHRD and IVLP. People's participation and motivation. Training and its methodology in extension evaluation.










Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science (Code No. 17)


Animal Husbandry

1. General: Contribution of livestock in Indian economy and human health, mixed farming, socioeconomic aspects of livestock with special reference to Indian peasantry. 2. Genetics and breeding : Elements of genetics and breeding as applied to Improvement of animals,-Breeds of indigenous and exotic cattle, buffaloes, goats, sheep, pigs and poultry and their potential of milk, eggs, meat and wool production, cattle breeding problems, existing policies and suggestions for improvement. 3. Nutrition : Classification of animal feeds, feeding standards, computation of ration and mixing of rations. Conservation of feeds and fodders and utilization of agro-industrial bye-products. Feed additive and supplements, nutritional deficiencies and their rectification. Feed processing and preservation for livestock and poultry. 4. Management : Management of live-stock (pregnant, milking cows and newly born calves), livestock records, principles of clean milk production, economics of livestock farming, Housing for livestock and poultry.

Veterinary Science

Major contagious diseases affecting Cattle, buffaloes sheep and goats and draught animal, poultry and pigs. 2. Artificial insemination, fertility and sterility. 3. Veterinary hygiene with reference to water, air and habitation, Animal health, hazards and enviornmental pollution through animals. 4. Principles of immunization and vaccination. 5. Etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and control and treatment of following diseases of: (a) Cattle : Anthrax, Foot and Mouth disease, Haemurrhagic septicaemic, Rinderpest. Black quarter, Tympanitis, Mastitis. Milk fever, fasciolisis, Prioplasmosis, Trypnosomiasis, Tuberculosis, Johne's disease and diseases of new born calf. (b) Poultry : Coccidiosis, Ranikhet, Fowl pox, Avian leukosis complex, Marek's disease and gumboro disease. (c) Swine : Swine fever, hog cholera (d) Dog : Canine distemper, Parvo, Rabies in pets in relation to human health. 6. Poisons used for killing animals. 7. Drugs used for doping of race horses and the techniques of detection. 8. Drugs used to tranquilize wild animals, as well as animals in captivity. 9. Quarantine, measures prevalent in India and abroad, improvement therein.

Dairy Science

1 . Study of milk composition/physical properties and food value. 2. Quality control of milk, common tests, legal standards. 3. Utencils.and equipment and their cleaning. 4. Dairy processing and distribution of milk. 5. Manufacture of Indian indigenous milk products. 6. Simple dairy operations. 7. Micro organism found in milk and dairy products. 8. Diseases transmitted through milk to human. 9. Operation flood programme and its impact on dairy industry.









Botany (Code No. 15)


Origin of Life : Theories of origin of life, biochemical and biological aspects of evolution and speciation. Plant Anatomy : Elementary knowledge of structure, differentiation and functions of various tissues, evolution of steles. Plant Diversity : General accounts of structure, reproduction and life histories of main plant groups algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms, structure, nutrition and reproduction of bacteria and viruses, principles of plant taxonomy, nomenclature and plant systematics, distinguishing features of some important families. Plant Physiology : Water relation of plants, mineral nutrition and translocation of solutes, enzymes, photosynthesis, respiration, nitrogen metabolism, plant growth regulators, growth and movements, physiology of flowring and seed germination. Reproduction : Vegetative, asexual and sexual modes of reproduction in angiosperms, micro-and megasporogenesis, pollination, fertilization and seed development. Cell Biology : Ultrastructure and functions of cell organelles, cell cycle, structure of chromosomes, mitosis and meiosis, numerical and structural changes in chromosomes. Genetics: Mendal's law of inheritance, linkage and gene mapping, nature of genetic material, development of gene concept and genetic code, mutation. Molecular Biology: Elementary idea of the structure of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, nucleic acids-structure and their role in protein synthesis, genetic engineering and plant improvement. Plant Pathology : Principle of plant pathology, disease types, pathogens, pathogenesis, symptomatology, etiology and control. Plant in Relation to Human welfare : Plants as sources of food, fibre, timber, drugs, biopesticides, biofertilizers, energy plantation. Plants and Environment : Abiotic and biotic components, ecosystem, ecological adaptations, community and succession, natural resources and their conservation, environmental pollution and control, plants as indicator of pollution.











Chemistry (Code No. 04)


1. Inorganic Chemistry : (A) (1) Atomic Structure : Elementary particles, Bohr's and Sommerfeld models of the atom, Wave-particle duality De-Broglie equation, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, elementary ideas of Schrodinger wave equation, atomic number, electronic configuration of elements, Pauli's exclusion principle, Hund's rule of maximum spin multiplicity, aufbau principle, Long form of periodic classification of elements. (II) Nuclear Chemistry : Natural and artificial radio-activity, half-life period, nuclear reactions, fission and fussion reactions, uses of radioactive isotopes. (B) Periodic Properties of the Elements: Atomic, covalent, Vander Wall and ionic radii, ionization potential, electron affinity and electronegativity. (C) Salient features of s,p,d and f-block elements. (D) Chemical Bonding : Ionic, covalent (polar and non-polar), coordinate bonds, s-and p-Hydrogen bonding, concept of hybridization of atomic orbitals (sp, sp 2 . sp 3 ', sp 3 d, sp 3 d 2 and sp 3 d 3), Prediction of shapes of simple inorganic molecules on the basis of VSEPR theory, Elementary ideas of molecular orbital theory- (E). General principles of extraction and purification of metals. F. Structure and Bonding of : Diborane, boric acid, anhydrous aluminium chloride, nickel carbonyl and Xenon fluorides. G. Redox Reactions : Oxidation states, oxidation number, Equivalent weights of oxidising and reducing agents, balancing of redox reactions. H. Coordination Chemistry : Double salts and coordination compounds, Werner's theory, Effective atomic number (EAN), Electronic configuration of complexes, IUPAC system of nomenclature.

1. Environmental Pollution : Pollutants and their influence on environment. 2. Organic Chemistry : A. Bonding in Carbon Compounds: sp, sp 2 & sp 3 hybridization, s-and p-bonds, inductive and electromeric effects, hyperconjugation, reasonance. B. Reaction Mechanism : Homolytic and uerolytic the cleavage of bonds (free radicals carbonium ion and carbon ion). Addition and substitution reactions (E1, E2, SN1, and SN2, reactions). C. Hydrocarbons : Studies of alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. D. Preparation and Properties of the Following Allphatic Compounds: Halides, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters, amines, amides and hydroxyacids (lactic citric, maleic and fumeric acids). E. Carbohydrates : Classification and general reactions. Structure of glucose, fructose and sucrose.

F. Organometallic Compounds : Grignard reagents and their synthetic applications. G.Stereochemistry: Optical and geometrical isomerism, concept of conformation, Environmental pollution and control, plants as indicator of pollution.

H. Benzene and its Simple Derivations : Benzene, toluene, xylene, phenols, halides, nitro and amino compounds. Benzoic, salicylic, cinnamic, mandelic and sulphonic acids. Aromatic aldehydes and ketones. Diazo and hydrazo compounds. Naphthalene, pyridine and quinoline. I. Elementary idea of the chemistry of oils, tats, proteins, vitamins and their roles in nutrition and industry. J. Basic principles involving spectral techniques (UV, visible, i.r.). 3. Physical Chemistry: A. Gaseous State: Kinetic theory of gases and gas laws, Maxwell's law of distribution of velocities, vander Waals equation. Critical behaviour of gases, law of corresponding states, heat capacities of gases. B. Physical Properties and Molecular Constitution : Molar volume, parachor, molar refraction, molar polarisation and dipole moment. C. Liquid state : Properties of liquids, viscosity, surface tension and vapour pressure. D. Solutions: Raoult's law, lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point, osmotic pressure. Determination of molecular weight of solutes. Association and dissociation of solutes. E. Thermodynamics: The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic expansions, Joule-Thomson effect, enthalpy, heat capacities. Enthalpies of reaction, formation, combustion and solution. Bond energies, Kirchoff's equation. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, free energy. Criteria of spontaneity and chemical equilibrium. F. Chemical Equilibria: Law of mass action and its application to homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria. Le-chatelier principle and its application to chemical equilibria. G. Chemical Kinetics : Molecularity and order of reaction, First order and second order reactions. Determination of order of a reaction. Effect of temperature on reaction rate, energy of activation. Collision theory of reaction rates, theory of activated complex. H. Electrochemistry : Faraday's laws of electrolysis, conductivity of an electrolyte, equivalent conductivity and its variation with dilution. Transport number, solubility of sparingly soluble salts. I. Ionic Equilibria: Electrolytic dissociation, Ionic product of water. Ostwald dilution law, theory of strong electrolytes. solubility product Acids & Bases (Bronsted concept and Lewis concept), acids and bases, hydrolysis of salts, hydrogen ion concentration, pH, buffer solutions, theory of indicators. J. Reversible Cells: Standards hydrogen and colomel electrodes. Electrodes and redox potentials. Concentration cells. K. Phase Rule : Explanation of terms involved. Application to one and two component systems. Distribution law. L. Colloids : General nature of colloidal solutions and their classification. General methods of preparation and properties of colloids. Coagulation, protective action and gold number. Adsorption. physiosorption and chemisorption, Freundlisch and Langmuir isotherms. M. Catalysis : Homogenous and heterogeneous catalysis. Catalytic promoters and poisoning. N. Problems : Simple numerical and conceptual problems based on the full syllabus.



Civil Engineering (Code No. 22)



Engineering Mechanics : Units and Dimensions, vectors, Equations of Equilibrium, free body diagram, virtual work, Force distribution system. Velocity and acceleration in Cartesion and Curvilinear coordinates, equation of motion, Principle of Energy, Conservation of energy and momentum rotation of rigid bodies about fixed axis Mass moment of Inertia. Isotropic and homogenious elastic material stress and strain, temperature stresses, principal stresses and strains MOhr's circle, elastic constants and their relationship. Shear force and bending moment diagrams, Theory of simple bending, Distribution of shear stress, deflection of beams and trusses, Macaulays' method : Conjugate beam method; columns and struts, stability and critical loads. Torsion : Torsion of circular shafts, combined bending, torsion and axial thrust, Strain energy, shear stress, bending and torsion, Theory of structures : Energy theorems, unit load method and method of consistent deformations for calculation of deflections in Beams & Trusses. Methods of solution of Indeterminate structure like Beams & Plane frames, slope-deflection method and moment-distribution method. Force and displacement methods of matrix method for analysis of frames and trusses. Three hinged & two hinged arches, Moving load effect on Arches & Beams Influence line methods. Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures : Working stress and limit state methods of design. IS code 456, Design of one way and two way slabs. Design of singly, doubly reinforced beams of rectangular, T & L Sections. Design of compression numbers under axial load and uniaxial moment by limit state method. Design of isolated and combined footings in R.C. Structural Steel Design : Design of fasteneres, like welded & bolted joints, Design of tension and compression members in mild steel, Design of simple and built up beams and plate grinders. Design connection for shear & moment transfer in welding. Design of plane trusses & connections. Building Construction & Planning : Physical and mechanical properties of construction materials like Brick, Cement, Steel and lime. Damp and water proofing materials. Factors of safety, servicibility and detailing of structural elements and stair cases. Provisions for fire proofing and earthquake resistance in building construction. Construction scheduling PERT & CPM methods.


Fluid Mechanics : Properties of fluids, Fluid statics, Pressure on plane and curved surfaces, buoyancy, metacentric height. Kinematics of fluid flow : steady, uniform, laminar and turbulent flow. Equation of Continuity, Pathlines and stream lines, Velocity potential and stream function, Flow net, separations. Dynamics of Fluid flow : Momentum equation, Bernoullis theorem, pipe flow and free surface flow, free and forced vortex. Measurement of flow : Pitot tube, piezometer, current meter, orifices, mouth pieces. Flow through pipe : Losses and pipe network, water hammer. Open Channel Flow : Hydraulic gradients, Equation for uniform flow,. specific energy critical depth, Velocity distribution, flow in Confracting transitions, weirs, Hydraulic jump Surface profiles. Dimensional Analysis : Buckingham, Pitheorem dimensionless parameter, similarities undistorted and distorted models, Boundary layer on a flat plate, drage and lift on bodies. Pumps and Turbines : Types, Impulse and Reaction, efficiency, specific speed, Characteristic curves Selection. Water Resources Engineering : Hydrology : Hydrologic cycle; precipitation, evaporation-transpiration and infiltration hydrographs, unit hydrographs. Elements of water Resources planning and management. Ground and surface water resources, surface flows. Single and multipurpose projects storage capacity, reservoir losses, reservoir silting. Water requirements for crops : Quality of irrigation water, consumptive use of water, water depth & frequency of irrigation; duty of water, irrigation methods and efficiencies. Unlined channels in alluvium, critical tractive stress, regime theories, lined channels. Hydraulic design & cost analysis. Distribution system for Canal irrigation : Determination of required Channel capacity, channel losses, Alignment of Channels, Water logging-causes and control; design of drainage systems; soil salinity. Canal structures-design of regulation work, cross drainage works, falls, aqueducts, metering flumes etc. Canal outlets. Diversion Headworks: Principles of design of different parts on impermeable and permeable foundations, Khosla's theory; sediment exclusion. Elements of River training. Storage works-Types of dams (including earth dam) characteristic principles of design, criteria for stability. Foundation treatment-Joints and galleries Control of seepage. Spillays-different types and their suitability, energy dissipation; spillways crest gates.


SURVEYING : General principles, chain surveying, campass traversing, bearings local attractions, Types of Traversing, Traverse computations, corrections and missing readings. Levelling : Theory of levelling, temporary and permanent adjustments of levels, automatic levels, Types of levelling, reciprocal levelling, L-Section and cross section, Refr. & Curvature Correlation. Contouring : Characteristics, uses and plotting of contours. Plane Table Survey : Introduction, Orientation, Plotting methods, Two and Three point problems, solution, Lehmann's rule. Theodolite : Adjustments (Temp. & Perm.) Measurement of angles, Trigonometric Levelling : Methods and uses. Tacheometric Survey : Distances and elevation, substance Bar, Autoreduction Tacheometer. Curves : Horizontal and Vertical curves, their design and layout. Reverse and transition curves. Triangulation : Theory and applications, Base line measurement, corrections, Strength of figure, Intervisibility of stations, Satellite and Supplementary Stations. Hydrographic Surveying : Location of Soundings and depth determination. Introduction to oceanographic surveying. Theory of Errors and Adjustment of Observations : Determination of most probable values of quantities, probable errors, Theory of least squares. Correlative normal equations, Adjustment of geodetic quadrilaterals, Centred polygons and level nets. Astronomical Surveying : Celestial coordinates, solution of spherical trianbles, determination of Azimuth, latitude, longitude, and time. Photogrammetry and Photointerpretation : Aerial Photogrammetry, Basic definitions of photogrammetry, Radial line plotting, stereophotogrammetry, Flight Planning. Determination of heights etc. Application of photointerpretation in Civil Engg. Remote Sensing : Introduction, EMR and its spectrum, Introduction to visual and digital interpretation of the satellite data products. Basic definitions.


Geotechnical Engineering : Origin classification and identification of soils, phase relationship, index properties, laboratory determination. Capillary phenomenon and permeability, flow through porous media, seepage forces, flownet, flow through stratified deposits and earth dams. Consolidation, Terzaghi's theory of one dimensional consolidation, compaction ; tests, applications. Stresses in soil, total and effective stresses, shear strength, pore pressure coefficients, Moher Circle, Moher-Coulomb theory, Laboratory tests. Earth pressure theories, analytical and graphical methods. Retaining walls, sheet piles. Stability of slopes, methods of analysis, Taylor's sability number. Foundation Engineering : Sub-surface investigations, boring and sampling, types of samples, standard penetration test. stress distribution beneath loaded area, use of influence charts, shallow foundation, bearing capacity, Terzagi, Skempton and Hansen's methods, deep foundation, BIS codes. Settlement analysis. Machine foundations, foundation isolation, earthquake effects, liquifaction.


Transportation Engineering : Classification of Roads, Geometric design, flexible and rigid pavements Traffic Engg. Road signs, signals and markings. Permanent way, Points and crossings, turn outs, Maintenance of track, Yards, and Station Signals and interlocking. Airports and Runways : Environmental Engg. : Elementary Principle of ecology, Environment and its effect on human health. Engineering activities and environmental pollution. Air Environment : Major pollutants and their adverse effects, air cleaning devices. Water quality: Parameters : adverse effects, purification of streams. Solid Wastes : Typical features of water distribution systems & Sewarage systems. Environmental Management.




Commerce (Code No. 03)



Nature, Scope and objectives, uses of Accounting : as in information system; as an aid to Management and other users of accounting information. Principles of Accounting ; Accounting Concepts, conventions and Equations. Capital and Revenue receipts and expenditures. Depreciation Accounting. International and Indian Accounting Standards. Preparation of Final Accounts of Sole Proprietorships. Partnership Accounting : Problems relating to Admission, Retirement and death of a Partner. Dissolution of a firm including piecemeal distribution among partners. Company Accounts : Issue of shares and Debentures; Redemption and conversion of Debentures ; Treatment of profits prior to Incorporation ; Capitalisation of Profits and Issue of Bonus Shares. Statutory provisions regarding preparation of Final account of Companies. Accounting of Non-Trading Organisations-Receipt & Payment Account, Income and Expenditure account Preparation of accounts from incomplete records. Analysis and Interpretation of Financial Statements, Methods-Cash flow statements, Statement of Sources and Uses of Funds and Statement of Changes in working capital. Ratio Analysis : Ratios relating to short-term liquidity, long-term solvency and profitability. Ratios relating to measurement of overall performance of an enterprise. Valuation of Goodwill and shares. Auditing : Nature, basic principles and objections. Techniques of Auditing : Examination of documents and vouchers, Physical Verification, Direct confirmation. Test checking and sampling. Planning an Audit: Audit Programme, Working papers and Audit process-Internal control, Internal Check and Internal Audit and their effects on Audit Programme. Audit of Different business organisations : Audit of sole proprietory and partnership Firms, and Joint Stock companies. Management and Cost Audits. Emerging areas of Accounting : Basic elements of Human Resource Accounting, Social Accounting and Value-Added Accounting.

Part - II Business Organisation, Management And Secretarial Practice :

Different forms ofBusiness Organisations : Their main features. Sole proprietorship and Hindu Undivided family business. Partnerships-Characteristics, Registration, Partnership Deed ; Rights, duties and liabilities of partners ; Admission, Retirement and Death of a Partner; Dissolution of a Partnership Firm. Joint Stock Company: Characteristics and Types; Formation and Incorporation of Companies ; Types of Securities and methods of their issue. Doctrine of Indoor Management, constructive Notice and Ultra Vires. Cooperatives, Public Enterprises - their forms of organisation. Business Combinations : Types and importance. Monopolies and Restrictive trade Practices. Modernisation and Rationalisation of business and Industrial organisation. Social Responsibility of business in a liberalised economy. Foreign Trade: Import and Export Trade, Procedure and Financing of Import & Export trade. Export-Promotion. Techniques and incentives, Exim Bank. Insurance : Principles and Practices of Life, Fire, Marine and General Insurance. Insurance business in global scenario. Management: Concept, Scope and Functions. Planning-objectives and strategies. Organising : Organisation Structure, Formal and Informal Organisation, Levels of Authority, Line and Staff organisations. Centralisation, Decentralisation and Delegation of Authority. Staffing-Selection. Placement and Training, Wage and Salary Administration. Job specification and Job Evaluation. Directing : Principles and strategies. Leadership: Communication and Motivation. Coordination : Concept and methods. Control: Principles and Practices; Selling Performance standards & evaluation, corrective actions. Span of Control. Management by Objectives, Management by Exception, Management of change and crisis management. Office Management: Principles and scope, systems and Routines, Handling and Maintenance of office Records, Modern aids to office Management -Office equipments and machines. Automation and computerisation. Rationalisation of office services. Company Secretary : Qualifications, appointment, role and functions ; Rights, Duties and Liabilities of a company secretary ; Drafting of Agenda and Minutes.




Economics (Code No. 09)



1. Micro Economics: Utility analysis and Law of Demand, Elasticity and Demand, Indifference curve analysis, Consumer's Equilibrium, Production function and the laws of return, Cost and revenue function, supply functions, Equilibrium of the firm under different market situation. Pricing of factors of production, Concept of Economic welfare, Paretian Optimality.

2. Macro Economics : Various concepts of National Income. Methods of National Income Accounting, Determinants of National Income and employment, Classical and Keynesian theories of employment.
3. Money and Banking :
Concept and functions of money, Measures of money supply (M1, M2 and M3) Commercial Banking, functions of Central Banks. Determination and measurement of value of money, price indices Inflation its causes and effects. 4. Public Finance: Sources of Public revenue, Types of Taxes, Classification and principles of Public expenditure, Public Debt Budget and types of budget deficits.
5. International Economics
: Theory of comparative cost and Hecksher-Ohlin theory. Free trade and protection, Balance of payments and adjustment-mechanism. Foreign exchange rate determination, I.M.F.,I.B.R.D., and W. T.O.


6.Economic Growth and Development : Meaning and measurement of Growth and development, Harrod and Domah growth models. Sources of growth : population, productivity, human resources development technology and capital, Approaches to development: Big push theory, critical minimum effort, Balanced and unbalanced growth. Measures of economic inequalities. International comparison of development.


7. Indian Economy : Trends in population growth and salient results of 1991 population census. Structure and trends of National Income, savings and investment in India. Dimensions of Unemployment Problems, Causes and remedies, extent and measurement of poverty Economic planning in India, Strategies, goals, and achievements, Agricultural and Industrial Policy. Liberalisation and globalisation in Indian economy. Recent changes in fiscal, monetary and trade policies and their effects. Development of Infrastructure, problems and prospects.








Electrical Engineering (Code No. 20)


(i) E.M. Theory : Analysis of electrostatic and magnetostatic fields. Laplace, Poisson & Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic waves and wave equations, Poynting's Theorem. Waveson transmission lines. Wave guides. Microwave resonators. (ii) Networks & Systems : Systems and signals, Network Theorems and their applications. Transient and steady state analysis of systems. Transform techniques in circuit analysis Couppled circuits. Resonant circuits. Balanced three Phase circuits. Network functions. Two port networks. Network parameters. Elements of driving point immitance synthesis problem. elementary active networks. (iii) Control Engineering : Properties of feedback. Mathematical modelling of physical dynamic systems Blockdiagram and signal flow graph and transfer function. Time response and frequency response analysis of linear control systems. Bode-plot, polar plot and Nichol's chart, phase margin and gain margin. Stability Analysis of linear control systems. Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria. RootLocus technique. Basic concepts of compenator design. state-variable modelling, analysis & design of linear dynamic systems. Concept of controlability and observability and their testing methods. Control system components (Potentiometers, Techometers, synchros & servomotors). (iv) Electrical & Electronic Measurement & Instrumentation : Basic methods of measurement. Error analysis. Electrical standards. Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency. Indicating instruments. Bridge measurements, electronic measuring instruments, Electronic multimeter, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, oscilloscope Techniques, special purpose CROs. Transducers and their classification. Temp., Displacement, strain, pressure, velocity transducers, Thermo-couple, thermistor, LVDT, strain gauges, piezo-electric crystal etc. transducers. Application of transducers in the measurement of non-electrical quantities like pressure, temperature, displacement, velocity, acceleration, flow-rate, etc. Data-acquisition systems. (v) Analog & Digital Electronics : Semiconductors and semiconductor diodes & zenerdiode. Bi-polar junction transistor and their parameters. Transistor biasing, analysis of all types of amplifiers including feedback and d.c. amplifiers. Operational amplifiers and their applications, Analog computers. Feedback oscillators-colpitts and Hartley types, waveform generators. Multivibrators. Boolean algebra, Logic gates. Combinational and sequential digital circuits. Semiconductor memories, A/D & D/A Converters. Microprocessor; Number Systems and codes, elements of microprocessor & their important applications. Communication Systems : Amplitude, frequency and phase modulation. Their generation and demodulation, Noise. Pulse, PCM and delta modulation. Line and radio communication systems. Satellite communication, Television and Radar Engineering. Electrical Machines : D.C. Machines : Commutation and armature reaction, characteristics and performance of motor and generators. Applications, starting and speed control. Synchronous generators : Armature reaction, voltage regulation, parallel operation. Single and three- plase induction motors : Principle of operation and performance characteristics starting and speed control. Synchronous motors : Principle of operation. Performance analysis, Hunting. Synchronous condensers. Trasnformers : Construction, Phasor diagram, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, Performance, Auto transformers, instrument transformers. Three phase transformers. Power electronics & Drives : Various power semiconductor devices, single and polyphase rectifiers. Controlled convertors & invertors. Choppers. A.C. Voltage controllers. D.C. regulated power supply. Electric drives : fundamentals, electric braking rating estimation, Power Electronic control of D.C. motors. Power Systems : Transmission Line parameters, modelling and performance, Insulators, Mechanical design of overhead transmission lines, corona. Underground cables. Surge phenomena. Fault analysis. Power system stability. EHV & HVDC transmission. Arc extinction incircuit breakers. Restriking phenomena. Protective relays and schemes for protection of power system equipments.







Geography (Code No. 08)


Section- A

General Principles : i. Physical Geography, ii. Human Geography, iii. Economic Geography, iv. Evolution of Geographic Thought, v. Environment , Ecology and Conservation, vi. Cartography (Scales, Map Projection, Toposheets, Weather maps, Thematic maps and diagrams).


World Geography : i. Major Landforms, Climates, Soils and Vegetation zones, ii. Major Natural Regions; iii. Population : Distribution and growth, Races and Tribes. iv. Agriculture (major crops and agriculture regions); Forestry and Fishing. v. Minerals, Energy and water resources; problems and prospects. vi. Industries (Textiles. Iron & Steel,. petrochemicals, Automobiles and Ship building; vii. Trade and Transport; viii. Regional Geography of Developing World with special reference to South Asia. S.W. Asia. East Asia, Africa (Guinea Coast, South africa, East Africa and Nile Basin); Argentina, Andean Countries and Brazil.

Section- C

Geography of India : i. Structure, Relief, Drainage, Climate, Soils and Vegetation. ii. Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; problems and prospects. iii. Minerals, Energy and Water Resources; Utilization and Conservation. iv. Industries and Industrial development. v. Population and Settlements. vi. Transport and Trade.









Geology (Code No. 13)



(a) Physical Geology : Solar system and the Earth Origin, age and internal constitution of Earth. Basic concepts of geosynclines and isostasy. Plate tectonics-mountain building, seafloor spreading and Continental drift Weathering, erosion, transportation and deposition by natural agencies. Earthquakes-distribution, causes and effects. Volcanoes-types, causes, distribution and products. (b) Geomorphology : Basic concepts of Geomorphology cycle of erosion. Drainage patterns. Landforms formed by river, glacier, wind and sea. (c) Structural Geology : Primary and secondary structures-Lineation, foliation, folds, faults unconformities and joints ; their description, classification and recognition. Mechanics of folding and faulting. Effects of folds and faults on outcrops. Nappes and geological windows. (d) Field Geology : Topographic and geological maps. Representation of altitude, slope, strike and dip in topographic and geological maps. Clinometer Compass and its use. Criteria for the determination of order of superposition of beds.


(a) Crystallography : Crystal, crystalline and amorphous substances. Morphological characteristics and crystal structures. Laws of crystallography. Symmetry elements and forms of the normal class of all crystal systems. Crystal habits and twinning. (b) Mineralogy : Physical, chemical and optical properties of minerals. Isotropic and anisotropic substances. Birefringence. Pleochroism and extinction. Construction and uses of nicol prism. Physical properties, chemical composition, optical properties and mode of occurrence of Quartz, Feldspar, feldspathoid, Olivine, Pyroxene, amphibole, garnet and mica group of minerals and calcite, tourmaline, zircon sphene, staurolite, Kyanite, apatite and chlorite. (c) Economic Geology : Economic deposits-oredeposits and non-metalliferous deposits. Ore, ore mineral and gangue. Processes of the formation and classification of economic mineral deposits. Mode of occurrence, distribution in India, genesis and use of gold, ores of iron, manganese, uranium, chromium, copper, aluminium lead and zinc, mica, gypsum, magnesite, kyanite, diamond, coal and petroleum.


•  Petrology : (a) Igneous Petrology : Magma-its composition and nature, crystallisation of magma. Differentiation and assimilation. Bowen's reaction principle. Mode of occurrence texture, structure. mineralogy and classification of igneous rocks. Petrographic description of granite, granodiorite, syenite, diorite, gabbro, dolerite, basalt, anorthosite and dunite.

•  (b) Sedimentary Petrology : Formation of Sedimentary rocks Primary sedimentary structures. Bedding, Cross bedding, graded bedding, ripple marks, and sole structure. Texture and classification of sedimentary rocks : Residual, clastic and non-clastic (siliceous and calcareous deposits of chemical and organic origin). Origin and characteristics of Quartz arenites, arkoses and grayawackes. (c) Metamorphic Petrology : Agent and types of metamorphism. Textures, structures, zones grades, facies and classification of metamorphic rocks. Petrographic description of quartzite, slate, schist, gneiss, marble, amphibolite, khondalite and gondite.


(a) Palaeontology : Fossils-conditions for entombent, Modes of preservation and uses. Broad morphological features and geological distribution of brachiopods, lamellibranchs, gastropods, cephalopods, trilobites, echinoids and corals. A brief study of gondwana flora. Evolutionary history of horse, elephant and man. (b) Stratigraphy : Fundamental laws of stratigraphy Stratigraphic classification and nomenclature. An outline geology of India and a brief study of the various geological systems with respect to their distribution, lithology, fossil content and economic importance.




Indian History (Code No. 07)



1. Prehistoric culture in India. 2. Indus Civilization. Origins. The Mature Phase : extent, society, economy and culture. Contacts with other cultures. Problems of decline. 3. Geographical distribution and characteristics of pastoral and farming communities outside the Indus region, from the neolithic to early iron phases. 4. Vedic society. The Vedic texts ; change from rigvedic to later Vedic phases. Religion ; Upanishadic thought, Political and Social organisation ; evolution of monarchy and varna system. 5. State formation and urbanization, from the mahajanapadas to the Nandas. Jainism and Buddhism. Factors for the spread of Buddhism. 6. The Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta; Megasthenes. Ashoka and his Inscriptions, his dhamma, administration, culture and art. The Arthashastra. 7. Post-Mauryan India, BC200-AD 300. Society : Evolution of Jatis. The Satavahanas and state formation in Peninsula. Sangam texts and society. Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Parthians, Kushanas ; Kanishka, Contacts with the outside world. Religion : Shaivism, Bhagavatism, Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhism, Jainism, Culture and art. 8. The Guptas and their successors (to c. 750 AD). Changes in political organisation of empire. Economy and society. Literature & Science. Arts.


9. Early Medieval India. Major dynasties; the Chola Empire. Agrarian and political structures. The Rajaputras, Extent of social mobility. Position of women. The Arabs Sind and in the Ghaznavides. 10. Cultural trend, 750-1200, Religious condition: importance of temples and monastic institutions; Sankaracharay; Islam; Sufism. Literature and Science. Alberuni's “India”. Art and architecture. 11-12. Thirteenth and fourteenth centuries: Ghorian invasions causes and consequences. Delhi Sultanate under the “Slave” Rulers Alauddin Khilji: Conquests; administrative; agrarian and economic measure. Muhammad Tughluq's innovations. Firoz Tughluq and the decline of the Delhi Sultanate. Growth of commerce and urbanization, Mystic movement in Hinduism and Islam. Literature, Architecture. Technological changes.

13. The fifteenth and early 16th century: major Provincial dynasties; Vijayanagara Empire. The Lodis, First phase of the Mughal Empire : Babur, Humayun. The sur empire and administration. The Portuguese. Montheistic movement : Kabir; Guru Nanak and Sikhism; Bhakti. Growth of regional literatures. Art and Culture. 14-15. The Mugal Empire, 1556-1707, Akbar, conquests, administrative measure. Jagir and Mansab systems; policy of sulh-l-Kul. Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb : expansion in the Deccan religious policies. Shivaji. Culture : Persian and regional literatures, Religious thought : Abul FazI; Maharashtra dharma. Painting Architeuture. Economy : conditions of peasants and artisans, growth in trade; commerce with Europe. Social stratification and status of women. 16. Decline of Mughal Empire, 1707-61. Causes behind decline. Maratha power under the Peshwas. Regional states. The Afghans Major elements of composite culture. Sawai Jai Singh, astronomer. Rise of Urdu language.


17. British expansion : The Carnatic Wars, Conquest of Bengal. Mysore and its resistance to British expansion : The three Anglo Maratha Wars. Early structure of British Raj. Regulating and Pitt's India Acts. 18. Economic impact of the British Raj. Drain of Wealth (Tribute); land revenue settlements ( Zamindari, ryotwari. mahalwari); Deindustrialisation; Railways and commercialisation of agriculture; Growth of landless labour. 19. Cultural encounter and social change: introduction of western education and modern ideas. Indian Renaissance, social and religious reform movements; growth of Indian middle class; The press and its impact: rise of modern literature in Indian languages. Social reforms measures before 1857. 20. Resistance to British rule. Early uprisings; The 1857 Revoltcauses, nature, course and consequences.

21. Indian Freedom struggle - The first phase : Growth of national consciousness; Formation of Association; Establishment of the Indian National Congress and its Moderate phase; Economic Nationalism; Swadeshi Movement; The growth of Extremism and the1907 split in Congress; The Act of 1909 the policy of Divide and Rule Congress-League pact of 1916.

22. Gandhi and his thought; Gandhian techniques of mass mobilisation. Khilafat and Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movement; Other strands in the National Movement- Revolutionaries, The left, Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army.

23. Separatist Trends in Indian nationalist politics-the Muslim League and the Hindu Mahasabha; The post 1945 developments; Partition and Independence. 24. India Independent to 1964. A parliamentary, secular, democratic republic (the1950 Constitution). Jawaharlal Nehru's vision of a developed, socialist society. Planning and state-controlled Industrialization. Agrarian reforms. Foreign policy of Non-alignment. Border conflict with China, and Chinese aggression.










Law (Code No. 16)


I. Jurisprudence : 1. Schools of jurisprudence Natural law. Analytical, Historical and Sociological. 2. Sources of Law : Custom, Precedent and Legislation. 3. Rights and Duties. 4. Legal Personality 5. Ownership and Possession.

II. Constitutional Law of India : 1. Salient features of the Indian Constitution. 2. Preamble. 3. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties. 4. Parliament 5. President and his powers 6. Union and State Judiciary 7. Emergency provisions 8. Amendment to the Constitution.

III. International Law : 1. Nature of International Law. 2. Sources : Treaty, Custom, General Principles of law recognised by civilised nations and subsidiary means for the determination of Law. 3. State Recognition and State Succession. 4. United Nations : Purposes and Principles ; Principal Organs including International Court of Justice.

IV. Torts : 1. Nature and definition of tort. 2. Liability based on fault and strict liability. 3. General defences. 4. Vicarious liability 5. Joint Tort-feasors.

V. Criminal Law : 1. General principles of criminal liability. 2. Mensrea. 3. General Exceptions 4. Abetment and Conspiracy. 5. Joint and Constructive Liability 6. Criminal attempt.

VI. Law of Contract : General Principles of Contract : Offer, Acceptance, Consideration ; Capacity to Contract ; Breach of Contract, Quasi-contract (Sections 1 to 75 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872).










Mathematics (Code No. 06)



1. Algebra : Sets and equivalence relations, Real and complex numbers, polynomials. Integral, rational, real and complex roots of a polynomial equation, relation between roots and coefficients, repeated roots, elementary symmetric-functions. Elementary theory of groups (excluding cyclic and permutation groups). 2. Matrices : Addition and multiplications, elementary row and column operations, inverse of a matrix, rank of a matrix, solutions of systems of linear equations, Determinants. 3. Calculus : (a) Functions of a single variable, Limits, Continuity, properties of continuous functions in a, closed interval, differentiability, Mean value theorems, Taylor's theorem. Maxima and Minima, application to curves, tangent, normal properties, Curvature, asymptotes, double points, points of inflexon. Partial differentiatation and its applications (b) Definition of definite integral of a continuous function as the limit of a sum, fundamental theorem of calculus, methods of integration, rectification. quadrature, Volume and surfaces of solids of revolution. Double and Triple integration. Applications to area, volume, centre of mass, and moment of intertia. (c) Summation of series. Tests of convergence of infinite series of positive terms. 4. Differential Equations : First order differential equations. Singular solutions, Geometric interpretations. Linear differential equations with constant coefficients. 5. Geometry : Two dimensional analytical geometry of straight lines and conics referred to cartesian and polar coordinates. Three dimensional geometry for planes, straight lines, sphere and cones. 6. Mechanics : Vector algebra, dot and cross products of two and three vectors, moment of a force, equilibrium of coplanar forces. Common Catenary. Motion of a particle in a straight line, Simple harmonic motion, projectiles and central forces.











Mechanical Engineering (Code No. 21)




1. Statics : Simple applications of equilibrium equations. Friction trusses. Principle of virtual work. 2.Dynamics : Simple application of equations of motion. Work, energy and power. Impulse and momentum. 3. Theory of Machines : Simple examples of kinematic chains and their inversion. Belts, friction wheels, gears and bearings. governors centrifugal and spring-loaded. Flywheels, Cams. Balancing of rigid rotors. Simple vibration analysis of bars and shafts. Brakes and dynamometers. 4. Mechanics of Solids : Stress-strain concepts. stress-strain relationship. Mechanical properties and testing. Shear and bending moments in beams. Simple bending and torsion concepts. Mechanical springs. Thin walled cylinders. Elastic stability of columns. 5. Fluid Mechanics : Hydrostatics Continuity equation. Euler's and Beernoulli equation. Flow through pipes. Boundary layer over flat plate and tubes. Dimensional analysis.


6. Manufacturing Science : Manufacturing processes, Mechanics of metal cutting. Tool life equation. Cutting tool materials. Machinability. economics of machining. Basic types of machine tools and their processes. Automatic machine tools. Numerical control. Unconventional machining processes. Metal forming processes and machines. Types of casting and welding methods. Powder metallurgy. Processing of polymers. 7. Manufacturing Management : Location and layout of plants. Material handling. Jobs Shop and mass production. Production planning and control-scheduling, dispatching, routing and expediting. Inventory control-ABC analysis. Economic order quantity. Material requirement planning. Statistical quality control-control charts. Acceptance sampling. Cost estimation and break even analysis. Linear programming-graphical and simplex methods. Work simplification. Work space design. Product development. Value analysis. 8. Thermodynamics : Basic concepts- systems and processes, heat and work. Zeroth Law. Ideal and real gases-equation of state for ideal gases. Compressibility factor-Vender walls equation of state. Behaviour of pure substances-properties and property diagrams. First law and its applications. Second law, its corollaries and applications. Gas power cycles-Carnot, Otto, Diesel, Dual and Brayton cycles. Open and Closed cycle gas turbines. Vapour power cycles-Rankine reheat and regenerative. Refrigeration cycle-Bell-Collemn, vapour- compression and vapour-absorption cycles. 9. Energy Conversion : Layout of thermal power plants. steam and gass nozzles-classification, energy equation and critical pressure. Steam generators-high pressure boilers such as La Mont, Velox and Radiant mountings and accessories. Steam turbines-impulse and reaction, velocity diagrams. Surface condensers-construction and working principles. Layout of hydraulic power plants. Hydraulic turbines and pumps-Construction and working principles, specific speed. Layout of nuclear power plants-nuclear reactors, nuclear fission, construction details and working principle. 10. Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning : Layout of vapour-compression and absorption refrigeration systems. Refrigerants and their properties. Operation and maintenance. Air-conditioning-psychrometric chart, comfort zones. Psychrometric processes sensible heating and cooling, humidification and dehumidification. Types of cooling loads.









Philosophy (Code No. 12)




Problems-of philosophy : 1. Substance : Descartes, Spinoza Leibnitz, Locke, Criticisms by Berkeley and Hume; Nyaya- Vaisesika, Jainism, criticism by Buddhism 2. God, Soul and the world : Aristotle , St Acquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Nyaya- Vaisesika m Samkara and Ramanuja. 3. Universals : Realism and Nominalism (Plato, Aristotle, Berkeley. Nyaya-Vaisekika, Buddhism). 4. Prama, Pramans and pramanyavada : Charvaka, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Buddhism and purva Mimansa. 5. Truth and Error : Correspondence theory, Coherence theory, Pragmatic theory; Khyativada Anyathakhyati, Akhyati, Satkhyati and Anivacaniyakhyati 6. Matter and Mind : Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz Berkeley.


ETHICS : 1. Fact and value. 2. Right and Good : Teleology and Deontology. 3. Psychological Hedonism.

4. Utilitarianism: Bentham, Mill, Sidgwick. 5. Kant's Ethics. 6. Problem of Freedom of will. 7. Meaning of Moral
judgements :
Descriptivism, Emotivism, Prescriptivism. 8. Ethics of the Gita ; Niskamakarma, Svadharma, Sthitaprajna.
9.Jaina Ethics. 10. Buddhist Ethics : Eightfold path, ideals of Arhat and Bodhisattva. 11. Gandhian Ethics : Truth;
Non-violence, End and Means.


LOGIC : 1. Truth and Validity. 2. Classification of propositions : Traditional and Modern. 3. Syllogism
Figures and Moods, Rules of Syllogism (General and Special) 4. Fallacies : Formal and Informal. 5. Prepositional
Calculus :
Symbolisation, Truth - Functions and their interdefinability, Truth- Tables, Formal Proof.







Physics (Code No. 05)



1. Mechanics : Units and dimensions S.I. Units, Newton's laws of motion, Conservation of linear and angular momentum, projectiles, Rotational motion. Moment of inertia, Newton's law of gravitation, Gravitational field and potential, planetary motion. Kepler's laws, Artificial satellite. Fluid motion, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications. Surface tension. Excess pressure. Viscosity, Stoke's law, Elastic consents and their interrelation. Bending of beam, Torsion of cylindrical bodies, Elementary idea of special theory of relativity and simple applications. Michelson Morley experiment, Lorentz transformation. Mass-energy relation and its equivalence; 2. Thermal Physics: Thermometry, zeroeth, first and second laws' of thermodynamics, Heat engine. Entropy, Thermodynamical potential, Maxwell's relations. Kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas equation, Brownian motion, Maxwell's velocity distribution, Equipartition of energy, mean free path, Transport phenomena. Vander-walls equations of state, Critical constants. Black body radiation, Wien's and Rayleigh Jeans law, Stefan-Boltzmann law, Planck's law. Specific heat of solids, Heat conduction in solids. 3. Waves and Oscillation : Simple harmonic motion Wave motion Travelling wave, superposition of waves, standing waves, Beats, Composition of two perpendicular simple harmonic motion and Lissajous figures. Damped oscillation in mechanical and electrical systems. Forced oscillations and resonance. Simple oscillatory systems: vibration of rods, strings and air columns. Doppler effect. Ultrasonics, Fourier analysis of simple periodic waves (rectangular and saw-tooth). 4. Optics : Nature and propogation of light, Interference, Division of wave-front and amplitude, Simple interferometers. Diffraction, Fraunhoffer and Fresnel diffraction, Gratings, Zone plate. Determination of wavelength of spectral lines. Polarization of light. Brewster's law, production and detection of polarized light, electromagnetic, spectrum, rayleigh scattering, Raman effect. Laser, Coherence Population inversion, He-Ne laser. Thin.lens formula, Cardinal points, combination of coaxial thin lenses, spherical and chromatic aberrations and their correction. Optical instruments, eye-pieces, microscopes, telescopes, Rayleigh's criterion of resolving power, Resolving power of optical instruments. 5. Electricity and Magnetism : Electric Charge, field and potentional, electric dipole, Gauss's law and its application. Dielectrics, Capacitance, Electric current. Ohm's law. Kirchoff's law. wheatston's bridge and its application. Potentiometer, Biot-Savart's law. Motion of charged particle in magnetic field, Hall effect, moving coil galvanometer. Faraday's laws of electro-magnetic induction, Lenz's law, self and mutual inductance and their applications. Alternating current, LCR circuits. Reactance, Impedance, Dynamo Motors, Thermoelectricity, seebeck, peltier and Thomson effects and their application, electromagnetic waves : Maxwell's equations, Hertz experiment, Particle accelerators, Cyclotron Betatrol, Mass spectrometers, Dia-, para-and ferro-magnetism. 6. Modem Physics: Measurement of electronic charge and specific charge e/m, Measurement of Planck's Constant, Rutherford atomic model; Bohr's theory of hydrogen atom, Optical and X-ray spectra, Bragg's law, Mosley's law. Photo-electric and Comption effects. Wave nature of matter, wave particle duality, De-Broglie's wave, uncertainty principle. Natural and artificial radio activity: a, ß and g-emissions, chain decay. Elementary-Ideas of nuclear structure. Nuclear fission and fusion, elementary particles and their classification. 7. Electronics: Elements of semi-conductor physics. Intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductors, resistivity and its temperature variation, P-N junction and its applications. P-N-P and N-P-N transistors and their applications. Logic gates.








Political Science (Code No. 10)



Section –A : Theory

1.(a) State : Theories of Sovereignty - Monistic, Pluralistic. (b) Theories of the Origin of State - Social Contract, Evolutionary and Marxian, (c) Theories of Function of State - Liberal Socialist and Welfare. 2. (a) Concepts- Rights, Liberty, Equality and Justice (b) Political Theories, Liberalism, Marxism and Gandhism. (c) Theories of Representation, Public Opinion. Pressure Groups and Political parties.

Section - B : Government

1. Constitution and Constitutional Government : Unitary and Federal Governments; Parliamentary & Presidential Govt.

2. INDIA : (a) National Liberation Movements and Constitutional Development. (b) The Indian Constitution :- Basic Features, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Legislature, Executive, Judiciary and Judicial Review. (c) Union State Relations and Panchayati Raj (d) Indian Federalism and its comparison with the U.S. Federalism.












Psychology (Code No. 14)



1. Nature, Methods and Approaches : Psychology as a science, Non experimental vs. Experimental methods. Approaches : S-R, Cognitive and humanistic & Fields of applications of Psychology. 2. Biological Bases of Behaviour : Genetic factors, Receptors, Neurone, nerve impulse and neural transmission, Types of nervous systems, Brain, structure and functions & Endocrine glands and psychological functions. 3. Development of Behaviour : Growth, maturation and development, Role of Environmental factors, Cognitive & Social and moral development. 4. Sensation and Perception : Definitions and distinctions, Visual and auditory processes, Top-down and bottom-up approaches. Figure Ground and perceptual organizations, Perceptual constancies and depth perception, Role of motivation & set and social factors in perceptual selection. 5. Learning and Memory : Classical conditioning, instrumental learning and observational learning, Memory processes : Encoding, storage and retrieval, Storage model versus process approach, Forgetting : Interference, and encoding variability approaches, Semantic memory versus episodic memory & Constructive nature of memory Eye witness memory. 6. Motivation and Emotion : Nature of motivation, Classification of motives, Techniques of measuring motivation, Nature of emotions and theoretical approaches, Physiological correlates of emotions & Recognition of emotions. 7. Thinking : Language of thinking, Concept learning : Artificial concepts and natural categories, Deductive and inductive reasoning & Creative thinking. 8. Intelligence : Its nature, Genetic and environmental factors & Measurement of intelligence. 9. Personality: Its nature, Approaches: trait, type and interationist, Determinants of personality & Personality assessment techniques and types of tests. 10. Person perception : Impression formation, Self perception & Social cognition. 11. Group structure and Dynamics : Formal-informal groups, Communication patterns, Influence of groups on behaviour and decision making & group conflict and its resolution. 12. Social Influence : Conformity, compliance and obedience, Leadership and followship. 13. Social Exchange and Social comparison : Resource and Power, Equity and Relative Deprivation, Negotiations & Minority influence. 14. Abnormal Behaviour : Criteria of abnormality, Dynamics of abnormal behaviour with special emphasis on conflict, stress and maladaptive behaviours, Psychoneurosis, Psychoses Psychosomatic disorders, Child pathology & Mental hygiene.









Public Administration (Code No. 19)



I. Introduction : Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration ; Private and Public Administration ; Evolution
of Public Administration as a discipline.

II. Theories and Principles of Organisation : Scientific Management ; Bureaucratic Model ; Classical Theory ; Human
Relation Theory ; Behavioural Approach ; Systems Approach ;
Principles of Hierarchy, Unity of Command, Span of Control, Authority and Responsibility, Coordination, Delegation,
Centralisation and Decentralisation, Supervision, Line and Staff.

III. Administrative Behaviour : Decision-making ; Theories of Communication, Motivation, and Leadership.

IV. Comparative and Development Administration : Meaning, nature and scope of Comparative Public Administration;
Concept, scope and significance of Development Administration; Concept of Administrative Development.

V. Personnel Administration : Role of Civil Service In developing societies ; Classification; Recruitment; Training;
Promotion; Pay Structuring; Neutrality and Anonymity.

VI. Financial Administration :Concept of Budget; Formulation and Execution of Budget; Accounts and Audit.

VII. Control over Administration : Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control; Citizen's control over administration.

VIII. Central Administration in India: British legacy; Constitutional context of Indian administration; President; Prime
Minister as real Executive; Central Secretariat; Cabinet Secretariat; Planning Commission; Financial commission;
Comptroller and Auditor General of India; Major forms of Public Enterprises.

IX. Civil Service in India : Recruitment to All India, Central and State Services; Union and State Public Service
Commissions; Training in the Centre and State; Generalists and Specialists; Relations with the Political Executive.

X. State, District and Local Administration In Uttar Pradesh : Governor; Chief Minister; Chief Secretary; Secretariat;
Directorates; Role of District Magistrate/Collector in Revenue, Law and Order and Development Administration; Main
features, structure and problems of Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Government.




Sociology (Code No. 11)



UNIT-I- Basic concepts : Social Group- types : Primary, Secondary and Reference Community, Association , Institution. Society and its types : Tribal, Agrarian, Industrial and -Post Industrial, Social Structure and Social System Races and Culture. UNIT-II- Social Processes : Associative- Accommodation, Assimilation and Co-operation Dissociative competition, Contravention and conflict. UNIT-III- Social Institutions : Marriage- Types and forms, Contractual and Sacramental. Family- Types, Function, Importance and factors of change Kinship- Terms and usages, Rules of residence, Descent and inheritance. UNIT-IV- Social Stratification : Concept; forms: caste, class and estate. Social stratification and social differentiation. Status- Ascribed and achieved ; role - role set and role conflict. Social mobility - horizontal and vertical. UNIT-V- Social Change And Social Control : Concept of social change, linear and cyclical change factors of social change :Demographic, economic technological and cultural. Planning and social change. Social control - Concept, means and agencies. UNIT-VI- Social Disorganisation, Conformity And Deviance: Concept, Symptoms and causes of disorganisation, anomie crime, juvenile delinquency, drug addiction , alcoholism, AIDS, casteism, regionalism and communalism. UNIT - VII - Economic, Polity And Society : Economic systems of simple and complex societies; liberal and controlled economy. Political system in India, pressure group, caste and politics. UNIT-VIII - Under Privileged Sections of Society : Constitutional provisions regarding the scheduled caste/scheduled tribes/and other backward classes.











Statistics (Code No. 18)



I. Probability Theory (25%) : Sample and Events, Classical and axiomatic Definitions of Probability, simple Theorems on probability, Conditional Probability, Bayes Theorem, Independence of Events, Random Variable and its Distribution Function, Discrete and Continuous Random Variables, Bivariate Distribution and Associated Marginal and Conditional Distribution, Independence of Random Variables, Expectation, Moments, Moment Generating Function, chebyshev's Inequality and Applications, Binomial Poission, Hypergeometric, Geometric, Negative Binomial, Uniform, Normal Exponential, Gamma, Beta, Cauchy and Bivariate Normal Distribution.

II. Statistical Methods (25%) : Classification, Tabulation and Diagrammatic Representation of Data, Measure of Central Tendency, Dispersion, Skewness and Kurtosis, Their Merits and Demerits, Measures of Association and Contingency, Linear Regression and Correlation for Two variables, Rank Correlation, Intra-class Correlation Ratio, Curve Fitting by Least Squares Method.

III. Statistical Inference (25%) : Properties of Estimators, Consistency, Unbiasedness, Efficiency, Sufficiency, Cramer-Rao Inequality, Best Linear Unbiased Estimate, Estimation Procedures-Method of Moments, Method of Maximum Likelihood and Method of Least Squares, Interval Estimation. Simple and Composite Hypotheses, Two Kinds of Errors, Critical Region, Level of Significance, Size and Power Function, Unbiased Tests, Most Powerful and Uniformly Most Powerful Tests, Neyman-Pearson Lemma and its Applications.

IV. Statistical Applications (25%) : Concept of Parameter and Statistic, Sampling Distributions (t, x 2 , Z and F), Tests based on t, x 2 , Z and F. Large Sample Tests. Sampling Theory, Sampling Units and Sampling Frames, Sampling and Non-sampling Errors. Sampling vs. Complete Enumeration, Simple Random Sampling from Finite Populations With and Without Replacement, Stratified Sampling, Cluster Sampling (Equal Cluster Size Case), Ratio, Product and Regression Methods of Estimation, Principles of Experimental Design, One-way and Two-Way Analysis of Variance with Equal Number of observations per Cell, Completely Randomized Design, Randomized Block Design, Latin Square Design, 2 2 and 2 3 Factorial Experiments, Missing Plot Technique.











Zoology (Code No. 02)



1. Structure and function of animal cell and its various organelles : Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells ; Structure of Chromosomes : Structure and function of DNA and RNA ; Cell cycle ; Mitosis and Meiosis and their significance. 2. Laws of Inheritance ; Sex-linked inheritance; Origin of life; Evolution; embryological and planetological evidences ; natural selection : Evolution of man 3. General survey of Protista, Radiata, Bilateria, Acoelomata. Pseudocoelomata, Schiezocoelous and Enterocoetous coelomata, Protostomia and Deuterostomia, Classification of non - chordates (upto Subclass) and Chordates (upto Order): Protozoa. Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Annelida, Arthrooda. Mollusca, Echinodermata, Hemichordata and Chordata. 4. Structure and life-history of the following : Paramecium, Euglena. Plasmodium. Sycon, Obelia. Aurelia, Fasciola, Taenia, Ascaris, Neanthes, Hirudinaria, Palaeomon, Palaemneus, Unio, Pila, Asterias, Balanoglossus, Branchiostoma and Herdmania. 5. Comparative anatomy of vertebrates : Integument, endoskeleton, digestive system, heart and circulatory system , respiratory system and urinogenital system, cranian nervers eye and ear of frog and man. 6. Mechanisms of transport across the cell membrane ; Enzymes ; Hormones and hormone action ; Homeostasis. Physiology of digestion, respiration, blood circulation, excretion, reproduction, conduction and transmission of nerve impulse, vision and hearing. Blood groups. Rh-factor and regulation of heart beat in man. 7. Gametogenesis fertilisation, cleavage and gastrulation of Amphioxus, frog and chick ; Development of foetal membranes in chick and mammal; Placentation in mammals ; Metamorphosis in ascidian and frog ; Teratogenesis. 8. Biotic and abiotic factors ; Ecosystems; Food chain and energy flow ; Air pollution ; Interspecific animal associations and Wild life of India 9. Poisonous snakes of India; Food-fishes of Uttar Pradesh ; Beneficial and harmful insects.